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you will continue with the marketing research process for the scenario that was mentioned in group assignments 1 and

you will continue with the marketing research process for the scenario that was mentioned in group assignments 1 and 2. ( i will upload the files). Stay relevant to the topic and do not go online searching; you don’t need any outside knowledge to answer the questions; everything is in the slides and the lecture videos.
Consider the scenario mentioned in Group assignments 1 and 2. In task 1 we identified a “problem” and designed a “research problem” using a box-and-arrow diagram. In task 2 we moved forward and designed a research study, identified the factor/ independent variable (IV), factor levels

3 1 Statistical Diagnostics of a Healthy Business Name Institution Date Abstract



Statistical Diagnostics of a Healthy Business





A Christian leader must always emulate Christ. Every action must resonate with what is in the holy book. Due to this, a Christian leader will always influence statistical diagnostics and ensure that the focus is on producing results that promote the business position in the market. Statistical diagnostics are crucial because they enable business leaders to identify problems with the data. If inaccurate data is used to make a decision, a business will be dire position, and its future may be compromised. Therefore, to avoid this position, a Christian leader will act with integrity and without hesitation to ensure that the problems are eliminated. The process will involve defining the nature of the issues. For instance, a problem can not be solved because it is divergent, while another can be solved because it is convergent. When the nature of the problem is defined, it is possible to determine the tools to solve it. A Christian leader is prepared to produce results according to God’s advice.

Keywords: Christian leader, Statistical Diagnostics, integrity

Statistical Diagnostics of a Healthy Business


Data is gathered and used for a variety of purposes. However, business leaders must assess the data’s quality before employing it. As a result, statistical diagnostics are critical since they consider all aspects of data analysis and uncover flaws. As a result, company leaders can gain insight into specific business components. Statistical analysis should be affordable, dependable, and precise. A business leader understands that different statistical diagnostics are used for identifying challenges. It’s vital to recognize that analysis can be unreliable in some situations. Many explanations for the problem are likely to be presented in such circumstances. There will be times when dependable external phone numbers are unavailable. A company executive can use juxtaposition to examine data in this situation. A leader will build their external numbers in this way. Christian leader understands their responsibility to the stakeholders. In that instance, the emphasis is on achieving results. As a result, a Christian leader will rely on statistical diagnostics to ensure that the company runs smoothly. When an issue is discovered, the leader will demand that the systems be verified for mistakes. A Christian leader is able to influence statistical diagnostics and the foundation of the business.

Statistical Diagnostics

Data is mined and used for various functions. However, business leaders must assess the quality of the data before using it. Therefore, statistical diagnostics are crucial because they consider all aspects of the data analysis and identify loopholes (Bartlett, 2013). As a result, leaders can obtain insights into specific components of businesses. Generally, statistical diagnostics can allow the company to create necessary solutions and ensure iterative improvements. A business will test features that are key to business. Statistical analysis should be cost-effective, reliable, and accurate (Bartlett, 2013). A business leader understands that various business problems determine different statistical diagnostics. It is critical to understand that there are cases when analysis can be unreliable. Many explanations are likely to be offered regarding the problem in such cases. However, with statistical diagnostics, a leader can ascertain the situation.

Model Overfitting

Businesses can use statistical diagnostics for assessing model overfitting. Typically, models rely on models to operate. These models are built through observed patterns in data (Bartlett, 2013). When the patterns are identified, the leaders can determine how to move or replicate them. It is crucial to determine whether a pattern is linear or cyclical (Bartlett, 2013). A leader must aim to focus on repeating these patterns (Hariri, Fredericks, & Bowers, 2019). However, there are cases when a model can be fitted in in-applicable areas. When there is overfitting, the model does not reflect the data. Thus, the pattern can not be repeated. The use of statistical diagnostics can identify this problem. A leader gets feedback on how the model is overfitting. In that case, a leader can refine the model and ensure that patterns align with the data.

Diagnostic Family

External Numbers

These numbers are critical because they ensure an independent way to check values. External numbers must be acquired before the process begins (Hariri, Fredericks, & Bowers, 2019). These numbers can not serve as final results. Nonetheless, they are used for the validation of predictions (Bartlett, 2013). In that case, they are necessary for comprehending mechanistic models. A business leader can rely on external numbers to vet a process (Bartlett, 2013). However, the statistical diagnostic will vary; thus, it becomes hard to track results. For instance, a leader can juxtapose sales predictions with actual sales. In that case, it will be possible to determine which is high or low. This comparison is essential for gaining insights into how businesses perform.

