The 5th Amendment of the United States Constitution is the part which includes the Bill of Rights which protects persons from being held for committing crime unless the police indicate clearly. It’s also where the guarantee of due process comes from indicating that the country and the state have to respect individual’s legal rights.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury; this line indicates that no one should be tried for serious criminal offense unless grand jury decides first with adequate proof so that the trial needed.
Nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; this line indicates that if a person is put on trial for a crime and the trial ends, one cannot be tried again for the same offense.
Nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself; the line means that the government does not have power to force one testify against himself and this is why any trial use witness and evidence.
Nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; this line indicates that the government does not have power to take away person’s life, freedom and property without following procedures that gives the individual a fair chance (Mason, Alpheus Thomas & Grier Stephenson).
Mason, Alpheus Thomas, and Grier Stephenson. American constitutional law: introductory essays and selected cases. Routledge, 2015.