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The Stages Of Budget Reform Allen Schick History Assignment Help Cheap


The Concept of Motorboating and sailing. history assignment help in canada: history assignment help in canada


Motorboating and sailing.

Forest exploration


According to Xu et al. (2018), There are three fundamental wellsprings of effect left on parks and forests by sightseers: consumption of public assets, contamination, and actual effects. They create land debasement, air, and water contamination, littering, stomping on, and the variations of the environment. The most common effects realized in forest parks include disintegration of soil and compaction, vegetation is harmed in most cases, the natural life is practically disturbed and the water is contaminated, cases of forest fires are reported and noise pollution (Markus et al. 2019). They are organisms that are disturbed and sometimes these explorers end up killing some of them. The population of some of the endangered species ends up dwindling.

Woodlands gives a peaceful environment. where it is conceivable to escape from the anxieties of present-day life, to interface with nature and the open country, and experience quiet and beautiful spots.

The natural effect of boating and sailing includes air contamination, water contamination, and noise contamination. Boats are liable for more than 18 percent of some air contaminations (Xu et al. 2018). It likewise incorporates ozone-depleting substance outflows. Both recreational and delivery boats cause oil and gas contamination in the water. This can be caused by leaks into the sea while you are motoring or when your boat is stationary. Spills are by all accounts not the only aim of oil and fuel in the water (Markus et al.2019). The oil spills may affect the marine life clogging their gills and affecting the penetration of light and oxygen to the organisms that carry out photosynthesis in the water. The propellors of boats may uproot the seagrasses found near the shores that reduce the erosion of sediments and provides habitat to some marine life. The organisms are generally disturbed. The boats fitted with fishing gears, this may lead to excessive fishing leading to a reduced number of fish in that specific part. Some of the crew may throw edible food materials that are nutritious to fish leading to increased fish counts.


Markus, Z., Perovic, D., Pekovic, S., & Popovic, S. (2019). Assessing Tourist Revisit Intention through the Sports and Recreational Services Offered. Business systems research journal: international journal of the Society for Advancing Business & Information Technology (BIT), 10(2), 141-150.

Xu, S., Kim, H. J., Liang, M., & Ryu, K. (2018). Interrelationships between tourist involvement, tourist experience, and environmentally responsible behavior: Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 35(7), 856-868.



School of Humanity:


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Stoicism was a philosophy that originated in Greece and sifted into Rome over time. Stoics assumed in actuality righteous, training self-discipline, sympathy, and humbleness. Marcus Aurelius was an excellent activist of endurance, and anybody can discover a lot of confirmation of this trust scheme in his script, thoughts (Lindberg and David, 2010).

What were a few of the important things Marcus Aurelius learned from family members?

He learned honest ethics, the administration of my anger, humility, and personality. Additionally, he learned piety and generosity, and self-denial, not only from evil deeds but also from threatening feelings and simplicity in his way of living, removed from the rich’s habits. Not to have frequented public schools, have good teachers at home and know that a man should spend liberally on such things.

When he discusses what he learned from his governor, what do you think he mean by the “blue party” and the “green party?”

To be neither of the green nor of the blue party; means someone not sure of what is going on, not involved in the diurnal’s observer game (Russ and Joanna, 2018). The man patiently loved the work; there is happiness when at work with personal effort.

Pick two of the following of Marcus Aurelius’ role models.

For each, summarize what he learned from them (in your own words).

From Diognetus, he learned not to be full of activity about little stuff, and not be more concerned about giving praise to marvel personnel and magicians nearly invocations and the lashing away spirits, and to bear sovereignty of communication as well as freedom of movement. Yearning to have a beam couch and covering.

From Catulus, he learned he should be caring once a colleague discovers liability or burden, attempts and returns his friend to his typical attitude, and communicates satisfactorily with their instructors, finally showing love to his children.

What are three characteristics of Marcus Aurelius’ father that made him a great ruler?

Short-tempered, doing his work in a way that is calm, mild, and smooth-alleviated.

