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Reflection Task Sections 1-3 (10 marks)

Now that you have completed the 3 sections of your Portfolio part 3, prepare a 150-200 word reflection piece on the importance and significance of this learning to your life in general and potentially even your future career.
Base your reflection on the resources provided.
• Section 1- Glucose in Drinks
• Section 2- pH in biological systems
• Section 3- Gases around us: ‘The Chemistry of Airbags’ article and the reading attached to the calculation you chose.
• Questions and related readings embedded in Sections 1-3 of your Portfolio Part 3.

This reflection can be in the form of a short video, blog, podcast or any other means you are comfortable with to communicate the information to us.

To help you out, answer the following questions in your reflection:
1. What have you learned from the readings and calculations provided in Section 1 to Section 3 that you did not know before?
2. Now that you have done the calculations and read the WHO information in Section 1, have you learned new things about sugars you did not know before. How much more aware are you about sugars in our diet? Think about the calculations you completed in Section 1 and the drink you analysed, elaborate on your answer to Task 3 in Section 1.
3. What in your opinion is the importance of being able carry out calculations about acids and bases for health professionals?
4. How does being able to carry out calculations involving gases enhance our lives when looking at the three readings provided in Section 3?

Remember: Your reflection should show your analysis of the topics covered with a relation to real life and/or the health profession that you are hoping to move into. For example, you may wish to use the sugary drink you focused on in Section 1 as a lead in to discuss the amount of sugar in an average diet and any long-term health implications.

ENG 121 Spring 2017 Paper Prompt #3 The history of Spike Lee’s

ENG 121

Spring 2017

Paper Prompt #3

The history of Spike Lee’s third film, Do the Right Thing, is rich. While some critics immediately lauded the movie (acclaimed film critics Gene Siskel and Roger Ebert both picked it as the best movie of 1989 and the sixth and fourth best movie for the decade, respectively), the Academy Awards controversially had neither the movie up for Best Picture or Lee up for Best Director. Winning that year’s Best Picture was a much more sentimental movie based on race, Driving Miss Daisy. Many people never saw Do the Right Thing in the theaters as some newspaper editorials openly stated that the film could incite black audiences to riot. Over a quarter of a century later, time has been much kinder to Lee’s film. The American Film Institute ranked Do the Right Thing as the 96th best American movie of all time; Variety magazine has it ranked as the 48th best movie ever; and the National Film Society lists it as one of the 100 essential films of all time. In 1999, the Library of Congress’s National Film Registry preserved Do the Right Thing as a “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant” film. Only four other feature films have received this honor in their first year of eligibility: Raging Bull, Goodfellas, Fargo, and Toy Story.

You may pick and choose which specific prompts to answer in order to compose your paper.

1) Has Mookie “do[ne] the right thing” throughout (and particularly at the end of) the movie? The movie’s title, which comes from a piece of advice that Da Mayor give to Mookie early in the film, is capped at the end of the film by two quotes that Lee has slowly crawling up the screen. The first is from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr; the second is by Malcolm X (the two quotes are reproduced here at the bottom of this document). Use these quotes to help make your argument. The film also references certain incidents from the late 1980s that may influence your position; these include references to the Howard Beach Incident/Michael Griffith, Michael Stewart, Eleanor Bumpers, and Tawana Brawley. You can use these incidents, the times of Dr. King and Malcolm X, or any other historical incidents to help support your position.

2) Beyond the movie’s central plot line concerning Mookie, there are two other confrontations that take place earlier in the film: Buggin Out’s battle with Sal about the pictures on the wall of fame and Radio Raheem’s confrontation with Sal concerning music in the pizzeria. Who do you side with in these differences of opinion? How do the actions of the participants in these disagreements escalate the rising action? What could have been done to deescalate these situations?

3) Where can the viewer find a moral center to this film? In such a large ensemble cast, where do you find characters acting in civically and ethically positive ways? What positive themes can be pulled from this tragedy?

