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Name 1 Student name: Professor: Course: Date: Sanneh, Kelefa. “Body Count.”

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Sanneh, Kelefa. “Body Count.” Conde Nast, 24 September 2015. Web. 18 July 2016.

The main argument of this article is that the criminal justice system is discriminative against the black people. Sanneh recounts on the deaths of the blacks in the hands of the white policemen. The author begins with the story of a black man who was shot dead by a white police officer while no action against the officer was taken. The lack movements, the key among them the one dubbed “Black lives matter” has gotten contributions from several authors who have documented the police killings targeted on the black Americans. Cruel, ungodly and inhuman threats faced the back people in all aspects of their lives. The author elucidates several writings and quotes of the black lives activists and their experiences and stories about the disproportionate arrests of the black people. The modern criminal justice system is characterized by mass incarceration of the black people, an act that activist Fortner called ‘a glaring and dreadful stain on the fabric of American history.’

This article makes a good source for my essay because it offers a good narrative of the plight of the black Americans, citing examples of incidences that have happened. It also gives an overview of the black movements and their efforts to seek justice and fair treatments. Several activists are cited, as well as real life experiences of not only the activists themselves, but also ordinary blacks in the US.

Cobb, Jelani. “The Matter of Black Lives.” Conde Nast. 14 March 2016. Web. 18 June 2016.

Cobb’s main argument is that the current Obama administration pretends that the government is working to end the police brutality and the institutional racism that fuels it. The article is largely about the far the black lives matter activism has gone, elucidating how little the movement has achieved. It also sheds some light on the internal disputes that largely seem to derail the progress and achievements of the movement. A clear illustration is the meeting between the president, Obama, and a group of African-American leaders to discuss civil rights issues. The divisions were seen with some invited activists attending and other declining. Those who declined cited the unwillingness to take part in a sham of the false illusion that the government is working to end the racial disparities in the criminal justice system.

The article is a good source for my essay in that it focuses on the current issues facing the black movements and the government attempts, as well as the standoff between the activists themselves on the issue of government efforts to aid their course. In other words, the article highlights the milestones reached by the black lives movement, and also the current efforts by the activists to fight for the black lives, as illustrated by several of them seeking elective posts in various regions.

Staples, Robert. “White Power, Black Crimes and Racial Politics.” Black Press. Black Scholar Article. Winter. Vol 41, Issue 4. Web. 18 July 2016.

Staples’ main argument pertains to the racial profiling, and the injustices done to the blacks in America. The article highlights incidences of the police brutality on the basis of racial discrimination, citing that the whites will continue in the comfortable illusion that the incidences of racial profiling are defined in terms of the cops’ individual attitudes. However, he is of the opinion that this should not be the case, as the racial profiling is a systemic, historic, and lived experiences of the blacks. He also gives a brief background to the racial profiling as an illustration of the biased criminal justice system that seeks to punish the blacks, and also that has failed to offer the blacks with protection from white racist mobs, white slave owners, and also white rapists.

The article is suitable as a source to my essay because it gives a historical account of the racial injustices of the criminal justice system. Racial profiling has also been a hot topic amongst the modern day scholars with each presenting own arguments. Staples’ article is a good example because it gives an overview of how the problem is systemic rather than based on individual attitudes like the whites would want us to believe. The article gives a history behind the corruption of the law enforcers dating back to the days of slavery elucidating how the minorities in general have been treated by the law enforcers.

Ontario Human Rights. The Human Cost of Racial profiling. Toronto: Ontario Human Rights, 2003. Print

The main argument in this article is that Ontario is not immune to the problem of racial profiling. The problem may have been known to exist in the western nations especially the United States and the UK, but this should not lead to the assumption that the same is not existent in Ontario. The article gives a definition to the term racial profiling, gives illustrations of its existence in Ontario, and also expresses how it does not work. Most importantly, the article gives an explanation of the effects of the racial profiling on the people, and how it hurts not only those who break the law, but also the innocent.

This is a good source of my essay because it gives an explanation of the effects of racial profiling, rather than just its occurrence in the present and in history. The article also generally proves that it would not be prudent to make assumptions pertaining to the existence of the racial profiling in some areas. A closer look at the society, especially at the workplace, will give an overview of how the racial profiling hurts people, and how it jeopardized the coexistence and worker relationships. The author has helped us to move out of the United States where every author seems to base their illustration, and move to other nations like Canada.

