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Read AOM chapter 3 on Theories of Migration and answer the following questions. Please cite the page number that Essay

Read AOM chapter 3 on Theories of Migration and answer the following questions. Please cite the page number that you used to find the answer from the textbook provided.

Only use the source provided below to answer the questions. Number the questions as shown below.

1. How does xenophobia emerge and become politically useful? Please describe briefly.

2. What are some trends and patterns of international migration? Choose two trends the authors write about and describe them in your own words.
3. Please describe the main points of migration systems theory in your own words. Add your own view considering the strengths and weaknesses this theory contains.
4. What are some key criticisms against dependency theory, world systems theory, and globalization theory, according to the authors?

1 2022 Midterm and Final Model Student’s Name Institution Affiliation Course Name

1

2022 Midterm and Final Model

Student’s Name

Institution Affiliation

Course Name and Number

Instructor’s Name

Assignment Due Date

2022 Midterm and Final Model

The Issue

For the first time, Gwen Hodges and Bill Hambridge have put medicine into the US market, NoDrip, which has previously been authorized by the FDA for allergies.

It is accessible only by prescriptions, but for which they have added a new indication: the treatment of asthma.

Both specialists had spent the previous 30 years working for a research-based pharmaceutical business and were well-versed in the creation, production (in small quantities), development, and marketing of medications.

Throughout their 30-year career, they have been increasingly dissatisfied with the FDA’s licensing procedure for bringing innovative treatments to market.

The two of them quit their jobs at a pharmaceutical firm three years ago to create their own business and pursue the development of a novel asthma diagnosis that Gwen had been researching for the previous ten years autonomously and discreetly.

Why it is a Problem or Issue

By paying a scientist to conduct a clinical study of NoDrip, the two scientists violate federal law.

They bought NoDrip from a foreign firm that was likewise dissatisfied with the unduly cumbersome FDA restrictions at the time of acquisition. They determined that the drug was too vital to go via all of the FDA’s legal hoops.

Hence, Gwen and Bill sought out like-minded researchers at universities to conduct a clinical study, paying them more than the fair value since Bill believed the doctors deserved more.

The findings revealed that the medicine effectively reduces the severity of asthma attacks.

The two scientists violated the law because they did not follow the proper protocol while testing the medicine.

In addition, despite FDA restrictions and assumptions about the drug, which state that it is intended to treat allergies, both experts agree that the treatment is appropriate for lowering asthmatic attacks and other symptoms.

Both scientists proceed to market the medicine to patients by sending out promotional emails to them. This violates the law, which is intended to safeguard patients.

The Laws Violated

According to the case above, Gwen Hodges and Bill Hambridge violated Food and Drug Administration act.

FDA states that any medicine sold and proper descriptions should be given regarding the intended use (Department of Justice, Office of Public Affairs, 2012; Helling, n.d.).

Bill and Gwen violated the law by not giving side effects descriptions of the medicine.

Bill and Gwen have been selling the new medicine without following the FDA regulations. For instance, 21 USC 355 requires that all drugs, including new indications, be certified by the FDA before being offered for sale. Bill and Gwen violated the law by not obtaining FDA approvals.

Bill violated FDA regulations by selling the medicine using prescriptions of his pulmonologist friends.

Besides, Bill and Gwen informed the pulmonologists that the medicine was good for warts treatment and ordered the prescription be given to patients.

The FDA did not approve the medicine to treat warts. However, Bill decided to go against the laws by prescribing it for different usage without proper labels, which is against the law (“Code, U. S. Title 21”).

The medicine resulted in some side effects for patients, such as gnashing teeth. It was revealed that the Nodrip allergy packet had not stated gnashing of teeth as a side effect in the safety section.

The clinical tests were inadequate because they did not submit NDA to FDA for approval and ended commercializing a misbranded Asthma drug in violation of the law.

According to 21 FDCA 355, commercializing an unapproved indication is a violation of the law (Helling, n.d.). Referring to the Gwen and Bill case, patient’s privacy is violated.

