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Where Did The Tradition Of Birthstones Begin history essay help: history essay help

Where Did The Tradition Of Birthstones Begin

Birthstones are the gems associated with a birth month, with each one of them having a unique historical significance and meaning. Commonly, people wear birthstones within a pendant necklace, wedding ring, or other jewelry. Gifts of jewelry – particularly wedding rings – containing a birthstone are popular because everyone desires something beautiful and has personal significance.

Some of the birthstones that we associate with birth months today are different from those used in ancient times. In the beginning, the stone’s color was the most significant feature of the gem, since there was no distinction of different gemstones. For instance, due to their similar appearance, people did not distinguish between Rubies and Garnets.

Over the centuries, birthstones have come to be accepted and cherished as gifts for weddings, anniversaries, birthdays, and many other special occasions. Deeply rooted in history, each birthstone is said to possess unique powers and properties. No matter if you believe in the ancient superstitions or want to have a stone that you connect to, a birthstone ring is a classic way to express your individuality.

The Origin Story Of The Birthstone Tradition

The birthstone story dates back to a time when civilizations believed that certain gemstones possessed incredible powers to grant people prosperity, health, and good luck.

Historians traced the origin of the birthstone tradition to the book of Exodus in the Bible, where the High Priest Aaron was said to wear a breastplate when communicating with God. The Bible describes Aaron’s breastplate as having 12 different gemstones as a representation of Israel’s 12 tribes. The breastplate had religious significance. Each of the gemstones encased in it highlighted each Israelite tribe’s specific attributes, with the gems being set in four rows containing three each.

Despite their origin in religion, modern-day birthstone tradition assigns each of the gems according to the wearer’s birth month. In the first century AD, a scholar named Flavius Josephus, and later St. Jerome in the fifth century AD made a connection between the 12 stones described in Aaron’s breastplate and the 12 signs of the zodiac.

Still, it was only until the 18th century that people would start to assign gemstones to the month of birth. Scholars believe that the association with the calendar months we know today is a tradition that originates from Poland.

In 1912, the American National Association of Jewelers provided definitions for the list of modern-day birthstones, which remains unchanged to this day. Today, there are three recognized lists of month-categorized birthstones: ancient, traditional, and modern.

For centuries, civilizations have recognized the gems in the “ancient” category, while the “tradiotional” list contains birthstones used over the past 500 years. We now use the “modern” list that has existed for slightly over a century. However, there is a significant overlap between birthstones on the ancient and modern lists.

Birthstones And Their Symbolism In Modern Jewelry

Due to the many gemstones that we use today, we categorize birthstones according to their color instead of seeking specific stones. While each month traditionally has its rock, the modern list contains a few months associated with multiple birthstones. The list below includes the current birthstone list according to the American Gem Society.

January – Garnet

The birthstone of January, Garnet, is available in a kaleidoscope of colors. Ranging from rich green Tsavorite to fiery orange Mandarine Garnet, the most common is Pyrope. Garnet symbolizes trust and friendship.

February – Amethyst

A variety of Quartz, Amethyst has a spectacular range – from deep violet, to red, and a light lilac hue. The ancient Greeks believed the stone helped the wearer have a grounded, balanced mindset.

March – Aquamarine

This stone comes in a rich array of colors, from a pale to rich, deep blue, and it reminds many people of the sea. Aquamarine is a symbol of hope, youth, and health.

April – Diamond

The best-known of all gems, a girl’s best friend is also associated with love, making it a perfect birthstone for a wedding band if you were born in April.

May – Emerald

Emeralds are some of the rarest gemstones in the world, ideal for a unique piece of jewelry. Available in a rich green reminiscent of Spring, it is a symbol of love and rebirth.

June – Pearl and Alexandrite

If you were born in June, you claim two birthstones: Alexandrite and Pearl. The natural beauty of pearls means they continue to be wildly popular, while Alexandrite appeals to those who want an extremely rare rock.

July – Ruby

The ruby, which is known as the king of gems, is a precious stone and represents wisdom, love, and health. What’s more, birthstone tradition indicates that wearing red ruby grants you good fortune.

August – Peridot, and Spinel

August is another month that lays claim to two birthstones. The lime green Peridotinstills influence and power within the wearer. On the other hand, the multicolored Spinel brings happiness and shields the owner from harm.

September – Sapphire

The most desirable sapphire color is a rich blue, but the gem is found in almost every color imaginable. In the Middle Ages, people believed that sapphires protected the wearer from harm and represented trust and loyalty.

October – Tourmaline and Opal

The variety of beautiful colors available for tourmaline jewelry makes it a favorite for wedding rings. The one-of-a-kind combination of colors for each opal makes this stone genuinely unique.

November – Citrine and Topaz

If you were born in November, you could choose from two gems: Topaz and Citrine. While the most desirable Topaz is rich orange, the gemstone is available in many other colors. Citrine has a warm color believed to be a gift to us from the sun and has healing properties.

December – Tanzanite, Turquoise, and Zircon

A unique birth month, claiming three gemstones, December’s rocks each have a unique color and tone. However, the most popular gem for wedding rings is Zircon, particularly in blue.

