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This will be a written assignment for my doctoral quantitative analysis class regarding T-Tests. Using the attached data (i.e.,

This will be a written assignment for my doctoral quantitative analysis class regarding T-Tests.

Using the attached data (i.e., “job satisfaction” and “survey”), perform one analysis (Part A) using a dependent (or paired) samples t-test and the other (Part B) using the independent samples t-test. Determine appropriate test for each relationship, and then proceed with your analyses. (To be clear, you are required to perform TWO t-tests in this assignment.)

Part A
Teachers at ACE Charter School were given a 20% raise in their salary in August of 2015. Of all the teachers at ACE, 30 of them were asked to participate in a study to assess the effect of the pay raise on their overall job satisfaction. How was their job satisfaction (“0” = very unsatisfied to “50” = very satisfied) affected as a result? (Note: You can make causal inferences in this analysis.) (Sample = 30 ACE teachers in the study. Population = all ACE teachers.)
* What is the research question? (Use “difference” or “effect” language as we are no longer talking about “relationship” among variables but differences between groups or an effect of X on a particular population.)
* What is the null hypothesis?
* What is the research hypothesis? (Directional)
* Basic descriiptive analysis appropriate for the variables used (e.g., mean, median, range, SD, etc.) in a paragraph form. (Don’t just include a number of SPSS tables and not talk about it.)
* State the rationale for applying either independent or dependent t-test in this investigation using appropriate readings and resources in Module 6. (Please cite specific references.)
* Write out the results in an APA format. (Use the appropriate example below as your template.)
* Please include appropriate tables from the SPSS output used in your analyses.

Part B
Using a sample of 575 participants from River Forest, IL, compare the average years of education (variable name = “educ”) between men and women in this city. (Note: Avoid causal inferences here, and just talk about the differences between men and women in the analysis.) (Population = all adults in River Forest, IL.)
* What is the research question? (Use “difference” language as we are no longer talking about “relationship” among variables but differences between groups.)
* What is the null hypothesis?
* What is the research hypothesis? (Non-Directional)
* Basic descriiptive analysis appropriate for the variables used (e.g., mean, median, range, SD, etc.) in a paragraph form along with the SPSS output showing the descriiptive results. Be sure to analyze the years of education by men and women separately. An aggregate analysis of years of education would not be of much use here.
* State the rationale for applying either independent or dependent t-test for in this investigation using appropriate readings and resources in Module 6. (Please cite specific references.)
* Write out the results in an APA format. (Use the appropriate example below as your template.)
* Please include appropriate tables from the SPSS output used in your analyses.
An Example of a Paired-Samples t-Test Result Write Up
“Using a sample of 100 participants, a paired-sample t-test was conducted to compare the number of words recalled (from 0 to 15) in ginkgo and placebo conditions. There was a significant difference in the number of words recalled for ginkgo (M = 6.23, SD = 3.91) and placebo (M = 4.35, SD = 3.45) conditions; t(99) = 4.12, p < .001. These results suggest that consumption of ginkgo is related to a significant or meaningful increase in one’s memory, by about two points. The size of the effect (using Cohen's d) is medium at .51.”
An Example of an Independent Samples t-Test Result Write Up
“Using a sample of 200 participants, an independent samples t-test was conducted to compare the number of words recalled (from 0 to 15) in ginkgo (n = 100) and placebo (n = 100) groups. There was a significant difference in the number of words recalled for ginkgo (M = 7.95, SD = 3.91) and placebo (M = 5.85, SD = 3.60) groups; t(198) = 1.99, p = .03. These results suggest that ginkgo group had greater word recall than their placebo counterparts, by about two words. The size of the effect (using Cohen’s d) is medium at .56.”

I have attached the SPSS output and relevant material for each part, as well as recommended resources to elaborate on the assignment expectations. Make sure to provide substantial evidence from scholarly resources and refrain from making generalized statements. Textbooks, blogs, magazine or internet articles, book chapters, or special reports, do not count toward scholarly resources.

The powerpoint slides provided come from the class textbook, which should be the primary source used to support your statements (Salkind, N.J.