Bill’s email server had no security software and had been hacked severally. Despite the hacking, Bill ordered the pulmonologist to send the prescriptions directly to his mail for forwarding to patients’ addresses. The patients could then pay for the drug-using credit cards, exposing their personal details to hackers.

According to Helling (n.d.), health facilities should uphold safety regulations and privacy of patient information as guided by HIPAA laws. Thus, they violated the privacy act by exposing patient information online without their consent.

Penalties for the Violation

Bill and Gwen could risk serving a one-year jail term, paying fines, drug seized, and marketing the Nodrip be forbidden and debarred from the FDA.

Also, the False Claims Act (FCA) violation could cause treble damages and financial penalties.

Under FCA, the financial penalties for Bill and Gwen are $5,000 and $10,000. Also, it could cause criminal fines amounting to 5 years.

References

Code, U. S. Title 21: Food and Drugs. Legal Information Institute.

Department of Justice, Office of Public Affairs. (2012). GlaxoSmithKline to plead guilty and pay $3 billion to resolve fraud allegations and failure to report safety data.

Helling, D. (n.d.). Research, Patient Care and Privacy. Florida State University

Helling, D. (n.d.). The Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Florida State University .

1 2022 Midterm and Final Model Student’s Name Institution Affiliation Course Name

Read AOM chapter 3 on Theories of Migration and answer the following questions. Please cite the page number that Essay Political Science Assignment Help 1

2022 Midterm and Final Model

Student’s Name

Institution Affiliation

Course Name and Number

Instructor’s Name

Assignment Due Date

2022 Midterm and Final Model

The Issue

For the first time, Gwen Hodges and Bill Hambridge have put medicine into the US market, NoDrip, which has previously been authorized by the FDA for allergies.

It is accessible only by prescriptions, but for which they have added a new indication: the treatment of asthma.

Both specialists had spent the previous 30 years working for a research-based pharmaceutical business and were well-versed in the creation, production (in small quantities), development, and marketing of medications.

Throughout their 30-year career, they have been increasingly dissatisfied with the FDA’s licensing procedure for bringing innovative treatments to market.

The two of them quit their jobs at a pharmaceutical firm three years ago to create their own business and pursue the development of a novel asthma diagnosis that Gwen had been researching for the previous ten years autonomously and discreetly.

Why it is a Problem or Issue

By paying a scientist to conduct a clinical study of NoDrip, the two scientists violate federal law.

They bought NoDrip from a foreign firm that was likewise dissatisfied with the unduly cumbersome FDA restrictions at the time of acquisition. They determined that the drug was too vital to go via all of the FDA’s legal hoops.

Hence, Gwen and Bill sought out like-minded researchers at universities to conduct a clinical study, paying them more than the fair value since Bill believed the doctors deserved more.

The findings revealed that the medicine effectively reduces the severity of asthma attacks.

The two scientists violated the law because they did not follow the proper protocol while testing the medicine.

In addition, despite FDA restrictions and assumptions about the drug, which state that it is intended to treat allergies, both experts agree that the treatment is appropriate for lowering asthmatic attacks and other symptoms.

Both scientists proceed to market the medicine to patients by sending out promotional emails to them. This violates the law, which is intended to safeguard patients.

The Laws Violated

According to the case above, Gwen Hodges and Bill Hambridge violated Food and Drug Administration act.

FDA states that any medicine sold and proper descriptions should be given regarding the intended use (Department of Justice, Office of Public Affairs, 2012; Helling, n.d.).

Bill and Gwen violated the law by not giving side effects descriptions of the medicine.

Bill and Gwen have been selling the new medicine without following the FDA regulations. For instance, 21 USC 355 requires that all drugs, including new indications, be certified by the FDA before being offered for sale. Bill and Gwen violated the law by not obtaining FDA approvals.

Bill violated FDA regulations by selling the medicine using prescriptions of his pulmonologist friends.

