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Why Stem Cell Therapy Is A Better Option Do My History Homework

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Steps to Rediscovering Your Inner Self history assignment example: history assignment example

Steps to Rediscovering Your Inner Self

If you are finding that you cannot find the purpose in you, do not fret. It does not have to be that way. When you feel lost, it can present you with an opportunity to rediscover who you are and redefine yourself. You may be able to uncover a more fulfilling and satisfied version of yourself that had been downtrodden. Perhaps you need to realize that rediscovering yourself is a process and it may take some time. Working things out with a Thriving Mind Psychology specialist to discover how you can unleash the real you – your real inner self. That being said, you can follow these steps to assist in redefining who you are:

Find your values

Values are so crucial for every individual. Knowing your values may help you improve your communication, make an easier decision, and bounce back from the hindrances and setbacks that have held you back and in the dark for a long time. It can help make more clarity in the meaning of life.

Spend time alone

At times, you need time alone. You need to take your time and rethink your life and how you can go about improving it. Surrounding yourself with a mindless, second-hand company such as Facebook or Netflix may be a way of hiding from reality. You may be pushing back thoughts that you need to deal with or problems that you should be solving. Spending time alone can offer you an opportunity to discover the things you want and what you want to do. Try going to a movie alone and exploring new areas in town alone. Through exploration, you may be able to begin loving your life and yourself.

Ask friends what you are awesome at

You may have a friend or two who know what you are good at. Most friends will be biased when they tell you what they love about you and why you are so awesome to them. However, a few will tell you exactly why you are awesome and what you are not doing to create meaning in life. Find out what your friends are saying about how you make other people feel. Tell them not to be afraid to tell you that they think of you so that they provide honest answers to your question.

Spend time with Mother Nature

Nature is a beautiful medicine for many people. You want to consider stepping outside, getting some air, and reminding yourself who you are and who or where you want to be. Nature is so welcoming; it does not judge us. It slows your mind down. Going outside and spending time with nature helps improve sleep. It helps reduce stress and helps you build your ground. You can begin building your psychological health by interacting with nature.

Using these tips will help you begin to see yourself from a different perspective. You start loving yourself and seeing opportunities where you could not see them previously. Your self-realization begins to shine and glow, making you a better person than you were.

 

Stop and Frisk Policy in Chicago, Illinois do my history homework

 

Stop and Frisk Policy in Chicago, Illinois

 

Silvia Polus

Professor Vandersip

CJ303

November 9, 2020

 

Stop and Frisk Policy in Chicago, Illinois

In the United States, several policies emanate to ensure that criminal justice is sufficient. The government has employed these policies to ensure that individuals are secure and reduce the number of crimes within communities. Due to this, policies that protect citizens have increased concurrently with the types of crimes perpetrated in the community. For instance, the increase in the number of gun crimes in the United States has witnessed a rise in the number of policies that control these numbers and reduce gun-related crimes. Consequently, it is significant to interrogate the stop and frisk policy, its utilization within the criminal justice system, and its effectiveness.

History of the Policy

Stop and frisk policy is among the most commonly employed policies in the Illinois police department. Skogan (2018) shares that by 2013, stop and frisk had become the principal prime prevention style in the Chicago Police Department. The pressure to stop and frisk was not just in the field but inside the police headquarters, where it was directed y the unit commanders to the line officers. Stop and frisk has become the vastly applied crime prevention strategy, not only in Chicago Illinois but in the United States at large (Skogan, 2018). The method is applied in deterring crimes that that crop up from holding contrabands. Stop and frisk therefore escalates the perception among criminals that they face a bigger risk of arrest when they commit a crime.

Controversies of the Policy

Of course, various consequences are connected with the aggressive nature of stop and frisk by the police. One of the probable implications of the stop and frisk is that citizens perceive the stops as unwarranted. Even in crime hotspots in Chicago, almost everyone is going on about their business. The capability of the police to precisely choose the appropriate hotspot for crimes is limited and therefore it minimizes the hit crime level for making arrests and seizing contraband (Fradella & White, 2017). The rates of arrests are significantly low and therefore the risk of unwarranted intrusion in individuals’ lives is real.  Despite being ruled unconstitutional, the policy is still in force in various parts of the country and in particular circumstances.