Perseverance; a love of labor and a readiness to listen to those who had anything to propose for the commonweal,

Persistency; this is shows when he never stopped his investigation by being satisfied with appearances that first present themselves. His disposition was to keep his friends and not be soon tired of them.

Apart from that, he was respectful; he respected the gods by showing them sobriety in all things and firmness, and never any mean thoughts, action, and love of novelty.

In the last long paragraph of Book 1, Marcus Aurelius thanks the gods for a variety of things – what does this paragraph reveal about the relationship between gods and humans, at this point in history?

To the gods are the following people’s sources, which make him have good grandfathers, good parents, a good sister, good teachers, good associates, good kin, and friends. Going against the will of gods can lead to curses and consequences after that. They are supernatural, and that is why he is thanking them because they provide a brother, who was able by his moral character to rouse him to vigilance over himself and, at the same time, pleased him with his respect and affection. All lives and living depended on the gods plus their gifts, help, and motivations. They are concerned about human affairs, and they exist to care for human beings; however, they give man’s power to enable him not to fall into actual evils.

What does Marcus Aurelius have to say about cooperation?

Acting against one another is contrary to nature, and it is doing against somebody can be vexed and can turn away. Someone should not be too busy, not arrogant, grateful, deceitful, and social to associate with others. Hence, good nature is beautiful and facilitates participating in the same intelligence and the same divinity portion.

What does he have to say about putting things off?

After human beings have received an opportunity from the gods, they cannot use it. Thus an individual must now, at last, perceive of what universe someone art apart, and of what administrator of the universe someone existence is an efflux, and that a limit of time is fixed for somebody, which if the person does not use for clearing away the clouds from the mind, it will go, and it will never return.

What does he have to say about learning something new?

A person should give time to acquire something novel and decent and cease to around. But then he must also avoid being carried about the other direction. For those too are triflers who have tired themselves in life by their action, and yet have no object to direct every movement, and, in an expression, all their judgments.

Which is worse, according to Marcus Aurelius – doing wrong out of anger or doing wrong out of desire?

The worse is offenses committed via anger compared with that achieved through desire; the desired ones are extra blamable than those committed through anger. For who is excited by anger seems to turn away from the aim with a person an individual pain and unconscious contraction; but he who offends through desire, being overwhelmed by pleasure, seems to be in a manner more self-indulgent and further womanish in his offenses.

What are the five ways a soul can violate itself?

The soul of man violence to itself through the following ways;

First, it becomes an abscess, a benign tumor in the universe. To be annoyed by anything that happens, is a separation of ourselves from nature;

Second, the soul does violence to itself when it turns away from any man or even moves towards him intending to injure; those are the souls of those who are angry.

In the third place, the soul does violence when it is overwhelmed by desire and pain.

Fourthly, when it plays a part, and does and says anything dishonestly as well as incorrectly.

Fifth, when it allows any act of its own and any measure to be without an intention and does anything inconsiderately and deprived of seeing what it is, it being right that somebody should consider all living things however small at the end. A lot of rational animals follow the reason and the law of the most ancient city and polity.


People continue to find meaning from Marcus Aurelius’s writings.

Search for a current news article that discusses this current trend. Summarize the article here and explain its connection to the original Meditations.

Your response should be one or more full paragraphs, and should include a full citation for the article you are using.

In summary, the opinion through these beneficial imaginings is to attempt how they labor as a concrete device to resolve an existing problem. Humanoid concentration consumes these psychological changes that fair appear to labor in factual circumstances. Satisfying shifts can look to have equivalent supremacy to truce with somebody’s feelings, moods, and discomfort. In the current world, some people picturing their pain as a single thing that nourished after their misery permitted them to intellectualize their inner hurt in a method they might perceive and compact with it well (Volkan and Vamik, 2014). They usually say that contemplation is one of the best rare stuff that touched decent once; they have skull damage.

Stoics explain to people that nothing is beneath their regulation; one must involve gods. There are some few issues people have the ability, rulings on the individual psychological status. They strain that abundant not feeling happy is a result of hallucination, believing that human beings can own something by the creativity nature, but this can is not valid. The wise decision a person makes determines the next step of his life.

