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Determine the strengths and weaknesses in Vroom’s stance in the marketplace. Identify and explain the macro-environmental forces affecting the

Determine the strengths and weaknesses in Vroom’s stance in the marketplace. Identify and explain the macro-environmental forces affecting the used vehicle industry. Identify which strategies–market penetration, product development, market development, and diversification–you would recommend for Vroom to undertake over the next 12-24 months. Be sure to use in text citations. The PDF document includes some sources that you can use.

1 Write about one or more of these prompts for your journal

1

Write about one or more of these prompts for your journal entry this week. 

Does Dualism “make sense” to me? Why? 

If Dualism is true, what does that mean about reality

If Dualism is not true, what does that mean about reality?

If Dualism is true, what exactly is knowledge?

If Dualism is not true, what exactly is knowledge?

Technical Requirements of the Journal Entry:

Microsoft .docx (not .pages or .pdf)

Double Spaced, 12 pt. Times new Roman Font, 1″ Left and Right Margins

Minimum 500 words

EXAMPLE OF JOURNAL ENTRY

I seem to belong to a highly judgmental species, and it is hard to refrain from judging and evaluating, praising and blaming. All around me, people are rating, reviewing, giving stars, thumbs up and down to films, hotels, household appliances, and life events. They write restaurant reviews that say ‘The fish was underdone and the staff were rude,’ as though the fish and the staff actually had those qualities, and they expect others to make use of the ‘information.’ They gossip about one another’s personal lives and decisions, admiring and disapproving of their friends’ actions. Human beings slap fines on one another and cart others of their species off to jail. They also award them medals, badges, and diplomas for achievements deemed meritorious. I find myself constantly judging my food and drink for its tastiness and value for money. I cannot seem to help judging some kinds of people for what I take to be their moral qualities, as well as for their non-moral qualities of being politically savvy or hilarious, or displaying athletic prowess or artistic ability. 

Supplemental Online Readings

(1) Robinson, Howard, “Dualism.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2020) 

A short but informative introduction to the mind-body problem, the history of dualism, and the arguments for dualism including substance dualism property dualism, and parallelism, among others.

Supplemental Online Audio/Video

(1) “Where Does Your Mind Reside?: Crash Course Philosophy #22.” YouTube, uploaded by CrashCourse, Aug. 1, 2016. [9:06] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3SJROTXnmus&t=4s&ab_channel=CrashCourse

Hank Green’s informative video discussing the mind-body problem in philosophy, including Cartesian dualism as well as some modern physicalist theories.

(2) “PHILOSOPHY – Mind: Mind-Body Dualism [HD].” YouTube, uploaded by Wireless Philosophy, Sep. 19, 2014. [8:24]  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AMTMtWHclKo&ab_channel=WirelessPhilosophy

 Uzgalis, William, “Some Issues in Locke’s Philosophy of Mind.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. plato.stanford.edu (2018)

Locke developed a Philosophy of Mind similar to substance dualism.

(2) Gordon-Roth, Jessica, “Locke on Personal Identity.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. plato.stanford.edu (2019)

Locke also developed a philosophy of personal identity and of persons that was the foundation of much of his political philosophy.

(3) “PHILOSOPHY – History: Locke on Personal Identity #1.” YouTube, uploaded by Wireless Philosophy, Aug. 29, 2014 [11:30] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=462Y898PVn8&ab_channel=WirelessPhilosophy

1 One (1) “Original Post” addressing one of the three question choices.

Determine the strengths and weaknesses in Vroom’s stance in the marketplace. Identify and explain the macro-environmental forces affecting the Writing Assignment Help 1

One (1) “Original Post” addressing one of the three question choices. Minimum of 250 words. Due Sunday at 11:59PM ET. Your Original Post must answer the question fully in all its parts and address possible objections to your reasoning. You must also connect your Original Post to the course by having at least one full sentence quote and citation from one of the Required Readings of the week. The quote should be word for word and contained inside quotation marks and then followed by an inline citation. Once you quote something or even reword something you did not originally write then you need to have it in a reference section at the end of the post (again in MLA format). Please refer to the following resources for help on MLA citation. 

MLA Citation: http://sites.umgc.edu/library/libhow/mla_tutorial.cfm 

MLA Citation Examples: http://sites.umgc.edu/library/libhow/mla_examples.cfm 

DISCUSSION QUESTION CHOICE #1: Analyzing Published Arguments: Find an Op-Ed or opinion piece, political or otherwise, from a reputable online news outlet (not a blog, or discussion forum post) published in the last week and analyze its inductive and deductive reasoning and arguments. Identify premises and conclusions. Identify enthymemes. Identify strong/weak inductive or sound/valid deductive reasoning. Also, post any questions you might have on the self-assessment ungraded quiz questions.

DISCUSSION QUESTION CHOICE #2: Deductive and Inductive Reasoning in Everyday Life. Describe arguments and decisions that you have made, or regularly make in your everyday life (outside of work)  that employ deductive and inductive reasoning. Write these arguments out so the premises and conclusions are clear. Discuss the strength and weakness of your inductive reasoning and the soundness and validity of your deductive reasoning. Also, post any questions you might have on the self-assessment ungraded quiz questions.

DISCUSSION QUESTION CHOICE #3: Deductive and Inductive Reasoning at Work. Describe arguments and decisions that you have made, or regularly make, at work that employ deductive and inductive reasoning. Write these arguments out so the premises and conclusions are clear. Discuss the strength and weakness of your inductive reasoning and the soundness and validity of your deductive reasoning. Also, post any questions you might have on the self-assessment ungraded quiz questions.

Supplemental Online Readings

(1) Groarke, Leo, “Informal Logic.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Plato.stanford.edu (2017)

An expansive article on the subject of arguments and informal logic in philosophy.