However, in 2015 August, the Chicago Police Department, and the ACLU of Illinois agreed to reform this policy. McNeil (2020) writes that the city agreed to institute measures to ensure that the city’s police practices comply with the Fourth Amendment which safeguards against unreasonable seizures and searches. Additionally, the police agreed to abide by the Illinois Civil Rights Act which entails that government policies do not espouse a radically unequal impact. The policy is still being used, several problems are associated with the policy that requires interrogating. The fact that the policy is still being used without any changes being made to it means that the issues related to it are still happening in some places where the policy is still in use. The stop and frisk have been on the decline since the ruling but are still happening in the country. In 2017, over ten thousand stops and frisks were conducted (McNeil, 2020). These stops are not void of specific problems despite being a reduced number of stops and frisks. Some of the issues that have been associated with the stop and frisks are explained below.

Impact of the Policy

Stop, and frisks have resulted in the harassment of the citizens of Chicago. This policy has been used severally to harass people of the public. The police have been using the policy to harass the people. In the policy, the police are supposed to temporarily stop and temporarily detain the person before conducting the frisks and questioning (McNeil, 2020). The police have

been known to have stopped and detained individuals longer than required. Thus, the person cannot go about their everyday business as they cannot leave the police detention. This detention is considered a form of harassment where the person is unlawfully detained for longer than required. Therefore, this policy is associated with police harassment. The policy has been known to discriminate against individuals based on race resulting in its scraping. For instance, in all the years of stop and frisks, African American people constitute more than fifty percent of the people stopped and frisked. In 2017, about fifty-seven percent of stop and frisks were of African American origin. In 2018, fifty-eight percent were black (McNeil, 2020). This number is lofty compared to the nine percent of the whites who were stopped and frisked.

Studies indicate that the stops and frisks have resulted in the police using force on individuals most of the time. The use of force is a common issue when it comes to relations with the police. There have been incidents reported where the police used excessive force to stop a person. Stops and frisks are no arrests, and therefore, there should be no aggression involved (Fradella & White, 2017). However, in some cases, people feel that the police attacked them in a stop and frisk situation while all they had to do was to be requested to stop. The use of force by the police is a commonplace happening. Due to this, there is a need to make changes in the policy to avoid such issues.

Effectiveness of the Policy

Presently, this policy is ineffective because anyone intending to commit a crime would not move through the streets with a weapon because they are aware that they can be stopped and frisked at any time. There are more effective ways of tracking crimes apart from the stop and

frisk method. According to data garnered by Huq (2016), only about one in ten stop and frisk cases result in a person being guilty of a wide range of crimes. Where a crime has been committed; most of the time, it is not even a crime that is a significant magnitude. There are even slimmer chances of the police arresting a person who has a weapon during the stop and frisks. Due to the problems associated with this policy, there is a need that changes to be incorporated. Changes should be made to ensure a decrease in the number of issues related to the policy. The interventions that are to be made should reduce the number of adverse effects of stop and frisk cases.

Interventions of the Policy

One of the interventions that can be instituted to ensure that the stops and frisks’ adverse effects are reduced is to record the stop and frisk cases. For instance, the incorporation of body cameras on police gear can suffice. Police should conduct frisks with body cameras. These cameras will ensure that the events are recorded on the body camera (Cassell & Fowles, 2018). The events can then be reviewed later and judgment made on whether the stop and frisk were conducted as it should be. This exercise is likely to make the police more careful about how they conduct stops and frisks. When a stop and frisk is established to have been undertaken wrongly, the police should have legal action taken against them. The police departments should come up with committees where they can review the cases and make recommendations (Huq, 2016). In cases where the police have been involved in a person’s death in a situation that began as a stop and frisk, they should face a criminal trial like any other person to determine whether they are innocent or guilty of a crime.

