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UNDERSTANDING RACE IN THE USA Women’s Rights History Essay Help


Concept of the DNP and PhD in Nursing history assignment help book: history assignment help book

DNP and PhD in Nursing


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DNP and PhD in Nursing

There is a difference between a doctor of nursing practice (DNP) and a Ph.D. in Nursing. The former is an advanced registered nurse expert in the nurse practice, clinical nurse specialist, nurse executive, nurse anesthetist, and nurse informaticist (Hamby, 2017). The DNP nurse has attained one of the leading degrees awarded in the area of nursing. It is more on clinical outcome. Differently, PhD in Nursing is more respected though it has more academic or research focus than DNP.

Equally, a PhD demonstrates that the nurse is skilled in signifying healthcare-related problems and can suggest solutions that are evidenced-based in the non-stop transforming world of healthcare (Ellenbecker et al., 2017; Walker et al., 2016). Therefore, experts in the field who wish to advance their knowledge acquisition and realize a terminal degree to boost their practice benefit from selecting the DNP choice. Nursing professionals who dream of becoming educators, researchers, and leaders in the field would gain from PhD in Nursing (Walker et al., 2016). Nurses with a PhD level of education in the area apply evidence-based research to form policies and measures and create workflows that reflect patient care standards (Adib Hajbaghery & Nabizadeh-Gharghozar, 2019). They are concerned about improving the care of sick people through research findings.

I would choose to take PhD in Nursing at my doctoral level in nursing education. I wish to contribute to the existing body of knowledge or discover a new experience in nursing. Thus, through this course, I would take scientific studies related to nursing to improve patient care. Additionally, through PhD in Nursing, I can be a lecturer imparting knowledge to nursing students while leading various healthcare organizations towards effective nursing care through my practice.



Adib Hajbaghery, M., & Nabizadeh-Gharghozar, Z. (2019). Comparative Study of Nursing PhD Education System and Curriculum in Iran and Alberta School of Nursing. Military Caring Sciences Journal, 6(1), 69-78.

Ellenbecker, C. H., Nwosu, C., Zhang, Y., & Leveille, S. (2017). PhD education outcomes: Results of a national survey of nursing PhD alumni. Nursing Education Perspectives, 38(6), 304-312.

Hamby, D. L. (2017). Multifaculty Participation in Redesign of a Doctor of Nursing Practice Curriculum.

Walker, K., Campbell, S., Duff, J., & Cummings, E. (2016). Doctoral education for nurses today: the PhD or professional doctorate?. Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing, The, 34(1), 60.





Do We Need a Common Identity?

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Do We Need a Common Identity?


Identity usually entails the memories, experiences, connections, and standards that develop an individual sense of self. As a result, this combination creates the unchanging sense of who one is over time, even when new features are developed and integrated into one’s identity. Based on various studies, identity incorporates political views, morals, attitudes, and religious beliefs, all of which monitor choices a person makes daily. Also, it contains multiple roles, such as a U.S citizen, which holds meaning and expectations that are internalized into one’s identity. In recent years, identity has become very evident in American culture. This is because how people look, where they come from, how much they earn, and talk are the superficial indices that determine groups they are affiliated with. However, based on various studies, there is a significant increase in understanding among the scholars that American identity is the best identity that one can relate with since people not born in the U.S. usually claim it (Souffrant, 2013). Currently, key topics related to common identity include impacts of common identity on intractability and shapers of identity. When exploring how common identity is perceived globally, various media reports indicate that national identity is fake and that people should concentrate on the common good. The purpose of this paper is to discuss my position and arguments on whether we need a common identity or not.

Position and Arguments

In my opinion, common identity is crucial to the mutual perception, response, and change of the social world. Important to these dynamics are how common identity serves to assist in shaping the behavior of an individual. According to Verkuyten (2018), common identity helps individuals coordinate their actions and efficiently attain their goals and objectives, creating a shared identity. This is because individuals who see themselves as having a common identity have a common knowledge of the social world and can communicate with one another effectively. As a result, this provides a coordinated reaction, especially during emergency events where a collective action will be required.

Another reason that supports my argument on common identity is that it will be easier for an individual to connect with other similar groups. This is because people with shared identities tend to understand each other and can interact cohesively. According to Verkuyten (2018) study, a common identity can help an individual develop a clear and shared purpose when interacting with other people with the same identity. As a result, this can help them find the relationship more meaningful when interacting together. Also, we need a common identity since it will make it easy for individuals to identify their roles through a wider aperture. As a result, this will help an individual add value to society and focus on achieving a specific purpose.


Although common identity can have its benefits, other people can argue its drawbacks. According to Gromet and Darley (2009) study, reveals that common identity can create resistance. This is because some individuals cannot understand new ideas stemming from the minority identity, especially when they threaten their ideas. Others argue that common identity should not be recommended since it can constantly drain individual energy, especially when addressing differences with colleagues who discriminate against people.

