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American Civil War

The civil war in America happened in the 18th century as the Southern states withdrew from the United States. Historians have looked upon the main causes of this war and the most probable reasons they get were due to slavery and racism that existed between the blacks and the whites. These were political and social issues where there was even a clause in the constitution that encouraged more slavery and racism (Hutchison and Coleman p. 98). In this paper, critical issues that were the main cause of the war will be looked upon such as the political aspect where slavery was encouraged and the social aspect where racism towards the black was at the highest level.

The political aspect of slavery is seen as being the main cause of the civil war. This was greatly supported by the constitution of 1787. For example, the three-fifth clause in the constitution gave the Southern states extra members of the house representatives based on the number of slaves they had in each state. This shows that without the slaves there would be no consent between the members. This is evident as the proslavery legislation of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and Slave Law of 1850 could never have passed if the slavery was discouraged. Thus this took the civil war to stop slavery and come up with a constitutional law that supported equality with no slavery (Doyle and Don p. 86).

The other cause of the civil war was racism on African-Americans. This is evident where before the war, blacks could not be members of the state military, denied passports from the state department and had no right to use to post office. As the war started, the African-Americans were denied all the constitutional rights and this led to them fighting for their rights to have equality in the state. This war was seen to yield greatness as it broke the racism and ethnicity taboos and blacks started been recruited in the army and working as officers in the government. This contributed to the change in the constitution that addressed the issue of racism and ethnicity enhancing equality (Dew and Charles p. 113).

The civil war is seen to have altered how the Americans perceived each other and there a change in government. This is evident as the slavery clause was removed and the racism issue was addressed enhancing equality of rights to everyone. Probably, the civil war was important as it resulted in a better revolution change in the culture of Americans.


Works Cited

Doyle, Don H. The cause of all nations: An international history of the American civil war. Basic Books, 2014.

Dew, Charles B. Apostles of disunion: Southern secession commissioners and the causes of the Civil War. University of Virginia Press, 2017.

Hutchison, Coleman, ed. A History of American Civil War Literature. Cambridge University Press, 2015.

Social Oppression of Women and other Minority Groups. history assignment writing help: history assignment writing help


Social Oppression of Women and other Minority Groups.





This research shows that women and other minority groups’ journey to acquire freedom or equality is far from over. Most people within these categories have had to adapt to these challenges and develop a thick skin to survive within social institutions. The research has noted that people are falling in these categories are not sitting waiting for things to be fair, but through bad experiences that they have had, to adapt to the life, they are subjected to and crawl their way up. The researcher thinks that American society is phrased in an American male version. This, therefore, means that anyone who is not in that category will have to face difficulties and oppression as they are subjected to live according to societal expectations. The writer then focuses on the life of a black woman and the oppression they face in society.

The theorist speaks of how oppression has brought together U.S black women to form organization networks that form a collective body of wisdom. The presence of this body goes against the theory of oppressed groups in two ways. The first way is that oppressed persons have no independent interpretation and tend to identify themselves with the powerful. The other way is the assumption that oppressed persons are less human than the privileged, and thus, they have less capability of interpreting their own experiences. It is fulfilling to see that those oppressed by society have stopped playing by the book. And they are going against all odds to find power and strengthen each other. Through such moves, the oppressed persons are rising, having a familiar voice, and thus they can easily fight for their rights.

In the two statements, the social theorist says they have seen these assumptions to be wrong. It is an indication that society does not have people all figured out. There is a high chance that the people are wrong about these minority groups, which gives hope of change and capability in the future. Also, the formation of a group that the oppressed persons can identify to gives people the power. This familiar voice can be heard by the others and also have political power over others.

In society today, these faults highlighted by the theorists are visible. Many women have come together to form organizations that strengthen them. The organizations give them a strong voice to speak against discrimination and oppression and demand their rightful place in society just like everyone else. This case supports the first claim of women being attached to their oppressors as false. Women have become powerful and are slowly taking over the world in businesses, leadership, and many other areas. This fact supports the theorist claim that the idea of the oppressed being less human and unable to interpret their own experiences as a false.

