Prior to beginning work on this discussion,
Read Chapter 8 of the textbook.
Choose three of these six qualitative research designs you are most interested in exploring regarding your topic.
In your initial discussion forum post,
List the three qualitative research designs you chose.
Discuss two similarities that these three designs have in common.
Discuss two or three ways that these three designs differ from one another.
Explain, briefly, how one of these qualitative research designs could be used to design a study related to your selected topic.
Student Name: Lecturer: Subject: School: History 1378 essay # 2 The two
History 1378 essay # 2
The two emerging powers after the second world war, America and the Soviet, who were once allies became enemies in the cold war. A state which affected America’s foreign policies. This was a period in which both super powers faced mutual hostilities from one another as though in preparation for a war that never took place. When the two superpowers did clash, they used other countries and never dealt with each other directly. Hence, America had to come up with different foreign policy strategies which were mainly spearheaded by two men: James Byrnes who was the secretary of state and Henry A. Wallace who was secretary of commerce. James Byrnes believed that the Soviets loomed as the new threat and insisted that the United States had to follow a “get tough” policy that met Soviet expansion with diplomatic and military force (Hollitz, 169) while Wallace was convinced that war between the two nations could be avoided, but that could happen only if the Truman administration rejected the dangerous policy of confrontation with the Soviets, advocated by Byrnes (Hollitz, 169). To fully understand this period, we have to understand that it was a climate of fear. Fear that the tension between the two superpowers would lead to war. Given the existence of nuclear arms, such a war would be more devastating and destructive than anything before (episode 11).
America used the atomic policy by Byrnes as they were the only country to possess atomic power and having used it on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Byrnes believed that it had impressed and illustrated the power of the United States to the Soviets. The secretary of war, Henry Stimson argued that the atomic policy used by Byrnes as a stick would backfire on the United States and make the Soviets more stubborn instead of intimidating them into submission. This did backfire in London as Vyacheslav Mikhaylovich Molotov made light of the American atomic monopoly to show that the Soviets were not intimidated. At the evening dinner, Molotov proposed a toast, “Here’s to the atomic bomb, we’ve got it.” Though merely a bluff in 1945, Molotov’s boast indicated that Byrnes clumsy atomic diplomacy was having the effect that Stimson predicted. It was making the Soviets only more stubborn and intractable (episode 11).
On September 21, 1945, in a cabinet meeting in Washington, Henry Stimson, having foreseen the dangers of an atomic arms race, he used the occasion to press for using the American atomic monopoly as a carrot rather than a stick claiming that if the United States insisted on having the weapon on their hip, the Soviet suspicions and their distrust of our purposes and motives will increase (episode 11). This is because earlier in the World War II, while the Soviets were taking heavy losses on the eastern front, the Americans and the British had postponed their invasion of France several times, which would have greatly relieved the Soviet position. Stalin was suspicious of this and feared that his western counterparts were deliberately stalling until Germany and the Soviet Union wore each other down (Hollitz, 172). Stimson then presented the idea for international control of the atomic bomb and the sharing of information on the peaceful uses of atomic power with the Soviet Union. Even though this was a great idea, it was not carried out due to strong opposition from hardliners who claimed that the Soviets could not be trusted and that the atomic bomb was property of the United States. Byrnes was also attacked for not being hard enough on the Soviets and using diplomacy to make deals. By the time Byrnes retired, the guiding ethos was that the Soviets could not be reasoned with but kept in check by a strong force (episode 11).
In February of 1946, Joseph Stalin gave his famous election speech. In his speech he claimed that monopolistic capitalism is what caused the World War II by Germany and that it would lead to the next war. He did not mean it as a threat to war but Americans perceived it as a declaration of war. In saying that, he did not mean that he would go to war against the capitalist powers but instead that the capitalist powers would go to war against each other and that somehow the Soviet Union would be pulled into the war. George F Kennan, the highest-ranking American diplomat sent a telegram back home advising his superiors to take a hard stance with the Soviets. He claimed that the Soviets leaders were motivated by traditional Russian insecurities and that they would expand wherever they had an opportunity, hence they needed to be contained. That bore the policy of containment. This foreign policy of containment would be followed by Truman and every other cold war president. Taking a hard line made it easier in dealing with the Soviets and meant that the Kremlin was now identified as a totalitarian foe just as Germany had been to the United States during the world war. The United States therefore had to look for ways and strategies of thwarting the Soviet as a foe. These were in order to contain the soviets so as not to take over western Europe with their communist ideologies (episode 11).
