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The Ethical Use Of Visual Persuasion Essential In Visual Communication Ap Art History Homework Help

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plastic and environment relate to the aspect of plastic pollution art history essay help: art history essay help

Abstract

Waste from plastic is always linked to pollution, which, as a result, has a significant effect on wildlife mostly. Discussions have been made on banning plastic products once and for all to avoid pollution. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to seek out the relationship between plastic materials and their surroundings and thereafter, find the means to eradicate its pollution. The causes of plastic pollution included improper management of waste and the production of microplastic. The effects of the pollution include a negative impact on marine life and environmental degradation. This study indicates that bringing about awareness to the public on the effects of pollution and usage of other types of products other than plastic will facilitate less plastic pollution. The method of research used was through the use of secondary sources to gather information, which included journals and credible websites. The types of data collected included the number of plastics in the ocean surfaces across the world. In conclusion, plastic and environment relate to the aspect of plastic pollution, and if proper measures are put in place, plastic pollution can be curbed

Finding Solutions to Plastic Pollution

Plastic pollution is a major cause of concern in the 21st century. It is as a result of modernization across the world. By definition, plastic pollution refers to the pilling up of products that are made of plastic in the surrounding environment, thus affecting both humans and wildlife negatively. Plastics are, therefore, one of the major pollutants currently affecting planet earth. This pollution is very drastic since it affects land, water bodies like oceans and lakes, waterways, and organisms living in both land and water. An important point to note is that marine animals are among the most affected by plastic pollution since they consume plastic waste that is dumped in the water directly. However, the plastic pollutants are classified into various classes according to their size, namely; macro, meso, and micro i.e., from largest debris to smallest, respectively (“Plastic Pollution | List of High Impact Articles | PPts | Journals | Videos,” 2020). The main reason why plastics are among the worst challenges to the environment is because of its demand. It is needed everywhere these days, from the construction of appliances like mobile phones to the packaging of goods (mostly food products) to printing in 3D. Its popularity arises from the fact that plastics are very elastic and durable and that they are produced at a minimal cost. On the brighter side, plastics can protect food and also facilitate a reduction in food wastage. A sad fact is that this type of pollution is expected to double in the coming years. To date, approximately eight billion plastic tons have been created. Half of this estimate has ended up in the environment. What is scarier is that plastic pollution is estimated to cause 13 billion dollars in damage every year. Therefore, this paper studies the reasons for and possible solutions to air pollution. The main aim of this study is to seek out the relationship between plastic materials and their surroundings and thereafter, find the means to eradicate its pollution.

The main cause of plastic pollution, according to the research, is the management of waste. A study by (Nielsen et al., 2019) claimed that a major percentage of plastic pollution in water bodies arrives after that being wrongfully handled on land. However, it is not the only cause since sea vessels, ships, among others, also contribute to a large amount of dumping in the waters. More so, there were countries that imported waste products from other countries, but those countries became overwhelmed and started returning the waste products to the exporting countries (Nielsen et al., 2019). Another study claimed that countries do not recycle to their full potential, as should be the case. An instance is where the most desirable products for recyclers are plastic bottles due to their ease in recycling, yet only a fraction of the bottles find their way into the recycling process. Though contradicting this is another source that claims that the main reason as to why many plastic wastes are found dumped in water bodies and the land is because the plastics dumped are not recyclable and therefore have no use. A study by Cho (2012) claimed that there was a time in 2014 that America dumped approximately 33 million tons of plastic. The sad fact is that only ten percent of this waste was recycled. This means that the remaining ninety percent was just left in the environment leading to pollution (Cho, 2012).On the point of some plastic products not being able to be recycled, the main problem that facilitates pollution is the separating of the plastics from the ones recyclable to the others that are not (Cho, 2012). Compared to other materials like glass and steel, the reusable ability of plastics is very minimal, almost close to zero. This fact contributes to plastic pollution since, after using the product only once, it is dumped as it has no further use (Nielsen et al., 2019). circling back to the original point, waste management around the world is handled insufficiently, this being the key cause of plastic pollution. It is, therefore, very doubtful if this management program can cope with the production of plastic that is even if the recycling rates were to go up (Nielsen et al., 2019). A study by Rhodes (2018) claimed that the production of microplastics is also a major contributor to plastic pollution. This is because they are very tiny and can, therefore, be carried by the wind from their original location to elsewhere. For instance, in Switzerland, particularly in the highland regions, microplastics were detected in the mountain soil proving beyond a reasonable doubt that they were airborne to the mountains. When the microplastics are dumped in the sea by individuals in fishing expeditions, they are carried along by the water, and some find themselves on arctic ice far north. The plastics are then trapped in the sea’s ice and transported across the world. When the ice melts due to a rise in global temperatures, the plastics are released to the environment hence increasing plastic pollution worldwide (Nielsen et al., 2019)