The reading has changed my perspective towards societal treatment and injustice. The issues of oppression against minority are not new, but society viewing everyone as an American Male is a new concept. It has also made me understand that the idea of freedom and equality will never be achieved until we all understand our differences and embrace them since they strengthen us. The reading has also opened my eyes to social injustices and how differences between us as people have made it impossible to accomplish equality and oppress some and give others social privileges. Therefore, it is essential to watch how we treat others and how our actions affect them.

The reading has opened my mind to the view of differences in society. Sometimes most of these issues go unnoticed as long as they do not affect you directly. The theory of social diversity has enhanced my understanding of diversity in society. Now I know how I should handle differences between me and others and understand the importance of seeing past the differences between us and see what we can accomplish together. The reading also created the idea that times have changed and our behaviour regarding oppression and favouritism. We may not understand diversity and how different we are from each other, but our strength. It is used correctly.

An Industry Analysis for Saudi Gulf Airlines do my history homework


An Industry Analysis for Saudi Gulf Airlines

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Introduction to Saudi Gulf Airlines

Established in 2013 with the commencement of operations in 2016, Saudi Gulf Airlines is ranked as the third airline in Saudi Arabia. The Airline is operated and owned by the private investment consortium; Abdel Hadi Abdullah Al-Qahtani & Sons Group of Companies. Saudi Gulf Airlines is one of the competitive brands in the Saudi Airline Industry. The Saudi Gulf Airline’s major competitors in the Saudi Airline Industry include; Nesma Airlines, Saudia, and Flynas.

Operating both domestic flights and international flights, Saudi Gulf Airlines serves eleven destinations in its International flights. The Airline operates a fleet of A320s. This analysis undertakes to establish the performance and competitiveness of Saudi Gulf Airlines in the Saudi Arabian Airline industry.

 (i) Porter’s Five Forces for Saudi Gulf Airlines (Graphical Representation)

Porter’s Five Forces analysis outcomes for Saudi Gulf Airlines

(a) Threat of New Entrants; The Saudi Arabian Airline Industry, like many other airline industries across the world, has a mixture of factors that will influence the decision by new airlines to venture into the industry or not. The entry of new airlines is a highly regulated aspect that requires the new firms to comply with the various aviation regulations (Grant, 2020).

The huge costs involved in investing and making entry into the airline business coupled with low switching costs that the established firms such as Saudi Gulf Airlines have in the industry. Based on the existing barriers for entry by new firms to pose more competition, there is less threat for the competition from news entrance; therefore, Saudi Gulf Airlines will focus less on overcoming competition only among the existing Airlines.  Based on the reduced competition, the firm will not spend much on marketing campaigns, thus saving the marketing expenses (Grant, 2020).

Boeing and Airbus for its aircraft majorly supplies (b) Suppliers power; Saudi Gulf Airlines while other suppliers supply ground support equipment and aviation fuel. Because of the existing long term contracts on the financing of the aircraft, especially with Airbus, the company’s major suppliers tend to have higher bargaining power in the company; therefore, switching most of the suppliers will be a higher risk for the company as occasioned by the high switching costs and the company’s long-standing contracts with Airbus over the supply of most of its aircraft (Grant, 2020).

(c) Threats of Substitutes; Most people in Saudi Arabia prefer taking flights over the other means of transport, even within the domestic market. Therefore there is minimal threat of substitutes. However, with the onset of COVID-19 many corporations and individuals have opted for teleconferencing and virtual meetings, which have greatly reduced flights, especially international flights. The reduced flights have posed the challenge of reduced revenues to the Company and the airline industry worldwide. The reduced travel poses a threat to the company’s profit levels in the long run (Grant, 2020).

(d) The Buyers Power;  being in an industry that is buyer controlled, Saudi Gulf Airlines is affected by numerous factors related to the buyers’ influence. Customer loyalty to different airlines, intense price wars among the existing airlines, the allure brought about by the low-cost carriers such as Flynas and FlyDubai poses a threat to airlines such Saudi Gulf Airlines with buyers mostly switching to the low-cost carriers, coupled with the low switching costs and the ease of switching, the buyers poses a high threat to the company (Grant, 2020).

(e) Competitive Rivalry; there is intense rivalry in the industry as firms are engaged in cut-throat competition because of the high numbers of airlines in the industry. The industry is also facing low activities due to travel restrictions put forward by the authorities in the process of containing the spread of COVID-19. Airlines are thus engaged in product differentiation, which largely involves enhancing the passengers’ amenities at high costs. These factors present in the whole industry have had many negative effects on the Airline (Grant, 2020).

