What Makes a Social Class?
On The Theoretical and Practical
Existence Of Groups*
By Pierre BoQrdieu
It would be easy and tempting to deride the topic of this symposium and to uncover the presuppositions it conceals under its apparent neutrality. But if you will allow me just one criticism of the way it formulates the question of social class, it is that it misleads one to believe that this problem can be reduced to a simple choice and resolved by a few common-sense arguments.
In fact, behind the proposed alternative-is class an analytical construct or a folk category?-hides one of the most difficult of all theoretical problems, namely, the problem of knowledge, but in the very special form it assumes when the object of this knowledge is…show more content…
To this view of the problem one can oppose, and this has often been done, particularly by conservative sociologists, the idea that classes are nothing but constructs of the scientist, with no foundation whatsoever in reality, and that any attempt to demonstrate the existence of classes by the empirical measurement of objective indicators of social and economic position will come up against the fact that it is impossible to find, in the real world, clear-cut discontinuities: income, like most properties attached to individuals, shows a continuous distribution such that any discrete category one might construct on its basis appears as a mere statistical artefact. And Pareto ‘s formula, according to which it is no easier to draw a line between the rich and the poor than between the young and the old-one might add nowadays: between men and women.-:. this formula will always delight those, and they are many, even
WHAT MAKES A SOCIAL CLASS?
The Field Of The Investigative Journalism history assignment help company: history assignment help company
In this article, Bourdieu proposes that the television has impacted the journalistic field in a wider and strong way that other cultural transformations did before within the cultural field. Doing so, says Bourdieu, television and journalistic field have also triggered transformations in other fields upon which journalism has an impact. As it is performed, the journalistic field tends to reinforce the economic (commercial) field instead of the pure one. Following Bourdieu, the journalistic field was settled during the 19th Century through the opposition between the sensationalist newspapers and the analytical or serious newspapers (p. 4). Additionally, the article is helpful for my final project because it sketches ways to measure the autonomy of the journalistic field (p. 4).
Bourdieu’s contribution to journalism studies is helpful to explore and analyze the Chilean journalistic field, particularly the sub-field of the investigative journalism, as I propose. Bourdieu says that his intention is not to point out who and how are responsible or guilty about the state of the French journalistic field by his time, but rather to provoke a critical self-consciousness among journalists and promote larger freedom for them and other cultural producers.
7. Bourdieu, P. (2005). The political field, the social science field, and the journalistic field. In Benson and Neveu (eds.) Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field. Malden MA: Polity Press. p. 29-47.
8. Brunner, J.J. (2008). Sociología
The Hmong Fear Western Medicine history assignment help australia
Most Hmong fear western medicine because of a lack of understanding, and a refusal to try to understand. The Lees had the importance of the medicine that was given to them explained to them many times, but they still believed that their thoughts about medicine and disease were far superior. In contrast, the Americans also refused to even attempt to understand the Hmong culture; even though slightly adapting to their medicine would have likely made the Lees much more compliant. This general misunderstanding of the other culture is best summarized by Fadiman, saying, “Dan had no way of knowing that Foua and Nao Kao had already diagnosed their daughter ‘s problem as the illness where the spirit catches you and you fall…show more content…
Doctor would tell the Lees that Lia needed to lose weight, but they refused to listen, as an overweight baby is seen as a symbol of wealth in their culture (Fadiman 43). Shortly following the doctors telling the Lees that her weight is a problem, Lia was diagnosed with mental delays. “Looking into Lia’s future, they foresaw a steady decrease in intellectual capacity” (Fadiman 55).
Final Seizure: Lias final seizure was a horrifying yet blameless conclusion to her extremely short life. At only four years old she went into an extremely violent seizure that lasted for hours. Nurses and doctors were unable to stop her seizing due to her size (Fadiman 143). When they were finally successful in stopping her seizure she had almost no brain activity left, and was declared brain dead and sent home to die, (Fadima 211). Following all of the previous events of her life it can be easily assumed that the Lees did not give Lia her medicine, or the doctors and MCMC complicated her regime, causing her symptoms to worsen, but that is not the case. Lia had her final seizure due to sepsis, not because she was epileptic. (Fadiman 147). The fact that her organs were shutting down was hidden by a lack of symptoms. Despite everyone finally doing what they needed to do, Lia’s fate had already been sealed at that point. The ultimate cause of her brain death was nobody ‘s fault at all, and it had nothing to do with culture, it was just an unfortunate accident.
Life after: Following her
Cultural Conflict between Hmong’s and American Culture help me with my history homework: help me with my history homework
This entry book” spirit catches you and you fall down” is talking about the cultural conflict between the Hmong’s culture and American culture. These differences are brought by the strong beliefs in the Hmong’s culture, and the difficulties to accept a new culture. There is a lot of misunderstanding/conflicts between these two cultures in the book. Usually, when the doctors are trying to convince the Lee’s family about Lia’s treatments, the Lees are stuck in their ways and really hard to accept what the doctors have to say about their beloved daughter. They believe in their own ways, even if it is helpful or not. They refuse to accept the doctors’ ideas, and because the treatments that the doctors give are based on the scientific experiences, so the doctors believe that the Hmong’s ideas are unreasonable or even stupid .However, when the culture conflicts face the love, these cultural differences become meaningless, which lead me to think that love is the only way that bring these cultures to connect.
The Hmong cultural/religious belief in shamanistic animism claim that wicked spirits are continually searching human souls, mostly those of defenseless or unappreciated children. For Hmong culture, epilepsy is known as qaug dab peg which means, “the spirit catches you and you fall down” in English (Fadiman 1997), which epileptic invasions are seen as affirmation of the epileptic’s capability to enter and stay temporarily into the spirit world (unconsciousness). In Hmong
Holistic Approach Into Our Health Care System history assignment help is it legit
“Medicine was religion. Religion was society. Society was medicine” (Fadiman, 1997). To the Hmong’s, this is a way of life. Everything in their culture is interrelated and represents a holistic view. As Americans, we try to incorporate the holistic approach into our health care system, but heavily rely on medications and science to treat illness. Arthur Kelinman developed the explanatory model of illness which incorporates a series of questions that is unique to a patient’s illness to develop a treatment plan. This model assesses how patient illnesses are associated with the environment and the culture around them, while also “seeking the how, why, what, when, where, and what next of illness, disease, and health experience” (“Explanatory Model”). Asking the patient their opinion on what caused their illness and how they think it should be treated will help identify their beliefs and help when planning an intervention. According to Lia’s parents, they believe that Lia’s soul was taken by a dab in a different realm after her sister slammed a door. In Hmong culture, having seizures is associated with having honor and the power to heal. Her parents believed that she should be treated by her culture’s holistic remedies, which includes animal scarifies, multiple herbs, and rituals. By taking Lia to the hospital, they believed American medicine was the cause of her deterioration. They reacted by not following certain instruction from the medical team and also did not have