The effects of plastic pollution are very grave. A study by Pecci (2018) stated that plastics city and town dwellers are at times forced to pay close to 80 dollars a ton to transport plastic waste to landfills. This is quite costly, thus hurts their wallets. In the water bodies, plastic bags harm creatures directly and indirectly. It harms them directly through the consumption of plastic bags we thought that it is food. Indirectly, as the plastic bags disintegrate into small pieces, it displaces plankton, which is the main type of food consumed by the ocean creatures (Pecci, 2018). An article by Cho (2012) suggested that various plastic products that flow into the oceans in tones threaten marine life health-wise when they ingest the plastics (Cho, 2012). Great environmentalists argue that plastic pollution results in climate change, for instance, global warming. Their great worry, however, is that plastic does not biodegrade itself eventually like other products like paper; instead, it remains situated in the environment and is ingested by living organisms (Adler et al., 2016). Another significant effect is the destruction of infrastructure, a perfect example being the clogging of drainage systems by plastic waste. The middle-income individuals who depend on fishing on the coast are also faced with the threat of this pollution as it destroys marine life (Adler et al., 2016). A research article by (Ritchie & Roser, 2020) discussed that plastic waste has three ways in which it affects wildlife. The first is through entanglement; this is where marine creatures are trapped by plastic waste, which is mostly from dumped fishing equipment that includes, ropes and fishing nets. They are sometimes also trapped by plastic packaging materials though in rare cases. The creatures are at times trapped for a long time, thus dying in the process. The second way is through the consumption of the waste products directly by eating the plastics and indirectly by feeding on prey that has consumed the plastic products. The last way is through interaction. This includes colliding with the plastics or, at times, the plastics causing obstructions for the creatures (Ritchie & Roser, 2020). Equipment used in fishing has been seen to cause extensive damage to water ecosystems upon collision with them. Doubling back to microplastics, the article concludes that it has adverse effects on wildlife. Evidence has shown that the ingestion of microplastics by wildlife that feeds on prey; for example, the Lion can affect their consumption. This will result in depletion of energy in the creatures, which is a bad situation since it results in stunted growth and certain instances of infertility (Ritchie & Roser, 2020). Plastic pollution also has toxic effects. This is through the release of pollutants that are organic into the environment. The wastes also result in leach of additives considered plastic in nature (Ritchie & Roser, 2020)

The graph below indicates just how much oceans have been affected by plastic pollution (Ritchie & Roser, 2020)

 

Having seen all the negative effects and arguments of scholars on plastics, a refutation to be placed on their claims that plastics are all destructive and not good is that although plastics contribute a major share to pollution, they are good in food protection through packaging. They also play a major role in reducing the wastage of food in households. Digitally, plastics are to be thanked for their major role in the production of lighter vehicles as compared to those designed by steel. Plastics also act as insulators during wiring of electric cables.

