Comparing the health care system of the US with that of Australia and Britain
Different countries across the world have different healthcare systems. For instance, the health care system in Australia and Britain may be different from that of the United States. Great Britain’s health care system performs exceptionally well as it is among the best systems in the world. Medical services are free in the country as the government uses tax payer’s money to finance the health care requirements of its citizens (Nellums et al. 16). On the other hand, Australia has a comprehensive healthcare system with a public and private sector. The public system is subsidized and free as Medicare funds it, while the private system is managed privately and funded by individuals (Johnson, Hansen and Bi 229). The health system in Australia is comprehensive, and it is among the best in the world as it provides affordable and sufficient health care. Elsewhere, the health care system in the US is unique among industrialized and advanced countries as much as it lacks uniformity (Papanicolas, Woskie and Jha 1025). Ultimately, the health system of the US is very expensive as it is twice as expensive as that of Australia. Understanding and comparing the healthcare system of the US with that of Australia and Britain is thus essential.
The Healthcare System in Australia Summary ap art history homework help: ap art history homework help
Healthcare System in Australia
Australia’s health system is among the best worldwide as it provides affordable and safe health care for all citizens. The federal, territory, state, and local governments jointly run the system by financing the health care system (Delaney 120). Australia’s healthcare system has two main parts, which is the private and public system. The public system is owned and funded by the government as it provides free health costs through Medicare. On the other hand, the private system is managed and owned privately, and the patients access the services at a fee. Many citizens have private insurance covers, which they pay independently to cover their medical needs in the private sector. The Medicare system was put in place in 1984, after ten years of political tension in the Country (Johnson, Hansen and Bi 229). 1973 is when the bill was introduced in parliament, but it failed severally as the government was not ready to adapt to the changes. After the bill was passed, the government had a new responsibility of funding the health system using the tax collected. Nevertheless, Medicare has various benefits, including covering the cost of medical specialist services, community nurses, physiotherapy, pharmaceutical, and dental services for children (Delaney 121). The different levels of government have worked together by assigning and sharing responsibilities for the health system to be successful. Moreover, the pharmaceutical body in Australia ensures that all citizens can access medicine at an affordable cost. The government subsidizes the cost of medication so that people can access them without paying the full amount. However, the over counter medicines that people buy without a prescription are not fully subsidized as one has to pay for the total amount to access them.
Subsequently, Australia’s health care cost is complex as it is funded by the government, private insurers, non-government organizations, and individuals who pay for services and products that are not subsidized. Government funds the largest share of the spending as it is estimated that 10% of revenue collected is directed to the health sector (Johnson, Hansen and Bi 229). The government’s continued support and prioritizing of medical needs has been effective as all people in Australia have access to hospitals. Ultimately, the health system in the country has been successful since its implementation as the hospitals are well equipped hence giving citizens the right to quality medical care. Australians enjoy their medical rights, and they can access improved and efficient medical care in public and private hospitals. The complex system is effective as the life expectancy in Australia is higher as compared to most countries.
Why the Australia’s health care cost is complex history assignment help online
Subsequently, Australia’s health care cost is complex as it is funded by the government, private insurers, non-government organizations, and individuals who pay for services and products that are not subsidized. Government funds the largest share of the spending as it is estimated that 10% of revenue collected is directed to the health sector (Johnson, Hansen and Bi 229). The government’s continued support and prioritizing of medical needs has been effective as all people in Australia have access to hospitals. Ultimately, the health system in the country has been successful since its implementation as the hospitals are well equipped hence giving citizens the right to quality medical care. Australians enjoy their medical rights, and they can access improved and efficient medical care in public and private hospitals. The complex system is effective as the life expectancy in Australia is higher as compared to most countries. Nonetheless, the performance indicators show that the improved outcome of the health system is a result of the sustainable measures put in place (Delaney 122). The system has been flexible as it welcomes reforms that can improve the quality of service offered. Various national bodies are also put in place to promote safety and care in the health system. Elsewhere, the Australian health system also faces several challenges that may affect the quality of service provided. Among the challenges is the increase in the number of chronic diseases that raises the demand for flexible treatment models (Johnson, Hansen and Bi 230). The high cost of innovation and researches is another setback as the advancements come with complex legal and ethical issues. Other challenges include inequality in accessing health services, prolonged waiting time, and the high population of the aging generation that need flexible and specialized health workers to handle them.