(ii) Analysis and prediction of Saudi Arabian Airline industry profitability

The analysis of Porter’s Five Forces concerning the Saudi Arabia Airline industry concluded that with the existing intense competition among the existing firms, limited entry of new airlines, and the existing travel restrictions to major which have slowed down the operations (Grant, 2020).

The forecast for the industry’s profitability will then be intermediate due to the threat of almost grounded planes due to passengers’ inadequate population for both business travel and personal travel, with most businesses opting for teleconferencing and virtual meeting (Grant, 2020).

Implications for strategy

(i) Strategies for reducing competitive pressure and improve industry profitability.

The intense competitive pressure in the Saudi Arabian airline industry as posed by the various rivalries that each of the competitors are putting forward to be more competitive than the rest of the airlines is causing the industry to be less productive. The adoption of prudent strategic plans will facilitate the industry’s rise in profitability. Two of the most workable strategies for improving the industry’s profitability are; Mergers and Strategic alliance (Grant, 2020)

Mergers refer to the process of amalgamating two independent companies into one company. The process requires the approval of the two distinct companies and that of the countries’ relevant regulatory bodies where the companies are instituted and operating, through the merger process, which, when well managed, will significantly lead to reduced competition among the firms (Grant, 2020).

Through the mergers, the newly formed firm will have many powers in controlling the industry by becoming more competitive. The newly merged firm will have strong bargaining even with the suppliers such as the aircraft suppliers like Boeing and Airbus. Through the merger process, firms will have a tremendous reduction in competition costs, such as on the purchase of new intellectual property, products, or services that may be cheaper than been developed by a single firm. With savings costs on overheads associated with competition, the merged firm will increase its profits and cumulatively to the whole industry in the long run. The industry will also reap from the merged companies’ diversification programs (Grant, 2020).

The second most viable strategy for improving the industry’s profitability is Strategic alliance. A Strategic Alliance refers to a collaborative arrangement between two or more firms to pursue agreed common goals. Through Strategic Alliances, firms retain their independence but jointly undertake common activities, which would have required a lot of competitive engagement by individual firms (Grant, 2020).

Through strategic alliances, firms will have a leapfrog in competition. The alliance of firms will create a formidable for the other competitors. With reduced individuals’ participation in becoming and drawing from the pool of efforts created by the alliance, firms will enjoy great savings on the costs associated with overcoming competition. The cumulative cost-savings on the competition by the individual firms will lead to an overall improvement in the whole industry’s profitability (Grant, 2020).

(ii) Strategies for Saudi Gulf Airlines to improve its competitiveness, position, and earnings.

The company undertakes to get into Strategically Motivated Mergers with either of the airlines in the industry. Forming a horizontal merger with other airlines will enable the company to enhance its economies of scale. The airline will be competently competing and having a strong market presence and recognition.

The company can consider joining a Strategic alliance such as The Star Alliance that has major Airlines onboard, which will enable the company to be well-positioned and enhance its performance, which will eventually lead to the company’s increased profitability.

In the wake of increased low budget airlines in the industry, which has altered the customer loyalty patterns, Saudi Gulf Airlines should remove unprofitable routes, especially the international destinations, and carry out a re-evaluation of its pricing that they conform to the current industry prices. This would enable the company to regain its customers’ loyalty.

Key Success Factors (KSFs) for Saudi Gulf Airlines

(i) Saudi Gulf Airlines’ Customers and their Wants

The Airlines’ main customers are both business people and tourists. The business people are normally those with interest in the oil business industry in the Middle East. The business people are both from within the Middle East and from outside the Middle East. The tourists are also from within the Middle East and outside the Middle East (Grant, 2020; Rivers, 2019).

The Airline’s passengers’ primary needs are to get to their desired destination on time, whether for business, personal, or leisure reasons, without losing their baggage, and at reasonable fares (Grant, 2020; Rivers, 2019).