Besides, Bill and Gwen informed the pulmonologists that the medicine was good for warts treatment and ordered the prescription be given to patients.

The FDA did not approve the medicine to treat warts. However, Bill decided to go against the laws by prescribing it for different usage without proper labels, which is against the law (“Code, U. S. Title 21”).

The medicine resulted in some side effects for patients, such as gnashing teeth. It was revealed that the Nodrip allergy packet had not stated gnashing of teeth as a side effect in the safety section.

The clinical tests were inadequate because they did not submit NDA to FDA for approval and ended commercializing a misbranded Asthma drug in violation of the law.

According to 21 FDCA 355, commercializing an unapproved indication is a violation of the law (Helling, n.d.). Referring to the Gwen and Bill case, patient’s privacy is violated.

Bill’s email server had no security software and had been hacked severally. Despite the hacking, Bill ordered the pulmonologist to send the prescriptions directly to his mail for forwarding to patients’ addresses. The patients could then pay for the drug-using credit cards, exposing their personal details to hackers.

According to Helling (n.d.), health facilities should uphold safety regulations and privacy of patient information as guided by HIPAA laws. Thus, they violated the privacy act by exposing patient information online without their consent.

Penalties for the Violation

Bill and Gwen could risk serving a one-year jail term, paying fines, drug seized, and marketing the Nodrip be forbidden and debarred from the FDA.

Also, the False Claims Act (FCA) violation could cause treble damages and financial penalties.

Under FCA, the financial penalties for Bill and Gwen are $5,000 and $10,000. Also, it could cause criminal fines amounting to 5 years.

References

Code, U. S. Title 21: Food and Drugs. Legal Information Institute.

Department of Justice, Office of Public Affairs. (2012). GlaxoSmithKline to plead guilty and pay $3 billion to resolve fraud allegations and failure to report safety data.

Helling, D. (n.d.). Research, Patient Care and Privacy. Florida State University

Helling, D. (n.d.). The Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. Florida State University .

11 A research Analysis on Syphilis in Barcelona Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation

11

A research Analysis on Syphilis in Barcelona

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

Course Name and Number

Instructor’s Name

Assignment Due Date

Abstract

Since 2000 a significant increase in Number of Men having sex with other men has been recorded in many urban areas across Europe. Anal sex without condoms is one of the leading factors accelerating Syphilis transmission. This study outlines various factors and the presence of Treponema pallidum Strain associated with Syphilis in Barcelona, Spain.This detailed study was carried in sexually transmitted infections up to 2015.Various behavioral parameters and microbiological tests were used. Statistical examinations were carried in relation to HIV positive patients. A total of 266 participants were administered questionnaires to fill.33 Patients declined to fill the questionnaires.95 participants were aware of their HIV positive status while 4 had never been tested for HIV. Presence of HIV positive patients accelerates the spread of syphilis.HIV positive patients indulge themselves in risky sexual activities.Syphilis has been detected more in HIV positive patients. The study of Syphilis in Barcelona, Spain forms a detailed report to be used in health programs

Table of Contents

Introduction…………………………………………………………………….. 1

Methods………………………………………………………………………….2

Observable Variables…………………………………………………..2

Microbiological Tests…………………………………………………..2

Statistical Analysis ……………………………………………………… 3

Results……………………………………………………………………………3

Discussions………………………………………………………………………….3

Conclusions…………………………………………………………………………4

References………………………………………………………………………….5

Appendix…………………………………………………………………………….6

Abbreviation…………………………………………………………………………6

Introduction

Syphilis transmission has been on the rise in many western countries especially in Men due to engaging in condom less anal sex with other men. From the onset of the 20thcentury, there has been a significant rise in Syphilis cases recorded across most towns in Europe. Most of the cases have been recorded from men who engage in gay activities. For instance, Europe alone produced 28701 syphilis cases in the year 2015 accounting for 6% per one hundred thousand people (Spiteri,et al.,2019). Most cases were recorded in Spain in the year 2014 with a 12.4% prevalence per one hundred thousand people (Lasagabaster,et al 2019).Anal sex without using condoms is the leading cause of Syphilis transmission in men. Other factors accelerating transmission are activities such as team sex and drug addictions. Syphilis is strongly associated with other sexually transmitted infections. For example, HIV infections has a link to Syphilis as shown from HIV positive individualswho tend to contain some Syphilis elements in their bodies.