Among the many foreign policy changes that the cold war brought to the United States was the foreign economic policy. The Truman administration believed that the greatest danger was in western Europe where there was hunger, poverty and misery that undermined western Europe’s morale which would increase the appeal of local communist parties. Truman believed that if western Europe was to be led by communist parties, it would more likely lean towards the Soviet. He claimed that without massive foreign aid, the poor conditions in western Europe would only benefit the Soviet Union. The political changes in 1946 of the congress made it hard for Truman. He had to convince them that western Europe needed to have their economy built up by American aid which would cause the Americans to undergo massive spending. He used alarmist language to the unbothered congress who even though did not care much for western Europe, they were strongly anticommunist. In the next year, America sent twelve and a half billion dollars to western Europe to provide Europe with the dollars to import American dollars. This was to integrate western Europe into the American economic system. The Truman administration to trump up congressional support to change foreign policy was through spreading fear of communism on the march (episode 11).
5 SULA SULA Name of student: Registration number: Unit title: Unit code:
There are six main qualitative research designs, which all serve specific research purposes. The six qualitative research designs include Essay Psychology Assignment Help 5
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The novel Sula is very iconic because it was written at a time when written novels that talk about the political situation in the country were deemed controversial. Many of the readers and commentators would indicate that it was politically motivated and it was biased based on the gender of an individual. It was very critical to the beginning of feminist literary criticism for black writers. There are many characteristics of the book in make it a very iconic book at the time. The book has a very complex narrative and it has the capability to show flexibility of black writers. This paper critically discusses Sula and discusses the message which was being depicted by the author.
When the novel opens, we find ourselves inside a place known as the Bottom, where we meet Shadrack for the first time. As a means of coping with facing death, he begins National Suicide Day after returning from World War I as a shell-shocked veteran ( Stein 54)Once he is released from the hospital after being wounded, he continues the day until he dies (triple yikes). By the end of the novel, this ominous-sounding day takes on significant significance. Nel & Sula were involved in a car crash that causes the death of a young child called Chicken Little; Sula’s mother Hanna died inside a fire; Nel marries a man by the name Jude and his counterpart left town for long before returning and having affairs with Jude. Some few years ago, Sula becomes romantically connected with a gentleman known as Ajax, but when he becomes aware that she has been becoming overly obsessive, he fled. Immediately following this, Sula becomes unwell and ultimately death.
The structure of the narrative is circular in nature. It all starts with the author outlining whatever has occurred to the Bottom, a community of lack people around Ohio and how it came to be that way. Increasingly, the whites of Medallion are relocating to the lower areas and erecting residences, tv towers, and luxury golf courses and other amenities in the community. African-Americans living in the Bottom are relocating further down into the valley. In 1965, when the narrative comes to a close, we learn as much about the transformation of the community from the narrator. The events that shape Sula as well identity of the community take place from 1918 and 1965, as well as we learn about them in the segments that come among them (Bergenholtz 84). Aside from that, Sula delves into the life of Nel, who happens to be Sula’s closest buddy. Despite the fact that they have diametrically opposed characteristics, the two are great friends. Sula is impetuous, courageous, and self-sufficient; On the opposite, Nel is submissive and follows the rules.
Another critical element that can be identified in the story is the nature of the women’s lives in the story. The community that these people live in is also an important thing to note in this story. There is an irony that helps in establishing the nature of the story. For example, there is a paragraph that explains how the mountains of the black people are located and were once viewed to be useless land (Stein, 97). After realizing the potential of the land, white people became interested in acquiring the land and it suddenly became valuable. Black people were forced to leave the land, especially people who refused the land and refused to sell willingly. The colorful and masterful use of language in the book is also a critical aspect of the story. He tells the story of how black people were being repressed and the white people were being helped to rise. There is a point where he describes how the workers tore the shades and various plants from their roots. He also describes how beech trees are gone and also pear trees are disappearing from the land. She uses appropriate words to describe the situation that black people were facing and the relationship that they had with white people. As a result of Morrison’s visions, we are allowed to see Reba and Irene; we hear the nightshade and blackberry bushes being torn from the soil, as well as the shrieking of youngsters from the pear trees. This is what texture looks like. Morrison’s writing cannot be skimmed; it must be experienced in its entirety. It’s great if you say it out loud slowly.
