The twentieth century has come to an amazing finale. Racism, ethnic prejudice and hate are on the decline. Perhaps some of these changes can be attributed to the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, in which Mark Twain addresses the issues of racism and slavery. He writes in a humorous, almost childish way, yet the themes are clear and poignant. Twain utilizes Huck Finn and Jim as the ideal characters because they are the ones at the end of the novel who realize slavery is wrong. Mark Twain establishes the ideals by portraying them through the protagonists, Huck and Jim and criticizes the failure to live up to them by portraying them through the antagonists, Miss Watson.
Prejudice can be observed throughout the novel by the way the other characters treat Huck. Twain portrays Huck as an average boy of his time, mischievous, adventurous and funny. The society Huck lives in labels him “uncivilized” because he has an abusive, drunk father. “By and by pap got too handy with his hick’ry and I couldn’t stand it. I was all over with welts” (Twain page #). Here the reader can observe the ultimate failure of an uncivilized person. Pap is an alcoholic, a dead beat and a racist. Nevertheless, society also considered Huck “uncivilized” because he did not wear shoes did not always attend school and he smoked. Society criticized Huck as uncivilized due to physical appearance when really Huck turned out to be more civilized than any other character in the novel because he learns how to respect Jim. Through the ironic criticism of society trying to civilize Huck, Huck teaches us a lesson on being civilized.
In the novel, Jim runs away from his slave owner, Miss Watson. By doing a thing like that Jim could have been killed or beat. The people of Jim’s society would not have even listened to him or even considered his reason. “Well, you see, it ‘uz dis way. Ole missus-dat’s Miss Watson- she pecks on me all de time, en treats me pooty rough, but she alwuz said she wouln’ sell me down to Orleans. … but she could git eight hund’d dollars for me” (Twain page #). Twain wanted to show, through Jim, just how cruel people were and how those feelings were condoned by society. Twain also shows the ideal of freedom through Jim and the failure to live up to that freedom when Miss Watson sells him.
The Nature of Hamlet’s Tragedy
The Nature of Hamlet’s Tragedy
As a play, the part of Hamlet is portrayed by an actor and we would expect the piece to be detached from “real” life. In fact, the reason why this play has survived and is regarded as the greatest play in the English language is because it is universally linked to “real” life.
The tragedy in Hamlet is not simply one dimensional because the play operates on several levels.
It is in one sense a political play, as Hamlet is ordered to carry out an act of vengeance on a head of state, who is above the law. (Where do you go for justice if the criminal is the head of the justice system, as Claudius would be, as absolute monarch?) There is no chance of a trial on the death of Old Hamlet. Hamlet has no platform for accusation of Claudius. Shakespeare is accurate in his description of the passions and relationships which pervade the court – they are still relevant today in any contemporary news item of injustice and suffering at the hands of corrupt regimes.
The title of th…