The solutions possible for plastic pollution, according to the study, are various. An article by (Macintosh et al., 2020) discussed that the banning of plastics that are used only one time was a bold move by the government in curbing plastic pollution (Macintosh et al., 2020) Therefore customers would instead carry their reusable bags to carry the products. In Massachusetts, Cambridge, one of the largest cities there decided in the year 2016, to ban plastic usage. To meet the gap that banning plastic bags had created, the city gave out a large number of reusable bags to the low-income earners, and therefore the transition was considered smooth. This being the case, plastic bags usage was able to decrease in that city by approximately 80 percent, a great record (Pecci, 2018). A journal by (Winton et al., 2020) concluded that a public campaign to create awareness on plastic pollution across actors of major macro plastics would result in a drastic drop in pollution on the environment (Winton et al., 2020). Recycling is another major milestone, according to (Davis & Joyce, 2019). Across the United States, there are various recycling bins at grocery stores, including Walmart, which is one of the largest retailers. The plastic waste is then delivered to recycling companies who use them in various products. Other companies and retailers gather the plastic wastes and sell them to companies that mainly major on the reuse of the plastics to manufacture other stuff. Having noted this, recycling reduces pollution; however, it alone can not be able to solve the entire problem (Davis & Joyce, 2019). Among the best options to prevent and reduce this pollution, will be to reduce the use of plastics and focus more on re-usage (Cho, 2012). Good examples of solutions to plastic pollution include; Liter of light (Cho, 2012). This is an organization that discovered a way in which to collect plastic bottles and later on recycle them. The community benefited from this since it helped them change the bottles that were lying around without use into bulbs to illuminate their households at night. Another example is the report of the United Nations, which hade detailed information on changing plastic to produce fuels. This was through the process of usage of heat to disintegrate the plastic and solid fuel (Cho, 2012). The final example is that the total amount of plastic dumped in the U.S in 2011, had it been exposed to high heat in energy facilities, could have resulted to more than enough electricity tor over 10 million households and thereafter leading to the reduction in the use of coal as a source of electricity by around 100 million tons in that year alone (Cho, 2012). According to (Adler et al., 2016), in California, there was a ban on plastic products that were enforced and resulted in a huge reduction in the number of plastics in the city. The government, however, noted that its five-cent tax that was imposed on the purchase of plastic bags resulted in a more than 50 percent reduction in usage of the mentioned plastic bags (Adler et al., 2016). A journal by (Rhodes, 2018) suggested that macro plastics could be subjected to disintegration through fragmentation process and thereafter leading to an increased number of microplastics allowing room for absorption and concentration with the main aim of moving them to tissues of living organisms that consume them, the main focus here being the marine environs (Rhodes, 2018).

In conclusion, plastic pollution is created because today’s generation solely depends on plastic in the production of many products. To curb pollution, these plastic production needs to be curbed and policies implemented on the same. Public awareness plays a crucial role in reducing pollution since most of the people and not aware of the dangers that plastics impose on our planet. Thus, in my opinion, the government should put in place more measures to curb plastic pollution, mainly by enforcing laws that would support this prerogative. Therefore, to guarantee future generations, this topic on plastic pollution should be taken very seriously by each individual who involves stepping up to get rid of plastic pollution once and for all.

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Risk of acquiring Community-Acquired Pneumonia global history essay help

Week 8 Log

The elderly people are at a high risk of acquiring Community-Acquired Pneumonia, which causes pain and suffering, economic strain, and also leads to death. An effective treatment is determined by the risk it has to patients, the time it takes to give positive outcomes, as well as how severe the condition is. Considering the fact that CAP causes a lot of suffering and death among elderly patients, it is essential to use the most effective treatment that reduces suffering and saves the lives of the patients at a cheaper cost. Macrolide and -lactam antibiotics have been used for many years, but it is not very useful as it has a high risk of resistance. Further, it only treats CAP resulting from Streptococcus Pneumoniae. On the other hand, respiratory fluoroquionolones are more effective, have less resistance rate, and treats CAP resulting from Chlamydia Pneumoniae and Mycoplasma Pneumoniae. The presentation on the significance of adapting respiratory fluoroquionolones in treating CAP among the elderly patients was effective, with members embracing the idea. During the presentation, various methods were used, such as PowerPoint slides and charts. Staff members, including the leadership, agreed with the results of the study, and it will be essential for the clinic to develop its protocol for CAP treatment.

The presentation started and ended well, with members of the staff attentive from the begging to the end. It was interesting to present results proving that respiratory fluoroquionolones could work better than -lactam and macrolide antibiotics (Vardakas, Trigkidis & Falagas, 2017). The members listened keenly and took notes. It was a successful discussion where members interacted professionally. Nyumba, et al. (2018) argues that a discussion is productive of only members agree to exchange ideas. Members can only learn through a healthy interaction (Nyumba, et al., 2018). During the presentation, professionals shared their experience on the topic. The discussion was healthy, and members exchanged questions and answers. By the need of the presentation, members agreed that the results were scientific, and embraced the conclusions of the study. The reception of the information was encouraging. Members shared their frustrations in the -lactam antibiotics. They pointed out that most of the elderly people are dying because the treatment is not effective. They also added that the suffering was unwarranted. Therefore, they received the information wholeheartedly. They showed interest in the research, and look forward to the implementation of the suggested treatment.

