Abstract: The Stadium construction boom continues, and taxpayers are being forced to pay for new high tech stadiums they don’t want. These new stadiums create only part-time jobs. Stadiums bring money in exclusively for professional leagues and not the communities. The teams are turning public money into private profit. Professional leagues are becoming extremely wealthy at the taxpayers expense. The publicly-funded stadium obsession must be put to a stop before athletes and coaches become even greedier. New stadiums being built hurt public schools, and send a message to children that leisure activities are more important than basic education. Public money needs to be used to for more important services that would benefit the local economy. Stadiums do not help the economy or save struggling towns. There are no net benefits from single purpose stadiums, and therefore the stadium obsessions must be put to a stop.
There is a nationwide trend in which taxpayers are asked to pay for new stadiums these stadiums benefit a single corporation. A sport construction boom has started, these new stadiums cost a minimum of $200 million to build, but usually cost much more. New stadiums have been built, or are underway, in New York, Pittsburgh, Dallas, Baltimore, Cincinnati, Seattle, Tampa, Washington DC, St. Louis, Jacksonville, and Oakland. This competitive trend replaces old stadiums with high tech flashy stadiums used exclusively for one sport. These stadiums are unnecessary, and not cost efficient. Most of the time new stadiums are not used for multi-purposes, they bring in money exclusively for the professional league and not …
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… a Trophy Taxpayers Refuse To Pay.” Boston. 17 June 1998.
Lopez, Steve. “Money For Stadiums But Not For Schools. Time Magazine. June 14, 1999.
Mermal, Allison. “A Positions Against Public Funding of Professional Sports Stadiums.” At What Cost. Aug, 5 1998. Available WWW: http://www.macalester.edu/~communic/course_projects/am.html
Mukherjee, Sougata. “US Sports Welfare Beefs up Stadium”. Washington Business Journal. September 16, 1996.
Noll, Roger, and Zimbalist, Andrew. Sports, Jobs, and Taxes: The Economic Impact of Sports Teams and Stadiums. Brooking institutions press, Summer 1997. Vol. 15 No. 3.
Ransom Notes. “Stadium news from around the country.” Available WWW: http://www.ilsr.org/newrules/ransomnotes.html
Rust, M. (1998, August 3). “Public Welfare for Billionaires.” Insight on the News. v14 n28.
College Sports – Slavery and the NCAA
Abstract: Collegiate athletes participating in the two revenue sports (football, men’s basketball) sacrifice their time, education, and risk physical harm for their respected programs. The players are controlled by a governing body (NCAA) that dictates when they can show up to work, and when they cannot show up for work. They are restricted from making any substantial financial gains outside of their sports arena. These athletes receive no compensation for their efforts, while others prosper from their abilities. The athletes participating in the two revenue sports of college athletics, football and men’s basketball should be compensated for their time, dedication, and work put forth in their respected sports.
They are imported from all sides of the continent, entering new territories where they will be isolated from the rest of the surrounding population. They are placed in a working environment, which requires their attention at all times. They are managed, controlled, and dominated by their bosses. They are pushed to their physical limits every time they go to work. They are forced to compete against others of their kind. They are paid next to nothing for their efforts. They are collegiate athletes.
The two revenue sports in college athletics are men’s basketball, and football. These teams make millions of dollars, while the individual athlete receives no compensation for their efforts. They are controlled by a governing body (NCAA), which tells them when they work, and when they can’t work (Barra). The teams are lead into battle by their coaches, their leaders. These coaches, leaders, partake in an annual payout in upwards of two million dollars, plus endorsement deals. Why then, in a country that…
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…: Exploiting College Athletes. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Davis, Seth. “A Loan At The Top.” Sports Illustrated 30 Apr. 2001: 18
Eitzen, Stanley. “Slaves of Big-Time College Sports.” USA Today Magazine Sept. 2000.
Eitzen, Stanley. Sport In Contemporary Society. New York: Worth Publishers, 2001.
Farrey, Tom. “Play-For-Pay: Not Yet, But Soon?.” ESPN: The Magazine 28 Mar. 2001
Greenlee, Craig. Black Issues in Higher Education 17 Apr. 2000.
Jerardi, Dick. “It’s All Work, No Pay In NCAA.” Seattle Times 22 Oct 2000.
Suggs, Welch. “NCAA Faces Wave Of Criticism Over Crackdown On Payments To Players While In High School.” 17 Mar. 2000
Wulf, Steve. “Why Not Pay College Athletes, Who Put In Long Hours To Fill Stadiums-And Coffers?” Time 21 Oct. 1996: 19
Zimbalist, Andrew. Unpaid Professionals. New Jersey: Princeton, 1999.