Juxtaposing results

There are instances when reliable external numbers will be unavailable. In such a case, a business leader can rely on juxtaposition to analyze data. In so doing, a leader will create their external numbers (Hariri, Fredericks, & Bowers, 2019). There are various methods that a business leader can use to juxtapose data. One, a leader can rely on the technique. Different methods will be used several times to analyze the same data (Bartlett, 2013). Two, a leader can use quant (Ghasemaghaei, Ebrahimi, & Hassanein, 2018). In so doing, a leader will analyze the data many times using different quants. Three, a leader can rely on comparing approaches (Bartlett, 2013). In this case, a leader will focus on comparing different policies. Lastly, a leader can rely on repetition. This category involves many times analyzing the problems using the same method, quants, and approaches.

Big Data

Today, data is produced at an alarming rate. If the businesses are not prepared to understand the data, they will be left behind in many areas. In that case, they will not manage to respond to competition. Many techniques and tools are used to manage big data. Therefore, a leader must be aware of the methods and tools to use depending on the objective of a project. Big data can be used to improve the business situation (Ahmed & Pathan, 2018). Subsequently, must determine the technologies to use. Currently, there are many technologies such as Hadoop, Map Reduce, or HBase. These technologies help extract, prepare, visualize, and analyze data (Hariri, Fredericks, & Bowers, 2019). A company can rely on big data to understand employees’ performance. Also, big data can be used to show the employees’ progress and the changes they have implemented (Ghasemaghaei, Ebrahimi, & Hassanein, 2018). Naturally, business leaders want to rely on productive employees. In that case, they must obtain accurate and reliable data. This data can be used to determine the short and long-term goals. For instance, a company can decide to provide learning opportunities to improve performance. However, failure to consider performance-related aspects can render these opportunities useless. In that regard, a leader must rely on statistical diagnostics to identify the patterns. These patterns are helpful because they will help the manager consider the recurrence of a problem. It is possible to determine the number of employees that should have access to specific training programs.

A business leader can use big data to change and commit the organization to achieving specific goals. A leader can focus on continuous improvement (Ghasemaghaei, Ebrahimi, & Hassanein, 2018). Generally, technologies are changing rapidly. Thus, a business leader must be committed to adopting new technologies to continue various activities. Also, it is imperative to understand consumers’ patterns to determine how to respond to different business challenges (Hariri, Fredericks, & Bowers, 2019). A leader can focus on relating experience to production processes. When patterns are observed, a leader will ensure that employees behave as per the patterns. This way, it is possible to ensure efficiency in the production process (Ghasemaghaei, Ebrahimi, & Hassanein, 2018). Also, it becomes easier to identify specific problems. A leader can design production processes. Generally, different companies rely on other models (Ahmed & Pathan, 2018). A leader can compare these models to determine the best and how it is likely to impact the business operations. There must be a systematic approach to gathering data that can be used to improve performance. Essentially, a business leader is supposed to determine the strategies to collect data (Ahmed & Pathan, 2018). Failure to use suitable systems will be detrimental to a business. A leader can rely on statistical diagnostics to decide whether the correct data has been collected (Kambatla, Kollias, Kumar, & Grama, 2014). The process of analyzing data is sophisticated. It is possible to use the wrong tools and techniques. This mistake will inhibit the production of accurate results that can significantly impact operations. Therefore, a leader must rely on professionals who consider the necessary elements and aspects of businesses when analyzing. This way, it is possible to produce reliable results. Analytics professionals understand various loopholes and can run the proper diagnostics. In that case, a business is in a place to alter its position and create opportunities.

Christian Leader

Christians are Christ-like; thus, they should always act as he would have. An authentic leader will help the teams solve critical issues that affect performance. A Christian leader will not truncate an opportunity to help others improve in one way or another. Typically, a leader must define the problem. This action will provide clear guides on how to embark on different projects. It is essential to determine the root cause of the problem. A Christian leader must define the problem and the solution. Generally, there is no need to solve problems that do not affect critical path issues. A leader should ensure that a specific team solves problems. It is crucial to consider different types of problems. A leader can deal with divergent or convergent issues. As a result, they are problems that they can solve, and they are the ones they can manage. Divergent issues do not have specific solutions. Convergent problems have answers.

