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The Access For Delivering Healthcare In America African History Assignment Help

 

Access for Delivering Healthcare in America

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Chapter 11: Mental Health

Effects of the Barriers to Mental Health Access on the U.S Society

The absence of treatment options for the various individuals suffering from an array of mental health issues within the country increases their symptoms and the frequency of occurrences of such symptoms. Consequently, the condition worsens for the patient and increases the impact of the symptom on society. Suicide, for instance, is among the top ten causes of death in the country. However, it is a situation that manifests as a culmination of various mental health issues such as depression, personality disorders, and developmental retardation. Apart from suicide, difficulty in accessing treatment for mentally ill individuals also increases the risk of cancer and disability among patients. As a general consequence to society, enhancement of symptoms as per description increases Americans’ mortality rate, the financial burden occasioned by disability burgeons, and the country experiences a surge in healthcare expenditure from the increased requirement for cancer treatment (Shi, & Singh, 2014).

Presence of a More Vulnerable Population

Statistics available from various official sources indicate that children in the United States are more likely to suffer from mental illnesses than adults. The prevalence of mental health illnesses among children currently stands at one in every five-resulting in a percentage prevalence rate of 20. The data though alarming is understandable given the vulnerabilities that children (anyone under the age of 18) possess; unlike adults who’ve mental maturity and expanded brain capacities to handle various shocks and traumatic occurrences, children, and easily shaken and could be scarred indefinitely by the occurrence of a traumatic event. Despite the validity of the reason, it isn’t the most important vulnerability for children. The rapid growth and development of children, especially in their teens, expose them to a lot of pressure.

Consequently, their emotional and mental well-being respond to the pressure concerning the individual environment, resulting in various minor mental illnesses. At this stage, depression and anxiety-related mental conditions are a common occurrence. The accelerated abuse of drugs and substances could also significantly contribute to higher prevalence rates of mental disorders among the younger populace.

 

Chapter 12: Cost, Access, and Quality

Effects of Cost on Access to Care

The cost of healthcare is a subjective term that depends on the speaker, given that there are three different cot implications in healthcare, depending on the stakeholder. For patients, healthcare services of access are restricted to their financial ability. Therefore, the cost factor in care access could imply that the extent of service is as far as a patient’s money goes. For instance, an individual with a skin disease that develops a lump on their foreheads cannot get plastic surgery to rectify that if the disease isn’t life-threatening and he/she cannot afford to pay for the surgery an individual. However, the same individual could get treated for, glaucoma and insurance would take care of the costs as they’d not consider it a cosmetic treatment. Simply put, costs affect the treatment that a patient accesses, doctors who can treat a patient, and the facility at which said treatment is actualized.

Role of Cost in Assessing Quality of Care

Conventionally, more expensive healthcare services are considered to be of higher quality, and therefore, individuals often associate cost with quality and use the latter to compare the former. Interestingly, they are not wrong to think so. The quality of service in the healthcare industry is highly proportional to the cost of that product. Given that service providers are bound to pass on service costs to their consumers, quality procedures require equipment, material, and personnel of higher quality and competence (for personnel), which always cost more money. To avoid losses, service providers pass on the higher costs associated with the quality as mentioned above, validating that cost is a measure of the quality of service that a consumer enjoys in the healthcare industry (Zhou et al., 2020).

 

 

References

Shi, L., & Singh, D. A. (2014). Delivering health care in America. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Zhou, L. L., Ampon-Wireko, S., Brobbey, E. W., Dauda, L., Owusu-Marfo, J., & Tetgoum, A. D. K. (2020, June). The Role of Macroeconomic Indicators on Healthcare Cost. In Healthcare (Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 123). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute.

