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ou’ve had some practice now creating servers, VPCs, subnets, and security groups. You’ve created a simple VPC. For the

ou’ve had some practice now creating servers, VPCs, subnets, and security groups. You’ve created a simple VPC. For the Final Project in the class, you are going to create a slightly more complex VPC. This VPC will include two servers and two subnets. One subnet will be private and the other public. We will assume that one server is going to be a database server (which should be protected by a private subnet) and a web server (which can be made public).

This Final Project will require you to use most of the AWS resources that you’ve worked with throughout the course.

Read the specifications in these Instructions for Completing the Final Project (docx) closely and then work through the steps as described. There is no video to accompany the project.

Because the Final Project is more complex, you can start in Week 7. It is due by Midnight on the final Wednesday of the term.

Make sure to submit all of the following items:

A screenshot of your VPC dashboard.
A screenshot of your EC 2 dashboard.
Submit your screenshots to this Module 8.1 Dropbox.

Media Transmission Questions Adaptive Bit-Rate Adaptive bit-rate is a streaming technology designed

Media Transmission Questions

Adaptive Bit-Rate

Adaptive bit-rate is a streaming technology designed to provide consistent high-quality viewing in situation where fluctuations in bandwidths are experienced and users are in a variety of devices. ABR is therefore suitable not only for travelling but also in complex network connections and systems whose performance change constantly. On the other hand, constant bit-rate (CBR) streaming is design to achieve constant streaming during the whole video clip. CBR does not optimize media files for quality while at the same time saves the storage space. CBR is provides a constant motion over the entire duration and used to stream video content using the flash media server.

The start of the actual playout and the time between content / service request are the components of initial or start-up delay which involves processing time at the client and server, initial buffer time before the playout starts, and network time for receiving first segments and sending the MPD request. Generally it is expected to be low but it also relies on the case of use. For instance, live streams of short movie clips have higher sensitive QoE to start-up delay compared to a full-length video.

Triggering factor = (3*2) + (3 * 5) + (3*10)

= 51

Unicast, multicast, and broadcast in multimedia transmission

Data is transported over a network by three simple methods

Unicast: is One-to-One transmission which is known as transmission from one source to one destination. It is the most common form of information transmission on networks.

Broadcast: is the transmission from one source to many or all possible destinations it is the easiest technique that ensures traffic reaches its destinations.

Multicast: is the transmission from one source to multiple destinations with an interest in traffic reception that is One-to-Many.

the four packet-level quality of service parameters

high: no effort is required

medium: no considerable effort is required

normal: moderate effort is required

low: not understood even with considerable effort

Classes of applications and their QoS

Conversational: has a preserve time relation (variation) between information entities of the stream. Also, it has a Conversational pattern (stringent and low delay). Example is voice

Streaming media: it also has a variation between information entities of the stream. Example is streaming video

Interactive application: it has a request response pattern and associated with preserve payload content. Example is web browsing

Background applications: Destination does not expect the data within a given time and has preserve payload content. Example is background downloading of emails.

Main Opinion Score (MOS)

MOS measures the quality of voice and for decades, it has been used in telephony to assess human opinion on the call quality. MOS scoring is important in ensuring that clients are satisfied for the continuous growth of the network.

With the increased competition, it I important that network providers improve the quality of services they offer as perceived by users as quality of experience. QoE is significant and important to service providers with an aim of custom chum while at the same time maintain their competitive edge in the market. Therefore, an exponential relationship between QoE and QoS gives better estimates than the original logarithmic approximations.

video blockiness, video freeze, audio synchronization, and video jerkiness

Video blockiness: this is impairment where a video contains artifacts similar to small blocks having similar color to the one viewing. As a result, it appears as if large pixels displayed on a large area. It takes place if the video encoder software is not in apposition to process the entire video data stream because hence cannot represent the details of each image accurately and instead uses the single “mean value” representing pixels in a wider area.

Video freeze: this is an impairment that results when the bandwidth is not sufficient hence a buffering message appears when the streaming resumes in mobile environment, significant packet loss may lead to freezing where some video frames can be lost or delayed in transit through network.

Audio synchronization: is the loss of synchronization between video and audio streams and affects QoE. The issue is associated with bandwidth issues when it slows down the video track.