2 Critical Evaluation of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation

2

Critical Evaluation of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

Course Title

Professor/Instructor

Date

Critical Evaluation of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a neurodevelopment disorder that is characterized by difficulties with social communication and social interaction and restricted and repetitive patterns in behaviors, interests, and activities. As human beings grow up, they are bound to develop various behaviors that they carry on with, even in their adulthood. The behaviors could be of any type ranging from deviance to anti-social dispositions. While there are many causes that can be associated to these anomalies of child development, or even peculiar adult conducts, one of the key contributors to these is autism spectrum disorder. Living with autism spectrum disorder is challenging to the patient and their surroundings that can differ widely from person to person. Autistics find it difficult to interact and fail to comprehend the operation of their surroundings (Roberts, Krueger, & Glackin, 2019). In particular, such people have difficulties in learning, grasping accepted rules of social intermingling that normal people take for granted.

History

The term ‘autism’ was first coined by Eugene Bleuler in 1912 (Fauziyah, 2021). It originates from the Greek word ‘autos’ meaning self. Bleuler used it to describe the schizophrenic’s apparent difficulty in interacting with other people. Although the term was used to describe people showing the autistic tendency to detach from personal contact, the disorder was not fully defined until the mid-19th century. Leo Kanner is considered the first physician to focus on autism in his seminal paper entitled ‘Autistic disturbances of affective contact’ (Fauziyah, 2021). Kanner suggested that the term ‘autism’ describe the fact that children seemed to lack interest in other people. His paper on the autism contained almost every trait still considered as typical of ASD. Since the publication of the Kanner’s paper on autism, other scholars like Hans Asperger have joined the trade and made various contributions to the issue (Fauziyah, 2021).

Rationale

One of the more recent controversies in relation to autism and issues with the diagnosis has been the supposed correlation with vaccines and a child developing autism. Brown delves more into this issue by explaining that various parental groups have developed the assumption that the use of mercury and other artificial chemicals in vaccines has the negative effect of inducing autism in their children and, as such, this particular practice should be supposedly stopped in favor of preventing the spread of autism (Sealey et al., 2016). The problem with this case is that while it may be true that the cause for the development of autism in children have yet to be fully determined, the fact remains that there have been numerous studies which have examined the use of vaccines among children, and none of them have shown a sufficient connection between vaccination and the development of autism (Sealey et al., 2016).

On the other end of the spectrum, website articles from Naturalnews.com present various arguments in support of the vaccination-autism correlation. One of the main points that often came up was that parents noted distinct changes in their children a period of time after they were vaccinated (Hoppin, 2016). This often manifested in their children not doing so well in school, a lack of sufficient willingness towards social interaction, development of behavioral issues in relation to isolation and a plethora of other symptoms that have been successfully linked to autism (Hoppin, 2016). As a result of subsequent diagnosis and finding out that their child has autism, parents often correlate the use of vaccines and the development of autism in their child as being related.

In direct opposition to arguments in relation to vaccines causing autism in young children comes the view of Kirkland, who states that there are cases where an individual can go for years with an undiagnosed case of autism (Hoppin, 2016). What this implies is that the period of time in which a child is given vaccines and the time that they are exposed to school and social situations, coincides within one another.

It is only when they are exposed to broader areas in relation to higher levels of social interaction and education that a deficiency in their mental capacity is noted which coincides with the period in which they are administered vaccines for the first time. It is based on this that Kirkland presents the assumption that parents immediately jump to the conclusion that the development of autism in their child came about through effects of vaccination rather than the fact that their child had autism since birth.

Conclusion

In summation, autism makes it difficult for the victims to interact and fail to comprehend the operation of their surroundings. Notably, they have difficulties in learning, grasping accepted rules of social intermingling that normal people take for granted. Most parents have developed the assumption that the use of mercury and other artificial chemicals in vaccines has the negative effect of inducing autism in their children. Consequently, numerous studies have examined the use of vaccines in children but none of them have shown a sufficient connection between vaccination and the development of autism. Despite such data being released to the public, various parental groups still continue to rally behind the banner of autism supposedly being connected to vaccination.

References

Fauziyah, N. (2021, October). Differences in the Cognitive Processes of Autism Spectrum Disorder Students in Understanding Mathematical Problems Based on the Level of Intelligence. In 1st UMGESHIC International Seminar on Health, Social Science and Humanities (UMGESHIC-ISHSSH 2020) (pp. 252-261). Atlantis Press.

Hoppin, S. (2016). Applying the narrative paradigm to the vaccine debates. American Communication Journal . https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Shari-Hoppin/publication/327800385_Applying_the_narrative_paradigm_to_the_vaccine_debates/links/5c9e6c0845851506d7341666/Applying-the-narrative-paradigm-to-the-vaccine-debates.pdf

Roberts, T., Krueger, J., & Glackin, S. (2019). Psychiatry beyond the brain: Externalism, mental health, and autistic spectrum disorder. Philosophy, Psychiatry, & Psychology, 26(3), E-51.