Misconceptions about the ACL Injuries and their Truths ap world history homework help: ap world history homework help

Misconceptions about the ACL Injuries and their Truths

Are you a professional athlete or enjoy engaging in sports? If yes, it is essential to start building a good relationship with an orthopedic surgeon & sports medicine specialist at Brick City Orthopedics. You want to have someone to count on if you get an injury or teach you how to avoid them. The clinic offers a wide range of services including sports medicine, platelet-rich plasma, rotator cuff, arthroscopic knee surgery, shoulder replacement, hip pain, hip replacement, knee pain, and Bayonne ACL tear cases.

The misconceptions and truth of ACL injuries

By the time you consider seeing a sports pain specialist, it means you are worried about how an injury can impact your body. For example, an injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee can affect its ability to avoid twisting out of place. So it means any tear can cause instability in the knee, affecting your ability to perform physical exercises effectively. However, there are some most common misconceptions about ACL injuries that most people have. Read on to find out the truth about ACL injuries:

ACL injuries are only associated with sports

While ACL tears are most commonly associated with athletes because they are at high risk for the injury, any active person can still get the injury as long as they are active. So if you feel your knee is in pain or pops out at the moment of injury, you may qualify for ACL therapy

 even if you are not an athlete.

Direct impacts cause ACL injuries

Though impacts such as hitting a ball or falling on your knees can trigger an ACL injury, it does not mean you cannot get it from other unavoidable circumstances. Any activity that makes your knees to make sudden twists can easily cause an ACL injury. Any form of twisting, tripping or slipping can cause the tear.

Recovery takes eternity

If you have been diagnosed with an ACL injury, one of your biggest worries is how long it will take to recover. While recovering from an ACL injury may not be instant, it does not mean you cannot lead an everyday life. It is your knee that is suffering an injury and not the rest of your body. Remember, the recovery process differs from person to person depending on age, physical stature, and the seriousness of the injury.

ACL injuries can only be treated through surgery

While an ACL injury may be a sign of bone dislocation in the knees, it does not mean the only way to correct it is through surgery. If you have suffered from this injury, you can still lead a normal life after undergoing non-invasive treatments such as physiotherapy and medications.

Contact Brick City Orthopedics for ACL Injury

An ACL injury can affect your life quality in different ways, even if you are not a professional athlete. Seeing a sports medicine specialist is the best bet you have at ensuring you do not suffer the consequences. For more information on how a sports medicine specialist can help you, consult your doctor.

 

 

THE ANALYSIS OF ADA COMPLIANCE. help with history assignment

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ADA Florida

PART 1: ANALYSIS OF ADA COMPLIANCE

            According to ADA Compliance laws, public and private entities such as companies, corporations, and accommodation facilities are obligated to uphold the considerations of persons living with disabilities (PLWDs) to ease their access to such amenities. Moreover, besides accessibility to physical amenities, other PLWDs require access to information and signage. This section will analyze the University’s level and one local restaurant in town compliance to ADA laws.

The University

Item for Analysis
Type of Barrier
ADA Compliant?
Photo/Video of Good/Bad Access
Descriptions of Observations
Comments and Solutions

Restrooms
Physical
N
 
Some doors are smaller than the required width.
Persons with wide wheelchairs, such as the motor wheelchair, should be able to access the area. This door could be expanded.

Parking
Physical
Y
 
There are two discreet parking areas for the disabled.
There need more parking spaces for the disabled around the institution.

Signage (Indoor/Outdoor)
Communication
N
 
The signage is okay for the most disabled.
 

Entrances
Programmatic
N
 
No automatic doors; could be difficult for a PWD in a wheelchair to open the heavy door while also trying to get in without assistance.
A hydraulic door installation would be expensive, but removing the heavy shutting mechanism would allow a PWD to open it and then maneuver themselves to enter without holding the door open.

Accessible formats of information
Communication
N
 
All menus are written over the counter where every person can see
More detailing can be applied to ensure that the menu covers all the needs of the disabled.

Indoor floor plan/path of travel
Physical
Y
 
The slippery floors can be challenging for those using crutches.
The floors can be retiled or a rough carpet used on top of the tiles.

