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The Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research

Stem cell research is one of the most fascinating discoveries of today’s science. Stem cells are cells that are found in all multi-cellular organisms. There are two types of stem cells: the embryonic stem cell, which is found in an embryo, and the adult stem cell, which is found in adult tissues. They have the ability to divide themselves into other specialized cell types which will grow to become the human body parts such as the circulatory system, the nervous system and the immune system. While legal, “several lawsuits have been filed relating to stem cell research issues. In March 2013, a lawsuit was filed in federal court to stop federal funding of human embryonic stem cell research and to overturn the NIH guidelines” (Duffy). Moreover, President Obama allows federal funds to support research on human embryonic stem cells, but they have been limited to 641 existing stem cell lines from people who decided to donate and from created embryos, only for reproductive purposes, and without any financial inducements to the donors (Duffy). Therefore, there will not be any federal funds for the use of stem cell lines from newly destroyed embryos, the creation of any human embryos for research purposes nor cloning of human embryos (Duffy). However, stem cell research has the possibility to treat diseases, and possibly has many other uses that science has not yet found. Stem cell research can change the world massively because stem cells have the potential to produce treatments to save many lives, it can give us a lot of knowledge in the areas of health, and it will improve the quality of life of people who have debilitating diseases; therefore stem cell research should be federally funded.

In the medical field, scientists have spent yea…

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…ay 2007): 3-7.
Alt Health Watch. Tufts University Health

Essay on Internet Privacy – Carnivore May Threaten Privacy

Carnivore May Threaten Internet Privacy

Abstract: In 1999 the FBI launched a new tool, Carnivore, to help it conduct Internet surveillance on criminal suspects. The systems, which are installed directly on Internet Service Providers’ networks, process and filter all data communication passing through. This is alarming privacy advocates.

The FBI now has the ability to monitor email through a network snooping scheme known as “Carnivore”i. Carnivore may be used as a surveillance mechanism in investigations by intercepting packets of data sent over the Internet. These data packets include private email sent back and forth between unsuspecting criminals, but may also include the regular law abiding citizen. Privacy advocates have not hesitated to publicly express their fear that Carnivore will give the FBI unlimited, unrestricted access to everyone’s emailii. As we speak, Internet wiretapping is unchecked by the law, as it is not prohibited or allowed specifically.

Carnivore functions as an Internet wiretap, typically installed directly on the networks of Internet providers. The system was dubbed Carnivore for its ability to get to “the meat” of what would otherwise be an enormous quantity of data. Like previous wiretap methods, it intercepts all digital communications and records sent to or from the target of an investigation. Carnivore’s specialty is that it can filter out irrelevant data such as online banking and web surfing, leaving only specific kinds of communications like e-mails. Furthermore, Carnivore only scans the identifying addresses in the ‘to’ and ‘from’ fields, not the entire content of electronics messages. The FBI likens it to looking at the front of an envelope.


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…politics/0,1283,37470,00.html 3:00 a.m. Jul. 12, 2000 PDT

vii “ACLU Needs ‘Carnivore’ Fix” by Chris Oakes Hotwired Magazine,1283,37470,00.html 3:00 a.m. Jul. 12, 2000 PDT

viii “ACLU Needs ‘Carnivore’ Fix” by Chris Oakes Hotwired Magazine,1283,37470,00.html 3:00 a.m. Jul. 12, 2000 PDT

ix “Telecoms miffed at FBI Meddling” by Declan McCullogh Hotwired Magazine,1283,37448,00.html 3:00 a.m. Jul. 8, 2000 PDT

x “ACLU Needs ‘Carnivore’ Fix” by Chris Oakes Hotwired Magazine,1283,37470,00.html 3:00 a.m. Jul. 12, 2000 PDT

xi “FBI system covertly searches e-mail” By Neil King Jr. and Ted Bridis, WSJ Interactive Edition. July 11, 2000 6:01 AM PT

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