Other people criticize that a common identity, once is established, can be very difficult to change. This is because when individuals behave in a certain way, they will act and interpret behavior according to this belief. Individuals who are not in support of common identity argue that shared identity can make it difficult for people to create the unity that will allow creativity and true cooperation. This is because people who are banded under a common identity can demonize those who are not associated with the group, especially when they receive the unexpected results of their actions. Alternatively, other individuals argue that common identity can result in mistaken identity that can result in conflict-based identities. For instance, people who have a common identity can have a positive perception of themselves, but others will not admit their identities. Being stereotyped is a major concern that affects people who have a common identity because they are usually demonized, generalize, and trivialize, even in actions or mistakes they did not make.

Alternatively, others criticize common identity based on how people from other cultural backgrounds are being discriminated. According to Verkuyten (2018) study, African-American who struggle to get a shared identity in the U.S. usually experience racial discrimination since they are perceived to be of black identity. Similarly, the Americans’ culture can be considered independent common identity is not accommodated in this setting since most Africans, Latins, and Asians usually consider having low self-esteem due to independent culture instead of interdependent culture.

Rebuttals to Those Counterarguments

Although the arguments presented above can be seen to be valid, they do not qualify to conclude that we should not accommodate common identity. For instance, based on the argument that common identity can create resistance, this is not true because individuals with shared identity usually have social implications for stress and burnout. Also, it is not true that those people with shared identity will have difficulty adjusting since they usually interact together to share new ideas to prove their point without demonizing other individuals who do not share their identity. Also, it is not true that people with common identity are stereotyped since they consider themselves to have a unique character that can attract other people to join their group. Also, since racial discrimination is serious affecting many people, it is not connected to people who share a common identity since they usually have clear goals of where they want to be and who to interact with.

Supportive Evidence

According to (Yao, 2020) study, people sharing a common identity can react to challenges together. However, this does not mean that they are resistant since they have a common objective of addressing their grievances in one accord. In this study, a quantitive study was conducted in a real-life setting that revealed a positive impact of common identity in dealing with stressful intergroup circumstances. On the other hand, the Souffrant (2013) study reveals that people with shared identity do not have difficulty adjusting to certain circumstances or people. In this study, people who have a common identity usually appreciate every individual’s uniqueness and can focus on adjusting to real-life changes and addressing their issues, provided that they avoid conflicts.


Based on the above argument, it is evident that we need a common identity since it can assist in developing individual self-esteem and self-image. Common identity is important since it provides a feeling of belonging, contributing to an individual’s place and definition in society. Although there are various arguments regarding whether we need a common identity, its benefits outweigh the risks. Every care provider needs to incorporate ethical requirements when dealing with cases related to a common identity. Based on the articles supporting common identity, it is evident that social identity theory analyzes how shared identity is integrated to influence other members’ views. Culture, ethnicity, and diversity play a crucial role in promoting common identity among people from different cultural and ethnic backgrounds.



Gromet, D. M., & Darley, J. M. (2009). Retributive and restorative justice: Importance of crime severity and shared identity in people’s justice responses. Australian Journal of Psychology, 61(1), 50-57. doi:10.1080/00049530802607662

Souffrant, E. M. (2013). Common identity. Identity, Political Freedom, and Collective Responsibility, 19-22. doi:10.1057/9781137337979_3

Verkuyten, M. (2018). Ethnic identity and social psychology. The Social Psychology of Ethnic Identity, 15-45. doi:10.4324/9781315109527-2

Verkuyten, M. (2018). Social identity. The Social Psychology of Ethnic Identity, 71-106. doi:10.4324/9781315109527-4

Yao, S. X. (2020). Common ingroup identity model. The International Encyclopedia of Media Psychology, 1-4. doi:10.1002/9781119011071.iemp0311


THE CONCEPT OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE history assignment help and resources: history assignment help and resources

Domestic Violence

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Domestic Violence

Domestic violence entered the limelight in the late 1980s with the media at the forefront of creating awareness of its effects and the continued rise in these cases. There had been a myth being propagated that domestic violence was mostly committed by high profile sports personnel.  However, this is not true because different families are still reporting domestic violence cases, while others go unreported. However, domestic violence is believed to be caused by different factors, including violent neighbourhoods, exposure to violent videos in the media, and stress among families.

The article, “Addressing Domestic Violence Against Women: An Unfinished Agenda” states that any action that causes harm to a person is considered domestic violence. It is high time that women got justice from domestic violence, as stated by the law. It is believed that most reported cases are usually women.

The article,” Is the creation of the discrete offence of coercive control necessary to combat domestic violence” tries to highlight the roles played by various stakeholders in protecting domestic violence. This includes the government, its citizens, and non-governmental organizations.

This essay will compare and contrast the two articles regarding how enforcing the laws is limited to an individual or political forces.

