In Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Lady Macbeth is made to act as a catalyst in Lord Macbeth’s evildoings.
Even though Lord Macbeth is generally the one to have the final say in the many killings that take place in the play, Lady Macbeth plays the role of a villain alongside him. She mocks her Lord if he frets over something she has instructed him to do, saying he would be less of a man if he does not follow through on their plan (I. vii. 56-57). She gives Lord Macbeth a short lecture in deceptiveness when they are planning to kill King Duncan (I. vi. 73-78). She also prepared the daggers for Macbeth to kill Duncan in advance (II. ii. 15-16). Though her Lord was still having doubts, she was, in the most literal sense, ready to go in for the kill.
Clearly demonstrating another villainous characteristic other than self- gain, Lady Macbeth shows the fear of getting caught when she unintentionally gives herself away in her sleep (V. i. 33, 37-42, 44-47, 53-55, 65-67, 69-72). Though her fear can suppress itself during a conscious state of being, she can do nothing about it when she is asleep.
Throughout the play and leading up to her eventual suicide, Lady Macbeth slowly weakens. Yet, in the beginning of the play, she acts as if she is unstoppable. When Macbeth has his doubts and fears about murdering the loyal Duncan, Lady Macbeth chastises him, calling him everything from a coward to a helpless baby (I. vii. 39-49, 53-67). She even offers to do it herself, possibly to make Macbeth feel that he’s even more cowardly because a woman is offering to do “his” job. This pushes Macbeth to kill, though these are the actions that will eventually lead to both of their demises later in the play. Macbeth tries to convince Lady Macbeth, as well as himself, that she is wrong: 3 Prithee, peace. I dare do all that may become a man. Who dares more is none. (I. vii. 50-52) However, Macbeth does not seem to fully convince her, because he is still mocked by his wife. Whether he failed to convince himself or to convince his Lady is irrelevant; he went through with the murder anyhow.
Not only does Lady Macbeth push her husband to do things he does not want to, but she also informs him that his face is too easy to read.
Things They Carried Essay: Buried Social Issues Exposed
Buried Social Issues Exposed in The Things They Carried
The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien is a wonderful and personal look into one of this countries darkest times. The vivid imagery that the author uses lets the reader actually experience the feeling of actually being in the war. By using the cultural studies method of literary criticism, we can use the social conditions during the time of the writing to explore beneath the surface. What we find underneath just might be more interesting than the story itself.
In the story “Enemies”, Lee Strunk and Dave Jenson get into a fistfight over a missing jackknife. “Stupid” (p.63) is the way the author describes the fight, but yet he describes in vivid detail the gory battle and its emotional outcome.
If we look at society of the 1960’s, we find that America was going through a period when sharing was a common value. “Free love” and “Peace, love, and Rock-n-Roll” were the battle cry of a whole sub-culture that was revolting against the stuffiness of their parents. (Bob Dylan versus Ward Clever) This counter-culture was not very interested in individualistic ideas as we can see by the droves of groupies that followed (and still follow) the Grateful Dead. The United States Army had basically the same effect on the young boys that were volunteered for war. They were stripped of their individualism and made into a team- a fighting machine. The only way for them to have any real sense of individuality was to grasp onto a few small personal possessions that they were allowed to keep or those that were contraband.
On the other hand, growing up in the early 1980’s and 1990’s (the ME generation) makes it difficult to understand how a sim…
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…he time. When Dave feels that he can no longer tolerate the situation, “He borrowed a pistol, gripped it by the barrel, and used it like a hammer to break his own nose”. (63) Again like society of the time, the “establishment” felt that they needed to break up “sit-ins” and peace marches because they thought the protestors were going to get violent anyway. It was a type of pro-active violence.
In conclusion, there are numerous ways of unwrapping the many layers of a piece of literature. The most simplistic of these ways looks primarily at the words and their basic meaning. The more complex, such as the cultural studies method, will divulge deeper insight and motivation by the author. You may discover more than just a story about a fight over a jackknife. In the end, you may learn a lesson in human psychology and socio-economics.