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I have an argumentative paper due on the five sources listed below. 1. Walsh, F. (2009). Human-Animal Bonds 1:

I have an argumentative paper due on the five sources listed below.
1. Walsh, F. (2009). Human-Animal Bonds 1: The Relational Significance of Companion Animals. Family Process, 48(4), 462-480.
2. McClaskey, B. (2019). Companion Animals and their Impact on Human Lives. Midwest Quarterly, 60(3), 335-350.
3.Krouzecky, C., Aden, J., Hametner, K., Klaps, A., Kovacovsky, Z.,

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Based on physiological perspective, the relativity argument begins by observing that there is a great deal of irreconcilable moral subjectivity: people are disagreeing about what is right and wrong. Consequently, there is a difference between argument and queerness in that numerous civilizations throughout history and contemporary times have had significantly varied moral perspectives, many of which are diametrically opposed. The moral perspectives usually bring out the associations between argument and queerness.

Relativity is defined as the fact that standards of truthfulness,  and ethical right and wrong differ greatly between cultures and historical times, or that there are no broadly applicable criteria for judging them.

What is the notion about objectivity?

When it comes to a particular incidences, objectivity in a philosophical perspective rejects the notion of relativity and believes that are within that domain are relative to the observer’s perspective or context of judgment.

Moral subjectivism argues that morals are formed from emotional responses so when people debate on moral concepts, they are merely debating their own sentiments and emotions. Individuals can benefit from acquiring a more receptive attitude toward novel ideas, and civilizations as a result of this understanding. The ideals of morality and justice are diametrically opposed. Morality and subjectivity are founded on two fundamental tenets: emotion and reasoning. Moral agreement is possible when people have comparable feelings in the face of shared experience and reason similarly, even if their reasoning is of varying quality.

2 Student Name Instructor’s Name Course Date Spotify Market Overview The competitive

I have an argumentative paper due on the five sources listed below. 1. Walsh, F. (2009). Human-Animal Bonds 1: Writing Assignment Help 2

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Spotify Market Overview

The competitive intensity

Spotify is a digital audio and music streaming service which allows users to listen to music online or download it to personal devices. The company began the era of music streaming, replacing Vinyl, Magnetic tapes, and CDs. Spotify was founded in 2006 and is the most popular audio streaming service globally, with over 350 users in over 178 countries (Soliya). Spotify faces competition from other services, including Tidal, Apple Music, Deezer, Amazon Music Unlimited, and Qobuz. Growth in this industry has seen Spotify and its competitors experience a significant increase. Still, as of 2020, Spotify was the leader in market share with 32% of the market.

The technological intensity

In the audio streaming business, there are technological necessities that a company has to meet to be competitive. To users, the most important thing is music quality. Spotify offers high-quality audio to premium subscribers, and the quality for the free users is better than on other platforms. Spotify also provides its users with easy-to-use platforms on their applications and websites. Spotify also uses Natural Language Programming (NLP) to provide browsing ease and metadata tracking to improve the user experience.

The importance of innovation in the market

Since its launch in 2006, Spotify has revolutionized the industry through innovation. One innovative development by Spotify is the introduction of billboard adverts on content driven by data from users (Maiorca). These adverts provide users in Cities with information on new music from artists or offers by the streaming service. Another innovative idea is user-specific reviews and playlists. Spotify creates playlists for its users based on their listening habits and end-year review summarizing their favorite tracks for the year (Maiorca). These reviews are appreciated by users and start conversations on social media with users comparing their playlists and reviews.

Porter’s Five Forces analysis for Spotify.

These five forces are industrial rivalry, suppliers’ bargaining power, substitution threat, buyer bargaining power, and the threat of new entrants (Osazuwa). Industrial rivalry for Spotify has been increasing steadily over the years. This is because of the growth of Apple Music and Tidal services, which are siphoning users from Spotify. However, Spotify holds a competitive advantage over these services because it offers a free version to its users if they cannot pay for the subscription. The supplier’s bargaining power is low (Osazuwa). This is because very few artists are unwilling to have their music available on these services. Also, most negotiations are done between Spotify and record labels that sign contractual agreements with streaming services. The threat of substitution is very low for Spotify. There are substitutes available, but Spotify offers the user a personal feel and unlimited access to their listening experience that radios and vinyl or tapes cannot provide. The bargaining power of buyers is very low (Osazuwa). This is attributed to the control Spotify has in this area in terms of offering both a free and a premium version. The threat of new entrants is low, seeing as Spotify already has the most significant market share, and new entrants would not realistically be able to compete.