The purpose of this was to give detailed statistics regarding Syphilis transmission in Barcelona, Spain by finding out the elements interrelated with Syphilis transmissions in relation to HIV positive individuals (Lasagabaster,et al 2019). Further, the research aimed at outlining the primary syphilis characteristics using the Treponema palladium species usually common in Europe to help achieve a detailed analysis of how Syphilis transmissions affects men engaging in anal sex with fellow men.

Methods

This research was carried out at the Sexually Transmitted Infections Unit Vall d’Hebron –Drassanes situated in Barcelona, Spain which offers special cares to many patients (Guerras et al., 2019). All adult Syphilis patients visiting the facility within January and October 2015 were allowed to take part in the study (Table 2). Diagnosis on the patients were carried using dark field microscopes or Polymerase chain reaction detections to confirm the presence of Palladium or confirm primary or secondary positivity of the Syphilis test to initiate treatment procedure to patients.

Observable Variables

Participants were given questionnaires and requested to fill them on their own. The questionnaires contained sexual habits and societal patterns from the last on year and were based from the European Man to Man Sex survey (Thibaut,et al.,2022). The parameters used included, usage of sex enhancement drugs, how they met their partners, participation in team sex activities and condom usage. If an individual portrayed different elements of Syphilis in the entre study period, the social and behavioral data were examined once. Individuals whose Syphilis and HIV symptoms became positive were put in one group for scrutiny due to an assumption that Syphilis presence could be brought about by HIV.

Microbiological Tests

All participants were subjected to Syphilis testing to ascertain the presence of Palladium using corresponding antibodies to confirm the positivity. In addition, diagnosis was also carried where swabs were taken from an ulcer to confirm the presence of Treponemal DNA. The genes were then recorded for extra analysis (Table 1). This approach was adopted from the Centers for Disease control and prevention in 2010(Newman et al., 2021).Further screening could be done on participants to confirm presence of other diseases such as HIV, gonorrhea and Hepatitis.

Statistical Analysis

Different parameters were stated as a percentage and variations were done using effective Fisher’s exact tests or Chi-square tests. The parameters were then changed to the median and the interquartile range and compared to other tests. Variables found, to be most essential were tested in an ultimate regressionapproach as adopted from the Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria common known as the R program for further examination (Satyahadewi& Perdana,2021). The Hospital Vall d’Hebron Ethics committee then allowed all positive patients with an agreement to seek help of physicians.

Results

From the patients diagnosed with Syphilis in the entire study period, 33individuals declined to be involved in the study.3 of them were below 18 years hence not eligible to participate.95 participants were already aware of their positive HIV status during the Syphilis screening process while 4 participants had never been tested for HIV and were eliminated from the study. An accumulation of 266 participants finished filling the questionnaires by completing more than 85% of the given questions. From the figures, half of the participants involved in group sex behaviors and 55% used sex enhancement drugs while 30 % of them admitted meeting their partners from online dating sites. HIV testing was carried in 148 participants where 3% of the participants were found to be HIV positive.