Sealey, L. A., Hughes, B. W., Sriskanda, A. N., Guest, J. R., Gibson, A. D., Johnson-Williams, L., Pace, D. G., & Bagasra, O. (2016). Environmental factors in the development of autism spectrum disorders. Environment International, 88, 288–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2015.12.021

4 Environmental, Social, and Governance Strategies Your Name Department of ABC, University

This will be a written assignment for my doctoral quantitative analysis class regarding T-Tests. Using the attached data (i.e., Statistics Assignment Help 4

Environmental, Social, and Governance Strategies

Your Name

Department of ABC, University of

ABC 101: Course Name

Professor (or Dr.) Firstname Lastname

Date

Introduction

Forms of sustainable financing have expanded dramatically in recent years, as a growing number of institutional investors and funds include varied Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) investing approaches. Even though mainstreaming sustainable finance is a significant step forward, ESG investing terminologies and approaches differ considerably. This is due to a number of factors, one of which is that socially responsible investment principles have grown into a distinct form of ESG investing (Boffo & Palatano, 2020). ESG investing has been inspired by changes in demand across the finance ecosystem, driven by the pursuit for healthier long-term financial value and the search of better alignment with values. Whereas earlier approaches used exclusionary screening and value judgments to shape their investment decisions, ESG investing has been sparked by shifts in demand from across the finance ecosystem, driven by both the search for better long-term financial value and the pursuit of better alignment with values. Each of the three constituents of ESG investing, environmental, social, and corporate governance, has a set of conditions that socially conscious investors and companies can utilize to make their operations more ESG-friendly (CFI, 2018). These strategies aim to achieve a variety of goals, including preventing or reducing ESG risks, increasing returns on investment, and achieving measurable impact. They also indicate a wide range of investment and effect factors that investors should evaluate before making a decision (Kumar et al., 2018). This paper aims to discuss and compare two different ESG strategies (best-in-class selection and ESG-integration) an investor may apply. Then compare the pros and cons of the two ESG strategies.

Exclusionary screening, impact investment, ESG integration, and active ownership are some of the basic ESG investing methods.

ESG Integration Approach

A range of techniques for utilizing sustainability data has arisen as a result of the growth of sustainable investing. In recent years, the “ESG Integration” method has gained a lot of traction (Swiss Sustainable Finance, 2017). ESG risks and opportunities are normally included by asset managers in traditional financial analysis and investment choices, which is known as integration (Eurosif, 2021). Sustainability information can be incorporated into an investing process at several levels. This data can be utilized to determine an optimal asset allocation at the regional or sector level. ESG integration, to put it another way, is the examination of all relevant variables in investment analysis and decision-making, including environmental, social, and governance factors.

Lowering risk or producing rewards are important aspects of ESG integration. Many investors have turned to environmental, social, and governance (ESG) aspects as another tool to recognize and avoid risk in a specific firm or sector. ESG data can also be used to find investment opportunities by practitioners. Some practitioners, for example, examine automotive businesses to see how they are responding to developments in vehicle electrification and incorporate this information into their revenue estimates. Practitioners who invest in firms that have great ESG management and are likely to outperform in the long run are another example.

Advantages

Investors can benefit from ESG integration in a variety of ways, and it allows for greater flexibility when constructing client portfolios. Integrating just the material ESG issues that may influence security investment and performance results is a critical component of ESG integration. ESG integration aids in the discovery of investment opportunities and allows stakeholders to shift their entire portfolio toward positive ESG securities while reducing undesirable ESG exposure. The application of integration and investment screens makes it possible to find attractive assets that would otherwise go unnoticed throughout the security selection process.

Disadvantages

While ESG portfolios can be classified by a variety of factors, an integrated ESG methodology incorporates the basic principles, risks, and possibilities of ESG into a standard financial framework, allowing it to embrace many features of all ESG approaches. This can be a difficult undertaking because the true concept of an ESG investment might be difficult to define or even unclear for a firm that excels in one area but falls short in another. However, by including environmental, social, and governance factors into the financial assessment process, progress has been made in turning ESG into action.

