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The Developing Nations For Competition With The Communist Soviet Union History Assignment Help In Uk

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Ways of improving the interviewee’s self-esteem while around interviewers ap art history homework help: ap art history homework help

Practicing for an interview before the actual date is essential since it helps the interviewee identify areas that need improvement and seek an outside opinion. I have excellent non-verbal communication skills, which can boost my confidence level during interviews. I communicate well through body language and maintain eye contact, especially when addressing strangers. The expertise can aid in improving the interviewee’s self-esteem while around interviewers.

Besides, it can ensure that applicants listen to the questions more attentively and with open and positive expression. It also assists in spreading the attention and eye contact to every examiner in the panel, thereby allowing one to convince all interviewers that he or she is the ideal candidate for the job (Farmeary, 2016). The expertise also aids in building rapport, especially when explaining essential points that require sincere responses.

Unfortunately, I am usually nervous when around more than three interviewers in the panel. Every answer can have different views from every examiner; hence, I fear that someone on the board might twist my responses and ask more contradictory questions. In such a scenario, one mistake can negatively affect my overall performance (Gustafson, 2017). Moreover, many assessors ask more questions, thereby reducing the chances of getting correct responses. Therefore, many interviewers pose enormous pressure, which requires more preparation.

I will continue practicing with my friends through role-playing to overcome anxiety when facing more than three examiners. The strategy can aid in generating a consistent message, thus avoiding contradictory answers. The technique can also assist in improving self-confidence since it enables candidates to familiarize themselves with the most likely questions, both general and technical. Besides, rehearsing helps in finding ways to maneuver when many examiners pile pressure on a candidate (Farmeary, 2016). Evidently, practicing with my friends can improve my interview skills and advance my career.

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How to Practicing for an interview before the actual date history assignment help company

Practicing for an interview before the actual date is essential since it helps the interviewee identify areas that need improvement and seek an outside opinion. I have excellent non-verbal communication skills, which can boost my confidence level during interviews. I communicate well through body language and maintain eye contact, especially when addressing strangers. The expertise can aid in improving the interviewee’s self-esteem while around interviewers.

Besides, it can ensure that applicants listen to the questions more attentively and with open and positive expression. It also assists in spreading the attention and eye contact to every examiner in the panel, thereby allowing one to convince all interviewers that he or she is the ideal candidate for the job (Farmeary, 2016). The expertise also aids in building rapport, especially when explaining essential points that require sincere responses.

Unfortunately, I am usually nervous when around more than three interviewers in the panel. Every answer can have different views from every examiner; hence, I fear that someone on the board might twist my responses and ask more contradictory questions. In such a scenario, one mistake can negatively affect my overall performance (Gustafson, 2017). Moreover, many assessors ask more questions, thereby reducing the chances of getting correct responses. Therefore, many interviewers pose enormous pressure, which requires more preparation.

I will continue practicing with my friends through role-playing to overcome anxiety when facing more than three examiners. The strategy can aid in generating a consistent message, thus avoiding contradictory answers. The technique can also assist in improving self-confidence since it enables candidates to familiarize themselves with the most likely questions, both general and technical. Besides, rehearsing helps in finding ways to maneuver when many examiners pile pressure on a candidate (Farmeary, 2016). Evidently, practicing with my friends can improve my interview skills and advance my career.

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The methods for changing behavior history assignment help and resources: history assignment help and resources

The methods for changing behavior vary in accordance with a different set of events or parameters that may be or visible or non-visible in someone’s character. The different behaviors that are visible in people influence different things, such as their health. The methods of behavior change may be aimed at various groups according to the type of change and its overall nature. These groups may include societies, organizations, individuals, or specific populations with varying influences on the behavior, including capability, environment, and motivation. With these implications, this paper will discuss the three methods considered as the basics of learning a new behavior or changing existing ones, including learning by observation, classical conditioning, and operant condition.

 

Classical Conditioning

Classical conditioning was discovered by Ivan Pavlov, who was a Russian psychologist. This type of learning is a kind that has a significant impact on the psychological school of thought that has been for long-termed as behaviorism. As known, this is a learning process that takes place through an association that occurs between an environmental stimulus accompanied by a naturally occurring stimulus. As a branch of behavioral psychology, classical conditioning has three phases that give an elaborate description of its purpose. An instance of classical conditioning is conditioning fear response in a victim. For example, a child who would see a white rat that is harmless; the child would later cry after the rat is paired with scary and annoying sounds the child would cry. Moreover, the child would promptly fear white fuzzy objects.

 

Operant Conditioning

This type is, in some cases, termed to as instrumental conditioning. This type of learning occurs by giving punishments and rewards according to the outcomes or performance of the learning. With these implications, it is evident that this type of learning brings a relationship that occurs between the consequence of the behavior and the behavior themselves. A good example is when a dog bites a green ball and receives a treat, but when the dog bites a red ball, he gets slightly shocked. This psychological build-up will cause the dog to be cautious and know that the red ball should not be bitten since it would receive a punishment. This is a typical example where the subject is awarded for every move that it takes per the rules and parameters set by the person or group of people evaluating and monitoring every progress of the test subject.