An expert will identify the key to the problems and determine how an organization should handle them. In Nehemiah 4:6, it is noted that “So we rebuilt the wall till all of it reached half its height, for the people worked with all their heart (New International Version).” The people of God had focused on creating a wall as per the specification of their creator. Similarly, a Christian leader must focus on what is commanded by God. In this case, a leader should work to solve the problem by following the bible. The people understood the need to fight for what was right in the eyes of their God. It is imperative to handle situations the same way.

A Christian leader is aware of their mandate to the stakeholders. In that case, there is a focus on producing results. As such, a Christian leader will rely on statistical diagnostics to ensure that everything in the business is running correctly. When a problem is identified, the leader will insist on having the systems checked to eliminate errors. A Christian leader will always act with integrity. As a result, they can not allow defective systems to be used because they will produce misleading results. In proverbs 10-9, it is noted that “Whoever walks in integrity walks securely, but whoever takes crooked paths will be found out (New International Version).” God will always know those who act with integrity and those who prefer dark paths. With this recognition, a Christian leader will act faithfully and produce results. Therefore, this leader will pay attention to big data and how it can be used to improve the workplace. The leader will understand that the data analysis can produce incorrect results because of the systems used. As such, it is essential to recommend the use of statistical diagnostics to identify the problem. Business foundations rely on the data. In that case, a Christian leader must ensure that the correct data is used to achieve specific goals.

A Christian leader will not hesitate to execute the solutions. In general, answers are irrelevant if leaders do not implement them. Sound decisions must be made to ensure that processes are in the right places. After using statistical diagnostics, a Christian leader can identify various ways to deal with a problem. As a result, they must aim to select the best alternative. A leader should not hesitate to implement the right strategies. In Proverbs 3: 5-6, it is noted that “trust in the Lord with all your heart and do not lean on your understanding. In all your ways, acknowledge him, and he will make straight your paths (New International Version). In this case, a Christian leader must always seek advice from God before acting. This means that a leader will not rely on hearsay or misleading directions. This way, he/she will be in a position to make data-driven decisions.


A corporate leader can utilize big data to influence the organization’s commitment to achieving particular objectives. A leader may concentrate on constant improvement. In general, technology is rapidly evolving. As a result, to continue with various operations, a business leader must be devoted to adopting new technology. A Christian leader will not be hesitant to put the solutions into action. In general, answers are meaningless if leaders do not put them into action. To ensure that procedures are in the appropriate places, sound judgments must be made. A Christian leader can find various solutions to an issue after employing statistical diagnostics.


Ahmed, M., & Pathan, A. S. K. (Eds.). (2018). Data analytics: concepts, techniques, and applications. CRC Press.

Bartlett, R. (2013). A PRACTITIONER’S GUIDE TO BUSINESS ANALYTICS: Using Data Analysis Tools to Improve Your Organization’s Decision Making and Strategy. McGraw Hill Professional.

Ghasemaghaei, M., Ebrahimi, S., & Hassanein, K. (2018). Data analytics competency for improving firm decision-making performance. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 27(1), 101-113.

Hariri, R. H., Fredericks, E. M., & Bowers, K. M. (2019). Uncertainty in big data analytics: survey, opportunities, and challenges. Journal of Big Data, 6(1), 1-16.

Kambatla, K., Kollias, G., Kumar, V., & Grama, A. (2014). Trends in big data analytics. Journal of parallel and distributed computing, 74(7), 2561-2573

New International Version. Biblica, Accessed 22 Mar. 2002


you will continue with the marketing research process for the scenario that was mentioned in group assignments 1 and Marketing Assignment Help STATISTICS IN HEALTHCARE 4




Institutional Affiliations:


Statistics is a branch of mathematics that involves the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data. It is a critical tool for anyone working in health care, in particular for those involved in research, epidemiology, and health services. A solid understanding of statistical concepts is essential for those working in health care to better understand and communicate results from research and to develop sound health policy (Fowler, Jarvis, & Chevannes, 2021).