(ii) How Saudi Gulf Airlines survives Competition

To stay afloat and strategically remain competitive in the market and to meet the varied needs of its customers, the Airline has continuously implemented adaptive strategies. To meet the needs of the kingdom’s more affluent travelers, the Airline has styled its aircraft as a boutique airline to offer the best-in-class service (Rivers, 2019).

To help meet the demand for its services, the Airline company has continuously added fleets of aircraft with high capacity and efficiency. The company’s latest fleet includes three brand new Airbus A320neos in February, March, and June 2020. The fleet expansion is also part of a wider plan of the company of reaching the European Market, which has long been on its wish list (Rivers, 2019).

(iii) How Saudi Gulf Airlines’ KSFs changed over time.

The Dammam-based carrier has over the past last five years since it began operations operated on a transformational plan with a competitive emphasis or strategic posture of positioning itself as the best airline in introducing new changes in line with its vision: “Be a pioneer of change, opening new horizons in the sky” (Rivers, 2019; SaudiGulf, 2021).



Grant, R. (2020). Contemporary strategy analysis (10th ed.). Wiley.

Rivers, M. (2019). SaudiGulf To Grow Fleet, Add Charters Under Transformation Plan. Forbes Magazine;

SaudiGulf. (2021). Vision & Mission. Saudi Gulf Airlines. Retrieved 2 February 2021, from,custommadeproductsandservices.


“A Wall of Fire Rising” by Edwidge Danticat ap world history homework help: ap world history homework help

In the short story “A Wall of Fire Rising” by Edwidge Danticat, the narrator uses the third persona to show and explain a small family’s characters and thoughts in a shantytown in the rural areas of Haiti’s countryside. Guy, a factory worker who cleans bathrooms around the plantation, is married to Lili, a stay-at-home mother, and is the parent to a 7-year-old boy, Little Guy, who goes to school. Apart from academic work, Little guy engages in extra-curricular activities, specifically drama/plays. Thrilled to have been chosen to act a role, he has his lines recited repeatedly to his parents in the evening. Little guy recites a few lines from the play to his parents, which occasionally moves his father to tears.

The story’s setting depicts a poverty-stricken family living in a small cabin, with the father striving to provide the best life for his wife and child. The author describes Lili as ‘squatting in the middle of their one-room house’ while preparing mush and banana leaves for their dinner as Guy walks in through the rattling door of their tiny shack (Danticat 148). Despite difficult living conditions, the family loves spending time together and doing activities as a unit. The family goes to the grass field in the evening to relax and bond. As Little guy plays and runs around the file, Lili and Guy typically prefer to sit down and talk about their life, family, and future. Simultaneously, the family usually goes to the big screen near the sugar mills to watch the evening news every night, maintaining their togetherness as a family.

Guy works for the wealthy Arab family owning the sugar mills and plantation, doing menial jobs. However, he is ashamed of his career and is afraid that he might end up like his father, who struggled throughout his life. “How is a man remembered after he’s gone? I know the answer now. I know because I remember my father, who was a very poor struggling man all his life. I remember him as a man that I would never want to be” (155). Guy is tired of the family’s burden, sacrifices, poverty cycle that never ends and fantasizes about the freedom every time he stares at the hot-air balloon near the sugar mills. Guy pities himself and considers his life as boring with a lack of magnificent changes and excitement. He dreams of letting go of the burdens and sacrifices to live a free life. Guy yearns to leave Lili and little guy and go on his own separate life. The phrase, “It was now easier for him to imagine their son’s lips around those breasts than to imagine his anywhere near them,” implies that Guy is no longer attracted to Lili, lost all the attraction he felt for her, and instead sees her as just the mother of their child (152). It means that there was not much that bonds Guy to his wife, and longed to be free, go to a new land, and start afresh. He vocalizes his fantasies to Lili that he would go away to a new land and build his own house (155).

During the last evening with his family, Guy repeatedly tells Lili that she will take care of Little guy and make a performer out of him. In his statement, he uses ‘you’ instead of ‘we,’ talking about their son’s future (154). In his last evening, Guy shows detachment tendencies, with his grand plan slated for the following day. The conversation he has with his wife foreshadows his intention with the hot air balloon. By not wanting to be like his poor father and vocalizing the fantasy of going away, Lili does not realize Guy’s disappointment of living in poverty and his intention of taking his own life. Lili does not realize Guy’s resolution from the very beginning, of his objective to fly the hot air balloon, to finally go to the ‘new land.’