Works cited

Lindberg, David C. The beginnings of Western science: The European scientific tradition in philosophical, religious, and institutional context, prehistory to AD 1450. University of Chicago Press, 2010.

Russ, Joanna. How to suppress women’s writing. University of Texas Press, 2018.

Volkan, Vamik. Blind trust: Large groups and their leaders in times of crisis and terror. Pitchstone Publishing (US&CA), 2014.

THE NUER FROM SOUTHERN SUDAN. ap us history essay help: ap us history essay help

The Nuer from southern Sudan proceed to fascinate. Mainly in America, Shandy traces their movement resulting from the Sudanese civil war. She talks about the Nuer experience in America, and her ethnography is quite striking. She focuses on the Nuer people’s migratory patterns whose worldviews and lives have inspired many anthropologists worldwide. It can be seen as a generous contribution to the documentation of a fascinating migration that has gone down in history. This essay expounds on forced migration, how the Nuer in the United States have linked to their Sudanese traditions, and the ramifications of distance from their extended families.

As civil war negatively impacted Sudan, the Nuer fled as refugees to America, settling in far off regions like South Dakota, Tennessee, and Minnesota. In the migration study, Shandy inquires on how the Nuer-Americans, work on social networks that are complicated while maintaining their Nuerness culture (Castro, 2008). Several points articulate forced migration in regards to choice, agency, and identity. During the civil war, religious identity was feeding the politics in Sudan and legitimating the people looking for refugee status in paths where destruction of livelihoods and fleeing hunger do not. In contrast to numerous settings of conflict, the Sudanese crisis religious element to the United States makes those who flee fit a description of classic refugees.

Shandy was pointing out that the identity of the Nuer people was a stake due to this migration. The identity was to be interfered with since their culture was about to be compromised after shifting to the United States. Shandy also mentioned that Nuer Americans attempted to deal with changing obligations of kin and privileges of maintaining their culture. She also has a closer look at the Nuer culture that can easily be forgotten when moving to another nation. Assumptions are that people who flee to the United States originate from stone-age regions. People with these assumptions don’t acknowledge how far Africans have come in terms of employing technology in their quests for better livelihoods. Flawed representations don’t credit Africans with connections between the diaspora and home, failing to notice essential realities in the manner in how the ties sculpt Nuer livelihoods in both of the settings.

For instance, the Nuer are not hopeless community beneficiaries who are attaining them, but rather, active agents and social factors in shaping their futures and producing factors. The analysis of Shandy regarding social networks of international nature captures the 21st-century global migrants sophistication and the ways they shift their identities while following up on strategies that preserve tradition. She also states that much of the coping strategies and home culture proceed in aiding refugees attempting to fit in another society. She shows that there is a significant contribution to the ever-growing migration field and African refugees, mainly.

Nuer in America are linked to their Sudanese traditions. In America, the grand majority of the Nuer are refugees from a war that has been going on in Sudan since the independence of the country in the year 1955. This conflict between the South Sudanese, who were mostly the Nuer, and the government, which was spearheaded by the North Sudanese, resulted in more than four million displacements and two million deaths since the 1900s. The south and north tensions were rooted in numerous factors, including resource distribution, politics, economics, and cultural differences.

In the early 1980s, the most tormenting civil conflict phase happened when the SPLA (Sudanese People’s Liberation Army), the most recognized South rebel group, took control of major south Sudan regions, which resulted in the displacement of numerous Nuer refugees who resettled in America. The experiences took on by the Nuer in Sudan, plus the hardships they faced in the camps in neighboring nations, have proceeded to shape the lives of the refugees who made it to American soil.

Among the Nuer women in America, their identities served as a social reconstruction vehicle. Since the refugees were being met at airports by sponsor facilities, the refugee organizations had already planned for their integration into the host country. One essential aspect in America is the boosted education and opportunities’ access for Nuer women so that they can also be able to generate income. As much as access to education was not as readily available compared to the United States women, the Nuer women got exposed to education opportunities in America after the 1980s.