Video jerkiness: this is an impairment that results when video streams do not have smooth flows and an action appears to stop instantly. It has other causes apart from band width issues.

gesture recognition

Gesture recognition is where a computing device is used to mathematically interpret human motion.  Personal computing, gestures are used as input commands. When computers recognize gestures as input commands, they become easily accessible to the physically-impaired and make interactions easier in natural in a gaming or 3-D virtual reality environment. A controller that contains gyroscopes and accelerometers to sense tilting amplifies Hand and body gestures in forms of rotation and acceleration of movement. Gestures must be universally acceptable, intuitive, and simple.

Virtual Reality involves the showcasing of artificial environment developed via a software solution. VR is associated with sound and sight and it appears in front of the user such that the users can see and believe in it. The example is a 3D image and is used for simulating a real-time environment education and training arenas. On the other hand, Augment Reality has proven its worth in industrial segments and daily lives by bringing across the elements of the virtual world into the real world, augmenting the feel, sound and visual effects of things in the environment.

The implications of players from different parts pf the world is brought about by mixed reality. During the game, Mixed Reality creates a user forum wherein the digital and physical elements are merged in a manner that interactions are facilitated in virtual and real world. Thinning the physical and virtual world boundaries offers a combination of VR and AR leading to a high high-tech reality experience. Therefore, during the game, there are computer communications, human and environment interaction via conventional reality and environment and computer collaboration through insight. As a result, the two individuals can play the game with no delay due to the high-tech interactions that are involved.

Tourism and Leisure in France 3 TOURISM AND LEISURE IN FRANCE Tourism

ou’ve had some practice now creating servers, VPCs, subnets, and security groups. You’ve created a simple VPC. For the Information Technology Assignment Help Tourism and Leisure in France 3


Tourism and Leisure in France

Research area

France has been at the forefront in the tourism sector being named the most popular destination in the world. The increasing tourism business demands for in-depth research to understand the market dynamics while providing recommendations on the same.

Aims and objectives

My written assignment aims to have a comprehensive understanding of the tourism market dynamics and the reason behind the rise of France among the largest tourist destination in the world.

Indicative content

France is home to most of the famous sites in the world and is leading tourist market in the European travel industry. The sector has since become a major contributor to the country’s GDP. The destination, however, faces various hurdles including insecurity, which has significantly affected the industry. This assignment will begin by exploring the tourism industry from history, the impacts, the challenges and finally the recommendations of ensuring haven for leisure.

Sources of information

The study will use secondary sources of information including peer-reviewed journals, books, magazines, government gazettes, and online publications. The selection of sources will be done regarding their relevance to the topic of study.


The likely challenge in the study is the publication of sources using French. However, with the availability of translating tools, the challenge can be easily solved.

LCS300 Leisure and Tourism in France Why do you think that France

LCS300 Leisure and Tourism in France

Why do you think that France has repeatedly maintained its position as no 1 tourist destination?

Rebranding to increase revenue and ameliorate image abroad: Look at the branding before and consider the following questions

How was France selling herself?

How do the image and the print contribute to this?

Do you consider this an effect piece of branding?

Now consider the present branding.

What do you think about the choice of picture and tagline?

How is France selling herself in this more recent logo?

To what audience is she appealing?

Do you Speak Touriste? Good or bad idea?

LCS300: France’s ethnic mix – some useful definitions Ethnic /Ethnicity: relating to

LCS300: France’s ethnic mix – some useful definitions

Ethnic /Ethnicity:

relating to a population subgroup (within a larger or dominant national or cultural group) with a common national or cultural tradition

relating to national and cultural origins

denoting origin by birth or descent rather than by present nationality: ethnic Indian populations

Multiculturalism: relating to or containing several cultural or ethnic groups within a society

Secularism: not connected with religious or spiritual matters.


the action or process of integrating: economic and political integration

the intermixing of people who were previously segregated

Proselytism: the activity of seeking to make converts to a religion, set of political beliefs, etc


The religion of Muslims, having the Koran as its sacred scripture and teaching that there is only one God and that Mohammed is his prophet

Muslims collectively and their civilization

Colonialism: Policy of extending control over weaker peoples or areas

Pied-noir: Person of French and other European ancestry living in French North Africa, (French Algeria, French Morocco or French Tunisia), until the end of French rule in North Africa 1954-1962. More specifically it can refer to those European descendent citizens who returned to France as soon as Algeria was granted independence.

A Harki: A Muslim Algerian who fought with the French during the war of independence, 1954-62.