The aspects of family are also widely explored in this family. Sula grew up in a complex family setting while Nel is raised in conformity to norms in society. They are therefore expected to behave in a particular manner and to live a particular type of life. She, therefore, followed the path of a woman as society expected at the time and as a result of this, she got married and had children at the appropriate time. On the other hand, her upbringing of Sula was very different and that is why she took a different path in life. She did not like the idea of marrying and having children. This is after she had overheard a conversation between her mother and another human about parenting and motherhood. She also decided and followed in her mother’s footsteps. As a result of this, she was married but at the same time, she was having sexual relationships with other men. This is therefore an indication of the importance of family and upbringing in influencing the future behavior and lifestyle of an individual.
There is also prominent use of symbolism in the novel. One of the symbols that have been used in the novel is a bird. The bird is mostly used in the novel to symbolize the presence of evil. This is unlike in many other literary works where a bird is used as a sign of rebirth and happiness, Morrison decides to use it to illustrate the presence of death’s wickedness in various settings. The reference to a bird is also used when the author talks about Eva pouring lighter fluid onto a plum and then began imagining a great eagle wing pouring wet lightness on him.
The novel addresses many subjects which were seen at the time as being highly controversial. Even during the first few sentence fragments of the story, whenever the author describes how well the black farm worker in the city of Medallion, Ohio, gained his liberty and also that part of erosion-prone valley land known as “the Bottom,” after his white master promised him both his freedom and a piece of the bottomland in exchange for performing some tough housework for the latter, racial prejudice is immediately apparent. Furthermore, gender inequality is a major subject that readers would not be able to overlook as they follow the exploits of Sula, Nel, along with all the colorful characters who live in the Bottom. The use of language in the novel is also impressive. There is the use of sarcasm as well as symbolism throughout the novel.
Bergenholtz, Rita A. “Toni Morrison’s Sula: A satire on binary thinking.” African American Review 30.1 (1996): 89-98.
Stein, Karen F. “Toni Morrison’s Sula: A Black Woman’s Epic.” Black American Literature Forum. School of Education, Indiana State University, 1984.
2 Supply Chain Management Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Course Professor’s Name Date
Supply Chain Management
Supply Chain Management
Amazon is the world’s largest online retailer, with operations in numerous countries across the globe. It employs a number of different business models. First, it deals with direct sales, in which the corporation sells things to potential customers online at a fixed price that includes shipping. Second, the company’s online platform also features products from other retailers. It has a large number of warehouses and retail stores in diverse places, which allows it to supply products more quickly. Over 170 million products are available for purchase through its online store. With the volume of commodities presented by the firm, a well-structured supply chain is required to ensure that all of the company’s goods and services reach their intended warehouse or consumer. Amazon owns a lot of warehouses as well as outlets in various locations in order to expedite product delivery.
Amazon’s supply chain includes a market strategy and a strategic fit to ensure that they stay the favored retailer for their existing customers. In order to do this, a large warehouse network, excellent information technology tools, unmatched transportation, and multi-tier inventory management systems are combined. Products that are not ordered for immediate delivery or that are not commonly purchased are outsourced to Amazon for distribution and storage. This covers products with storage costs that are higher than the marginal returns on overall sales. It, on the other hand, keeps a stock of frequently purchased commodities in its warehouses so that it may satisfy the needs of its clients and meet their lead and delivery periods. Amazon can trim stockpiles as needed and remain attentive to the needs of its customers thanks to its strategy. The supply chain flow is regularly modified as the company strives to provide a user experience unlike any other e-commerce platform. In its supply chain, the company primarily employs two process flows.
The first pertains to products that are sold directly to customers. Order processing, warehouse operations, and transportation are the three steps in this process. Order processing involves receiving orders via the internet, batching them, and routing them to the proper warehouse. After receiving the order from the IT center, the warehouse selects the product and sorts it into single order, batch, or cluster picking. After that, the items are sorted and packed. The products are sorted by destination in the transportation department before being handed over to the United Parcel Service, where the cargos are categorized by zone before being delivered. The second process flow entails the sale and delivery of goods from other retailers who are listed on their website. Amazon receives the order first, and then contacts the suppliers who fulfill the order. The commodities are then parked and sorted by the suppliers before being delivered to the customer. As part of its supply chain strategy, Amazon also outsources parts of its operations. The company outsources its inventory since it isn’t always capable of handling supply chain management effectively. Because the majority of its operations are conducted online, outsourcing inventory management is a safe alternative. This allows the company to concentrate on its areas of expertise, such as marketing and online endeavors, while contracting out the management of its supply chain and inventories to third-party companies. This allows the corporation to save money while also spreading the risk. Most importantly, outsourcing helps the firm to be more accountable for its product supply because it is under the management of a more competent company, and as a result, the overall quality of the operation is improved.