Works Cited

Maiorca, Danny. “Spotify Turns 15: What Are Its Most Important Innovations?” MUO, MUO, 14 May 2021,

Osazuwa, Christine. “Spotify and Streaming Music Industry Analysis.” Christine Osazuwa, 2021,

Soliya, Shivam. “Spotify Competitive Analysis 2020-21.” Journal, 2021,

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Annotated Bibliography on How Organic Food Are Better Than Inorganic Food

Brooke. “10 Benefits Of Eating Organic Food – The Organic Place”. The Organic Place, 2020,

The article highlights ten reasons that emanates from eating organic food substances. The author commences by stating that organic food substances are fresher since they are obtained directly from the farms unlike the inorganic which have stayed in the supermarket. Brooke states that organic food are chemical and pesticides free since during planting only organic manures are used to expedite the growth of the plants. The article stipulates that organic food substances tastes better and are seasonal which makes them best and affordable at that time. The article establishes that organic food substances are nutritious and sustainable. Organic food substance provides an opportunity to teach and inspire others on how to preserve the environment (Brooke). The author concludes by stating that local farmers are supported through consumption of organic food substances.

I conquer with the articulation of the author of this article on various benefits that emanates from the consumption of organic food substances. However, I disagree with the last points talking about education and inspiration resulting from the consumption of organic food substances. I think all other food substances whether inorganic or organic can all be used for purposes of educating and warning people based on their benefits or disadvantages. The knowledge I have obtained from the article is very helpful to me in ensuing that I eat a balanced and healthy diet. The points stated by the author should be practiced by those individuals who want to leave for long so that they can avoid consumption of chemical substances.

Burns, Jasmine. “Organic Foods Vs Regular Conventional Food: What Is The Difference? – Thediabetescouncil.Com”. Thediabetescouncil.Com, 2016,

The article commences by giving the definition of the organic and conventional foods. The author explains organic food as those food substances which do not require addition of chemicals or fertilizers when they are being grown or processed while conventional foods utilizes fertilizers and chemicals for purposes of growing and processing foods. The article establishes the differences and similarities that exists between organic and conventional foods. Burns tabulated the differences that exists between the organic farming and conventional farming. The article clarifies on how distinction can be made between the organic and conventional foods. The author has realized that conventional food is responsible for environmental degradation. The summarizes his articles by stating the various organic food substances that should be bought by people.

The research conducted by the author was well written and good for that matter. The research is very educative and interesting to read since it is very informative on critical matters that have been ignored. However, the author sound so absolute about the effects of conventional food degrading the environment. I do not conquer with him there since there are many other factors that are contributing to environmental degradation. An intensive and extensive research needs to be conducted on various questions that are asked by the author at the end of the article. I also disagree with the author that organic food substances are expensive as compared to conventional on the basis of labor costs and other costs. Conventional foods should be more expensive since they undergo many processes which in the end will serve to inflate their prices. I will use this research in practicing organic farming and pricing of the organic foods since the author established that they tend to be expensive.

Clune, Moira. “Benefits Of Non-Organic Food | Livestrong.Com”. LIVESTRONG.COM, 2022,

This article explains the various benefits that results from consumption of non-organic food substances. Clune says that non-organic foods are cheaper as compared to organic foods since non-organic farming produces more foods than the organic farming hence cost saving. The production of non-organic food substance close to home supports farmers through the purchases that are made locally (Clune). The author suggests that conventional farming ensures that a smaller piece of land is put into use despite its destructive nature to the environment. The article is suggesting that non-organic food substances are safe and nutritious and only recommended substances should be purchase for that matter. The articles highlight the benefits of non-organic foods.