First, the two articles have a different scope. The article, “Addressing domestic violence against women: An Unfinished Agenda” focuses on protecting women and children against domestic violence. In contrast, the article “Is the creation of a discrete offence of coercive control necessary to combat domestic violence” focuses on family members who live together but have not been registered by a recognized institution. In the past, the law could not address the challenges faced by women who were constantly being abused domestically, but the enactment of this law can now get justice. On the other hand, families living together but not registered could not address domestic violence, but with the enactment of these laws, they can solve it. Generally, these laws helped in combating domestic violence in different environments.

Both articles state the forms in which these domestic violence cases are committed. They include; physical which involves harming a person through physical force or parts of the body such as the hands. Another form may be psychological, which involves torturing a person hence causing distress. It may also consist of sexual, which involves the act or attempt to get sex from another person by force. In the modern-day, this is among the most common forms of domestic violence, and measures should be put to mitigate it. Another one is spiritual where a person believing in a certain religion is tortured and sometimes believed to be terrorists. Lastly, financial violence involves aspects of money like stealing from a person or even failing to pay your debt.

The article on Addressing Domestic Violence against Women majorly focuses on the effects of domestic violence. On the other hand, the article,” Is the creation of the discrete offence of coercive control necessary to combat domestic violence” focuses on how different institutions play different roles in combating domestic violence. The first Law first highlights the different causes of domestic violence, stating that it might be caused by economic, social, cultural and political practices. The Law further explains the effects of domestic violence on health, psychology, and effects on children. The Second Law,” Is the creation of the discrete offence of coercive control necessary to combat domestic violence” main focus is on the roles played by the state, local authorities, the police and non-governmental organizations in combating domestic violence. First, the state is responsible for implementing policies and programs that help in fighting domestic violence. The government is also responsible for providing resources to enforce the law. Secondly, the local authorities are supposed to implement laws to combat domestic violence at local levels. The third is the police responsible for filing complaints on domestic violence apart from giving victims guidelines on how to file a petition. Lastly, the Non-governmental organizations are responsible for educating the people about the law and sheltering domestic violence victims. Despite these laws being enacted, the ability to enforce these laws has been limited due to different factors;

First, laws tend to alter societal norms associated with violence. When the laws indicate that certain behaviour is against the law, the society also adheres to it. Different countries in the world have, in recent years been seen enacting laws against violence. In response to this, almost all countries have now adopted this law.

Secondly, violence against women seems not to cease despite these laws. This is because most women in the world still depend on the males to sustain themselves hence being forced to stay in marriages full of violence. Women also fear bringing up the topic of being domestic because of the fear being harmed again and some cultural practices that allow them to articulate their issues. Domestic violence against women can only cease when women become aware of the law and its contents.

In conclusion, there is a need to address domestic violence by setting up appropriate measures to curb domestic violence. This can be achieved when different parties in the society; the citizens, police, non-governmental organizations, and local and national governments. With all this combined effort, people can live harmoniously enjoying their rights and freedoms in society.


Kaur, R., & Garg, S. (2008). Addressing domestic violence against women: An unfinished agenda. Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 33(2), 73. Bettinson, V., & Bishop, C. (2015).

Is the creation of a discrete offence of coercive control necessary to combat domestic violence. N. Ir. Legal Q., 66, 179.


Understanding Ideology by Slavoj Zizek ap art history homework help

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Down with Ideology

According to Slavoj Zizek, ideology is the opposite of what people expect and works oppositely.  It is a sequence of dialogue that pushes false thoughts on people. In the video, a short clip of a man seeing different writings when he puts on and off eyeglasses is an example of how people tend to interpret things in the context of ideology. According to Slavoj, we usually view ideology as glasses in that we have to put on the glasses to solve something that our eyes see and our thoughts perceive. To know the truth, we have to take off the glasses.

Ideology directly addresses someone with pleasure to do things, and we need glasses to see the truth behind the pleasures. In the video, Zizek illustrates who people perceive things concerning ideology by putting on sunglasses and looks at the interviewer, a phone, and a book. The interpretations made when putting on the glasses differ from those that he makes when he puts the glasses off.  Ideology does not replicate the actual world but reflects the made-up relationship of individuals to the real world. With this comprehension, ideology tends to take a new role. It hides how we view things and helps assists to shape how people talk and view things.

According to Slavoj, true love is a catastrophe. He views love and marriage as a form of enslavement in that people become restricted to things to things that they enjoy doing during their free time. He states that the new forms of enslavement’s unique thing are sold to us as new forms of freedom.  According to Slavoj, other ideologies such as liberalism or capitalism work in a similar manner.  Ideologies are created to sustain a specific social structure and eventually fall out of errand whenever a new thought comes to force.

When asked whether freedom is possible, he says that real freedom is not the superficial form of freedom. He states that a real choice is one that is experienced as a first choice. Tolerance, according to Slavoj, is the change of culture. He argues that there is a need for more intercultural interactions between people who interact freely despite their cultural differences. According to Slavoj, nothing defines the post-political moderate project’s discrepancy better than its implied paradoxical identification of nature and culture.


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