4) When President Barack Obama was initially elected president in 2008, some pundits wondered if the United States had entered a post-racial society (interestingly, the future president’s first date with the future First Lady was to go see Do the Right Thing). Unfortunately, the situations in this film have been replayed over and over again in American society in the time since Do the Right Thing’s debut, whether through incidents close to its release (the Central Park Five, Rodney King, the LA Riots, etc.) or ones that have happened in recent years (Michael Brown, Freddie Gray, Tamir Rice, Alton Sterling, Philando Castille, Alfred Olango, and especially Eric Garner). In what ways do the themes and events of Do the Right Thing still resonate today? What positive changes do you see in race relations between the film’s time of production and our time of reception?

We will watch the movie in class the week of April 3.

The paper is due on Wednesday, April 17.

Violence as a way of achieving racial justice is both impractical and immoral. It is impractical because it is a descending spiral ending in destruction for all. The old law of an eye for an eye leaves everybody blind. It is immoral because it seeks to humiliate the opponent rather than win his understanding; it seeks to annihilate rather than to convert. Violence is immoral because it thrives on hatred rather than love. It destroys a community and makes brotherhood impossible. It leaves society in monologue rather than dialogue. Violence ends by defeating itself. It creates bitterness in the survivors and brutality in the destroyers.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

I think there are plenty of good people in America, but there are also plenty of bad people in America and the bad ones are the ones who seem to have all the power and be in these positions to block things that you and I need. Because this is the situation, you and I have to preserve the right to do what is necessary to bring an end to that situation, and it doesn’t mean that I advocate violence, but at the same time I am not against using violence in self-defense. I don’t even call it violence when it’s self-defense, I call it intelligence.

Malcolm X

Adidas’ Responses to External Environment 5 ADIDAS’ RESPONSES TO EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT (Name)

THE FILE THERE YOU CAN SEE THE APPENDICS ALSO THE DETAILS ! Chemistry Assignment Help Adidas’ Responses to External Environment 5







Adidas’ Responses to External Environment

The success and sustainability of the organization are to an extent determined by management’s knowledge of the external trends and forces. According to Duncan (1972), businesses that use information of their external environment benefit as from the development of a competitive edge within an industry. PESTEL framework and Porter’s model are the common tools that are used for the collection of external environment’s information (Gillespie 2007). Adidas is a group of companies popularly known as leading global manufacturers of sporting products. Since its establishment in 1949, the company has been experiencing phenomenal growth, thanks to its innovative culture and pursuit for continuous improvement. This paper will explore how well the Adidas group responds to external Environment.

The political environment is simply the intervention of the government in activities of an economy. The environment comprises of policies on tax, environmental law, foreign trade, labor regulations and governmental laws (Issa and Chang 2010). In the past years, Adidas sought the support of political intervention in the expansion of global markets, promotion of online sales and prevention of fake and pirated products. The company further cooperates with the political situation by promoting fair trade, adhering to regulations of the goods and consumers’ safety, engaging in fair trade activities and cooperation with global trade agreements. Additionally, Adidas supports and protects the employees’ rights through complying with labor and employment regulations and cooperates with the management councils in the industry. An example of industrial leading organizations is WTO (world trade organization) and global sports organizations such as IOC (International Olympic Committee). In particular, Adidas undertook a testing initiative to strengthen its products recognition as well as to facilitate consumer awareness in China. Despite the common challenges especially experienced in the multinational markets, the biggest success of Adidas in dealing with issues of political environment is attributed to the stable political environment in its headquarters situated in Germany.

The Economic environment constitutes of both macro and micro factors that determine the functionality and profitability of business. Such factors include interest rates, inflation, exchange rates and disposable income. Increased health consciousness, tight competition, increased popularity and participation in sporting activities, are some of the factors that have influenced the profitability of Adidas group. In the recent years, the entry of other large companies has concentrated the industry, and as a result, there has been steep competition as well as instability in demand and supply variables. Adidas has managed to counter these effects by procuring of materials on a wholesale basis, fair and strategic pricing of complementary and substitute products, competing with different products, tapping into emerging markets, diversifying its revenue and mitigating the business risks. Moreover, Adidas gains from observing Total Quality Management and its association with prime sports activities such as Olympics