Outdoor path of travel
Physical
N
 
One poorly constructed concrete ramp
The ramp should be reconstructed with more even surfacing, and rails could be added as well.

Seating
 
 
 
 
 

Line of sight
 
 
 
 
 

Accessible emergency equipment
 
 
 
 
 

Reach ranges
 
N
 
Counter for ordering and picking up food at waist level for someone standing, too high to be adequately wheelchair accessible
 

 

The Restaurant

Item for Analysis
Type of Barrier
ADA Compliant?
Photo/Video of Good/Bad Access
Descriptions of Observations
Comments and Solutions

Restrooms
Physical
N
 
Some doors are smaller than the required width.
Persons with wide wheelchairs, such as the motor wheelchair, should be able to access the area. This door could be expanded.

Signage (Indoor/Outdoor)
Communication
N
 
The signage is okay for the most disabled.
 

Entrances
Programmatic
N
 
No automatic doors; could be difficult for a PWD in a wheelchair to open the heavy door while also trying to get in without assistance.
A hydraulic door installation would be expensive, but removing the heavy shutting mechanism would allow a PWD to open it and then maneuver themselves to enter without holding the door open.

Accessible formats of information
Communication
N
 
All menus are written over the counter where every person can see
More detailing can be applied to ensure that the menu covers all the needs of the disabled.

Indoor floor plan/path of travel
Physical
Y
 
The slippery floors can be challenging for those using crutches.
The floors can be retiled or a rough carpet used on top of the tiles.

Outdoor path of travel
Physical
N
 
One poorly constructed concrete ramp
The ramp should be reconstructed with more even surfacing, and rails could be added as well.

Seating
 
 
 
 
 

Line of sight
 
 
 
 
 

Accessible emergency equipment
 
Y
 
The fire extinguisher is placed next to the main door.
This makes it accessible to all the people, including PLWDs.

Reach ranges
 
N
 
Counter for ordering and picking up food at waist level for someone standing, too high to be adequately wheelchair accessible
 

 

Summary of Findings

Though the University was constructed numerous decades ago, most of the PWDs’ needs were considered on the university campus. In this case, different aspects will be investigated. They include the sidewalks, transportation structure, aisles, accessible routes, signage, sanitation construction, and other amenities.

Access routes, parking, sidewalks, use of stairs. The University is designed in a way that allows access to and from the parking area. There are different gates and access routes that can accommodate a variety of vehicle sizes. The parking lot also acts as the loading area for heavy materials (Holloway, 599). Pavements facilitate access to the parking lot from the classes and offices. The University was designed whereby stairs are wide enough and more open to allow for people’s free movement. However, there are no ramps available to enable people to use wheelchairs to move. Therefore, the alternative is the use of lifts, which are not always comfortable. The washrooms in the University have different one toilet per each restroom for the physically disabled.

The restaurant seeks to create the best environment for all people, including the visually impaired and the deaf. This is enhanced through the ambiance and the cool music that is played at the restaurant. Due to the feeling of belonging and reflecting the environment, the restaurant uses various flowers and indoor plants to keep it alive and resonate with the people with disabilities (Kose 312). Often, people with disabilities are vigilant in ensuring that they are sensitive to their environment. The flowers and live plants are used to encourage people to connect with the environment and the beauty that comes with it. Perhaps the beauty that is elucidated from there can cure some of the challenges people are going through each day. This means that they will have a better life in the future. In the toilets, the restaurant has two different areas for women and men. On the side of women, there were more toilets than those for men. However, the men’s washrooms contained urinals and other amenities that were convenient for them. Based on the place’s review findings, there was a different treatment of the disabled in the restaurant than the University. At the restaurant, disabled needs were less considered as crucial (Lippincot 1). For instance, there were no specified toilets for the disabled, which means that the restaurant would not accommodate the disabled’s needs in entirety.  