It is critical for any company to have a positive relationship with its supply chain since it can have a positive or negative impact on the firm. Supply chain management is critical to Amazon’s success. It’s especially important because the company is entirely focused on e-commerce, necessitating a smooth flow from manufacturers to customers. Some elements are influenced by the link between its supply chain and Amazon. The first is the delivery time. Customer satisfaction is important to the organization, and customers expect their goods to arrive on schedule. As a result, the corporation spent millions of dollars to build a strong support network that includes della.com, ashford.com, and others, and is now operating distribution centers across the United States. The supply chain has an impact on the amount of inventory available for purchase. Because of a faulty supply chain, the company’s retail locations and warehouse may be completely depleted of inventory. As a result, the organization takes into account considerations such as holidays and shipping methods. In order to fulfill the increased demand during the holiday season, the organization overstocks its inventory. In addition, alternate transportation options are taken into consideration in the event that one route encounters difficulties. The goods are delivered on time and in sufficient quantities at all times during the year, and therefore it helps the organization maintain a high level of service quality throughout the year. As a result, Amazon remains the customer’s first choice.
4 Syrian-Israel War Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation Professor’s Name Course Date Syrian-Israel
The Syrian-Israel war of October 6th is called the Yom Kippur War and was a war where Syria and Egypt teamed up against Israel. The three countries went into war after Israel attacked Syria, Jordan, and Egypt in 1967, making Israel take charge of the Egyptian Sinai desert and Palestine and Golan Heights from Syria. This made Egypt and Syria collaborate and launch attacks on Israel as a way of regaining their lost territories. The agreement between the two nations was formed in January 1973, and it included uniting the two countries’ armies. The two countries used outdated weapons, and they were aware that they would be defeated by Israel because they received new weapons from the USA. Sadat offered a peace agreement with Israel if they agreed to back off from Sinai; however, the former prime minister of Israel refused to do so. The cooperation between Syria and Egypt ended during the war because Egypt was more determined to engage in peace talks rather than reclaiming their lost land, in contrast to Syrians who wanted their land back. This created chaos, thus ending the collaboration during the war.
Jordan did not take part in the 1973 war because after the 1948 war, it became close to Israel though not close enough. This involved making peace treaties with Israel to avoid further wars. This treaty was called Wadi Araba Treaty, and it was aimed at ending state war and forming a diplomatic relationship between the two countries. The two nations had also settled land and water disputes between them, thus preventing further wars between the two nations. This opened room for tourism in the two countries, and it was also an agreement that was aimed at preventing the two countries from being staged as grounds for military strikes by any other country. There were also secret talks that continued during Hussein’s reign exposing Jordan’s weaknesses which included being a desert country and having the largest number of refugees from Palestine.
The Israel-Arab nations’ war had economic aspects; the beginning of the embargo introduced an upward spiral in the prices of oil per barrel, which first doubled and then quadrupled. This imposed skyrocketing costs on structural challenges and consumers to global economies. This happened after Arab members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting countries (OPEC) wanted to punish the USA for agreeing to help Israel in the 1973 war by supplying weapons to them. The embargo act was also extended to other nations that supported Israel, such as South Africa, Portugal, and the Netherlands. The embargo was aimed at banning oil exports to such countries and introducing oil cuts in production. The embargo act had numerous impacts on the economy, including high stagnation and inflation in countries that imported oil.
The Yom Kippur War ended on October 26th after being fought between 4th and 4th October 1973. Syria and Egypt attacked Israel as a way of reclaiming the land that Israel had seized in the 1967 war. During the first days of the war, Egypt and Syria emerged victorious since the attack caught Israel by shock, thus frequent defeat. The war ended after a resolution was passed by the United Nations that demanded a temporary stop to the war. The resolution was called a ceasefire; however, this did not work since the Israeli army decided to advance South to Suez. This led to the Soviet leader by then calling Leonid Brezhnev to ask the US to send its troops to the place and failure to which he was going to send Soviet troops to the place. This created tension between the two nations making US troops prepared with the nuclear alert. This tension made Israel agree on a ceasefire marking the end of the war.