(Definitions taken from the Oxford Dictionary and Collins English Dictionary)

The plan should normally contain the following information: Proposed area of research

The plan should normally contain the following information:

Proposed area of research

In this section students should either provide the definitive title of their assignment or give a precise, focused description of their research question / hypothesis.

Identification of aims and objectives

This section should start as follows, ‘The aim of my written assignment is to …’ and give a clear, broad description of what students hope to achieve as a result of carrying out their research. Aims are the steps/strategies that will help achieve the objectives. They should be specific, measurable and presented in a formatted list.

Indicative content

Students should concentrate in most detail on this section. They should give a clear idea of the issues they wish to explore, together with a detailed explanation of how they are going to organise and structure their ideas.

Identification of key sources of information

In this section students should show that they have already engaged in reading by briefly referring to four key sources of information (and/or data) that have helped them identify their research topic. For each they should evaluate why, in the context of their proposed study, the source is important. Students may wish to link the selected sources to specific aims given in section (ii). Details of all sources should follow the normal referencing conventions (i.e. Harvard system).

Reflection on challenges/hurdles/obstacles

In this section students should detail any hurdles, obstacles, challenges that may arise when researching into their chosen subject area.

For information, the Plan feedback sheet is found on p.17 and on Moodle.


Individual slots of 15 minutes will be arranged for each student and his/her supervisor.

This exercise requires you to discuss your draft plan with your supervisor. Although you will take the lead and will follow the format of the plan, your supervisor may ask you questions, make suggestions, point out pitfalls and give you advice, through the course of the conversation. Whilst you are required to demonstrate how much you have engaged with your topic to date, this exercise also provides you with an opportunity to receive constructive feedback, with a view to producing a more refined, polished plan. This in turn, will facilitate the writing-up process.

COMPONENTS of Assessment

Assessment of this module comprises three inter-related components, one formative, two assessed:

The draft assignment plan and discussion. This is a formative, rather than assessed task, but it will help you to crystallise your ideas and compile your plan more easily

The final version of the assignment plan – submitted via MOODLE

The written assignment – submitted via MOODLE

Components 2 and 3 will be assessed individually and you are reminded that all marks awarded are provisional until confirmed by the subject panels/award boards.

4000 words assignment:

The assignment must be approximately 4,000 words in length (excluding the reference list and quotations longer than two lines) and written in English. Please do not exceed this word limit – if you write significantly less or more (+ or – 10%), this will adversely affect your mark. You should try to make your assignment as interesting as possible and use a variety of sources. Please ensure that your approach to your topic is analytical. A purely descriptive or narrative approach will be penalised. It should be presented as stipulated in the Appendix 1 entitled, ‘The Assignment – Presentation & Structure’. You are expected to observe the standard academic conventions with respect to referencing. See Appendix 2 entitled, ‘The Assignment- Referencing & Reference List’ for guidelines.




Size and Typing

The assignment should be word-processed and the text double line spaced throughout (except for quotations, and the reference list), and an extra line space should be inserted between paragraphs. You should use 12-point Arial as your default font.

Margins – Use a one inch margin all round.

Page numbering – All pages should be numbered consecutively except for the title page. The page number should appear at the bottom of the page.

Title Page

The title page, which can act also as a front cover, should show the title of your assignment in underlined block capitals at the top centre. The title in itself is a summary of the assignment and while it should be kept concise it should attract the reader and should distinguish the contents clearly. Also on the title page should be your full name, your degree programme, the module code and title, the supervisor’s name and the due date.

Author declaration(s) – This should be on a new page after the title page, and consists of a statement, which you must sign, to the effect that the assignment is your own work.

Acknowledgements – This enables the author to express his/her thanks to those who have helped in the study. You should include the individual’s name, job title and name of organisation. It can be on the same page as the Author declaration.

Headings – Headings in an assignment act as a guide to the reader and give the writer a disciplined framework within which to construct a well-organised report. The optimum use of headings is for the student to decide. They should be treated as being separate from the text and should not be part of the structure of a sentence or paragraph. All main headings and sub-headings should also be listed in the table of contents, with page references.

Word count – At the end of the main body of your report, you must indicate the number of words that you have written. N.B. You must not include the author declaration, acknowledgements, appendices or reference list in your word count.