Reflection on University’s ADA Compliance

From living at the campus and through observations, the University’s general compound, all raised areas are accessible for the physically disabled using ramps. This means that they can access all the places, including the grass area that surrounds the institution. This means that the entire institution’s physical outlook and accessibility were designed with the PWDs in mind. However, significant areas are still not addressed. For instance, the water areas are not useful for them, especially now with the coronavirus. For example, the taps and sinks are too high for them, and sometimes the physically disabled may not access amenities for washing and sanitizing their hands (Goggin & Ellis 172). In that regard, these amenities’ nature should be changed to fit these people’s requirements and needs. Also, there was no clear signage showing the areas that are not fully accessible to them, including the areas that may be dangerous for them. Therefore, there is still room for improvement, and thus the management could improve on this.

In a suggestion, the University was requested to install temporal ramps or build new ones due to the PWDs. However, that suggestion is yet to be implemented considering the challenges the University goes through to ensure that diversity is ensured in the school. Nevertheless, the University’s management is seeking to ensure that the lifts are large enough to accommodate those with wheelchairs and other support devices. This ensures inclusion and a sense of belonging to the school for them.

PART 2: PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND REFLECTION

Activity 1: Eating Blindfolded With Utensils at a Public Location

Eating at a public restaurant blindfolded was my first activity for this section. I selected this activity because I regarded it as a simple challenge considering that I thought I was too familiar with the premises. As soon as I stepped out of the car, I blindfolded myself with a bandana. Initially, I had thought I would easily make it to the door, but I realized I needed help. My friend came over and led me inside. Once inside, we were directed to a table, and I could hear my friends’ snickering because I thought I was blind. Ordering was easier for me than it would have been for a naturally blind person because I was familiar with the premises’ menu. I realized that had I gone to a different restaurant, I would need the menu read out loud to me. I experience difficulty with eating and drinking. Finding food on the table was difficult. Multiple times my fingers ended up in my coleslaw rather than on the French fry.

I wanted to use the restroom alone but realized I might stumble into other customers’ tables or the women’s bathroom. So my friend drag me in. Once inside, I realized I still needed his help locating the urinal. Generally, the whole experience was incredibly humbling and insightful. It taught me to be grateful for the gift of sight and to be empathetic to the blind. Had I  attempted this exercise alone, I would not have gotten past the parking lot, yet I often see blind people moving about their daily lives either wholly alone or accompanied by a dog and a cane.

Recommendations

Considering the barriers I encountered, I have several recommendations for public places such as hotels. Firstly, they should employ stewards to attend to customers with different disabilities. While at the hotel, I observed that none of the staff cared to know why I was being led under a blindfold. All they cared about was our money. Secondly, they should redesign their male washrooms to serve all kinds of customers. Placing urinals at ground level rather than mounting them high up on the walls will make easy accessibility.

Activity 2: Assistive Listening At a Movie Theater

I selected assistive listening to a movie as my second exercise for this assignment for two reasons. Firstly, I am an avid cinephile. Secondly, I wanted to experience how it feels to be deaf. Actually, I thought I would still enjoy watching the movie even with zero volume, provided it was subtitled. When the movie started playing with no sound, I immediately realized that it was not nearly as scary as it is with sound. Reading a subtitle that says “loud crash,” for example, did not cause my adrenaline to rise as much as a sudden noise does.

Moreover, I observed that without the music creating atmosphere and tension, I was totally unmoved. Even as I watched disturbing visuals on screen, my emotional senses remained numb. The experience was akin to just having something random on in the background while paying attention to something else.

Furthermore, reading the subtitles, I felt like I was reading the whole movie. This distracted me a lot from the on-screen actions. However, after about half an hour, I became accustomed to multitasking between reading the subtitles and watching the screen’s action. Personally, I think the difference with how a deaf person experiences a movie is that there are still vibrations and bass coming from the speakers. Thus, even if the person cannot hear, he can still feel it in certain parts if the volume is loud enough. I also observed that loud music or bass sound could spice up the experience to feel the bass in a beat or potentially even be startled by sudden vibration. I know for a fact that (from online research) that many deaf people still frequent concerts because they can feel the loud music coming from the massive speakers. Generally, I can say that going to a movie theater with closed captioning could be a similarly enjoyable experience.