In conclusion, the Nuer migrants in America and the ones in Africa proceed to observe social obligations. They incorporate various means ranging to new technological advanced communication procedures from letters to link their African families. Therefore, this can be seen as a positive outcome in regards to extended family connections. From Sandy’s research, it is seen that Nuer in America provide help for the paperwork of their family members to assist in their migration process to America. Moreover, the Nuers in America observe the obligations of their families by forwarding finances for the ones still in Africa. The negative ramification of distance from extended family is that the cultural practices are likely to get eroded. Also, the Nuer identity is bound to get forgotten after staying in America for a while.

ABOUT THE HEALTH CARE SYSTEM. history assignment help is it legit

Tittle: End of Life Care

Thesis statement: To achieve a healthcare system that caters the needs of all parties involved (the patient, family members, and caregivers), health care providers must pay close attention to public policy issues, ethics, and technical issues surrounding the administration of end-of-life care services.

IntroductionThesis: To achieve a healthcare system that caters the needs of all parties involved (the patient, family members, and caregivers), health care providers must pay close attention to public policy issues, ethics, and technical issues surrounding the administration of end-of-life care services.
Arguments: End-of-life care is critical to terminally ill patients, and caregivers should encourage patients to accept it despite the policy, ethical, and technical issues associated.
Technical Issues
Technology has changed people’s expectations from the healthcare industry; patients and families increasingly declining EOL care because of misleading technology representation of medical procedures like resuscitation.
Despite the negatives, technology has brought changes that can improve the quality of end-of-life care; ventilators are recent innovations that can prolong life and give patients a chance to quality lives.
Public Policy Issues
Government has policies in place to help caregivers deliver timely and quality EOL care
National Family Caregivers Support Program initiative
Tax Credits
Improved workplaces that can allow caregivers to leave and administer EOL care to patients.
Several policies are underway to help patients and families requiring EOL care.
Reimbursement policy
Policy advocating patients to get more out of Medicaid and Medicare services.
Ethical Issues
Caregivers must protect patient rights and desires
Physicians should avoid euthanasia; EOL care can reduce pain, elongate life, and improve quality of life.
Personal Opinion/Conclusion
Public policies seek to improve the quality of EOL.
Technological advancements can help caregivers improve the quality of EOL.
Caregivers must consider administering end-of-life care for terminally ill patients.




The end-of-life care refers to the health maintenance provided when persons are very ill and their diagnosis is likely to worsen. It may occur in the form of acute care provided prior to the victim’s death, or the palliative care provided to relieve the victim’s suffering, severity of the illness, and improve quality of life. However, technological advancement has led changes in the perspective of life and understanding the treatment of different diseases. Consequently, these advancements have in recent times led to caregivers overlooking the criticality of end-of-life care as they understand that some diseases have no cure. To achieve a healthcare system that caters the needs of all parties involved (the patient, family members, and caregivers), health care providers must pay close attention to public policy issues, ethics, and technical issues surrounding the administration of end-of-life care services. This paper presents research data explaining the criticality of the end-of-life care and the related technical, ethical, and public policy issues.

Technical Issues

The quality of end-of-life care has changed in recent times courtesy of technological advancements in the field of medicine. Technology has masked people’s need for human compassion for the victims and the loved ones. Reliance on medical technology has rendered end-of-life care optional, while it should remain mandatory. Although certain diseases have no cure, physicians should recognize the importance of end-of-life care services and administer them. Even when technology shows low recovery chances, physicians should engage patients and family members and initiate the end-of-life care services. Consequently, terminally ill patient can get relief of pain and other undesirable symptoms, which improves the patient’s quality of life.

Technology has also played a huge role in changing the expectations of healthcare from patients and caregivers. With technological advancement and social media influence coverage, patients and their families have come across misleading representations of resuscitation and medical sensations on televisions and medical center marketing campaigns. In the developing countries, technology has changed people’s perspectives to think that cure is assured and one can delay death. These misconceptions have led to increasing number of patients and families declining the end-of-life care service proposals.