Bailey, Julius and Leonard, David. “Black Lives Matter: Post Nihilistic Freedom Dreams.” Journal of Contemporary Rhetoric 2015: Print

The main argument here is that the black lives matters campaign defines a generation of struggles against the persistent violence and unmitigated racial terror. The authors argue that the increasing campaigns against racial terror seen in mass demonstrations and social media timelines are proof of a nation that disregards black life. They claim that the cry is necessary in that is seeks to fight against the prejudiced policing, challenge the white supremacy and privilege, and also disrupt the status quo. Most importantly, the illusive nature of justice is an indication of a society that has refused to care for the black life. The article also gives an overview of the contemporary society and how the efforts of the activists, both present and the past, are yet to bear the desired fruits.

The article is a good source of my essay in that it offers a critical perspective the nature of the black lives matters movements, and at the same time offering a criticism of the American society for its refusal to hear the cry of the black people. The article is not simply an elucidation of the incidence of the racial profiling or the racial movements, but a critical approach to the situation. It will help in critically arguing out the key points in this essay.

ART CRITIQUE 7 Running head: ART CRITIQUE ART CRITIQUE Name: Course: Tutor:

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Running head: ART CRITIQUE







The film Modern Times is undoubtedly one bewildering dispensation in the film industry, and it is a film that proves the writer and director Charles Chaplin to be the greatest comedian of the time. The piece is a great work of art with an iconic character of ‘little tramp’ who struggles to live and survive in the modern and quickly industrializing world. Little tramp, in a very humorous way, is determined to find himself a good life, and he struggles with a job that later causes him health and mental problems. He is discharged from hospital and goes seeking new employment. He gets arrested and spends some time in jail, but after coming out of jail, he realizes that life as a free man was not good enough. The character Chaplin is portrayed as a factory worker who is used for an experiment with a feeding machine that later develops a glitch and experience thereafter was not good.

Modern times is intended to highlight the various challenges that the industrializing world had to face, and this included the problem of unemployment and increased poverty. In short, the 1930s were faced with several social and economic problems before the modern world could later re-organize itself into a world suitable for everyone. After working in a factory where he develops problems perhaps as a result of overworking, he later gets another job involving the repair of a huge machine. He was an assistant mechanic. In this case, problems arises and he loses his job after a strike. Strikes are rampant with factory workers, and the result of the strikes have always ended with harassment of the striking workers by the police. There is an instance that a worker is shot. There are cases where workers are fired, and this is an indication that the machines had come to replace human beings at the workplace.

It is a fact that the film highlights the various issues affecting the daily lives of people. It is also a fact that the film has received positive reviews throughout. This is not an implication that the film was 100 % perfect. This is especially when reviewed at a time like now when technology has evolved to make the film industry better. The first point of critique will absolutely be the feature of the film that include the display quality and the sound. In modern film, HD graphics are often used which often make the films clear. The film is black and white, an ancient technology that would appear odd today due to the fact that modern technology has improved realism in the film industry. The audios also are another aspect of critique. Rarely is there speech presented in the film and we are only shown characters talking. The sound that dominates the entire film is music. The speech that was presented was indeed a recorded demonstration of the usage of the feeding machine. However, the characters in the film do use gestures extensively, and these are occasionally accompanied by some words on the screen highlighting only what the director saw important. This was especially during change of scenes, new ideas, or decisions made by the various characters.

There are various cultural influences contained in the film. One cultural influence is the aspect of poor governance or leadership at both the state and organizational level. At the state level, the government is shown to be ruthless whereby it mistreats people fighting for their rights in the streets during strikes. At the organizational level, we are shown the employers not concerning themselves with the welfare of the people whereby the work is too much, little breaks, and excessive speed. We are also shown people experiments, for example, little tramp is made an experimental subject in the feeding machine that almost harms him. Other cultural aspects are economic and social problems as discussed above, that include poverty and unemployment.

To me, the work is a both entertaining and educating piece. For one, we learn of the challenges during the industrialization period, some of which are relevant to date. In modern world, we hear cases organizations being sued for mistreatment of workers. Every day, incidents do occur and people would die. In some countries, striking people often face harassment from the police. The work does not challenge my perceptions. Rather, it cements my belief that the invention of the machine ought to have empowered man, but not to replace man. Currently, machines are everywhere and unemployment is a problem that has never been fully solved. Everything comes with its challenges, and our culture is influenced by each and every decision that we take.