Recommendations

As mentioned above, closed captioning in movies can positive outcomes for persons with impairments in hearing. Subtitled movies can be a rich source of entertainment for the deaf. Considering this observation, I recommend that movie theatres consider the needs of the deaf by installing quality sound systems with a rich base to amplify their experience of the movies. As for movie-makers, I recommend that they consider producing subtitled movies. This will provide entertainment to the deaf, but it will also increase their revenue generation as more deaf people will purchase them.

 

Work Cited

Andrews, Neil, Isabelle Clement, and Rachel Aldred. “Invisible cyclists? Disabled people and cycle planning–A case study of London.” Journal of Transport & Health 8 (2018): 146-156.

Goggin, Gerard, and Katie Ellis. “Disability, communication, and life itself in the COVID-19 pandemic.” Health Sociology Review 29.2 (2020): 168-176.

Holloway, Sarah. “The experience of higher education from the perspective of disabled students.” Disability & Society 16.4 (2001): 597-615.

Kose, Satoshi. “Built Environment Design Toward an Inclusive Society: How Can We Improve the Existing Infrastructure in Cities?.” Advances in Design for Inclusion. Springer, Cham, 2016. 307-313.

Lippincott, Ben, et al. “Survey of User Needs: Mobile Apps for mHealth and People with Disabilities.” International Conference on Computers Helping People with Special Needs. Springer, Cham, 2020.

SUBSTANCE ABUSE AMONG ADOLESCENTS. history essay help: history essay help

 

Adolescent Substance

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Adolescent Substance

Introduction

Substance abuse has become one of the most significant health and social challenges in the United States of America. A few decades ago, substance abuse was common majorly among adults. However, in recent years, the problem has come down to adolescents. In 2012, it was reported that more than 2.4 million adolescents who were between 12 and 17 years had at one time been involved in illicit substance abuse the previous month (Mutter et al., 2015). Additionally, data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention also indicates that adolescents as old as nine years are abusing a wide range of substances.  Some of the most widely abused substances include alcohol, marijuana and tobacco. Based on the data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, it is not surprising that by the 12th grade, more than two-thirds of students would have had experience with substances. There is no doubt that substance abuse is one of the most urgent social and health challenges that society must strive to address. A county takes pride when it has a young and vibrant population. The future survival of the country and its competitiveness among its peers depends significantly on its youthful population. When the youthful population is destroyed, the country’s chances of survival become very dim. Substance abuse among the adolescent population in the United States, if not checked and addressed, is capable of having adverse effects on the future of the United States. Substance abuse is capable of hindering the achievement of the desired quality of education among the children while at the same time causing massive health among young people. The purpose of this paper is to examine the motivation behind increased substance abuse among adolescents in the United States. The primary assumption in the paper is that there are particular factors that could have motivated the increased use of substances among adolescents. An identification of the motivations will be crucial in coming up with the most suitable interventions to address substance abuse among adolescents.

Impacts of substance abuse among adolescents

As alluded to above, substance abuse is capable of having adverse effects on adolescents. The effects may be social, health and economic in nature. Substance abuse among adolescents is a significant contributor to the many health challenges that may young people are facing today. The use of substances has been responsible for a number of problems for young people. One of the most prominent issues that have been caused by substance abuse among adolescents is mental illnesses. Today, the World Health Organization reports, 16% of the health burdens that adolescents bear arise from mental illnesses (World Health Organization, 2020). The realization that there is a steady increase of mental health challenge among adolescents made it critical to carry out an evaluation of the possible contributions of substance abuse. A significant number of studies have confirmed that the increase in the case of mental illnesses among adolescents may be associated with substance use. World Health Organization recognizes that while there is a high number of adolescents living with mental illnesses, but the challenge is that these mental illnesses are diagnosed when it is late.