The social environment comprises of socio-cultural factors; which are the attitudes and shared beliefs of the people. Examples include population, age, and health, etc. Adidas has a high regard on economic and social footprints. The group controls its foreign manufacturers and monitors their reputation (Scherer 2007). Additionally, Adidas examines the safety of its new products and enforces strict policies concerning ethical issues such as child labor, health and safety of employees, minimum wage and cultural setups. The group also come up with volunteer programs to support healthy societies and supports the innovation within the sports sector. About tastes and preferences, Adidas manufactures products of short life cycles that satisfy fashion needs (Moser, Muller and Piller 2006). The company supports global initiatives and activities such as the Olympics. Additionally, Adidas puts consideration on religious, race, social, and gender distribution in pursuit to maximize market potential (Tomlinson, 2005). Knowledge of consumer buying behavior is also an advantage since the company can strategize on retail mix and transaction methods.

Technological environment is characterized by innovative and advanced ways of production, distribution, and communication. Adidas is equipped with advanced technological systems and trendy, sophisticated products; a factor that has seen it gain technological leadership in the sporting industry. The company also sets aside 1% of its revenue to facilitate research and development. The all-purpose test equipment, coaching professionals, and high-quality facilities benefit both the amateurs and experienced athletes, hence making the company a priority for many sports people (Moser, Muller and Piller 2006). The company has invested in internet usage and sports related technologies such as online sales and news sports. The manufacturing excellence is attributed to the efficiency of technologically enabled equipment. Adidas is also consistently improving its technological know-how through the initiation of forums where stakeholders can present their innovations and ideas.

Environmental factors are issues that organizations are facing in relation to climate, pollution, and ethical sustainability. Adidas has outlined a strategic approach to minimizing environmental degradation at the same time sustaining its activities. The approach is undertaken by controlling and monitoring substance disposal, the replacement of harmful products with environmentally friendly materials, enhancing leveraging of resources, conserving the surroundings of its manufacturing sites, and upholding ethical practices in its operations (Group of BATGMX 2013). Adidas is also committed to ensuring sustainability and adherence of their suppliers in conserving the environment. The group is also considerate of animal rights, especially in the area of maintaining a constant supply of foot ware.

The legal environment is defined by factors such as rights and laws, product safety and equality in opportunities (Frenkel and Scott 2002). Adidas complies with the demand chain by entering into legally binding contracts particularly in tracking, monitoring, and evaluation of suppliers’ performance. The group practices legal paperwork especially in the purchase of properties, expansion of the research and development, ownership of intellectual rights, and strategic asset management. Also, legal intervention is used to govern collaboration with other large companies, protection of patents, designs and trademark rights, association with other expert institutions and in agreement with workers’ union. The company also exercises full compliance with international, national and local regulations that are relevant to the functionality of the enterprise.

In summary, Adidas has effectively coordinated its external environment by critically considering and complying with various factors. Its management acknowledges that the first step towards integrating business with the external environment is incorporating external factors such as the marketing policies and always being vigilant on any probable future legislation. It is therefore very significant for a business to recognize and predict the changes in its external environment and then act promptly and accordingly. Although it doesn’t necessary mean that the organization has to follow any set regulation and trend, it is crucial to adhere to significant external factors so as to gain profitability and maintain sustainability in the long run.


Duncan, R.B. 1972. Characteristics of organizational environments and perceived environmental uncertainty. Administrative science quarterly, pp.313-327.

Frenkel, S.J. and Scott, D. 2002. Compliance, Collaboration, and Codes of Labor Practice: The” adidas” Connection. California Management Review, 45(1), pp.29-49.

Gillespie, A. 2007. PESTEL analysis of the macro-environment. Foundations of Economics, Oxford University Press, USA.

Group of BATGMX 2013. 2013. External factors analysis. Futures for Adidas A course project for BATGMX 2013

Issa, T., Chang, V. and Issa, T. 2010. Sustainable business strategies and PESTEL framework. GSTF International Journal on Computing, 1(1), pp.73-80.

Moser, K., Muller, M. and Piller, F.T. 2006. Transforming mass customisation from a marketing instrument to a sustainable business model at Adidas. International Journal of Mass Customisation, 1(4), pp.463-479.

Scherer, J. 2007. Globalization, promotional culture and the production/consumption of online games: engaging Adidas’sBeat Rugby’Campaign. New Media & Society, 9(3), pp.475-496.