Discussions

In my study the most contributing cause to syphilis transmission in towns is sex between fellow men. This research portrays that most syphilis and HIV patients participate in risky sex activities accelerating the transmissions. Syphilis and HIV are linked and the availability of Syphilis in an individual accelerates HIV infections (De Francesco et al., 2019). Behaviors such as sex in groups, sex enhancement drugs and having numerous partners could accelerate Syphilis infections among men.HIV positive patients have high chances of spreading Syphilis because they engage in risky sexual activities more often as compared to HIV negative patients. The study carried contains several shortcomings but the predominant one remains it was only conducted in a single city, Barcelona limiting studies in other areas. Either, the Centre clinic used is usually visited by individuals indulging in risky sexual activities. The sample size used is too small hence cannot be used to make conclusions in connection with other related studies

Conclusion

HIV positive patients accelerate the spread of Syphilis in most Europe countries because of the risk sex activities they engage themselves in .Activities such as anal sex without condoms and group sex practices accelerate syphilis spread .HIV is believed to accelerate Syphilis attainment because from the study syphilis has been detected more in HIV patients. This outcomes contains a detailed report regarding Syphilis in Barcelona, Spain and contains relevant information which can be applied in generalPublic health programs.

References

Cojan, D. (2021). The Dramatic Conception of Euripides’ Work. Învăţământ, Cercetare, Creaţie, 7(1), 81-85.

ArandoLasagabaster, M., Fernandez Naval, C., MotaFoix, M., Martinez Rascón, D., ArmengolEgea, P., BarberàGracia, M., …&Vall Mayans, M. (2019). Early syphilis: risk factors and clinical manifestations focusing on HIV-positive patients.

Spiteri, G., Unemo, M., Mårdh, O., & Amato-Gauci, A. J. (2019). The resurgence of syphilis in high-income countries in the 2000s: a focus on Europe. Epidemiology & Infection, 147.

Guerras, J. M., Hoyos, J., García de Olalla, P., de la Fuente, L., Herrero, L., Palma, D., … &Methysos Project Group. (2021). Comparison of Polydrug Use Prevalences and Typologies between Men Who Have Sex with Men and General Population Men, in Madrid and Barcelona.International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(21), 11609.

Thibaut, V., Eric, F., & Chris, K. (2022). Positive association between country-level screening rates for chlamydia and gonorrhea and self-reported diagnoses in MSM: an ecological analysis. medRxiv.

Newman, D. R., Matthias, J., Rahman, M. M., Brantley, A., & Peterman, T. A. (2021). Repeat Syphilis Among HIV-Infected Men in Florida and Louisiana 2000–2018: Implications for Screening Recommendations. AIDS patient care and STDs,35(11), 435-440.

Satyahadewi, N., &Perdana, H. (2021, May). Web Application Development for Inferential Statistics using R Shiny. In 1st International Conference on Mathematics and Mathematics Education (ICMMEd 2020) (Vol. 50, pp. 425-429). Atlantis Press.

De Francesco, D., Winston, A., Underwood, J., Cresswell, F. V., Anderson, J., Post, F. A., …& Sabin, C. A. (2019). Cognitive function, depressive symptoms and syphilis in HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals. International journal of STD & AIDS, 30(5), 440-446.

Appendix

Table 1: Risk Factors related to Syphilis Transmission in Relation to HIV in Barcelona 2015

HIV negative N=

167%

95%Cl

HIV Positive

N=95%

95%Cl

ALL

N=266

%

P

value

Sexual Practices and Anal sex without Condoms

Number of Casual partners

10

10

10

0.041

Number of casual partners with Condom less anal sex

1

3

1

0.01

Number of partners with anal sex

5

6.5

6

0.039

Sexual Risk Behaviors

Contact through internet

55

34

89

0.729

Group Sex

66

59

125

<0.001

Drugs for Sex

78

66

145

<0.001

Table 2. Microbiological Results

HIV negative

N=168

61.3%

HIV positive

N=106

38.3%

All

N=274

100%

P

Value

Infection

Syphilis

24

17

41

0.378

Hepatitis C

3

2

5

0.637

Gonorrhea

12

12

24

0.378

Abbreviations

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus

DNA: Deoxyribonucleic Acid

1 Leadership Styles Student’s Name Institution Affiliation Course Name and Number Instructor’s

1

Leadership Styles

Student’s Name

Institution Affiliation

Course Name and Number

Instructor’s name

Assignment Due Date

Leadership Styles

Leadership style is the method used by leaders to motivate, direct, and manage a program. Leader needs to understand their styles and determine how their leadership affects other members. Leadership styles have unexpected dangers, which allows leaders to take action immediately to improve weak areas. A good leader must be creative and can solve problems.