Presentation and interpretation of data enhanced the positive reception of the information. Rahi (2017) argues that the design of presenting study results determines whether the intended audience will absorb the data or not. If the presenter reports the data properly, the audience comprehends the conclusions of the study (Rahi, 2017). After collecting and analyzing data, the researcher presented the results using narrations, charts and graphs. The narrations included conclusions from the study. The presenter gave relevant examples to make the audience understand the topic. The charts made the quantitative data easy to interpret. The audience could see the comparisons of respiratory fluoroquionolones and macrolide antibiotics through the charts and delude conclusions. The presentation was done using PowerPoint slides. The presenter explained the points in each slide clearly before moving to the next one. Ultimately, the audience agreed that the use of respiratory fluoroquionolones was more effective than the macrolide and -lactam antibiotics in treating CAP.

In conclusion, CAP causes a lot of suffering both in economically and in terms of pain and sometimes the patient dies. Macrolide antibiotics and -lactam are the main treatments used to treat CAP among the elderly patients. They have not been effective as compared to respiratory fluoroquionolones. A presentation on the effectiveness of respiratory fluoroquionolones was successful, and members of the staff positively received the information. Through the use of PowerPoint slides and charts during the presentation, the audience understood the results of the study. Hopefully, the clinic will develop its protocol for CAP treatment.

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designs and styles that attract multiple enthusiasts history assignment help australia: history assignment help australia

McQueen produces exceptional designs and styles that attract multiple enthusiasts. The grotesque, violet, and darkly romantic elements and qualities of the cloths attract numerous audience (Beschieri 1). The designer produces exceptionally streamlined and angular suits to the audience. The slim outfits, such as hourglass-shaped women designs or dresses, promote his intention of enhancing respect for women. Multiple American singers wear McQueen’s clothes. His attempt to promote respect for women entails the production of the affordable ready-to-wear clothing line. The affordability of the clothing line enables the majority of women to access favorable cloths. Consequently, the designer employs unconventional designs to produce elegant clothes for both men and women.

The designer uses nature to develop an active clothing line for men and women. To multiple artists, McQueen acquires the beauty of his clothing design from the grotesque (Wilson 42). The designer produces attractive clothes or dresses that demonstrate women’s aesthetic value. I hold the opinion that McQueen achieves his intension of promoting respect for women using his exceptional designs and styles of the clothing line.

McQueen uses unique designing approaches to create repulsive amazement on the audience using attractive visions or colors and grotesque. The design and style promote the sensuality and strength of women. The exhibition of McQueen’s clothing line demonstrates the celebration of women or female empowerment. The designer uses multiple female celebrities to promote his products. Engagement of females in product promotion assists in enhancing women empowerment. For instance, McQueen designed a leather armory jacket and shearling overcoats with substantial bikers’ details. The design and styles demonstrate the feminine nature of the McQueen (Dacre 1). The cloths produced from the designs and styles of Alexander McQueen exhibit gentleness and a powerful sense of shape or silhouette with dense connecting belts that accentuate around the waistline of women. Consequently, the designs and styles of Alexander McQueen’s work demonstrate his nature for promoting feminism and the empowerment of women in society.

Alexander McQueen had a talent for creating drama and designed a provocative fashion exhibition that stunned the audience. Alexander McQueen organized an exhibition in 1995 to display his fashion collection, which featured or demonstrated “highland rape.” The show caused allegation of misogyny for the illustration of blood-splattered (Bolton and Alexander 27). The designer used a model wearing tartan-patterned clothing with torn lace and ripped bodices. The exhibition illustrated the brutality that exists in society.

Designers Koji Tatsuno and Romeo Gigli employed Alexander McQueen in London and Italy, respectively. He enrolled for fashion and design at Central Saint Martin’s College from 1990 to 19992 (The editors of encyclopedia Britannica 1). While at the college, he organized a fashion exhibition for his master’s thesis. Alexander McQueen designed a pair of trousers in attempts to redefine the conventional censor of garments in 1992. The “bumster” trousers and pants censor revealed the reverse cleavage leading to the instantaneous media recognition of Alexander McQueen. He received the award for the best designer of the year in 1996 and gained leadership of Givenchy as the head designer.

After the controversy concerning his 1995 exhibition, which highlighted the “Highland Rape,” the subsequent presentation of the designer, Alexander McQueen encompasses robotic spray-paint distributors or dispensers, Kate Moss hologram, and human chase game. Alexander McQueen serves as the director of the “Alarm Call” film of 1997 for the Icelandic musician, Bjork. He designed the kimono attires for the musician’s homogenic album of 1997. Alexander McQueen established his first boutique in 1999.