Despite the growing negative influence of technology on end-of-life care services, technology has also brought some improvements that physicians can use to deliver better effective services. For instance, medical technology has implemented ventilators which can save or preserve lives during the end-of-life care stage. Today, long-term ventilation is implemented as an end-of-life care service for terminally ill patients. Although clinicians must consider the imminent quality of life after putting a patient in the ventilator, whichever results of ventilation must be considered first, more than terminating life. Long-term ventilation is a viable option for physicians and terminal patients to extend life and enable detailed homecare services.

Public Policy Issues

Several public policy issues surround the debate concerning end-of-life care delivery. Technological advancement has led to the ability to elongate death, which opened policy discussions relating to the need to care for patients’ desires. Medical interventions with the ability to elongate have complex decisions surrounding them for the patients, families, and caregivers.

In case of death predictability, professional teams can deliver end-of-care services to patients, necessitating coordination and concession between the care providers, patients, and family members. Consequently, several public policies exist to address issues concerned with improving the quality of end-of-life care services. For instance, the federal government established the National Family Caregivers Support Program (NFCSP) to assist the elderly and the family caregivers. The program funds direct services to caregivers. Although it does not target dying patients, it includes several services like personal counselling support groups and relief care. Policy discussions are also underway to improve the program’s funding to help with the growing demand for caregivers. Other policies that target these family caregivers include tax credits and improved workplace accommodations for the employed caregivers who may need time out of the workstation to administer end-of-life care.

Further, a number of policy suggestions are underway, and the government should implement them to improve end-of-life care service delivery. Policy makers seek to adjust the reimbursement policy to generate incentives for clinician communication on end-of-life service decision-making. Additionally, they seek to implement new research for enhanced practices, comprising government funding for educational centers dedicated on administration of end-of-life care. Additionally, public policy seeks to allow Medicare hospice recipients to have curative care on top of the hospice benefits. Policy makers also have suggestions to provide opportunities for incorporation of Medicaid and Medicare services to manage care across long-term and severe care settings. Policy suggestions are also underway to demand the examination and address the quality of care in different settings like hospitals and private homes.

Ethical Issues

One major ethical issue surrounding administration of end-of-life care services to terminally ill patients is advocacy. Patients have the right to make decisions concerning their health; caregivers have a responsibility to advocate for those decisions. In some circumstances, family members may withhold critical information concerning the patient. Caregivers should have adequate training to decide when to advocate for the patient or not. For instance, due to personal fears and insecurities, a family member may decide to adopt other care services in alterative for end-of-life care. The caregivers should always advocate for patients to ensure they receive the recommended end-of-life care.

Secondly, end-of-life caregivers experience ethical issues relating to euthanasia. Sometimes, patients may undergo severe pain and suffering during the end-of-life care phase and request for physician-aided suicide. Patients may requests the assistance of a medical personnel to obtain lethal drug doses and deliberately terminate one’s life. Some proponents argue that patients have a right to determine and request for physician-aided suicide, and healthcare personnel have obligations to end suffering. However, several ethical arguments stem from the proposal. Research shows that most patients who request for euthanasia do so while in severe pain and suffering. Effective end-of-life care focuses on relieving this pain and improving the quality of life, which could lead to retraction of the wish to die. Additionally, patients may choose euthanasia believing that it is what other want, include family members and caregivers. Caregivers should uphold their ethical standards and help patients make informed and quality life decisions.

Personal Opinion/Conclusion

Despite the growing technological advancements in the medical industry, caregivers must understand that end-of-life care is critical to all patients, and it could elongate and change terminally ill patients’ quality of lives. Caregivers should understand and explain the negative influence of technology on the patients’ desires for EOL; the patients should have EOL options before making any clinical decisions. Ending patients’ lives focuses on minimising pain, suffering and unwanted symptoms; EOL does the same functions with a chance of improving patients’ lives. EOL healthcare professionals should focus on improving palliative care, developing better medical training, and improving the quality of life. EOL can elongate or improve the quality of life; it is critical to terminally ill patients and physician must always consider it.