Identify your strongest leadership style and your weakest.

What leadership style did you identify that might be one you could further develop. The strongest leadership style is building a team and making changes. Building a strong team helps in covering a large amount of work. Companies should be flexible and ready for changes in technology and structure. Although most people do not like to change, change is inevitable. Members of an organization need to understand an organization’s culture to determine the norms and what the company expects from them (“lecture notes”). The weakest skills are to separate a team, take actions without integrity, and produce ineffective feedback. I would develop a strong team to complete tasks. I would consider putting team members with similar statuses to help members have the freedom of speech and suggest new ideas in a meeting.

There are three steps I can take to improve my decision-making in groups. I would organize a meeting to develop ideas for solving difficult situations, reframing problems, and encouraging the team to work together. It is good to give other members a chance to suggest opinions. I would make plans for how each member can achieve their goals. It is good to listen to the group’s beliefs about specific projects. I would remind the group about past mistakes, prevent the same situations from happening again, and come up with decisions to reduce errors. It is necessary to prioritize decisions and start with the most straightforward decisions.

1 POLITICS AND CITIZENSHIP What does it mean to be an American

1

POLITICS AND CITIZENSHIP

What does it mean to be an American citizen?

Students name

Class

Professor’s name

Due date

What does it mean to be an American citizen?

Introduction

To be a citizen of the United States entails not just being born or naturalized in the country, living here, and taking advantage of its immense resources, but also being loyal and faithful to the country. Every US citizen has a responsibility to uphold in exchange for the incredible blessing of being a part of this magnificent place and the many opportunities that would not be available to non-citizens. Citizens must defend the laws and swear allegiance to the United States Constitution, whether they are born citizens or choose to be. The United States has a rightful reputation as one of the world’s most developed countries, and it relies on its citizens to benefit society and uphold that reputation.

Discussion

In addition, the government oversees everything; the citizens have the proper democratic rights and are allowed to make choices. Furthermore, US citizens also have a role to play when foreigners acquire citizenship in the country, which is any foreigner married to a US citizen. They have a clean record, and they have entitlement and a right to be issued with US official citizenship. That is why most writers, as much as they refer to USAs supremacy but they, never forget how the government involves its citizens in the law-making process, which always makes the United States of America a great nation.

Being an American entail being free and having equal access to opportunities. It’s also nice to be able to do whatever you want. The amendments give us those freedoms, like the freedom of speech and the release of religion. Furthermore, being a citizen of the United States entails being born or naturalized, living here, taking advantage of its immense resources, and being loyal and faithful to the country. Every US citizen has a responsibility to uphold in exchange for the incredible blessing of being a part of this magnificent place and the many opportunities that would not be available to non-citizens. Individuals who are People who are born or choose to be citizens must defend the laws and pledge allegiance to the Constitution of the United States. We’ve strayed from our ideals created by the founding fathers and become more individualistic and selfish.

America needs to get back to the idea that everyone is created equal. Military defense, fire and police agencies, highways, education, social services, and environmental protection are government-provided services that citizens cannot successfully provide for themselves. Some government agencies offer water, sewerage, and other public services. Let’s talk about services such as maintaining public places, roads, sewage treatment, and electricity. For our government to generate enough and necessary taxes to provide government goods and services, they provide to the public. When the revenues that the government is collecting are not sufficient, the government is forced to borrow.