 

Observational Learning

From its name, observational learning involves the activities where individuals grasp the knowledge that is being passed on to them through watching, recording, and later imitating what the mind captured. Contrary to classical and operant conditioning that argue that learning is done through direct experience, observational learning emphasizes indirect learning by watching others either learn or do something that they are already experienced. From the knowledge of various scholars, in some occurrences, observational learning is viewed as modeling, shaping, and reinforcement that is vicarious. Although it takes place in many points of a person’s life, it mostly occurs when someone is still young. For example, when a child sees other people clapping, the child will observe and record these events than later imitating them.

 

These three methods of changing behavior are generally done with or without notice, depending on the occurrence and context of the skill or knowledge being acquired by the individual. New behavior adaption or current behavior change is influenced by many things, which may either bring a positive or negative impact on the person undergoing the learning process. By and large, the basis of the learning comes from the person’s behavior, motives, characteristics, and attitude towards and skill or knowledge being acquired.

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The perception of the minority youths in high school history assignment help in canada

 

The perception of the minority youths in high school towards the police has attracted a lot of attention among the researchers and policymakers. Most of them have stressed on the need to improve the perception of the minority youths towards the police since it would lead to greater compliance with the law and more cooperation. According to Peck (2015), minority youths have a negative perception of the police compared to the white-youths. The study purposes on identifying the perception and attitude towards the police through conducting a review of literature from empirical studies across various ethnic and racial groups. The overall research showed that minority youths and especially the Black Americans, hold a negative perception towards the police in comparison to the white youths. The study mentions various factors which may influence the perception to compose of racial profiling and public satisfaction on the police conduct. However, Wu (2014) extends the research by including the Hispanic and Asians in dominant Black-White paradigm on public perception’s assessments towards the police. However, the study goes further to mention that the public perception is not only influenced by the treatment and racial profiling by the police but also on employment and education attainment. Hence, as a result of historical equitable treatment by the police, employment, racial profiling, public satisfaction and education attainment, the relationship between them have been affected leading to negative perception.

Patton, Leonard, Cahill, Macbeth, Crosby, & Brunton, (2016) also collaborated with Wu and Peck on youth perception towards the police. The study reports the negative perception of the Black American youths on the police. The study reveals an adversarial and hostile relationship between the police and the youths which have been persistently pervasive over years the study was conduct after a twitter tension between the police and an angry gang-involve youth. Some of the key factors which are related to the tension compose of cultural, racial and ethnic differences, lack of trust, fear, anger and hostility from racialized policing and surveillance which may have significantly shaped the Black American youth’s perception.

Direct and indirect contact with the police is also linked to the Black American youth perception. Heckin (2019) highlights some factors which predict the behaviour and attitude towards the police which include race, neighborhood context, experiencing procedural justice and offender status. Research also explores how the direct and indirect experiences with the police shape the perception. The findings show that direct experiences with the police especially on early adolescence shape the youth’s perception towards the police. Participants who live in disadvantaged neighborhood have a negative perception compared to those in advantaged areas. The study also reports that perception is also connected to the procedural justice and legitimacy since the youths mostly link the same to the decision-making authority. This is supported by Patton, et al., (2016) that direct contact with the police have a significant effect on the Black American youths’ perceptions on the police legitimacy and judicial system.

According to Patton, et al., (2016), Black youths have little positive contact with the police and the few cases are only when they are involved in criminalization and harsh profiling. The researcher leverages the policing literature in determining how the police and the urban youths express their dissatisfaction especially in the digital and physical contexts. Lurigio, Greenleaf, & Flexon (2009) reports that the urban youths usually use twitter in expressing their dissatisfaction especially the those who are involved in gang activities. Some of the key expression by the young people in the study is chronic anger and grief after the southside Chicago police shooting of the gang member. Most of the participants expressed their urge to violently retaliate against the police due to the shootings especially on the Chicago police department. The study revealed that most of the twit the #CPDK which meant that the Chicago police department killer after the police shooting was a clear indication of how the minority youths feel about the police. The study reveals the implication of using twitter data in informing policing practice, prevention strategies and intervention in an urban setting.

Lee, Steinberg, Piquero & Knight (2011), also extends the literature by assessing the literature and reports on the negative perception of the Black American youths towards the police which have significant effects. However, the study goes further to show the effect of the negative perception on the ethnic identify development. The study reports that youths who have a negative perception of the police legitimacy are not likely to comply with the law and they are more involved in non-delinquent behaviors increasing their representation in the juvenile judicial system. The findings are based on an analysis of 561 Black youths that are aged 14-18 years and who are adjudicated for serious misdemeanor or felony are recruited in the study. The findings were in line with Peck’s study that minority youths have negative perception towards the police. However, the findings go further to show that the perception is related to ethnic identity exploration. Thus, positive perception on the police legitimacy is connected to the belief of compliance with the law in the future.