Best-in-Class Approach

Unlike the exclusion method, which excludes particular industries because they are harmful to a sustainable economy, the best-in-class approach is more pragmatic and less black-and-white: It puts the emphasis on companies’ best practices, regardless of their industry (Swiss Sustainable Finance, 2017). ESG criteria are used to select or weight the best-performing investments within a class, category, or universe. Within a specific investing universe, this strategy entails selecting or weighting the best performing or most improved firms or assets as recognized by ESG analysis. Best-in-class, best-in-universe, and best-effort are all examples of this strategy (Eurosif, 2021). Best-in-class was the second of 21 SRI techniques to be established (after negative/ethical screening), and it was most popular in Continental Europe, where it was bolstered by the development of several rating and ranking models. Investors can get a complete assessment of a company’s commitment to sustainability by using the best-in-class approach. The enterprises must be examined from both a macro and microeconomic perspective for this strategy to be effective.

Advantages

Its strengths are its simplicity and sound reasoning, which invests in the best and avoids the rest, as well as its ability to tap into enterprises’ innate competitive inclinations and its guarantee of investor cash, which links the approach with mainstream investor practice. The best-in-class method also has the benefit of facilitating effective practice, dialogue, and reflection. It encourages investors and asset managers to work together more closely to find solutions that are consistent with both the investment philosophy and the intended return.

Disadvantages

In terms of analysis, the best-in-class strategy necessitates significant internal and/or external resources. This invariably entails additional costs, which must be borne by the end investor, reducing profitability, albeit such costs are currently on the decline. In this regard, the industry is currently evolving, owing to advancements in data management (particularly big data) and rivalry between index providers, ESG rating agencies, and other data providers in the transmission of non-financial data.

Conclusion

Environmental, social, and governance criteria are a set of operational standards that socially responsible investors use to evaluate potential investments. Despite the complaints, ESG investing is growing more popular, and millennials are more likely to utilize it as an investment strategy. Companies that abide by ESG guidelines pledge to operate ethically in those three fields, and they can utilize different ESG strategies, procedures, and solutions to achieve their goals. However, with a variety of different methods and solutions to select from, and also wide range of issues that fall underneath the ESG umbrella, it can be difficult for organizations to decide what to focus on and where to begin. Identifying the concerns that fall under the umbrella categories of environmental, social, and governance is a good first step. One approach can be suitable for one industry but be unsuccessful in the same or different industries. It is therefore critical for investors to conduct an in-depth analysis before they settle on the strategy to use.

References

Boffo, R., & Palatano, R. (2020). ESG Investing: Practices, Progress, and Challenges. OECD Paris. http://www.oecd.org/finance/ESG-Investing-Practices-Progress-and-Challenges.pdf

CFI. (2018). ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) – Overview, Example, and Framework. Corporate Finance Institute. https://corporatefinanceinstitute.com/resources/knowledge/other/esg-environmental-social-governance/

Eurosif. (2021). Responsible Investment Strategies. EUROSIF. https://www.eurosif.org/responsible-investment-strategies/

Kumar, R., Dayaramani, N., & Rocha, J. (2018). A Practical Framework for Identifying the ESG Strategy That Is Right for You. https://www.ssga.com/investment-topics/environmental-social-governance/2018/10/esg-terminology.pdf

Swiss Sustainable Finance. (2017). Handbook on Sustainable Investments: Background Information and Practical Examples for Institutional Asset Owners. In Google Books. CFA Institute Research Foundation. https://books.google.co.ke/books?id=BQZGDwAAQBAJ&pg=PR2&lpg=PR2&dq=ISBN+978-1-944960-35-3&source=bl&ots=CNaLUbN9lq&sig=ACfU3U2mdZTDVUKm0EOA03SghaLfZxVW_w&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiVl_3ygbD3AhVcwAIHHfIjCaIQ6AF6BAgCEAM#v=onepage&q=ISBN978-1-944960-35-3&f=false

4 Emotion Patterns and their Consequences Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Course Name

4

Emotion Patterns and their Consequences

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

Course Name

Instructor Name

Due Date

Emotion Patterns and their Consequences

Introduction

Emotions are people’s reactions in response to specific events or situations. The sort of emotion an individual feels is influenced by the condition that causes the emotion. When a person receives good news, for example, they are happy. When a person is endangered, they feel terror. People’s daily life seems to be ruled by various emotions. Individuals make choices based on their feelings of happiness, sadness, anger, boredom, and frustration. We pick occupations and interests based on how they make users feel. Our emotions and moods are influenced by our reactions to various external and internal situations. Our responses to circumstances might sometimes be so robust that they ruin us. We can, however, control our happiness if we learn how to manage our emotions, as can be seen in the “After Earth (2013 Film)-When the Earth Has Long Been Abandoned” by Will Smith.

