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UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF COVID 19 history assignment help writing services: history assignment help writing services
COVID-19 Pandemic Widens Exercise Gap between Younger School Children and Adolescents
The article is titled “COVID-19 pandemic widens exercise gap between younger school children and adolescents”. The article was published at Keck School of Medicine of USC by Wayne Lewis on 14th October 2020.
The study discussed the increased rates of obesity among children that raise a concern for short and long terms of health effects. Lifestyle patterns that are adopted at a younger age are likely to affect adults’ adult life, as seen in the 20-year-old duration statistics. The COVID-19 pandemic has further contributed to children’s obesity because of reduced physical activity. Parents noted their children played less in April than at the beginning of the year because of the lockdown. Experts also stated that children become less active as they approach their teenage days and onwards. The children’s routine could have profound effects that can outlive the lockdown. Short issues include mental health issues, decreased sleep patterns, and attention span (Keck School News). The long-term effects can consist of abnormal metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and irregular metabolic activity. The research collected data for children between 5-13 years in the District of Columbia. Results showed that children who grew up in low-income areas and ethnic minority groups participated less in physical activities during the pandemic. Many families lacked compounds or safe spaces where children could run or play sports. Also, adults recorded fewer step counts indicating that they walked less, particularly Latinos and low-income participants. Research fears that COVID-19 might have indirect disparities such as health issues whereby economically disadvantaged people are affected more (Keck School News). Parents were generally positive about introducing walks and playful activities that could encourage kids to be physically fit and adopt active lifestyle patterns. Opportunities also lie in family-based activities because they are fun and engaging. The article inspired parents to utilize public amenities such as parks and playgrounds to motivate children to be active.
I chose to analyze the article on the effects of COVID-19 because the global pandemic is a current public health issue proving to have a ripple effect on other aspects of society. I focused on adolescents and children because of limited health research analyses of how they have been affected by the pandemic. In my community, children with obesity are mainly from low-income areas that cannot access quality healthcare. I have also observed that more overweight children also have type 2 diabetes than active children with a standard BMI range (Dabelea et al. 828). Diabetes and other health issues are a heavy burden because they are expensive to treat yet are preventable conditions with cost-effective practices.
The article describes the indirect health effects of COVID-19 challenging children. While the pandemic has lockdown protocols for public safety, I will use it to assist parents in coming up with creative preventative measures. Parents are the root cause of the problem because they govern the decisions of their children. I will use the information to encourage parents to first participate in physical activities themselves because children mirror what they see. Parents can also take an active role by engaging their children in labor-intensive functions such as lifting things in the house or doing house chores. I believe the household chores are also accessible to low-income and minority groups who were the most affected. I will also use the information to create an information curriculum on the internet that educates children on the importance of taking part in physical activities for their health. If they can understand why it is essential, they can begin to be proactive towards their fitness and lifestyle habits without their parents’ supervision. Creating preventative approaches is more sustainable than spending funds to treat obesity and its underlying health problems.
Dabelea, Dana, et al. “Association of type 1 diabetes vs. type 2 diabetes diagnosed during childhood and adolescence with complications during teenage years and young adulthood.” Jama 317.8 (2017): 825-835. www.jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2606400 (Accessed 12 Dec 2020)
“Keck School News.” Keck School of Medicine of USC, www.keck.usc.edu/study-covid-19-pandemic-widens-exercise-gap-between-younger-schoolchildren-and-adolescents/. (Accessed 12 Dec 2020)
COVID-19 impact on renewable energy growth history assignment writing help
COVID-19 impact on renewable energy growth
The Covid-19 pandemic is having a significant effect on global energy systems, curbing investment, and threatening to hinder the expansion of key technologies for renewable energy. Progress on renewable energy technology had been positive before the crisis. The annual Monitoring Clean Energy Development report from the IEA reveals that in 2019, just 6 out of 46 innovations and industries were on target’ to achieve long-term sustainability goals. Electric cars, rail transport, and lighting were included among those six. Another 24 made some improvement, but not enough to achieve long-term objectives, while the other 16 were woefully “off track.” 
As a consequence of the massive disruptions to travel, trade, and economic development brought on by the pandemic, global carbon emissions will decline this year. But that’s no excuse to rejoice because it comes as a result of an international health crisis and severe economic trauma. Governments will be expected to take the lead in pursuing structural emission reductions through wise, sustainable, and aggressive policies to accelerate the production and implementation of a full range of clean energy solutions by achieving a strong economic recovery without the same sort of emission rebound that followed the 2008 global financial crisis. 