Police need to be taught that a person’s race does not mean that they are more or less likely to commit a crime. For example, a white person is more likely to be carrying a gun than a black person is. This scenario has emanated in data collected, indicating that race does not determine the likelihood of committing a crime. Almost in each case where white persons are stopped and frisked, they end up guilty contrary to where blacks are stopped. Therefore, the police must understand that the focus is on preventing the number and lowering the rate of crimes in the community (Cassell & Fowles, 2018). The police should be educated on ways in which they can be able to relate with the public as it will be a significant way of reducing cases of discrimination. With better education on how to detect the likelihood of committing crimes, the police are likely to reduce the number of unwanted stops and frisks.

Conclusion

The effectiveness of the stop and frisk policing strategy has deteriorated with time. This misuse has led to it being very ineffective and in need of changes. The effectiveness of stop and frisk used to be effective among the racial minorities who presented the most abrasive and frequent interactions with law enforcement. Today, the strategy is a discrimination and harassment tool and has become inadequate over time. There is, therefore, a need to review the law to ensure that the policy is more effective at reducing crimes.

 

References

Cassell, P. G., & Fowles, R. (2018). What Caused the 2016 Chicago Homicide Spike: an Empirical Examination of the ACLU Effect and the Role of Stop and Frisks in Preventing Gun Violence. U. Ill. L. Rev., 1581.

Fradella, H. F., & White, M. D. (2017). Stop and frisk. Academics advancing justice: A report on criminal justice reform. Phoenix, AZ: Academy for Justice.

Huq, A. Z. (2016). The consequences of disparate policing: Evaluating stop and frisk as a modality of urban policing. Minn. L. Rev., 101, 2397.

McNeil, B. (2020). Stop-and-Frisk in New York, Philadelphia, and Chicago: Slowly Approaching an Uneasy Synthesis or Running out of Time to Justify Its Freight. Widener Commw. L. Rev., 29, 69.

Skogan, W. G. (2018). Stop-and-frisk and trust in police in Chicago. police-citizen relations across the world. Comparing sources and contexts of trust and legitimacy, Abingdon, Routledge, 247-265.

 

 

 

UNDERSTANDING THE CONCEPT OF ECONOMICS apus history essay help: apus history essay help

Strengths

The gross profit margin improved simultaneously from 2017 to 2018 and then 2019 from 38.03% to 39.63% then to 41.21%. This indicates that the company improved in converting sales into a gross profit. The payout ratio improved in 2019 to 50% compared to 2018 when the payout ratio was 48%. A higher payout ratio means the company pays so much to the shareholders. The payout ratio shows how much a company values the shareholders. The current ratio has had a significant increase from 0.44 to 0.86 from 2017 to 2019, indicating the company’s improved ability to settle short-term debt using current assets. The quick ratio is also a strength for the company as it shows the company is becoming quicker in settling current debt using most liquid assets. The debt ratio is low in 2018 and 2019 as compared to 2017. A higher debt ratio is not good for the company, and hence a decline from 78% to 74% is a good strength for the company. The leverage ratio is related to the debt ratio, and it shows that the company is more leveraged in 2019 and 2017 and less leveraged in 2018. The shareholders are currently enjoying more Earnings per share in 2018 and 2019 compared to 2017. The dividend per share is also higher in 2019 as compared to 2017 and 2018. Lastly, the dividend yield increased from 8.1% to 8.2% in 2019, which indicates that the company pays more dividends to the stock price.

Weaknesses

The company’s return on capital employed decreased significantly from 14.39% to 11.58% in 2019, which shows investors have to expect less on their investments. The return on equity also decreased from 25.17% to 21.70%, which is a loss to the equity investors. Return on assets declined from 6.45% to 5.52% in 2019, indicating the company’s declining ability to utilize its assets. The interest coverage ratio declined from 4.99 to 4.39, which decreases the ease of paying interest. Trade payables payable period, trade receivable collection period, and inventory turnover period are long for the company in 2019 and compared to 2018. The company is slow in processing receivables, payables and also slow in selling the inventory.

