After completing your Aquifer case study, answer the following questions:
What is your list of appropriate differential diagnoses and why?
What is the final diagnosis, and what assessment findings serve to support this? Discuss normal versus abnormal findings.
Describe the pathophysiology that may lead up to the final diagnoses.
What pharmacology treatment would you recommend and why?
GOL Linhas Aereas Inteligentes SA Gol Linhas Aereas Inteligentes SA is a
GOL Linhas Aereas Inteligentes SA
Gol Linhas Aereas Inteligentes SA is a Brazilian airline that was founded in 2000 and started its operation in 2001. The company has operated in the transportation industry in Brazil. On June 2004, the company engaged in several public offering such as the New York as well as Sanpaolo. The airline was a party to corporate scandal that involved quality control violation together with Deloitte’s Brazil audit firm (Giroux and Gary 2013). The firm is accused of issuing Gol clean audit reports, yet the company did not qualify for the un-suspecting report. The company had performed sloppy audits to the airline company such as differed value. The reason for this was for the reason of the company attracting move investors through its public listing. Upon the relation by The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) of the fraudulent ways in which Gol attained its reports, PCAOB initiated an investigation over the audit of Gol (Raslan et al. 2016). The engagement party decided to try out dubious means such as altering of the working papers on Gol. It was for the purpose of erasing the evidence of having doctored the audit report of the Brazilian airline. The individual that were deployed by the engaging party managed to alter the working papers. Upon the opening of an informal inquiry by PCAOB regarding The Gol affair, the board was faced with miss cooperation from Gol Company through the influence of the airline senior officials.
The auditor, in particular, failed to fulfill its public watchdog mandate of being an Independent as well as an ethical auditor. The firm had gone against the securities exchange act of 1934 and that of PCAOB by issuing audit reports that were false in nature regarding the 2010 financial statement if Gol airline. The firm went ahead trying to cover up the mess by trying to alter the relevant documents. The company, in this case, GOL through its engagement partner was responsible for approving as well as authorizing the issuance pf the audit report despite knowing that here were violations of the PCAOB rules in the process of coming up with the report. Making it materially false. The goal engagement had approved the issuance of an unqualified audit.
The main reason that led to the scandal was that of the airline trying to conceal some expenses by doctoring of the audit report. It did this by engaging DELOITTE to help doctor the books and account for the deficiency the company as having been spent on maintenance deposit.
One of the ethical violations conducted in this scandal is integrity. Given that it refers to the mandate of all the members of professional bodies to act with honesty and being straight forward. In this scandal, this principle was not followed. It is evident that the Deloitte’s Brazil audit firm members were directly involved in the delivery of false information of Gol Linhas Aereas Inteligentes SA that was equally misleading. For example, the issuance of the false audit report. Deloitte’s Brazil audit firm went against APES 110 section 110.2. The information relating to the audit report was recklessly furnished, and it omitted information that was supposed to be included. For example, how some company money were spent.
A threat to auditor independence has been witnessed in Gol Linhas Aereas Inteligentes SA scandal. The most conspicuous one being, self-interest threat. Given that it refers to threats that often takes place when accounting firms or their staffs have a financial interest in their clients. In this case, the audit firm Deloitte had a direct financial interest that was expressed in the form of bribe from the audit client. Through the bribe, the auditor firm was able to compromise its professional ethics and engage in sculptors practices for the purpose of fulfilling the agreement and dealings it had with GOL Company.
To prevent the occurrences of such scandals in future, I would advise auditing firms to come up with convenient procedures that would help in the identification of staffs who seem to be having a financial interest in the firm’s assurance clients (Chong 2015). In this way, the firm will be able to detach all avenues that would encourage out of the book financial compensations from taking place. Audit firms should conduct regular reviews of the fees that each client has paid for articular services offered by the firm. The firm would, therefore, compare it with the amount charged to another client. It will ensure that no extra amount of money is paid therefore limiting the instances of bribes to be offered to the company by the clients. Firms should come up with clear policies that state the kind of business it would engage the assurance clients. The audit firms must boldly restrict the offering of services outside of their job descriptions (Samsonova-Taddei, Anna, and Christopher 2014). Through this, the firm clients will put to notice on what services to expect from the auditing firms. It will bar the clients from seeking additional dubious favors in exchange for financial compensation. These strategies if well implemented will minimize the occurrence or repeat of the Deloitte-Gol scandal incidence.