Order of the Elements of the Assignment

Title page

Author declaration and Acknowledgements

Table of contents, including list of figures and list of appendices

Each of the individual chapters/sections of the assignment (include a word count at the end of the main body of your assignment)

Reference list

Appendices (subsidiary materials which add to the understanding of the assignment).

You should start each of the above sections on a new page.



You are expected to observe the standard academic conventions with respect to referencing and reference lists.

Work which is submitted and which

(a) does not contain any references within the text to the sources of the information used, &

(b) contains an inadequate & incomplete reference list

risks receiving a failing grade.

Your assignment should contain two types of reference:

1. References within the text.

2. A reference list which includes only those sources which you have actually used and referred to in your text.


You must acknowledge where you have taken information, arguments and examples from. This includes the following:

– quotations (the use of quotation marks at the beginning and end of quotations is essential)’

– statistics, figures, data, factual information,

– diagrams, pictures, tables,

– ideas, arguments, concepts, points of view, analyses of a situation etc.

In other words, in the body of your essay, you must not only acknowledge the source of quotations, or statistics, but you must also acknowledge the origin of any ideas or information, of any material that you have summarised in your own words, of points of view relating to an issue, of interpretations which your source author has put forward, of any data that you refer to etc. It is essential, therefore, to acknowledge all borrowings in the text of your assignment, at the end of the sentence which refers to the material, or at the end of the relevant paragraph.

Please use the Harvard system, which involves giving author’s name, the date of publication and, where appropriate, the page number, in brackets, after the relevant sentences. (See below for explanations of how this operates.) The purpose of this is to enable a reader to go back to your sources, either to check them, or to follow up a point.




Additional information

Week 9

w/c 25.09

Intro to the module.

It is recommended that students attend all lectures, whether on Spain or France, so that they can make a more informed choice about their final assignment topic.

Week 10

w/c 01.10

Lectures 1 & 2

See teaching schedule for more info


Week 11

w/c 08.10

Lectures 3 & 4

See teaching schedule for more info

Students decide which country culture they will be focussing on.

Week 12

w/c 15.10

Workshop 1 (2 groups, one Spanish, one French)

topic specialisation

how to craft an essay title specific to your area of interest

guidance for assessment 1 – writing a plan (aims & objectives etc.) This will include looking at past submissions with a critical eye.

Students decide which aspect of their country of choice they wish to investigate.

Submission of assignment proposal form (p.16) to module leader by noon, 19.10.2018.

Students are allocated a supervisor and will be informed of their proposal choice by 23.10.2018.

Weeks 13 & 14

w/c 22.10 & 29.10

Reading, reflection and preparation of assignment plan.

Supervisors provide drop-in sessions, should guidance be needed. See pages 4-6 for guidelines. Please book a slot for an individual session in week 15 and send a copy of your plan (via email) to your supervisor in advance of your meeting.

Week 15

w/c 05.11

Individual progress discussion 1 (Duration 20 mins). All students are expected to sign up for a session. They should bring draft plans to the meeting and take into account feedback / observations made during the course of the discussion.

This is an important formative activity giving you a chance to discuss your progress to date with your supervisor and produce the best plan possible.

Week 16

w/c 12.11

Workshop 2 for all students (2 groups, one Spanish, one French) on how to craft the assignment. This will involve

looking at past submissions with a critical eye

focussing on successful intros and conclusions

proof-reading: accurate grammar and syntax

description v analysis

looking at the marking criteria

E-submission of final version of assignment plan by noon (12 p.m.) Thursday 15.11.2018. Follow E-submission instructions on p.6.

Weeks 17 & 18, w/c 19.11 & 26.11.

Work on assignment, taking into account plan feedback.

Students receive electronic feedback about their plans by 27.11.2018. .

Work on assignment. See info on p.6 & Appendices 1 & 2, pp. 8-15.

Weeks 19 & 20

w/c 03.12

Individual progress discussion 2 with supervisor (Duration 20 mins). Plan feedback and project progress discussion.

All students are expected to sign up for a session with their supervisor in either week 19 or 20.

Students should come to this meeting prepared to talk about their amended plans and their progress to date. This session provides a chance to ask questions/ raise concerns etc. before the Christmas vacation begins.


Christmas vacation

Week 24

w/c 08.01

Completion of assignment

E-Submission of written assignment by noon (12 p.m.)Thursday 10.01.2019

4,000 words, in English.


This module comprises a series of lectures/tutorials, conducted in English on aspects relating to the French and Spanish-speaking worlds.