Assads, the wealthy Family owning the sugar mills, owns the hot air balloon, a symbol of freedom, class, hope, and economic prosperity. Being technology from America, the balloon personifies excess wealth, decadence, and exclusivity that most inhabitants of the shantytown could never hope to have. But for Guy, the hot air balloon represents hope for a bright future, freedom, and abundance, which he frequently fantasizes over. He usually thinks about flying the balloon to a faraway land where he can own a garden and forget about his life’s responsibilities and harsh realities. To him, the hot air balloon is his hope for freedom and a better future. For this reason, at the end of the story, Guy flies the balloon to a high altitude then leaps, dropping to the ground. He jumps to the ground and dies in a pool of blood to escape from his earthly frustrations because perhaps, for him, committing suicide is his only way of achieving freedom.


A Review of the M451I IMI Concept. us history essay help


Review of the M451I IMI

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Success has always been an end goal for all challenges in life. Be it at work or at home; it is important to achieve whatever you anticipated with minimal failure. To achieve success, then a clearer plan must be implemented with a clear guideline on how to achieve the end goal (Vieira & Amaral 2017). In this essay, we seek to analyze the significant events and the commander’s guidance for a military mission with the intent to defeat Donovian forces in Erdabil, Heckzi and Vetlia.

According to the commander’s decisive action plan, his main intent was to defeat the Donovan forces while maintaining communication with the commanding base. The major tactical problem was to cover a distance of one hundred and fifty kilometers in the mountainous while using limited ground lines of communication. The commander’s challenges for the mission came true when his military convoy wasted a lot of time to reach the base when traveling more so at night. Using the mountain terrain to reach the base was a challenge because it was dusty, and drivers were easily disoriented. Moreover, the mountain terrain had many blind spots and had IEDs planted all over. The enemies were able to ambush supply convoys trying to pass through the roads and kill the military using the road. In one instance, an IED bomb exploded, and military cadets were ambushed by the enemy while passing through to access the base, killing a score of them. To overcome this transport means challenge posed by the uneven mountainous terrain, it is highly recommended for the commander to choose the air means as the primary transport means. Helicopters can ferry military personnel to the base without having to go through the IED bombs on the roads. Moreover, using helicopters to deliver supplies and military personnel would have been easier, quicker, and much safer than wading through the mountains, which had IEDs and many blind spots that the enemies used to their advantage.

The second challenge the commander suggested in his action plan was creating a stable communication throughout the mission. This challenge was evident when the primary chosen communication, which was radio communication, became unreliable (Ohm & Schmid 2016). The enemies might have had intelligence on this, and they destroyed communication masts that the military depended on to communicate with each other and to the commanding base. Moreover, the language barrier between the military and the locals was also a big challenge in the mission. To overcome this challenge, the commander needs to amend his communication means to best suit the mission. Because radio waves can be a challenge to use in the mission, the commander must recommend the use of satellite phones to use in the mission.

Moreover, the commander should heavily rely on a local translator or military personnel on the ground and at the base to overcome language barriers on communication cams. The language barrier was evident when enemies ambushed the military during a refugee evacuation mission. An IED exploded, causing confusion between the military on-site the civilians, and yet the enemy was approaching. To make it much worse, the enemies attacked the military convoy while destroying the communication mast, and the military units could not communicate with each other as fast as they could quickly reorganize and tactically combat the enemy. In addition to this, the commander must advise on an effective aerial surveillance system and an effective tracking and firing system. To attain this precision in selecting an aerial surveillance system, a prior reconnaissance test and research must be done before it is allowed into the field. The surveillance system used had no prior testing on that mission, and it provided the wrong data.

In conclusion, every mission’s success is as highly dependent on extensive research and planning. Research and planning guides the persons in the field to easily adapt and execute the mission expected guidelines.



Ohm, M., Wild, T., & Schmidt, M. (2016). U.S. Patent No. 9,350,442. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Vieira, L. C., & Amaral, F. G. (2017). Barriers and critical sucess factors applying cleaner production: a survey with Brazilian specialists. Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management [recurso eletrônico]. Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Vol. 14, no. 4 (Dec. 2017), p. 603-611.