The research by the author were not well written and I feel the research was bad. The author states that benefit of non-organic foods is cost saving which is wrong. Organic foods are the one which are cheap and are available at low prices. The article stated that non-organic foods are nutritious and safety which again I tend to disagree with. Non-organic food substances are preserved and processed through the use of chemicals which are not safe for human health as purported by the author. It was wrong for the author to state that non-organic food supports local farmers yet most of the products are found in supermarkets and industries. It is the organic food that boost the financial status of the farmers since people buy directly from them. I will not apply this knowledge since there was no research which was conducted to justify the utterances made by the author.

Miller, Brandon. “7 Pros And Cons Of Conventional Farming”. Green Garage, 2016,

The article by Miller presents the benefits and drawbacks of conventional farming. The articles stipulate that conventional farming results into more production with less costs since there are no additional costs such shipment of manures as in organic farming. Another benefits identified by the author is that conventional farming creates job opportunities to a number of people since there are many processes involved in the processing and packaging of the fertilizers used which creates jobs for people. Miller recognizes that the more gains resulting from conventional farming leads to increased food production. Food production increases due to the low production costs incurred which triggers a considerable number of people to engage in farming activities. Finally, conventional farming results into lower costs foods substances since farmers have incurred less to produce those particular products. On the other hand, the article states that the use of pesticides are dangerous to both human and animals hence high likelihood of an individual getting sick. Convectional farming requires large track of lands for it to be productive hence small scale farmers are negatively affected by the farming technique.

I agree with the author’s thoughts concerning both the benefits and drawbacks of practicing conventional farming. This is a well written down work which serve as a basis for conducting other research on the same topic. The research had not sample where the findings were obtained by the author hence putting the reliability and credibility of the article in a tricky state. The article is very informative and I will use it to advance my academics, learning and teaching other students who are in the same line. The topic can be used as a control experiment thereby encouraging the research aspects on an organization.

Mullen, Lauren. “The Positive Impact Of Organic Foods”. Environmental Center, 2021,

This articles gives the definition of organic as the as those substances that do not have any element of chemicals in them. The author expands his discussion and introduces the benefits of organic foods. The articles explain that farming without the use of fertilizers or chemicals ensures that there is environmental protection and conversation through reduced pollution. The use of fertilizers and chemicals weakens soils thereby making it porous hence increased soil erosion, reduced fertility which serves to ensure that the environment is destroyed (Mullen). The articles suggest that soil conservation and protection from destructions ensures that the food substances that are grown there are healthy. Healthy foods only emanate from organic farming sine the foods have less interaction with chemicals and pesticides which are likely to cause harm to people as explained by the author. The article states that organic food are healthier and rich in nutrients and vitamins and the author persuades readers to embark on buying only organic foods. The article concludes by stating that organic food reduces the effects of climate change there is conversation of biodiversity by farmers, increased soil stability and reduction in the emission of carbon gases due to reduction in transportation of food products.

The authors opinion is good and more elaborative on how organic foods can help prevent the adverse effects of climate change. The research by the author established that reduced transportation reduces carbon emissions which consequently reduces the impact of climate change around the globe, yet there are other activities that will still increase carbon emission. Organic food farming is not a reliable strategy which can be fully used the reduce the impact of climate change. I will apply the knowledge in school to advance my academics and also provide guidance back at home on best practices to use in farming.

Nast, Condé. “The Great Organic-Food Fraud”. The New Yorker, 2021,

The article narrates a story of two gentlemen called Borgerding and Constant where they practiced inorganic and organic farming respectively. The author narrates how Constant was successful in his education and already had a wife called Pam. The article stresses on how Constant was presentable and smart. Later, both Borgerding and Constant came together to start a business and due to the trust, Borgerding accepted relying the trust and hard work of Constant. The author says that Constant due his early investments, he was able to begin enjoy the proceeds from farming activities. The article establishes that Constant wants to get another piece of land to cultivate organically. The soya beans grown organically and conventionally are so different and obvious. The article says that implementation of organic farming ensures that there is conservation of biodiversity, and improved healthcare of anybody and anything. The study states that there were federal laws which allowed he conversion of the inorganic land into organic where planting is carried out without interference. Constant advocated for the introduction and farming of organic soya beans. The article concludes by acknowledging the importance of organic foods as opposed to inorganic foods.

