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Othello was Insane

Othello was Insane

Shakespeare’s “Othello” is a prime example of a cleverly crafted

tragedy. Othello himself has all the elements of a tragic hero: the

personal grievance involving a friend and loved one, the tragic flaw

(gullibility), the sacrifice of suicide. Othello’s strong love for his wife

and the love that Desdemona shows him by betraying her father shows the

bond between the two of them. As a man Othello was honorable and noted

with high regard around Venice, also a strong and great leader. Every

great leader has much stress on him no matter how great the leader. The

stress of battle, the jealousy, and the loss of honor are what drove

Othello insane and this is why he hath killed his wife.

Although the stress of battle was not mentioned in the play one

could imagine the stresses put on a man with such stories of battle that

Othello himself told Brabantio. “Her father loved me, oft invited me;

/Still questioned me the story of my life/From year to year- the battles

sieges, fortunes/That I have passed.”(I, iii, 128-131) The numerous battles

and the hardships of war wear a man down. The stresses of everyday things

at work get to us but the stresses of battle must be and uncountable times

worse. Othello seemed to be and was mentioned as a good leader with the

respect of the Duke. The stresses of being a black man leading an army of

white soldiers that might respect you as a leader but might not respect you

as a human would affect you also.

Othello seemed to handle the stresses of war just fine but with the

jealousy added into his life by the most evil Iago’s plot against him and

Cassio was something that Othello had trouble managing. Othello was new to

the married life and did not want to leave his wife behind so he left her

in the hands of the “honest” Iago. “My life upon her faith! – Honest Iago,

/My Desdemona must I leave to thee”(I, iii, 294-295). Iago caused the

jealousy in Othello’s heart and made it burn with such passion and with

some false proof caused Othello to begin his break from reality.

The honor lost by the rumor of a cheating wife was the straw that

Restraint in Lord of the Flies and Heart of Darkness

Restraint in Lord of the Flies and Heart of Darkness

Throughout Lord of the Flies and Heart of Darkness the importance

of restraint is greatly stressed. This being the restraint to remain human

and maintain sanity. In Heart of Darkness, Marlow was able to remain his

restriant despite how difficult it was for him. He was always surrounded

by cannibals and constant chaos. On the other hand, Kurtz was unable to

keep his restriant, as a result he lost his humanity and sanity, and

eventually died because of it. In Lord of the Flies, Ralph is able to

restrain restrain, and he therefore remains human. He found it difficult

though, because there was only one other person who was able to do the

same- Piggy. Ralph was determined to maintain order, and he was very alone

because of it. Jack on the other hand, gave in to the temptation of simply

hunting and playing, and lost his humanity in the process. He became a

savage – not a human being, but a savage with a painted body and strange

barbaric ways. In contrast, the cannibals in Heart of Darkness, (who are

starving) could have easily had many satisfying meals. After all, they

outnumbered the whites thirty to five, but they still had necessary

restraint to refrain from savagely feasting on some of the easily

accessible seamen. Towards the end of the novel, Marlow becomes becomes

very close to losing his sanity, but also has the necessary restraint to

maintain it. He confuses the beat of a drum (the call to man’s primative

side) with his own heartbeat, but is still able to restrain from slipping

over the edge as Kurt did. Ralph in Lord of the Flies is constantly faced

with temptation to join Jack and all of the other boys, especially when

Piggy dies and he is all alone. This makes it even more difficult to

restrain from giving in to Jack and his animalistic tribe. Therefore, it

is evident how important restrain is in these two novels. The ability to

do so may be the difference between life and death, and the one who can

restrain himself teh most is the one who prevails in the end.

In conclusion, it is evident that the authors of these two novels

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