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Freedom is the Cost of Stability in Brave New World

David Grayson once said that “Commandment Number One of any truly civilized society is this: Let people be different”. Difference, or individuality, however, may not be possible under a dictatorial government. Aldous Huxley’s satirical novel Brave New World shows that a government-controlled society often places restraints upon its citizens, which results in a loss of social and mental freedom. These methods of limiting human behavior are carried out by the conditioning of the citizens, the categorical division of society, and the censorship of art and religion.

Conditioning the citizens to like what they have and reject what they do not have is an authoritative government’s ideal way of maximizing efficiency. The citizens will consume what they are told to, there will be no brawls or disagreements and the state will retain high profits from the earnings. People can be conditioned chemically and physically prior to birth and psychologically afterwards.

The novel, Brave New World, takes place in the future, 632 A. F. (After Ford), where biological engineering reaches new heights. Babies are no longer born viviparously, they are now decanted in bottles passed through a 2136 metre assembly line. Pre-natal conditioning of embryos is an effective way of limiting human behaviour. Chemical additives can be used to control the population not only in Huxley’s future society, but also in the real world today. This method of control can easily be exercised within a government-controlled society to limit population growth and to control the flaws in future citizens. In today’s world, there are chemical drugs, which can help a pregnant mother conceive more easily or undergo an abortion. In the new world, since there is no need…

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…rolled society appears to be a Utopia, where everyone is happy and lives in harmony, but the price paid is comparable to the superficial happiness that the citizens receive. Without the freedom of choice, the citizens do not actually realize the joy when a task is accomplished. Without having to work for a goal, the people do not appreciate the pleasure once the goal is achieved and do not actually understand the true meaning of happiness. The price for Utopia, in a word, is freedom.

Works Cited and Consulted

Bedford, Sybill. Alodus Huxley. New York: Harper and Row, 1974.

Berton, Pierre. The Great Depression. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1990.

Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. London: Flamingo, 1994.

Rae, John. Henry Ford. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1969.

Woodcock, George. Dawn and the Darkest Hour. London: Faber and Faber, 1972.

Comparing Nineteen Eighty-Four and Utopia

Parallels in Nineteen Eighty-Four and Utopia

Literature is a mirror of life. In order to reflect their views on the problems in society, many authors of fiction, including Sir Thomas More of Utopia and George Orwell of Nineteen Eighty-Four, use parallels in character, setting, government, and society to link their works to the real world.

Characters are the appendages of a literary work, without well rounded characters, a novel is not complete. In many situations, authors use certain distinguishing features of a well known figure in society to shape the character in their works. These realistic characters are the work’s link to the outside world. In the book Utopia, Thomas More presents himself as a character – the opposition to Raphael Hythloday’s recollections. Hythloday (whose name is derived from the Greek huthlos, meaning nonsense) is a world traveller who has sailed with Amerigo Vespucci, a famous captain at the turn of the sixteenth century. By using several real-life characters, More links his work to the world around him.

In the novel 1984, the supreme leader of the “Ingsoc” party, “Big Brother”, is “a man of about forty-five, with a heavy black moustache and ruggedly handsome features” (Orwell 5), whom in governing position, political power, and physical features, resembles the once feared Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. Another omnipresent character in the novel, Emmanuel Goldstein, is said to be a traitor to Ingsoc, a conspirator to the Party he originated. Goldstein has “a lean Jewish face, with a great fuzzy aureole of white hair and a small goatee beard – a clever face … with a kind of senile silliness in the long thin nose…” (Orwell 16). The image of Goldstein resembles that of Leon …

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Works Cited

Brown, and Oldsey. ed. Critical Essays on George Orwell. Boston: G. K. Hall

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