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Sharing the Blame in Shakespeare’s Macbeth

Sharing the Blame in Macbeth

The great Shakespearean tragedy Macbeth is a tale about a Scottish Thane, Macbeth, who, seemingly according to a prophecy of witches, becomes Thane of Cawdor, and King. And because Macbeth has gained his throne through deceit and treacherous ways, he loses it. The blame for the downfall of Macbeth lies with Macbeth himself, Lady Macbeth and the witches.

Enter the first act, second scene. We see good King Duncan and his Thanes, talk about the outcome of a war well won. All the men seem to praise good Macbeth. A first impression is made that Macbeth is a good man, not a treacherous one.

“”For brave Macbeth – well he deserves that name -“”

1:2, 16

He receives the praise of his peers, and is well respected. What could turn a man like this to villainous ways? Only his own ambition, his own pride could have drawn him down the whole dark path. But something, or someone, must have egged him on.


All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Glamis!


All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, Thane of Cawdor!


All hail Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!””

1:3, 57-59

Here we receive the prophecy of the Three Witches. Hailing Macbeth Thane of Glamis is nothing new. Macbeth is already Thane of Glamis. Macbeth has not yet heard of the treachery of the Thane of Cawdor, how he betrayed the Scottish folk (as stated earlier in the Act), and thus does not expect to be hailed Thane of Cawdor. Hailing Macbeth as king, is a totally different thing. How could he be king? They already had one, to speak of him replacing the king was to commit the highest treason in the kingdom. And yet the witches spoke the prophecy. At first Macbeth does not b…

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…hcock, 1987.

Curry, Walter. Shakespeare s Philosophical Patterns. London: Mass Peter Smith, 1968.

Epstein, Norrie, The Friendly Shakepeare, New York, Viking Publishing, 1993.

Harbage, Alfred, Macbeth, Middlesex England, Penguin Publishing, 1956.

Magill, Masterplots- Volume 6, New Jersey, Salem Press, 1949.

Schlegel, August Wilhelm. Criticism on Shakespeare s Tragedies . A Course of Lectures on Dramatic Art and Literature. London: AMS Press, Inc., 1965.

Shakespeare, William. Tragedy of Macbeth . Ed. Barbara Mowat and Paul Warstine. New York: Washington Press, 1992.

Staunten, Howard, The Complet Illustrated Shakespeare, New York, Park Lane Publishing, 1979.

T.W. Shakespeare, the Critical Heritage. Vol. 5. London: Routledge

Internet – Ethics of Hacking

Privacy Risks of Internet Wiretapping

Abstract: In recent months, the FBI has taken steps to implement an Internet wiretapping scheme called Carnivore. This paper discusses the possible risks of this system with respect to personal privacy, analyzes the technical flaws of the system that produce these risks, and discusses recent US Legislation to relax the statutory restrictions on its deployment and use.

On September 11, 2001, a group of terrorists carried out a methodically planned and almost perfectly executed attack on major sites in the United States, toppling two of the nation’s highest buildings. Two days later, on September 13, the US Senate unanimously approved legislation that may serve to topple one of its greatest freedoms: the right to privacy. This legislation, which its drafters Orrin Hatch (R-UT) and Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) dubbed the “Combating Terrorism Act of 2001,” would loosen restrictions on FBI wiretaps, including its nascent “Carnivore” Internet surveillance system [1].

Carnivore is a system introduced by the FBI to provide it with “a ‘surgical’ ability to intercept and collect the communications which are the subject of a lawful order while ignoring those communications which [it is] not authorized to intercept” [2]. It works in a manner similar to a network packet sniffer, which intercepts and copies all bits of information that pass through a network. It differs from a normal packet sniffer, however, in that it is designed to distinguish from the noise those bits of information which apply to a specific court order [2].

There is nothing new about the FBI conducting surveillance; what disinguishes Carnivore from past methods of surveillance…

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…Answers.”, 13 July 2000.

4. Wingfield, Nick, et al. “Earthlink Just Says No to FBI’s Carnivore.”,4586,2603945,00.html, 14 July 2000.

5. An “Action Alert” from the American Civil Liberties Union urging people to speak out against Carnivore.


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