Chong, Gin. “International insurance audits and governance.” International Journal of Accounting & Information Management 23.2 (2015): 152-168.
Giroux, Gary. Business Scandals, Corruption, and Reform: An Encyclopedia [2 volumes]: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO, 2013.
Raslan, Ibrahim, Mohamed Hegazy, and Noha Kamar Eldawla. “Quality Control Elements and Auditor Fraud Risk Assessment: An Experimental Study.” Journal of Accounting and Finance 16.2 (2016): 151.
Samsonova-Taddei, Anna, and Christopher Humphrey. “Transnationalism and the transforming roles of professional accountancy bodies: Towards a research agenda.” Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal 27.6 (2014): 903-932.
4 ENTREPRENEURSHIP POST-TRUTH ERA Introduction In the past journalism was something that
titled Internal Medicine 21: 78-year-old with fever lethargy, and anorexia. Nursing Assignment Help 4
In the past journalism was something that was unknown to many. The information took a long time before getting to the citizen. The news was something that people had little knowledge about. The media devices were limited and those privileged to own ne did not also receive information as it occurred. The radio being the major tool of broadcasting was owned by few people in the society. People would gather around that one radio to get information and news of what was happening around the country. The newspaper was also scarce. Although media in America and other civilizations dates back to the early1900s, its came into effective functioning in the 1950s. however the situation has since changed with the evolving of the world and advancement in technology.
In most nations globally journalism are part and parcel of the modern life. Newspapers, magazines bring the news to the world as well as the delights of the day to the people right at their doorsteps. Radio news and internet ensures the people on the go can get the information right at the comfort of their cellular phones. Televisions links sound with picture relay information in their regular news coverage broadcast or at any time there is breaking news. A simple click of the website takes the browser across the globe in searching the news they need. Journalism and the broad array of mass communication tools have led the world to the modern state it is in currently. Citizens in the developed and developing countries have so much to hear, see, read and click that it at times becomes difficult to process the information sieving from the true news and the fake news.
As technology advances with the media and journalism sector broadening, there are other issues that come along that are a threat to the existence of journalism. The news media is in trouble and is in the brink of collapse. The trust in the press is becoming low as days go by. The issue becomes even complicated with the threat of existential issues. In the post fact age of fake news, the audiences are forced to cherry pick the information they feel match their own biases dismissing the rest. the news media has since fallen in the edge where it seems to have lost its power in shaping the public opinion.
A few decades ago, people worried that the press had too much power. The media laid a straitjacket on the national discussion. The news was determined by the few media corporations that had the resources to enable them reach to the mass audience. There existed a huge barrier to the entry in the independent mass media stations. The business model relied on the national brand advertisers and they did not support publication or airing of stories they felt were distasteful or controversial. The journalists relied highly on the cooperation of sources ranked as paramount which prevented publication of information that seemed oppositional. The material for the broadcast had to pass through a lot of filters leaving only that which they felt was clean enough for the public audience. The result of the filter was false and ignored the outlying ideas, voices of the people and existing facts.
However, the situation after various critiques changed and the media gained freedom. National brand gave way to automated exchanges that places their advisement on thousand online sites regardless of the content they display. Politicians and political parties no longer rely on journalist to relay information and reach their audiences but instead, they can reach them through a simple online presence via the many social media platforms. The ability to reach the national audience has been made an individual case with everyone being able to reach them at all times. There is nothing that prevents fringe arguments and ideas from getting to the audience and also from spreading. The technology has enabled filtration of all forms of information to the hands of people via their mobiles phones and computers. The mainstream media is slowly diffusing to the online space. The trend has been increasing since the dawn of internet but it has since been overcharged by the social media.
DW688 faceback 1、Chapter 2, in paragraph “search description”, “existing literature” The existing
1、Chapter 2, in paragraph “search description”, “existing literature”
The existing literature should be written as a review of the literature before this paragraph.
“existing literature on this subject…………”、use “critically examine…………”
2、The title of the title is “The fitness economy”. What does it mean? Is it possible to change a more accurate name?
3、The introduction of the fifth chapter can be deleted.
4、In the conclusion, the first sentence may be better written like this. “The study finds that changes in innovation and technological change…………”Perhaps other similar statements should be added one or two sentences.
5、Please check your reference again. For example, the fifth one, what is the meaning,？please use the correct format: APA6