Rising numbers of adolescents who are committing suicide is another demonstration of the impacts of adolescents. In 2017 alone, there were 6,200 deaths of adolescents arising from suicide (United Health Foundation, 2020). This data proves that suicide is the second leading cause of death among teens.  According to the United Health Foundation, the rates of suicide among young people have tripled and one of the most significant causes is substance use among adolescents. The same data provides that in 2019, a study found that 18% of high school students considered committing suicide. On the other side, 8.9 % of the students attempted suicide. While there are many social, economic and cultural issues that are responsible for the increased cases of suicide among adolescents, the United Health Foundation found that substance abuse was one of the most prominent causes of suicide and attempted suicide among the adolescents.

There are serious economic ramifications that are associated with substance use. Drugs are very costly, yet they are very addictive. When adolescents get involved in substance abuse but they cannot control their appetite for the drugs, they will do everything within their means to get the resources that they may use to purchase the drugs. Most of the adolescents who are involved in substance abuse cannot save any money because they spend all that they have on purchasing drugs. While young people in school are continually advised to use the little resources that their parents provide to them prudently to reduce the burden on their parents, it is notable among adolescents who abuse drugs that they cannot make any savings. Another serious challenge of substance abuse among adolescents that makes it critical to carefully examine the issue is a crime and other anti-social behaviours. When young people want to acquire drugs yet they do not have the money, some of them will resort to stealing and robbery to obtain the drugs. A significant number of underage people who are involved in criminal activities are children who are seeking money to buy drugs.

Finally, substance hinders the realization of quality education among adolescents. The most significant activity in the lives of adolescents is education. Young people are expected to stay in school to gain skills that may enable them to survive in the world. One of the impacts of many substances that adolescents take such as alcohol and marijuana on the brain is that they hinder concentration. It is difficult for a student who has taken alcohol to concentrate in class and gain meaningfully from the lessons.

 

The motivation of adolescent substance abuse

In Psychology, motivation is described as “forces acting on or within an organism to initiate and direct behaviour” (Petri & Govern, 2012). For an individual to start behaving in a particular manner, it is possible that there must have been a factor responsible for Individuals cannot just wake up in the morning and start using drugs without having something that triggered the behaviour. Understanding the motivation of adolescent substance abuse is critical in the development of appropriate interventions to address the challenge. Mutter et al. (2015) suggest that the identification of motivation for adolescent substance abuse plays an important role in enhancing the treatment of the individuals. The foundation of this argument is that nobody is born with the trait of substance abuse and that means many of the causes of substance abuse are caused by pressures from the environment. One of the motivations for substance abuse among adolescents is to have fun, feel good and to adventure. There are many adolescents who find drugs to be essential in lifting their mood. There are those who claim that they feel ‘high’ after taking some drugs. The need to constantly feel high thus pushes many adolescents to addiction. There many adolescents who feel that marijuana gives them some good feeling and as a result, they will seek to smoke it each day. A substance such as marijuana possess compound that triggers a chain of reactions in the brain, and it is these chemical reactions in the brain that are responsible for the change of mood.

Peer pressure, the desire to ‘feel part of the gang’ and the need to look ‘cool’ is another group of motivators that has influenced many young people to get involved in substance abuse. There are many young people who have often been involved in drugs not because that is what they wanted but because that is what some of their friends are doing and they want to fit into their group. A kid’s companions have a huge impact – an adolescent who has substance utilizing companions significantly increases the risks and chances of the child’s involvement in substance abuse. As adolescents make progress through pre-adulthood it is highly likely for them to forget about their companionships and social groups, and this makes it significant that as a parent, one needs to remain associated with a kid’s life and know the individuals with whom they spend most of their time. As children develop, their parents expose them to some values that ought to guide them into their future life. Unfortunately, along the way, the children may meet some other children who do not share their values. Such new friendships may expose children to habits, behaviours and tendencies that are strange to them. It is out of this reason that some parents seek to censor the friends and companions that their children keep. In the long run, the parents expect they will protect their children from groups that may corrupt their morals and expose them to substances.