The article is well written as it provides a narrative that organic farming occupies a better in the world foods. People should embrace the use of organic foods which provides energy for emergencies. I like the article and the form in which the essay has been presented to foster understanding and reporting. There article do not have gaps since it is a factual narrative story that exists or do not exists. I will use the article when wanting to improve my language through playing in any place that possess threats to citizens. The article supports the use of organic foods as opposed to inorganic foods which boots health and in the management of the farm properties well.

UC Davis Health. “Are Organic Foods Really Healthier? Two Pediatricians Break It Down”. Good-Food, 2022,

This article introduces us to how two pedestrians put forth the concept of organic food being healthier. The research conducted in U.S indicates that there is annual increase of about 6% organic food consumption since people believe that organic foods are healthy. The article responds to the question regarding what exactly entails organic foods. The author explains that organic foods are obtained without the use of chemicals or fertilizers during plantation. UC Davis Health suggests that reduction of soil contamination plays a great role in ensuring that foods produced are healthy and safe. The author states that organic foods are normally expensive than non-organic foods because with organic foods, there is much involved during cultivation hence output has to be expensive. Animals which are reared conventionally are sold off cheap since they were injected and boosted so that they may have faster growth. The article says that people derive the same benefits in both the organic and non-organic foods which is also a reflection in the organic milk and inorganic milk. The warns on the buying of nonorganic meat since they are not safe. The author suggests that it is important to eat organic foods though.

The article is good and comprehensive since it has even additional sources to justify and back up the utterances made. The article by the author is not well written as it portrays contradicting ideas which are confusing to some extent. The authors elevate and encourages the use of organic foods and again says that both organic and inorganic have the same nutritional values. There were gaps such as use of small sample in the research which resulted into inconsistency in the findings of the author. I will apply the use of the article in making critique on a research conducted about the same topic.

Vigar, Vanessa et al. “A Systematic Review Of Organic Versus Conventional Food Consumption: Is There A Measurable Benefit On Human Health?”. Nutrients, vol 12, no. 1, 2019, p. 7. MDPI AG, Accessed 26 Apr 2022.

This article conducts an assessment about the health effects of using organic foods as compared to the conventional foods. The authors use trials and observational studies so as to identify both the direct and indirect effects that is associated with either food. The studies showed that there was positive improvement in the health of those individuals who were taking organic foods. The findings also indicated that organic food intake led to improves fertility and ensures that there are normal births. The authors states that they cannot fully and exhaustively explain the reasoning behind the positive outcomes that has originated from high intake of organic foods. The authors conclude by suggesting that any research to be conducted in the future should take in consideration the long-term whole-diet benefits so as to extract the relevant information as to whether there exist health benefits.

The article by the authors is good since it is a peer-reviewed journal which is reliable and credible. The article was well written in a scholarly language and can be productively used other coming research as control experiment. The research exhibited a gab which advocated for long term carrying out of study so as to establish the existence of the health benefits that was associated with their initial research. The journal will be productive in teaching expectant mothers so that they do not have any defects.

Work Cited

Brooke. “10 Benefits Of Eating Organic Food – The Organic Place”. The Organic Place, 2020,

Burns, Jasmine. “Organic Foods Vs Regular Conventional Food: What Is The Difference? – Thediabetescouncil.Com”. Thediabetescouncil.Com, 2016,

Clune, Moira. “Benefits Of Non-Organic Food | Livestrong.Com”. LIVESTRONG.COM, 2022,

Miller, Brandon. “7 Pros And Cons Of Conventional Farming”. Green Garage, 2016,

Mullen, Lauren. “The Positive Impact Of Organic Foods”. Environmental Center, 2021,

Nast, Condé. “The Great Organic-Food Fraud”. The New Yorker, 2021,

UC Davis Health. “Are Organic Foods Really Healthier? Two Pediatricians Break It Down”. Good-Food, 2022,

Vigar, Vanessa et al. “A Systematic Review Of Organic Versus Conventional Food Consumption: Is There A Measurable Benefit On Human Health?”. Nutrients, vol 12, no. 1, 2019, p. 7. MDPI AG, Accessed 26 Apr 2022.