Understanding the basic principles of statistics is important for everyone working in health care, not just doctors and nurses. After all, in order to know if a treatment is working better than the placebo, or to determine if a disease is more common in one group than another, you need to know a little bit about statistics (Fowler, Jarvis, & Chevannes, 2021).

The data that hospitals generate is critical to providing the best possible care for patients. It’s also a powerful tool for improving care, finding bugs in the system, and spotting trends that may otherwise go unnoticed. Statistical data is used in many ways. It’s used to figure out how much medicine costs, how well treatments work, and how to do things better.

The use of statistical data is an integral part of modern healthcare. Hospitals use data to improve the quality of care they provide, and to improve the efficiency of the services they offer (Kim, Mallory, & Valerio, 2020). Statistical data is also used to improve the affordability of healthcare, and to improve the healthcare outcomes for patients. In this article, we’ll look at how statistical data is used in hospitals, and we’ll provide an example of how statistical data is used.

In hospitals and other healthcare settings, data is used to make decisions. For example, if a patient’s blood pressure is high, a doctor might recommend a certain medication. However, if the same patient’s blood pressure is low, the doctor might not recommend the same medication. The decisions that are based on this data are based on statistics, which are figures that describe a quantity over a period of time.

The use of data in medicine is prevalent, but often underused. The ability to use data to answer questions, improve care and monitor the health of populations can have a significant impact on the quality of care provided to patients (Kim, Mallory, & Valerio, 2020). In order to harness the power of data, it is necessary to not only understand how to use data, but also to understand the context in which data is used. This context is often provided by statistical data.


Fowler, J., Jarvis, P., & Chevannes, M. (2021). Practical statistics for nursing and health care. John Wiley & Sons.

Kim, M., Mallory, C., & Valerio, T. (2020). Statistics for evidence-based practice in nursing. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

4 Strategies to allow Student Choice Name Institutional affiliation Strategies to allow


Strategies to allow Student Choice


Institutional affiliation

Strategies to allow Student Choice

It is possible to increase the level of engagement among students by providing them with various options from which to choose. It can also be used to implement multiple effective motivational strategies proven to be successful. It has been tried and tested in the past, and it has proven to be successful in some cases. A straightforward approach can incorporate student choice into your English or history class, which can be accomplished with relative ease. Using this method, student choice can be thoroughly integrated into your English or History class. Allowing students to choose the subject of their paper or the reference that will be read aloud and used as an example by the entire class is a simple and straightforward way to incorporate student choice into your English or History class (Spencer, 2016).

When comparing students who think critically about the subject matter and the sources of their information, students who think critically are more likely to engage in more in-depth reasoning than students who do not think critically. Other options include selecting a topic and then allowing students to choose which text they will read as part of the process. This will enable them to express themselves more freely due to the situation. When I anticipate that a task will be less enjoyable or that it will be worth more points than I am accustomed to receiving, I can use the strategies listed above to my advantage. This enables me to achieve the best possible performance on that particular task. So, students gain a greater sense of independence while also devoting a tremendous amount of time and effort to the project, increasing their chances of being successful in their endeavor. After all, is said and done, I believe that the effectiveness of this strategy is derived from the fact that it can be applied to a diverse range of subjects. To ensure that students learn the appropriate material at the proper time, it must be closely monitored (Kiebel, 2017).


Kiebel, M. (2017). 4 Ways to Build a Student Choice-based Classroom. Retrieved 25 April 2022, from

Spencer, J. (2016). 10 Ways to Incorporate Student Choice in Your Classroom. Medium. Retrieved 25 April 2022, from

2 Students Name Institution Course Code Date A medium of communication like


Students Name


Course Code


A medium of communication like a social media is convincing, and always helps to change or impact beliefs when it comes to government views because of the amount of ideas, sentiments, and opinions traveling through this sites. News that are spread through social networking sites, continues to feed into the concept of the economic market. In which content that gets more attention will be noticed, disseminated, and spread substantially more than news content that does not gather as much traction from the public. It is established that news use leads to political persuasion, so the more that individuals utilize social media platforms for news sources; the more their political notions will be affected. Despite that, individuals are expressing less faith in their government and others owing to media use- therefore social media directly influences trust in media use. It is proved that while reading newspapers there is a rise in social trust where on the contrary watching the news on television damaged trust in others and news sources. Social media or more notably news media plays a key role in democratic countries since they allow for participation among citizens. Therefore, when it comes to functioning democratic networks, it is crucial that the news remains true so it doesn’t affect citizens’ levels of confidence. A certain amount of trust is needed for a healthy and well-functioning democratic society.