I went to the Dallas symphony center to listen to live music by a music band of Chris Bolt and friends. The band indeed was amazing, and each beat and sound of the musical instruments were all magical. It was a perfect combination of instruments, which were initiated with a slow and high-pitched French horn sounds, occasionally interrupted with the sound of drums. After exactly one minute, the prolonged horn sounds were interrupted by the ululations from the audience, before the band changed to more frequent drum beats that lasted for seconds. The music was rhythmical where the French horn dominated, with the drums beats interrupting at intervals. Other instruments followed suit later, and the idiophones both pitched and unpitched percussion could now be heard.

The performance can be described using various aspects of jazz music that include the rhythm. As mentioned above, the instruments formed a rhythm whereby the French horns would come first, and steady drum beats and the sounds of idiophones would join the mix. Variability of the tempo was also notable. Adagio and allegro alternate from time to time, presentation after presentation. At the beginning, the French horns would sound with slow tempo for some seconds before becoming more steady and faster, after which they would be accompanied by other instruments, the drums, the French horns, and the idiophones are the ensembles that come out clearly in the performance. This was coupled with the meter that manifested itself in the standard and constant patterns of the various sound combinations.

The jazz music, popular among many always attract crowds during live performance, and the audience at the Chris Bolt band’s performance almost made it appear like they were part of the rhythm. The band moved the crowd especially during the talking time after the instruments stopped. In the fortieth minutes, the soul voice of a female soloist was in the air amidst the mixture of sounds. It was a slow performance, a typical of jazz music. The interruptions of the beats by the male speeches were part of the dynamics. In most of the time, the melody that was dominant was disjunct. The diminuendo at the ending of every play aroused cheers from the audience.

The jazz has been a key icon in the music industry, and it is an indigenous art form in America. It was born and evolved in America. In terms of cultural influences, jazz music reminds us about the history of America. Having been born in the 1920s, jazz music has a lot to tell us about the culture of the Americans and how this culture has evolved and led to the subsequent evolution of the form itself. In that case, the live music by Chris Bolt and friends is an indication that jazz is not dead, and that it is there to live. The history of America can be told by use of the music. The African Americans always come into the light at the mention of the word jazz, because this is where the form of music came from. The lives of the African Americans and other marginalized groups of the time that include women are what comes into the mind at the mention of jazz. However, modern jazz has evolved to talk of the modern cultural issues. This is a move from the past where the African American traditions were erased as more white Americans joined the jazz music. Today, jazz is just like any other contemporary for of music we listen to every day.

My experience with the work can be described as one that is entertaining and arousing a lot in the minds of the audience. The sounds of the instruments are a perfect match, and so is the soloist voices and the speeches in between the plays. The work communicates a lot to me, and this includes the modernity of the jazz culture, as well as the contemporary issues in life and mostly art. The work does challenge my perceptions, especially where I have perceived jazz music to have totally cut off its traditions. O found out that the jazz only contained improvements, but not a complete turn from the traditional jazz. The work is related to the class content especially the culture of jazz music, as well as the various components and formations of jazz music. It is not much different from classwork as any of the reference made to the live performance has been derived from previous lessons in class.


The art under critique here is a work by John Addison Stryker, an American who lived between 1883 and 1974. The title of the art is Ramsey Jumpers 257, and it is a hand-painted gelatin silver print. There is no date available as to when this art was done, but is it indicated that it is a gift of Bill and Sally Wittliff. The picture shows a man riding two white horses, and a huge crowd of perhaps fans watching. The horses are jumping over hurdles, in what could be symbolizing either the finishing line or just ordinary hurled in the race course. Amazingly, the rider is not sitting on both horses, but it appears that he is standing on them, one leg on the back of each horse. In the background, there are two tall masts, and some green trees at a distance. The day is a bright one, but covered with some could that appears to be darker in the horizon. In its appearance, this is a representation of a special event owing to the huge crowd that is watching. Judging from the time that the artist lived, we can tell that is might have been a horse race competition of a show of its kind because of the rare scenario presented of a man riding two horses.

The artist was born in 1883 in Rockford, Illinois. He was known to be an adventurous person from when he was 15 years old, and he believed that physical exercises on a daily basis were essential to keep one physically fit. Having studied and worked as a penman till 1919, he resigned and instead focused on photography. He took many pictures of his environment and later compiled a booklet of houses and other views of in Kearney. This background can help explain the art better. For one, the art is hand-painted, and he could have acquired these skills from his training penmanship. As a person who believed in daily exercise, the concept of horse riding could have emanated from that. Lastly, as a person who was adventurous, the concept of one man riding two horses also get an explanation.