Looking at all the data so far on how the Covid-19 crisis affects renewable energy transitions, 10 main themes emerge, and each of them is discussed in this report. But not only is the IEA providing timely data and detecting emerging trends, we are also creating solutions for the real world.
The IEA has been at the forefront of calling on policymakers to ensure that the once-in-a-generation stimulus packages they are going to create to revive their economies are also driving greater production and deployment of renewable energy technologies. In order to help direct these tough decisions that are likely to influence the infrastructure of countries for decades, the World Energy Outlook Special Sustainable Recovery Report will soon be released, which will include concrete guidance on how policymakers should place energy and sustainability problems at the core of stimulus strategies to create jobs and develop more modern, resilient and cleaner energy systems. Recognizing the vital value of innovation for the development of renewable energy, the Energy Technology Insights Special Report on Clean Energy Innovation will be released in early July, evaluating early-stage innovations where today’s investments will do the most to reshape the future. The IEA has made it clear that resolving the global climate crisis and accelerating the transition to renewable energy calls for a grand coalition that includes all those who are sincerely committed to reducing emissions. 
In order to share new ideas and best practices, this alliance needs to include governments, industry, investors, and civil society and to empower one another with greater ambition. To this end, the IEA Renewable Energy Transition Summit on 9 July will help governments recognize the best approaches to job growth, structurally decreasing emissions and increasing the resilience of the energy sector. The sustained increase in clean energy development that is required to bring the world on a sustainable path can not be accomplished by one study or summit alone. 
Achieving a definitive carbon emission peak and scaling up a full spectrum of renewable energy technologies would take timely data; actionable analysis; and creative real-world strategies for years to come from governments, businesses, and customers, day in and day out. The IEA remains committed to our role in shaping the future of safe and sustainable energy for all. So far, renewable energy sources have shown resilience in the face of the Covid-19 crisis. In the first quarter of 2020, the share of renewables in the global electricity supply reached nearly 28 percent, up from 26 percent over the same period in 2019.
The growth of renewables is expected to slow down in 2020, despite this resilience. This year, the world is set to add only 167 gigawatts (GW) of capacity for renewable energy, 13 percent less than in 2019. This decline reflects construction delays due to disruptions in the supply chain, lockout steps and recommendations for social distancing, as well as emerging difficulties in funding. The majority of delayed utility projects are expected to be online in 2021, but rooftop solar PV installations for businesses and households will continue to be depressed in the medium term without strong government support. 
Renewables have been less resilient, beyond electricity. The production of transport biofuels is expected to contract by 13 percent in 2020, its first decrease in two decades. In 2020, the consumption of renewable heat is also likely to decline, mainly due to lower activity in the industrial sector. Low oil and gas prices are making biofuels and renewable heat technologies less cost-competitive, adding to these difficulties. 
Governments have an incredible opportunity to speed up clean energy transformations by making renewable energy investment a key component of stimulus packages to revitalize their economies. Investing in renewables, the cost of which continues to decline rapidly can boost job creation and economic development while reducing emissions and promoting further innovation.
Globally, public expenditure on low-carbon energy research, development, and demonstration (RD&D) increased by 6% to USD 25 billion in 2019, driven by Europe, the United States, and China. At 80%, low-carbon technologies are gaining a growing share of total public energy R&D. Corporate R&D investment grew by 3 percent to USD 90 billion in 2019, with an estimated 60 percent dedicated to developing low-carbon technologies. At USD 4 billion, venture capital investment in early-stage disruptive technology became increasingly diversified in sector and geography in 2019. Storage and hydrogen have seen substantial rises. 
Publicly financed energy R&D may be under tremendous pressure as a result of the Covid-19 crisis, especially in emerging markets, which are expected to account for a large part of energy demand growth in the future. Public initiatives are important for the advancement of innovative research and high-risk demonstration projects – and for the course of technological change. But they can’t do it all on their own. Corporate investment imposes market discipline on the procurement of new concepts and the creation of implementation technologies. Emerging evidence suggests that start-ups and ambitious small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) will face up to funding and liquidity problems in 2020 – and that private R&D and capital budgets will be slashed. 