The need to perform better in class is another reason why many adolescents resort to substance abuse. While there is no empirical data that states that children who use some drugs are capable of enhancing their academic performance, there is a popular belief that some drugs may enhance academic performance. For example, it is largely believed that when students take marijuana, their concentration span in class may improve and this may have positive impacts on the performance of children.

Negative or inappropriate parenting practices are also capable of motivating adolescents to resort to substance abuse. There are many parents who buy alcoholic drinks which they take home and drink in the presence of their adolescent children. When children observe their parents as they drink, it is possible that such children will start abusing drugs at home. Parenting plays a critical role in the development of children. The type of parenting to which a child is exposed plays an important role in the life of a child. When looking at poor parenting, there is a need to consider even absentee parents as poor parenting. There are parents who are never available in the lives of their children. When parents are left without parents to tell them where they are going wrong, it is possible that they may get into substance abuse with no one to tell them that they have lost direction.

Finally, psychological problems such as stress and depression among children may push them to substance abuse. When children are exposed to undesirable experiences such as loss of parents, it is possible that the children may be overwhelmed by the emotion burden so that they seek refuge on drugs such as alcohol. Thus, what starts as a short-term measure to address stress becomes the foundation of addiction to a child. It is important to note that substance addiction is a journey. It is something that starts subtly and innocently but it grows to become a beast that may have devastating impacts on the life of an adolescent.

Responding to substance use among adolescents

The most effective way to deal with the problem of substance use among adolescents is to find was and interventions to prevent the involvement of adolescents in substance abuse. It is much easier to deal with adolescent before they get involved with drugs than when they are already in it. There are several interventions that may be used to curb the motivators. One of the ways is to increase public awareness on the adverse effects of substance abuse on the life of the children. There are many children who are not aware of the extent to which substance may destroy them. Providing the information to adolescent may help them to make better decisions. In that vein, substance abuse needs to be taught as an independent subject in school so that children may have advanced knowledge on the issue. Finally, parents must make sure they improve their parenting practices so that they may improve the awareness of the environment by the children.

Conclusion

Substance abuse has become one of the most significant health and social challenges in the United States of America. Some of the most widely abused substances include alcohol, marijuana and tobacco. Based on the data from the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, it is not surprising that by the 12th grade, more than two-thirds of students would have had experience with substances. This paper has examined the motivation behind increased substance abuse among adolescents in the United States. Understanding the motivation of adolescent substance abuse is critical in the development of appropriate interventions to address the challenge. One of the motivations for substance abuse among adolescents is to have fun, feel good and to adventure. There are many adolescents who find drugs to be essential in lifting their mood. Peer pressure, the desire to ‘feel part of the gang’ and the need to look ‘cool’ is another group of motivators that has influenced many young people to get involved in substance abuse. The need to perform better in class is also a reason why many adolescents resort to substance abuse. Finally, negative or inappropriate parenting practices are also capable of motivating adolescents to resort to substance abuse.

 

References

 

Mutter, R., Ali, M., & Strashny, A. (2015). Profile of adolescent discharges from substance abuse treatment. In The CBHSQ Report. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US).

Mutter, R., Ali, M., & Strashny, A. (2015). Profile of adolescent discharges from substance abuse treatment. In The CBHSQ Report. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US).

Petri, H. L., & Govern, J. M. (2012). Motivation: Theory, research, and application. Nelson Education.

United Health Foundation. (2020). Public Health Impact: Teen Suicide. Retrieved from https://www.americashealthrankings.org/explore/health-of-women-and-children/measure/teen_suicide/state/ALL

World Health Organization. (2020). Adolescent mental health. Retrieved from