Additional research exists on the negative perception the minority youths have towards the police. The research supports previous study done by Brunson (2007). The research entailed an assessment of 40 Africa-American’s young men vicarious and direct experiences with the police. Most of the participants reported that the police do not like them and they are treated violently and harassed by the police which lead to their negative perception towards them. The study had a significant implication on the oversight policies of the police. The study recommends the need to have complaint review process focused on developing a positive perception and confidence towards the police. This ensures that the police imaging is improved especially among the minority communities which may significantly improve the satisfaction and the trust with the police. This is supported by Van (2013) who stresses on the need for the police to improve their imaging in order for the minority communities to perceive them positively. The study is usually supported by procedural justice-based model, performance theory and social capital theory in explaining the minority youth perception and trust towards the police. The study reports that police treatment police imaging in the public which enhances trust and positive perception from the minority community youths.

The use of social control element in fighting crime is a key way proposed in improving the Black American youth perception towards the police. Brunson, Braga, Hureau, & Pegram, (2015) assesses how the youths in the Black American communities perceive about the police and their partnership with the police. An examination of the involvement of activist Black clergy in the reduction of local youth violence is done as well as police-minority community relations improvement in Massachusetts in Boston. The research finding highlights some of the key roles that the police department play in the Black American communities in curbing criminal behaviors. The research recommends the need to enhance police legitimacy, and adopt social control element which are informal in nature in preventing youth violence in the minority communities. Wu, Lake, & Cao, (2015) defined social control as the actions which have been organizing in changing behaviour. The purpose of social control elements is to ensure that social order is maintained in the community through the contribution of all stakeholder while the public perceive the police efforts positively. Auctions are the key social control element that is more likely to be adopted by the police department which entail governing the community through other members of the society through various guidelines. Social control elements are key in ensuring that the community and the police departments are working together to curb crime, enhance the relationship and to improve the youth perception towards the police.

Racial profiling in the judicial system justice is also vital in shaping the minority youth perception towards the police. Johnson, Wilson, Maguire, & Lowrey-Kinberg (2017), assess the impact of procedural just manner on the perception of the police. The study is based on the procedural justice theory which states that people will view legal institution and law as legitimate and they are more likely to comply and cooperate with these agents and institution when they are treated in a just manner. Johnson et at., (2017) reports that influence of race on the perception of the police have been reviewed over years due to the deadly force incidents involving the Black suspects and white officers. The study reported that procedural justice was larger in cases where the police and the minority youth are from the same ethnic group. Dawson-Edwards, Tewksbury, & Nelson, (2020) asserts that perception on the police by the minority contact may be influenced by the justice in the juvenile judicial system. Youths who feel that they are unequally treated by the juvenile justice system are likely to have a negative perception.

The negative perception towards the police may significantly affect the commitment to obey the law. Hockin (2019) goes further to assesses the youth perception towards the police legitimacy and the effect of the same on the compliance with the law. The study recognizes that the interaction between the police and the minority youths have become highly publicized after increased police-involved shootings. The negative perception towards the police affect the youth’s ability to comply with the law.

Focused on improving the youth perception towards the police in the minority communities, various intervention has been proposed on addressing the issue. Brunson (2015) reviewed various ways that have been used in strengthening the police-youths’ relations in the minority community. The research recognizes the Boston operation ceasefire as one of the key strategies in violence reduction in the minority community areas. A crime analysis was done and revealed the key reason behind homicide crimes in Boston is gang related aspects. Some of the key interventions which have been adopted after the research in reducing the crime rate and enhancing a positive perception towards the police is communication incentives and disincentives. The intervention entailed holding the community gangs accountable if one of them was involved in crime. The deterrence strategy focused on influencing the community positively through pushing them to access housing, education, employment opportunities, etc. The focused deterrence strategy purpose was to enhance the police-community relations through ensuring the communities are in access of social services and sufficient resources. However, the study also stresses non the need of additional law enforcement, resources and social services in ensuring that police-community relations become better. However, the focused deterrence intervention addresses some challenges such as lack of randomized procedure to achieve effectiveness. There is a lot of causal mechanism which the intervention has not addressed, hence, causing a lot of contradictions. Hence, the intervention was not effective in enhancing positive perception towards the police from the minority youths.

Community policing have also been a key intervention method in enhancing positive perception towards the police among the Black American youths. Rukus Warner, & Zhang, (2018) assessed the effectiveness of community policing in enhancing the perception of the youths towards the police in the disadvantaged communities. The research reported no effect of community policing on the perception of the youths on safety and on the police legitimacy. Only youth services were related to community policing in rural and suburban settings. On the other hand, collective efficacy is associated with community participation, positive perception of police legitimacy and low crime communities. Hence, the result in the study raise the question on a better link between community policing and collective efficacy in high crime communities, especially in the rural and suburban settings. However, according to Giwa (2018), despite lack of empirical evidence on the community policing effectiveness, it remains as the best strategy in enhancing minority youth perception towards the police and managing crime complexity. Giwa (2018) emphasizes on the need of empowering the police social workers who are highly overlooked in community policing and also the need for multidisciplinary perspective in policing.

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