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Essay on the Tyrant in Richard III and Macbeth

The Tyrant in Richard III and Macbeth

In Richard III and Macbeth Shakespeare used the title characters to reveal the typical characteristics of the tyrant such as limited foresight, mental instability, paranoia, the alienation of allies, and a clearly defined persona of evilness.

Both Richard III and Macbeth are noblemen that usurp the crown through treachery, deceitfulness, and murder. Their rule is short-lived, though, because the reign with fear and terror. This clearly sets them up as tyrants, however, Shakespeare elaborated on this subject and revealed the typical characteristics of the tyrant through their actions, their climb to power, and the way they reigned.

In the first act of Richard III the audience sees that Richard has developed an elaborate plan to become king (1.1.28-35). His plan is well thought out and looks to the future, not just the present. At the end of act 1 scene 1 Richard describes his plan and begins to get ahead of himself. Then he remembers the plan as a whole and realizes he must execute it in order to succeed. “But yet I run before my horse to market. / Clarence still breathes, Edward still lives and reigns; / When they are gone, then must I count my gains” (1.1.160-163). Through this opening act we see that Richard poses considerable foresight and even acts upon it. By the end of the play, however, this foresight has disappeared. Richard totally ignores Buckingham and refuses to compensate Buckingham for his help in usurping the throne (4.2.119-122). Richard fails to foresee that this action will cause Buckingham to turn against him. This lack or decrease of foresight is one of the principal characteristics of the tyrant.

We see in Macbeth that foresight was a quality that Mac…

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…mental instability, paranoia, the alienation of allies, and a clearly defined persona of evil in the title characters of two of his most famous plays, Richard III and Macbeth.

Works Cited and Consulted

Eccles, Mark. “Richard III on Stage and Screen.” Richard III. New York: Signet Classic, 1988. 265-78.

Hallett, Charles A. and Elaine S. Hallett. The Revenger’s Madness. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1980. (Epigraph)

Ornstein, Richard. “Richard III.” Richard III. New York: Signet Classic, 1988. 239-264.

Shakespeare, William. Richard III. The Norton Shakespeare. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1997

Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. The Norton Shakespeare. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1997

Spivack, Charlotte. The Comedy of Evil on Shakespeare’s Stage. London: Associated UPs, 1978.

Free Essays – Truth and Tom Sawyer Sawyer

Truth and Tom Sawyer The road to truth is long, and lined the whole way with annoying bastards. Alexander Jablokov The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, by Mark Twain, has many themes; one theme is the importance of truth in society. A Society is inevitable. It will always be there as a pleasure and a burden. Society expects, or perhaps demands, certain behavior from the individual. If one wishes to enjoy the pleasures of society then one must play by societys rules. Tom Sawyer, THE MAIN CHARACTER, is an imaginative young man who sometimes allows his imagination and high-spirit TO get in the way of telling the truth. Tom is very adventurous; he never passes up a chance to play pirates, robbers, or soldiers. We are introduced to Tom, when he is climbing in his window after a long night of cavorting with his friends. Soon after this, Tom meets Huckleberry Fin. Huck is a social outcast who likes to live by his own terms. Tom and Huck become good friends. One night the two boys go to the graveyard AND while they are there they witness the murder of the town doctor, Mr. Robinson. The boys watched as Injun Joe kills the doctor and frames a drunk by the name of Muff Potter, who happens to be IN the wrong place at the wrong time. The boys swear never to speak of THE MURDER again. Later, Tom falls in love with his new neighbor, Becky Thatcher. Eventually the two become engaged, but the engagement falls through when Tom accidentally mentions his former love while talking with Becky. The two feud and do not speak. Meanwhile, the whole town is gossiping of the murder of Dr. Robinson and the prosecution of Muff Potter. A trail quickly forms and Muff is put on the stand. Tom cannot allow the innocent Muff TO go to jail. As the trial comes to a close, Tom testifies and indicates the guilt of Injun Joe. When the trial ends, the manhunt for Injun Joe begins AND Tom is treated like a hero.Tom feels guilty knowing he broke a sacred oath with Huck. Becky and Tom soon become friends again after Tom takes Beckys punishment at school for being careless with the teachers things. Becky finds Tom to be very noble. Summer is coming near. Injun Joe is still at large and Tom and Huck are searching for treasure. While searching near an old ghost house, one night, the two boys over hear Injun Joe talking about some loot that he hid AND THE boys are determined to find it. As an end of the year celebration, Toms whole class goes on a picnic and a cave exploration near the wood outside of town. While in the caves Tom and Becky get lost. The whole town searches for them, but THE BOYS ARE not found. While in the cave, Tom sees Injun Joe snooping around. This inspires him to find a way out, which he does. After Tom and Becky are home the caves are sealed, leaving Injun Joe and his treasure locked inside. Injun Joe dies of starvation at the gated entrance of the cave and his treasure are discovered buy Tom and Huck who had found a secret way into the cave. The boys become the richest men in town. Huck decides to break away from the outcast life and moves in with a respectable widow in town. Tom and Huck are happy and rich and they promise to always stay together. Tom was an imaginative young man. Tom often used his creative imagination to get out of punishment from his Aunt Polly. Tom could make up lies like nobody else. Tom would use his adventures to escape the havoc of daily life. When Tom had a hard day at school or a problem with Sid, he would go on a treasure hunt, or go play Robin Hood in the woods. Tom understood it was his truthfulness that saved the life of Muff Potter during his trial. HIS LIES saved Becky Thatcher from being whipped (p134). Tom is portrayed as a wild and conniving cheater at the beginning of the book, but as the story proceeds he begins to mature, TO tell the truth, and show signs of nobility and charisma. Tom goes from boy to man. His view of the importance of truth changes and he learns to do what is right will not be easy — there will be many hardships along the way. THERE ARE SOME ROUGH TRANSITIONS AND A FEW SENTANCES WHICH SEEM OUT OF PLACE. YOU DO AN EXCELLENT JOB TELLING THE STORY OF THE TWO MAIN CHARACTERS. I FOUND IT ODD, YOU ARE ONLY CITING ONE SOURCE. PERHAPS YOU COULD ADD SOME STRENGHT TO YOUR PAPER BY USING MORE QUOTES. REMEMBER (AUTHORS NAME, #) GOOD WORK.

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