“After Earth” is a disturbing metaphor for itself since it portrays the narrative of an inexperienced youngster striving desperately to impress his father despite making one blunder after another. Will Smith’s character, General Cypher Rage, is a courageous warrior with exceptional “ghosting” capability to disguise his fear, making him invincible to aliens. Jaden Smith’s character, Kitai, is an ambitious cadet who tries to follow in his father’s shadow. Cypher brings Kitai on his next expedition in the hopes of spending plenty of time alongside his kid. Kitai and his dad, Cypher, are stranded on the ground a few centuries after humanity’s evacuation due to a rough landing. Apart from Kitai and his father, everyone else was dead, so Kitai was (since his father was seriously wounded) forced to go on his own to get the beacon. Kitai, in the end, rescues his father and himself after safely returning the beacon and achieving self-realization by defeating his fears.

The story of Cypher and Kitai demonstrates what continual scolding and being told that you can’t make it can do to a person. When Kitai showed any sign of fear, Cypher was usually harsh. When someone is reprimanded or disapproved, there is a pride in the emotional core that is hurt and embarrassed, readily igniting unpleasant emotions. These emotions include feeling unworthy and unlikely to accomplish whatever one is being disapproved of. Self-awareness is necessary for people to function correctly and for goal achievement and interpersonal interactions in situations involving negative comments from other people. Kitai recognized that he had to trust in himself for both of them to survive, despite his father’s disapproving scolds. He was able to keep his emotions from being controlled by anyone other than himself. This suggests that people can manage their happiness if they can control how they respond to what other people think of them.

Being conscious of emotions, like body sensations, produces a practical understanding of something that significantly impacts our lives. Unsupervised feelings may lead us away from long-term happiness and well-being if we don’t become more mindful. We observe our emotions more precisely and with less opposition when we develop awareness, such as via practicing mindfulness. We are aware of our mental patterns and intentionally choose to ignore them for a while. Kitai had spent his entire life feeling unworthy, yet he decided to disregard that emotion and became brave enough to save the planet.

References

Clenixboi. (2020, August 10). After Earth (2013 film) full movie HD – when the Earth has long been abandoned. YouTube. Retrieved April 24, 2022, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qUbFNaiXdaw&t=1025s

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 6 Running head: ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 1 Case study 3 Student’s

ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 6

Running head: ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 1

Case study 3

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

Case study 3

Ethical considerations, regulations, or rules are the fundamental principles and well-founded standards that any employee is expected to display. In most cases, ethics determine what is wrong and right and normally dictate one’s course of action in daily life. Having an excellent work ethic plays the role of bringing benefits to an organization in different ways. For example, strong ethics rules in any business may attract clients who appreciate honest services, build higher loyalty while attracting new clients, and lift the employees’ morale. For public services, strong corporate social responsibility inclusive of ethical behavior brings confidence to investors, thus maintaining a high-value position in the marketplace. Therefore, an analysis of five ethical considerations, rules, or regulations that apply to my job (future job) indicates what I think is the most important for ethical public service.

Five Ethical Considerations, Rules, or Regulations

I have several ethical considerations, rules, and regulations that I consider the most important in my profession or future professions. The first ethic is being responsible and accountable. Observing this ethic will mean I am ultimately answerable for activities or decisions. The second ethical consideration is fairness and respect (Jacob, Decker, & Lugg, 2016). It means working in an environment where everyone is respected and treated fairly regardless of their status or role. The third ethic is discipline. Having discipline, I will be able to deal with what is good or bad as required in the organization’s policies. The fourth ethical rule is honesty (Tzafestas, 2018). I believe an honest person in any workplace will not be able to deceive others by giving misleading information or guidance. The fifth and last ethical consideration is integrity. With integrity, it will mean being honest and showing an uncompromising and consistent adherence to strong ethical and moral principles and values.

The Importance of Each Ethical Consideration

Being responsible and accountable as an employee in any organization has several benefits. For example, if an employee has a strong sense of responsibility, they can undoubtedly be timely for work and may complete the given tasks with the best effort. However, there is a time when an employee may make a mistake; thus, it is important to acknowledge such mistakes, be accountable, and accept any consequence. Such an act builds trust between the employee, employer, and team. It benefits organizations by allowing employees to count on one another, whether by fulfilling duties, meeting deadlines, or feeling comfortable approaching a manager or co-worker for help.