Articles of Confederation, their Strengths and Weaknesses. african history assignment help

Ratification of the Articles of Confederation, their Strengths and Weaknesses.

The confederation articles were documented as the first constitution of the United States of America (Inman et al., 1997). The reports were authored in 1777 and had the title ‘The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union of the United States of America (Inman et al., 1997).’ The wars that the US was facing at that particular time prompted the Articles of Confederation’s documentation, which acted as the constitution of the land until March 1, 1781, when they received ratification (Inman et al., 1997). The ratification of the confederation articles resulted from the weaknesses experienced in the governance that the reports were offering.  According to the articles of confederation, the states were recognized to be sovereign and independent.

The US Congress was also given the powers by the articles of confederation to solve any states’ disputes. The states’ appeals were thus forwarded to the congress, which acted as a last resort option. However, despite the articles’ weaknesses, they provided some power for the United States of America over other nations (Inman et al., 1997). The US got the authority to make treaties with other countries through its congress. The weaknesses portrayed in the articles of confederation, such as the central government lacking the ability to impose levies on taxes and the unregulated commerce and trade laws, outweighed the benefits, thus the ratification (Inman et al., 1997). The ratification took place in a constitutional convention of the US in 1787 (Inman et al., 1997). This paper aims to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the articles of confederation for the period that it remained in operation in the US.

Strengths of the Articles of Confederation

The ratification of the US constitution through the constitutional convention of 1787 was prompted by the debate about the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation (Inman et al., 1997). However, the arguments were centered on the central government’s roles, the rights of individuals, and the powers of state governments. The amendment debates were majorly between the federalists and the anti-federalists who gave their views on confederation articles (Inman et al., 1997). However, after examination, the confederation articles were agreed to provide a less clear outline of the state’s roles and powers; thus, the issues were ratified. Despite the gaps experienced in the articles of confederation, they had served a purpose and had some benefits to the United States of America. Some of the strengths of the articles of confederation included; it protected the state’s rights (Inman et al., 1997). The confederation articles provided regulations that protected the United States of America against any dictatorial or authoritarian leadership. The rights of the state and its people were thus protected in the articles of confederation.

The confederation articles gave congress the power to declare war and make peace with other nations, signing treaties, signing up postal systems, and printing money (Inman et al., 1997). Through these powers that the congress had from the articles of confederation, the states’ security was guaranteed, and the economy of the state was managed as the congress had set a body to regulate the printing and circulation of money. Communication for the people was also made efficient as the postal system was under the management of a congress that was answerable in case of failure of efficient communication between the state’s citizens.

Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

Regardless of having some meaningful strengths for the state, the articles of confederation had weaknesses that were a cause for their ratification. Some of the shortcomings experienced in the writings of confederation include; the articles’ not providing a federal leader for the state (Inman et al., 1997). The state had no executive position in its leadership since the confederation articles did not provide a place for an executive leader. Thus, the state’s leadership was not reliable and efficient as it needed an organizational leader to oversee various state functions. Military officer recruitment was also limited by the articles of confederation (Inman et al., 1997). With the limited military, there was less protection for the state against its external enemies. The state could not protect itself against enemies, and therefore an amendment was necessary to improve the state’s security.

A federal court system was also not provided by confederation articles (Inman et al., 1997). The absence of a federal court system made it difficult for the state to settle its disputes. Some of the common disputes over state boundaries had no settlement organization; thus, there was a need for a body to solve the conflicts that were arising.

To sum up, an examination of the articles of confederation needed ratification. With the newly amended constitution, the state received some additional favors to protect it and its people. Some of the changes made in the articles of confederation created a federal court system that could operate to solve the state’s disputes. A national leader who could represent the state in various functions was also recommended. A strong and empowered military could offer protection for the state in case of an attack. The amendments solved the gaps and therefore gave the US a beneficial constitution.