Tomlinson, A. 2005. The making of the global sports economy: ISL, Adidas and the rise of the corporate player in world sport. Sport and Corporate Nationalisms. Oxford/New York: Berg, pp.35-65.

Climate change Annotated bibliography Lawn, P. 2016. The ecological economics of climate

Climate change

Annotated bibliography

Lawn, P. 2016. The ecological economics of climate change provides a warning that will be hard to adopt especially in the urban areas. What are some of the contributors of the intergovernmental panel on climate change? And what are the primary constraints on ecological, economic climate changes? And do this restrictions conflict with freedom and liberties that inherit out political tradition?

Scholarly journal (peer reviewed sources)

Baard, P 2015. Adaptive Ideals and Aspirational Goals: The Utopian Ideals and Realist Constraints of Climate Change Adaptation. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, v28 n4 (201508): 739-757.

In the article, Baard identifies the difficulties of the government in controlling of climate change. World leaders are therefore making critical decisions to curb the world climate change. However, Baard has a plausible explanation on why some of the uncertainties cannot be eliminated efficiently. Therefore, the constraints have to start with individuals by reducing, recycling and reusing back materials. The process of recyclings will help conserve energy through reduction of pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Individuals should have a recycling program in the community which should recycle beverage containers, newspapers, papers and other goods which are used daily in the homesteads.

Scholarly journal (peer reviewed sources)

Helgeson, J, and Ellis, J 2015. The role of the 2015 agreement in enhancing adaptation to climate change. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Helgeson emphasizes the importance of nations to save climate change by the use of water efficiently. It takes a lot of energy to pump, treat and heat water to be used by individuals, therefore, saving water will reduce the greenhouse emissions. Helgeson conducted a study and found out that almost three percent of the nation’s energy is used for treating and pumping water. However, when we conserve the water, we conserve energy through reducing the amount of energy used to generate the water. It is also important to recycle water to be used consumed again instead of going into waste. Therefore it is important for corporations to pursue simple water savings and come up with an efficient way if saving water instead of going into waste.

Journalistic article (non-peer reviewed source)

Bloomberg, M 2015. City century: why municipalities are the key to fighting climate change. Foreign Affairs, 2015, v. 94, n. 5, September/October, p. 116-124.

This article was authored by Bloomberg on how municipalities are the main components of fighting climate change. Municipalities are responsible for educating the communities on how to conserve the environment. They are also responsible for providing tools which need to be used when conserving the climate change like resources for recycling plastic materials and ways o recycling water in the community for other important use. Municipalities are also responsible for flood mitigation and come up with drought plans which will help the future climatic changes which may occur. They should also plan and have clear goals and policies to enhance community-related energy use and climatic conditions.

Book (Edited nonfiction)

Farmer, T (2015). Modern climate change science: an overview of today’s climate change science. Cham: Springer.

In the book of modern climate change science, it reflects how politics may be of impact in the modern climatic changes. The complicity of environmental problems is a combination of other various social-political challenges which has a social impact in influencing factors that might affect the climate change. Therefore, the political economy is responsible for negotiating and coming up with more practical solutions in tackling climatic conditions. In the book, political between different stakeholders in the politics should respond to climatic impacts hence providing a broader opportunity in implementing climatic change policies.

Book (edited non-fiction)

Nulman, 2015. Climate change and social movements: civil society and the development of national climate change policy. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nulman deeply explores the numerous co-factors which may arise from global economic interdependence on emitting carbon dioxide, hydrocarbon energy. The world economy vastly relies on energy sources in manufacturing techniques which release greenhouse gasses in almost all the stages of production, storage, transportation, and disposal. Therefore the linkage of global warming is an implication of virtually all stages of nation’s states economy. The low prices of fuel fossils continue to slow down the processes of mordant technology in energy technologies that can replace fossil fuels making it a freedom of liberty which were inherited from tradition.

Thesis statement

Consistently rising of temperatures on earth is termed as global warming. Statistically, the average global temperatures have risen more than 0.8c since the twentieth century and worse enough, it is still expected to rise exponentially within the coming decades. Therefore the global warming will continue to contribute to unpredictable climatic changes.