This paining has some cultural influences. For one, the period that it was made (most probably from 1919 till 1974, when the artist joined photography and before he died) is a historic period with amazing facts about the social economic and political aspects of the Americans. The first thing to trigger in the minds of the audience is horse racing, a social event that was quite common with many cultures all over the world. It was an activity where heroes were made and honors gained. Owing to the fact that they attracted large crowds of people or fans, a fact that is quite evident from the painting, the importance of sport in the 20th century is manifested. The society is also represented as one that was united most probably because of the existence of the sports like horse racing.

My experience with the work of art can be understood from the point of view that the art taught me a lot of things I could not expect to learn from a mere painting. It reminds me of an adage that posits that a picture is worth that a thousand words. Indeed, looking at the picture will tell you so much, more than a thousand word can describe. For instance, the socio-economic life of the society represented in the art can easily be inferred from the painting. The symbolism presented in the painting was one thing I find challenging to interpret mainly because they are used in a manner that one might not be able to tell what they are competing. White horses tend to symbolize a wide range of things that might include status in the society. The realism presented in the painting in the form of color and texture are indeed one amazing thing I have encountered.

This work is a practical application of what is taught in the classroom. This implies that the lessons we learn in class about painting are now being revisited by looking at the painting by Addison. The aspects of the art that include the realism, color, texture, and space are all taught in class, but here they are experienced directly and first hand. One also tends to add more to the class lessons, and to cement the knowledge gained in the class. That is to say that without firsthand experience with a particular art, the understanding is often limited till the student encounters the art. In this case, the visit can be said to have borne fruits.

Running head: BEAUTY IN ART 1 BEAUTY IN ART 4 Beauty in

Running head: BEAUTY IN ART 1


Beauty in Art




Beauty in modern art is quite rare, if it exists at all. This beauty is the one that made people hail art and get quite attached to art. Does this still happen in modern art? I guess not, and this is because the core characteristics of art have disintegrated leaving art to be what people says is art, not what was conventionally accepted as art. In my opinion, beauty is essential in art, and not anything can be art. I agree with Scruton (Lockwood, 2015) that what is called modern art is no art, and simply calling something art does not make it art.

Modernism has brought with it the desire to achieve liberty in almost anything, and thus people have the liberty to call anything art and it becomes art. What I do not understand, for example, is what criteria then do the collectors of art use to determine what to accept as art and what not to accept. This is because people these days come up with anything and call their creations art. In the ancient times, and Jones (Jones, 2012) agrees, beauty was worshiped as the highest artistic value, but this has come to be labelled as outdated beliefs and perceptions. What dangers that do come with this ‘modernism?’

In modern world of art, various forms of art are not what they used to be. In music, for example, most cultures used music as a tool to transmit cultural values and beliefs from one generation to another, and music used to communicate essential messages of that culture. In my opinion, this is not what happens today, because musicians sing about anything, most of what does not add value to anybody’s life. In essence, the music performed today is only a sign and a constant reminder of how the society has decayed. This is why Scruton say beauty in art has been replaced with all that is ugly (Lockwood, 2015). Consider, for example, tattoos and piercings which, a few years back, was a way of displaying skilful art and beauty in that art. Today, you will find someone with piercings in all parts of the body and the whole body covered in shapes and images that are quite scary. This, if at all can be called art, has nothing to do with displaying beauty or any value both the society and to the artists themselves.

One should not be fascinated why people seem to be attracted by ancient artefacts than the modern artefacts. Modern art has no uniqueness as in the ancient art no matter how many people will call it art. As Scruton argues regarding modern architecture, modern art is all about creating utility rather than creating beauty. The aftermath, however, is that this art will lose value too soon and will be demolished. I agree that when beauty comes first, the value can live for long (Lockwood, 2015).

Adler (2015) asks how we see beauty in the midst of chaos. Scruton believes that beaut was the remedy for human chaos. No one would want to damage something beautiful as beautiful things are what makes our emotions cool down and make us reflect on those things that appear not be of this world. In the analogy of love and lust as given by Scruton, beauty attracts conservation and ugly attracts destruction. Love is giving and taking care of something, and lust is destroying for selfish gains, often short-lived. Beauty is, therefore, essential in art and this cannot be displaced.


Adler, N. (2015). Finding Beauty in a Fractured World: Art Inspires Leaders—Leaders Change the World. Academy of Management Review, 480-494. Retrieved from

Jones, J. (2012, May 2). When did modern art become so reluctant to embrace beauty? Retrieved from The Guardian:

Lockwood, L. (Director). (2015). Why Beauty Matters [Motion Picture].