Younger generations are becoming more interested in politics due to the explosion of political news offered on various types of social media. Due to the higher usage of social media among this youth, they are exposed to politics more frequently, and in a way that is interwoven with their online social life. While teaching younger generations of political news is crucial, there are various biases within the domains of social media. In May 2016, former Facebook Trending News curator Benjamin Fear now acknowledged his duty was to “modify the algorithm,” but refuted any “intentional, outright discrimination” by either human or automated attempts within the corporation. Fearnow was sacked by Zuckerberg after being caught exposing many inside company discussions over Black Lives Matter and republican candidate Donald Trump. People in favor and aspirations for regulation of social media are expanding due to economic worries about monopolies of the platforms, to issues of privacy, censorship, and network neutrality and information storage. In view of the fact that social media platforms like Facebook and Google are increasingly operating as information conduits and content suppliers as well as venues for the distribution of information, the issue over regulation is complicated. “Algorithmic neutrality,” on the other hand, pushes for search engines on social media platforms to rank data based exclusively on algorithmic factors.

Regulating social media sites, say its critics, would undercut consumers’ interests because they are unlike traditional public utilities, which can restrict innovation and competition. First of all, the media providers should retain control over how the platform is created as First Amendment values are questioned on social media platforms. When Donald Trump lost the 2020 presidential election, he utilized social media to declare that the election was fraudulent and hence needed a re-election. On January 6, admirers of outgoing President Trump stormed the U.S. Capitol in revenge for Trump’s internet activity.

Once Boris Johnson initiated his bid to replace Theresa May as Prime Minister in 2019, he had more than half a million page ‘likes’ (substantially as much as the other candidates), which meant that when he published his launch video it acquired more than 130,000 views, which could have been a significant factor in him eventually winning power. In a study by Sounman Hong, backbenchers, called “underdogs,” and the opponents were significantly more likely to use social media as a tool to achieve public attention and support than some other members of parliament.

The importance of social media on elections cannot be emphasized. In many cases, social media and mass media networks like cable television function together. Cable television is often the first point of contact and the starting point for many people’s quest for information. People’s inclination to specific political parties might be bolstered by cable television commentary that encourages partisanship and reinforces their views. In many cases, social media amplifies and reinforces mass media’s messages, which in turn fosters partisan division. [55] Social media does not have a significant impact on people’s opinions or votes, according to a study in the Journal of Communication, but it also does not have a negligible impact. Even when a candidate in an election makes a mistake or has a big achievement, social media users will magnify that failure or success significantly. Social media makes it possible for governments to quickly disseminate crucial information in times of emergency. As a result, governments may be able to influence the public’s perceptions of important topics. Third, social media gives governments the opportunity to use experts to disseminate health, science, and other expert information to citizens.

People’s political beliefs can be influenced by the wealth of information and points of view shared on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter, which makes them strong tools for communication. Individuals’ thinking can be swayed toward a certain point of view through the use of social networks, which has the potential to affect civic engagement. Political petitions are often won or lost by a grassroots campaign organized on social media. For feminist political concerns, this is especially successful because women are more likely than males to tweet about policy problems and to do so in a more assertive manner.

The rapidity with which information, poll results, and rumors are disseminated on social media is one way in which it has altered politics. People no longer have to wait for next daily paper or Television news demonstrate to get the updated news; instead, they can access breaking news at any time of day or night via the internet.

This has been taken a step further by social media. The majority of people prefer to spend their time on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter rather than on news or political webpages that are open 24 hours a day. As a result of this, you will be able to see all of your friends’ most recent news and views anytime you log on to Facebook.


Bode, L. (2016). Political news in the news feed: Learning politics from social media. Mass communication and society, 19(1), 24-48.

Trottier, D., & Fuchs, C. (2015). Social media, politics and the state. Protests, Revolutions, Riots, Crime and Policing in the Age of Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. New York and London: Routledge.