(2) IEP Staff, “Deductive and Inductive Arguments.” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. iep.utm.edu (2020)

A basic overview of inductive and deductive arguments and their assessment.

(3) Hansen, Hans, “Fallacies.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Plato.stanford.edu (2020).

A thorough discussion of fallacies in informal logic.

Supplemental Online Audio/Video

(1) “How to Argue – Philosophical Reasoning: Crash Course Philosophy #2.” YouTube, uploaded by CrashCourse, Feb 16, 2016. [9:42] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NKEhdsnKKHs&t=5s&ab_channel=CrashCourse

A good introduction to the basic principles of philosophical argumentation

This assignment will be submitted to Turnitin™. Instructions Textual Analysis Assignment For

This assignment will be submitted to Turnitin™.

Instructions

Textual Analysis Assignment

For your first writing assignment in PHIL 336 you will be analyzing how an important philosopher, Aristotle or Descartes, developed their arguments. It is important to note that we study the old philosophers not because they have some overarching authority, or that we hold them in special reverence, and their writings as holy and above criticism. The conclusions of Aristotle and Descartes concerning the natural world have long been questioned and criticized by philosophers, and even discarded by modern science. No, we study the old philosophers such as Aristotle and Descartes because they can teach us how to think, (not necessarily what to think) and how to arrive at an understanding of difficult-to-grasp concepts. It will be your task in this assignment to understand how Aristotle or Descartes thought about some important ideas in their philosophies of the mind, and the reasoning they used. You will demonstrate your understanding by answering some important questions (listed below) about how they developed their arguments. Your first step is to choose between Aristotle’s De Anima or Descartes’ 2nd Meditation. When writing on these questions, remember to use examples, analogies, parallels, metaphors and other tools of reasoning in your explanations so your instructor can understand you better. 

Technical requirements of the Textual Analysis Assignment 

Choose either Aristotle’s De Anima or Descartes 2nd Meditation 

Minimum 100 word answer for each question 

Submit a Microsoft .docx (not .pages or .pdf) 

Double Spaced, 12pt Times New Roman font, 1” right and left margins 

The purpose of this essay is twofold: 

To give you experience closely analyzing the reasoning of an important philosopher on the subject of the mind 

To give you experience communicating your understanding of a philosophical writing 

Option 1: Aristotle’s De Anima (“On the Soul”) 

Explore how Aristotle develops an understanding of phantasia (“imagination”) in De Anima, Book III, Part 3: 427b28 – 429a9 and noein (“thinking”) in De Anima, Book III, Part 4: 429a10 – 430a9. 

A reading guide on this text can be found here: 

Polansky, Ronald, M. Aristotle’s De Anima: A Critical Commentary. Cambridge University Press (2007). 

The text of Aristotle’s De Anima to read can be found here:

Aristotle, De Anima, Book III, Part 3 – 4

Answer the following questions on a separate document (Microsoft Word .docx),  exploring how Aristotle develops an understanding of phantasia (“imagination”) in part 3 and noein (“thinking”) in part 4 of De Anima.  

1. Why does Aristotle say that  phantasia is distinct from perception? (428a6ff.)  

2. Aristotle claims that “sensations are always true, imaginations are for the most part false” (a11-12) What does he mean and why is it important to state? 

3. How does Aristotle argue that imagination is distinct from belief? (428a19-b5). Can you identify the premises and conclusion? 

4. What positive relation does imagination have to perception? How is imagination related to motion? (428b10-17)  

5. How is “thinking” (noein) like perceiving? (429a13-17)  

6. In what sense is intellect purely potential? (a20)  

7. How does intellect differ from perception in its being unaffected? (429a30-b5)  

8. Why does Aristotle say intellect is separable? (b5)  

9. What kind of knowledge is Aristotle talking about at 429b6-9?  

10. How does the analogy of the writing tablet help explain the nature of intellect and its relation to its objects? (430a1-2)  

Option 2: Rene Descartes, Meditations on First Philosophy  

Explore how Descartes develops his ideas on the nature of the mind in the 2nd Meditation, OF THE NATURE OF THE HUMAN MIND; AND THAT IT IS MORE EASILY KNOWN THAN THE BODY, sections 1-16 

A reading guide on this text can be found here: 

Franks, Richard, Descartes’ ‘Meditations’: A Reader’s Guide. Continuum (2008) 

The text of Descartes 2nd meditation to read can be found here:

Descartes, 2nd Meditation, parts 1-16.

Answer the following questions on a separate document (Microsoft Word .docx), exploring how Descartes develops his ideas on the nature of the mind in the 2nd Meditation. 

 According to Descartes, what is necessarily true each time it is expressed by me? 

What, according to Descartes, am I? What is the nature of the mind? 

Exactly what does the argument concluding at the end of the third paragraph of Meditation II prove? Does it prove that Descartes exists? Does it prove that I (the reader) exist? Does it prove to me that I exist? (Are these last two questions different?) 

How does Descartes go about imagining himself without a body? Can you really imagine yourself without a body? Can you conceive of having sensations — sights, sounds, smells, etc. — without a body? Could you be without being somewhere and some when? 

What does Descartes say is the nature of material bodies? (Is he right?) 

In the example of the wax, if the wax really changes all of its sensory qualities (i.e., the qualities that the senses can perceive), then what makes me think there is any one thing here at all? Does any collection of sensory qualities make up the sensations of an object? 

What important conclusion about the nature or character of the mind does Descartes draw from the example of the piece of wax? 

When a physicist investigates the nature of some element, does he or she concentrate on sensory qualities, or on the underlying atomic structures? Would Descartes call our knowledge of that underlying atomic structure sensory knowledge or rational knowledge? 

If Descartes is correct that the essence of the mind is thinking, then how can I ever know whether there are other minds besides my own?