Countercyclical government responses could mitigate the effect of the Covid-19 crisis on energy innovation, promote economic recovery, and accelerate progress in key technology areas. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), large-scale investment to boost the growth, implementation, and adoption of renewable energy technologies should be at the core of government stimulus plans, offering the twin benefits of boosting economies and accelerating clean energy transitions.
Renewable energy sources that will have a tremendous impact on clean energy
IRENA believes that renewable energy technologies would provide a quick response to the pandemic and create more resilient energy networks. It was decided that IRENA would work closely with the African Union Commission to advance renewable energy throughout the African continent to improve the response to COVID-19 and increase access to energy.
The International Hydropower Association has also joined forces with IRENA and more than 100 clean energy organizations to make a joint call for an action calling on policymakers to prioritize renewable solutions as part of their COVID-19 recovery plans. 
The South African Wind Energy Association is also calling for a green economic recovery strategy. It has joined major wind companies and organizations around the world in support of the Global Wind Energy Council’s campaign to secure the role of wind power in global economic recovery.
Meanwhile, it has been reported that renewable energy sources are proving to be resilient in India in the light of the COVID-19 crisis and that the pandemic tipped the balance in favor of renewables for cleaner and cheaper energy.
Challenges for future investment
COVID-19, on the other hand, is also threatening potential investment in clean energies – and indeed all forms of energy production. According to the IEA survey, COVID-19 has set in motion the biggest drop in global energy investment in history, with expenditure forecast to fall in every major sector this year. The study indicates that investment in renewables has been more robust than fossil fuels, but that final investment decisions for new wind and solar power projects in the first quarter of 2020 have dropped back to the pace of three years ago. 
In May 2020, the IEA also forecasts that the growth in renewable electricity capacity will decline by 13 percent in 2020 compared to 2019, the first downward trend since 2000 and a 20 percent downward revision compared to its previous estimate (in which 2020 was due to be a record year for renewable power). And, according to Wood Mackenzie forecasts, global solar and energy storage facilities are expected to fall by almost 20% in 2020 relative to pre-COVID-19 predictions, and wind turbine installations are expected to fall by 6%. However, according to the IEA, the bulk of delayed projects are projected to be online by 2021.
As for current renewable energy construction projects, many of the world’s largest solar panel, battery, and wind turbine manufacturers are based in China, and COVID-19-related locks and travel restrictions are likely to have disrupted supply chains, delayed delivery of key components, and potentially increased costs.
The Value of Research
The impact that COVID-19 would have on the renewable energy sector is not yet clear – and whether it will eventually promote decarbonization and ‘build back better’ approaches, or whether the economic impact would substantially impede potential investment, research will be crucial. 
EEG replied to the need for evidence on the relationship between COVID-19 and energy in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia by issuing a call for proposals for analysis. The goal is to learn lessons that can be applied to future energy system planning, service, and maintenance.
We also published an Energy Insight which explores the targeted steps that international energy-related organizations are taking to help key players in the energy sector during the COVID-19 pandemic, which includes a section on opportunities to accelerate the decarbonization of energy supplies. It builds on the EEG Briefing Note published in April 2020 (which summarized results from a rapid online resource scan), using numerous in-depth interviews with international energy-related organizations and bilateral and multilateral donor organizations.
In addition to the potential effect of COVID-19 on the renewables market, the adoption of renewable technologies across sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia is also limited by pre-existing challenges. These include knowledge gaps, restricted decision-making, and context-relevant information, and a lack of data and energy planning models and resources. The EEG research program explores these issues in more depth, with many initiatives centered on renewable energy, one of our priority areas of research. 
The report included extensive primary and secondary research on the renewable energy industry. Various methods have been implemented in secondary research to extract market size, market growth rate, and business patterns due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The country overview is given in the report by analyzing various regional players, laws and policies, consumer behavior, macro-economic factors, and the effects of the pandemic. 
Financial results of firms operating in the sector
Whitepapers, research papers, and news blogs
Websites of the company and their list of goods
Reports of Government Agencies
The study includes the
Comprehensive research methods for the global renewable energy industry.
This study also provides a comprehensive and thorough industry analysis of key analyst insights.
A comprehensive study of the macro and micro factors affecting the sector, led by key recommendations.
Review of regional legislation and other government policies affecting the global renewable energy industry.
Business determinants that stimulate the global renewable energy industry.
Detailed and detailed market segments with the geographic distribution of estimated revenues.
Extensive profiles and recent trends for industry players.
IEA (2020), Renewable energy market update, IEA, Paris