United Kingdom’s Health Care System summary history assignment help online: history assignment help online
United Kingdom’s Health Care System.
The UK has an effective health system where National Health System (NHS) covers the whole population. The department of health manages and finances NHS, while the government funds it through general taxation (Nellums et al. 17). The medical needs of the people are met in public hospitals, while some people acquire private insurance to cater for their medical needs in private hospitals. Health care facilities in the UK include private for-profit hospitals, public hospitals, and private nonprofit hospitals. However, most hospitals in the country are publicly owned and operated independently. The three levels of hospitals include district hospitals, community hospitals, regional hospitals, and specialized hospitals for advanced treatments. General practitioners provide primary care as they provide access to advanced or secondary care. After assessing the patients, the practitioners evaluate the issues and provide solutions to the ones they can and, after that, refer the cases they cannot handle to the specialists. Moreover, the NHS responsible for public health care was formulated in 1946 as before then, healthcare was only available to the wealthy. In 1942, the NHS bill was proposed in parliament by a politician and miner called Bevan, and he named it the Beveridge report (Nellums et al. 13). NHS was founded under the universality principle that supported equity, free service delivery, and a system funded by tax revenue. Despite the various organizational and political changes, the NHS has maintained its mandate of a tax-funded medical system. In 1974, the parliament raised concerns regarding the problems in service delivery, and they led to the drastic reorganization of the system (Stuckler 20). Additionally, the government is the primary financer of NHS through general taxation, while other sources include income from people using NHS as private patients, copayments, non-government bodies, and some minor sources.
Describe the Health care system in the US ib history essay help
Health care system in the US
The health care system in the US is comprised of private and public systems, with profitable and non-profitable insurers. The federal government funds the Medicaid and Medicare programs, which cover the vulnerable population (Dubois et al. 10). Medicare covers people living with different disabilities and those who are 65 years and above. On the other hand, Medicaid insures pregnant women from low-income families and the poor in society. Children’s Health Insurance Program covers children from low-income families whose income is higher than the limit that qualifies one to belong to Medicaid. Nevertheless, most Americans are insured privately as their employers cater for their insurance bills. The employer-sponsored scheme was introduced in the US in the 1920s, and it became popular after the Second World War as the government introduced benefits such as tax exemptions and medical cover (Bhaduri 47). Medicare and Medicaid were enacted in 1965 as part of the social security act (Bhaduri 48). Individuals with disabilities became eligible for Medicare in 1972 when the act was reviewed. In 2003, Medicare added a voluntary drug coverage for outpatient prescription and added it to Medicare. Subsequently, in 2010, the affordable medical care act became law, and it expanded the government’s role in funding the health care system (Bhaduri 48). The 2010 act expanded the young people’s coverage in parent’s plans to 26 years, and it encouraged all Americans to get medical covers. Furthermore, the bill opened the insurance market places to admit companies that can provide reasonable offers to low and middle-income individuals. The bill was also expected to control expenses and to improve the health care system generally.
The 2010 act has been successful as it has improved the insurance coverage of most Americans, and 90% of Americans have health insurance (Bhaduri 46). The bill has provided subsidies, making it easy for low and middle come people to access medical insurance. Newly insured people now visit hospitals with ease, and the hospital institutions now have the duty of improving their health system to avoid the stress that may come about due to the increase in numbers. As much as the 2010 act has played a massive role in increasing the number of insured people, the health system in America remains to be weak compared to that of advanced nations (Dubois et al. 9). The system has failed as medical is very expensive to a point where people with stable income are the only ones who can afford it. The policies put in place are non-inclusive as they tend to leave out the poor.