Therefore, any person entitled to American citizenship has the sole right to live and work in the said country. They are also entitled to receive federal assistance when necessary. Therefore, being a citizen of the United States is a dream come true for many people. It is believed that when you’re a citizen of the United States, it opens up a world of possibilities and gives you the freedom to make your own decisions. Some scholars believe that being a Us citizen signifies different things to different people. Each person’s priorities may differ. Thus, being a US citizen can never be entirely defined. To be a citizen of the United States entails not just being born or naturalized in the country, living here, and taking advantage of its immense resources, but also being loyal and faithful to the country. Every US citizen has a responsibility to uphold in exchange for the incredible blessing of being a part of this magnificent place and the many opportunities that would not be available to non-citizens. Individuals who are People who are born or choose to be citizens must defend the laws and pledge allegiance to the Constitution of the United States.

However, like any other business, the US government spends and earns money, consumes goods and services, and employs people. Taxes and fees are used by the federal, state, and municipal governments to raise cash. They frequently obtain funds from the general public by selling securities such as bonds. A bond is a type of investment in which people lend money to the government for a set period at a fixed interest rate. Governments also disperse funds through corporate contracts or social projects that benefit the public. All these functions favor or disfavor the citizens of the United States.

US Citizens has the right to vote and participate in decision-making, which allows us to play an active role in the governance of our country. Citizens also serve on juries, which helps us join in collective decisions and become more involved in society. These are significant duties that, if handled intelligently, can help this great country to even higher heights. Whether it’s about guiding the economic progress of a small struggling country or bringing peace to a war-torn zone, the combined voice of Americans may have a huge impact all around the world. The citizens of the United States bear significant responsibility to their own country, the human race, and the rest of the globe.

Many people today think of citizenship in the United States regarding rights or diversity. However, returning to the American founding can assist us in dispelling such skewed viewpoints. Citizenship entails collective governance and is thus both a privilege and a right. While the American government is founded on ideals that allow and encourage diversity among its inhabitants, paying attention to the founders’ ideas reminds us that citizenship also necessitates citizen unity.The government must unite the citizens in their dedication to our government’s ideas and their ability to practice the mental and behavioral habits that will ensure the survival of our political system.

The United States of America was founded on the belief that all men are born equal and that everyone deserves liberty and justice. On the other hand, our country is now divided into numerous sections based on our politics, races, and lifestyles.. We had similar diversity in the past, but we were closer as a nation and didn’t let challenges divide us rather than bring us closer together. “Intact communities are more likely to survive than fragmented tribes. Our country needs to return to how people lived in villages at the beginning of time, when there were small, close-knit communities.

Conclusion

In summary, it takes a lot of requirements to be an eligible US citizen. The government plays a vital role in protecting its citizens, and so is the United States government. Also, the government, like any other business, spends and earns money, consumes goods and services, and employs people. Taxes and fees are used by the federal, state, and municipal governments to raise cash. They frequently obtain funds from the general public by selling securities such as bonds. A bond is a type of investment in which people lend money to the government for a set period at a fixed interest rate.. Governments also disperse funds through corporate contracts or social projects that benefit the general public. All these functions favor or disfavor the citizens of the United States. Being a US citizen carries a lot in it; it’s not just being born there; it involves a lot of aspects, as discussed in the paper.

Bibliography

Buijs, Arjen, Rieke Hansen, Sander Van der Jagt, Bianca Ambrose-Oji, Birgit Elands, Emily Lorance Rall, Thomas Mattijssen et al. “Mosaic governance for urban green infrastructure: Upscaling active citizenship from a local government perspective.” Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 40 (2019): 53-62.

Tarozzi, Massimiliano, and Carla Inguaggiato. “Implementing global citizenship education in EU primary schools: The role of government ministries.” International Journal of Development Education and Global Learning 10, no. 1 (2018): 21-38.

Vilkė, Rita, and Živilė Gedminaitė–Raudonė. “Agribusiness and Territorial Government: Community Citizenship from Social Responsibility Perspective.” In Governance and Sustainability. Emerald Publishing Limited, 2020.

Schulz, Wolfram, John Ainley, Cristián Cox, and Tim Friedman. Young People’s views of government, peaceful coexistence, and diversity in five Latin American countries: IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 Latin American Report. Springer Nature, 2018.