Being fair and respectful also has particular importance that enhances any profession’s success. For instance, it enhances respect and fair treatment of all employees. Whether you are from top decision-makers/leaders, being fair and respecting the entry-level employees is beneficial to the organization. It has improved employee communication and collaboration, thus higher productivity. Besides, it will enhance a positive work culture in the organization where everyone feels safe, cares for one another, gets along, has fun, solves issues easily, and works together, thus helping increase employees’ readiness to change, as stated by Metwally, Ruiz-Palomino, Metwally, and Gartzia, (2019). Lastly, by observing this ethic, people will respect and trust you.

Discipline is a vital mandate for every employee. In some cases, some employees may be very talented in their work but lack the dedication and commitment to complete the given tasks. The Human Resource department thus terms it as a sort of indiscipline as it draws the company activities behind. Therefore, it is important to be disciplined as it will ensure employees execute their duties well and complete them within the required time frame, instead of rushing to do just the bare minimum at the last minute. In addition, discipline ensures employees correct any shortcomings to become contributing and valuable members of the workplace.

Honesty is one of the most important ethics among employees. By being honest employees, employees cannot deceive one another by sharing misleading information that may affect their company’s activities. It involves a truthful way of conduct that may normally occur without the intention of cheating, lying, or even causing a form of confusion. Honesty employees in any company will mean improved trust between the company and the public hence more returning customers, increased customer loyalty, and attraction of new customers. In other cases, being honest may make an employee most relied upon and trusted get promoted to oversee other business activities.

The last ethic, integrity, is important in various ways. For instance, employers may usually count on an employee with integrity who is believed to have a higher quality of moral values and can do the right thing at the right time and as required in the company policies. According to Engelbrecht, Heine, and Mahembe (2017), integrity also helps establish trust in subordinate/leader relationships, making it one of the most fundamental values that most employers seek. Employees with integrity can uphold confidentiality, take responsibility, solve conflicts, provide honest responses, work as required, and show up on time.

The Challenges Faced in Following Each of the Ethical Considerations

Being responsible and accountable requires one to be focused, dedicated to their duties, honest and truthful. Therefore, the challenges faced when following it include having a genuine disinterest in staff development, being pulled in too many directions, having a fear of failure, not knowing your role, and lacking communication skills.

Being fair and respectful requires one to realize the presence of others and their needs. As a result, one can face several challenges in following it. Some of them include lack of trust in fellow employees, perceiving different leadership grounds, lacking empathy, having minimal active listening skills, and believing fairness are ambiguous.

Discipline requires one to obey rules and follow them in their daily duties. Several challenges are faced in the process of implanting it. They include multitasking, poor scheduling of time, and lacking goals.

Honesty means an employee cannot deceive others. However, several people face different challenges in implanting it. Some of them include comparing yourself with others, not changing your habits, exaggerating or embellishing, and wanting to impress others.

Integrity requires one to be truthful, honest, and accurate in their actions. In implanting it, one faces challenges such as a lack of courage to address conflicts with friends honestly and respectfully, failing to respect others’ opinions, and dilemmas in reporting unethical behavior.

After analyzing my five ethical considerations; responsible and accountability, fairness and respect, discipline, honesty, and integrity, I have noted their importance as the most important ethics for public service. The evaluation further indicates what everyone may have seen as something swept away by the previous generations now plays a significant role in enhancing the success of employees and organizations. Lack of the discussed ethics may easily tarnish one’s reputation in their profession, given the current age where everything is readily available on the internet. Therefore, by maintaining a strong observation of the discussed ethical considerations, I will be able to uphold and preserve the credibility of my profession.

References

Engelbrecht, A. S., Heine, G., & Mahembe, B. (2017). Integrity, ethical leadership, trust, and work engagement. Leadership & Organization Development Journal. Retrieved from https://repository.uwc.ac.za/bitstream/handle/10566/4069/Engelbrecht_Integrity-ethical-leadership_2017.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

Jacob, S., Decker, D. M., & Lugg, E. T. (2016). Ethics and law for school psychologists. John Wiley & Sons.

Metwally, D., Ruiz-Palomino, P., Metwally, M., & Gartzia, L. (2019). How ethical leadership shapes employees’ readiness to change: The mediating role of an organizational culture of effectiveness. Frontiers in psychology, 2493. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02493.

Tzafestas, S. G. (2018). Ethics and law in the internet of things world. Smart cities, 1(1), 98-120. Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com/2624-6511/1/1/6/pdf.