 

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Analyze the complex ways in which women, men, and children produced history assignment help book

Introduction

This paper aims to analyze the complex ways in which women, men, and children produced and traded in a wide range of agricultural and manufactured products in the 19th century.

The early man faced many challenges in adapting to the dynamic environment—the factors comprised of rising population and demand for food. Approximately 3-6 million years ago, humans began pastoralism and agriculture. However, they had to use sophisticated tools such as rocks and sticks, to make work easier. Later on, metal technology was discovered, enhancing the process of producing ad manufacture. The environment was so hostile for farming due to hard rocks and terrains. Most pastoral communities migrated to the high terrains while agriculturalists settled on grounds.

Industrial revolution and innovation are critical in facilitating the growth of agricultural activities in ancient periods. There was a vast number of predictors and pests that decreased the yield relative to the effort employed. In support of John Lliffe’s view, the African land had an enormous amount of pests and diseases that affected crop production. The introduction of pesticide manufactures and better machinery enhanced the control of pests. However, the chemicals were hazardous to human beings and the environment. Adverse effects were witnessed in the soil fertility, which declined tremendously. It resulted in rising of biological methods of pest control such as pest-resistant plants.

As the people demanded more production, so was the increase in chemical control and fertilizer usage. It resulted in a decline in the total output and quality of the crops in production. It later affected trade people who had established thriving businesses for exchange in farm products. At this point, the agricultural research introduced more agricultural means of increasing farm productivity and improving soil fertility. Therefore, man has developed techniques continuously to resolve challenges concerning production capacity and more natural farming.

Language barrier

The language barrier was a massive distractor of trade activities. During the period, people had to travel to different regions to exchange goods and products. However, the negotiation was a challenge due to the lack of mediating tools and common language (John, 2010). Education enhanced trading activities since many people learned a common language such as English and French. Batter trade facilitated the natural flow of events amidst failure to communicate. They used gestures such as pointing at the product and then exchanging the goods peacefully.

The trade activities were carried out through interactions as well as the sharing of cultural events. For instance, a particular tribe practiced fishing, while others were pastoralists. Therefore, the fishers had the privilege to practice milking and to eat meat. To enhance cooperation and understanding, the specialists in trade presented themselves in the language of decency as described by Browne (1799) . They created mutual friendship by showing signs and gestures of no harm and threats. The hosts created friendly truce with the visitors, enhancing future trade activities. The traders borrowed vast ideas as they traveled, such as new methods of cultivating and planting.

War and conflicts

Increased incidences of the war characterized the early 19th century. There was a considerable number of tribal crushes and cold war as people traveled from regions to regions. Most people fought for land to increase their agricultural production. In the early 1914 world war, I began causing massive disruption to the healthy livelihoods of Africans. The best men were transported to war zones reducing the labor necessary to work on the farms. It resulted in the loss of breadwinners and a decline in population. Therefore, the production capacity and agricultural practices fizzled quickly.

The war, conflicts, and insecurities stagnated trade operations and societal interactions. Park (1799), decribes the sultan war with the Uferper of Kordofan. Approximately three thousand men were involved in the fight resulting in the massive number of deaths. Unfortunately, the people involved were the local farmers who majored in agricultural production. It led to a decline in population and production capacity. Peace enforcement agencies and community leaders settled the conflicts. Therefore, farming activities and trade resumed when the war activities seized utterly.

Climate and harsh conditions

Most of the African continent comprises of semi-arid areas, deserts, and extreme rain forests. Mostly, the long-distance traders traveled through the deserts into Europe to source for products for trade. They also exchanged valuable commodities with the Europeans. However, these climates were harsh, causing distraction in trade activities. The formation of dunes and excessive wind led to the death of many traders during transportation. Some of the areas were comprised of mountains and hills, resulting from delaying and ambiguity in navigation. The ancient people discovered means of transport such as donkeys, camel, and caravans that helped them close the deserts.

The harsh climate conditions challenged farmers who intended to plant crops and increase production. They incurred huge losses when dry seasons settled in and also floods due to heavy rainfall. Man discovered techniques to monitor the seasons as well as weather patterns enhancing them to plant in favorable times. More so, they invented tools to farm during oppressive climates such as jambs and tractors.

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