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Iago’s Manipulation of Othello in Shakespeare’s Othello

Iago’s Manipulation of Othello in Shakespeare’s Othello

Once a seed of suspicion or doubt is planted in a person’s mind, the noxious effect of jealousy is soon to ensue. Jealousy and suspicion are Othello’s flaws hubris throughout the play and foreshadow to the audience his imminent downfall. He believes what Iago tells him so strongly that he compromises his close relationship with his best friend and his love for his wife. Iago manipulates Othello through the use of extortion, literary techniques, and his keen judge of character. His syntax and diction are so simple yet so powerful because he uses the correct rhetorical questions and addresses Othello with respectful terms such as “my lord.” He allows Othello do most of the talking and the thinking; then begins to twist his mind usi…

Women and Religion in the Film Alien and Frankenstein

Women and Religion in the Movie Alien and Shelly’s Frankenstein

The issue of religion in women’s horror is much like the issue of class. In most major organized religions there is a definite patriarchal structure of male dominance. The Father, the Son, the Pope, bishops and priests are all part of this structure that mostly lack woman influences. The religious structure reflects the male dominated society as a whole. As one would expect, women are frightful and perhaps horrified at this exclusionary system and in women’s horror the idea of a woman Christ figure has been brought forth. Perhaps women are in touch with the idea of the Christ-like figure, one that is nurturing and motherly and by using a woman with Christ-like attributes, the structure of religion is commented on and destructured. Men’s horror, however, works in the opposite direction by struggling to maintain the structure as it stands. While women battle to overthrow the ideas of a patriarchal religion, men battle to keep this disturbance in check and find comfort in the reassurance from male horror in the reassertion of male dominance.

The movie Alien: Resurrection has wonderful examples of the woman’s attempt to overthrow the structure of religion by displaying religious motifs as well as paralleling religious stories.

Ripley representing a female Christ figure in the movie. The birth of the baby alien near the beginning is similar to Jesus’ birth to the Virginal Mary. Both women conceive their “child” through a way other than intercourse, and both of their births have a huge impact on the future of the human race. After this scene, Ripley is shown emerging from a white cloth draped over her body, much like Jesus did after His …

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… the creation story.

The counterpart to the female idea of deconstructing the religious institution is male horror that assures order only as a result of men controlling the show. The movie The Exorcist is a prime example of male reassertion of power and the reassurance that woman is trouble and even evil. The woman, who is a threat to patriarchal structured religion, is personified in the little girl, Regan, who is possessed by the devil. It is up to the priest, who is seen as the hero of the movie, to defend the institution of religion as it stands and drive out the demon. Throughout the battle, even though tempted by the girl, the priest remains steadfast and eventually the demon is exorcised thus reinforcing the religious structure as it stands. This reinforcement is basically a reassertion of male dominance and control in both society and religion.

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