Order A Staghead Wedding Band Embedded With A BirthStone Of Your Choice

Do you want a wedding band that is a true reflection of your inner self? At Staghead Designs, we can use your birthstone to design a one-of-a-kind ring in almost any design that you can imagine. Over the years, we have helped thousands of couples to create and receive unique representations of their feelings for each other. We can do the same for you!

Using your design notes and unique materials, our artisan will work with you to produce a meaningful symbol of your commitment and love. We do not mass-produce wedding rings. Your ring is made to order and worked on from scratch by a skilled and experienced artisan, so no two rings ever look the same.

Come to us, and let us design a meaningful ring embedded with your birthstone while supporting American-made, artisan-crafted products. #WearAndBeWild

THE REASONS FOR BEING A NURSE. african history assignment help

Student’s name

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Why I want to be a Nurse

My mother instilled in me the virtue of empathy from a young age. I am an understanding person, and when dealing with people, I integrate this virtue in our encounters. I believe that we are all different and react differently to situations; hence, there’s no such thing as “one size fits all.” You have to try and understand the situation a person is in before judging. Nurses are required to be empathetic because they deal will all kinds of patients. Understanding that individuals react differently to pain comes a long way in ensuring that some (patients) do not feel neglected or treated unkindly.

Nursing is a profession which requires a lot of sacrifices. Essentially, nursing is a calling; thus, one cannot just jump into it. Nursing requires passion and the ability to care for others as if they are family. I am passionate about taking care of people. I believe that helping sick people overcome the burden which comes with sickness is satisfactory. That is why I believe nursing will be a good fit for me. Additionally, I have 3 years of experience working at a hospital. During those three years, I interacted with thousands of patients and nurses. Some of the patients admitted that if it weren’t for the care and compassion they received from nurses, they would not have had the strength to fight through their illnesses. Nurses play a significant role in the recovery of patients because they offer more than just medication. They are readily available to patients ensuring that they (patients) are comfortable and adjusting well to treatment. Essentially, becoming a nurse will be fulfilling and exciting for me.

Why I want to become a Practical Nurse history assignment help australia: history assignment help australia

Why I want to become a Practical Nurse

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            Practical nurses are an essential part of any healthcare-providers team, whether they are working in a clinic, hospital or a long-term care facility (Fukada, 2018). Their primary responsibility is offering direct patient care. They also provide much-required stability to the administrative context of the healthcare system. My urge to give a hand of help to anyone who requires it and empathy on observing and listening to peoples’ behavior is one among other reasons why I want to become a practical nurse. Being sympathetic to patients’ hospital experiences can result in the improvement of patient care. With the little knowledge acquired from first aid lesson, I would like to obtain relevant knowledge in practical nursing by joining a highly credited nursing school.

            Being a compassionate and generally caring person with a soft spot of people of all age-groups gives me the urge to become a practical nurse. Interdisciplinary leadership techniques acquired throughout the nursing coursework and their practical application in a healthcare facility setting to ensure teamwork, thereby providing high-quality care to patients motivate me to pursue the profession. According to Arnold and Boggs (2019), effective communication and listening skills are essential for the nursing profession.  Additionally, emotionally stability which is the capacity to accept death and suffering without taking it personally, is a motivating professional attribute of the nursing profession.

            Practical nurses, just like me, have empathy for patients’ pain and suffering. Practical nurses can provide comfort and feel compassion. Since each step in the healthcare system has far-reaching consequences, practical nurses pay much attention to details, minimizing any possible chances of errors occurring. Additionally, the practical nursing profession calls for integrating a great deal of problem-solving skills, respect for patients and rules, physical endurance and interpersonal skills. I believe being a practical nurse will enable me to help those in need of help and develop my personal skills and character.


Arnold, E. C., & Boggs, K. U. (2019). Interpersonal relationships e-book: professional communication skills for nurses. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Fukada, M. (2018). Nursing competency: Definition, structure and development. Yonago acta             medica, 61(1), 001-007.

The Effects of Covid 19 in the Family. ap history essay help

Will the COVID-19 blockade increase family conflicts?


The project aims to analyze whether the Covid-19 blockade causes significant family conflicts. The covid-19 blockade is focused on restricting the movement of people in a particular geography. This aids in reducing the diseases’ risks that the people might be exposed to if they interact with the susceptible. More pointedly, the pandemic’s blockade stands out to be an imperative protocol initiated by the authority to prison control people so that those affected get time to recuperate. At the same time, the vulnerable cases are prevented from possible risks (Singh et al.2020, p. 113429.). To expound on this, the stay-at-home policies emanating from the pandemic’s blockade constitutes travel bans both in the local and global nations, restriction to attendance to respective workplaces, and visits to the hot spot areas in the region. Consequently, the stay at home policies has been seen to yield a surge in family conflicts and domestic violence. The significant social structural aspects such as the increase in unemployment cases predispose families to adverse emotional effects that escalate the family conflicts.

Additionally, the blockade measures predispose a good percentage of women to their abusive partakers because that is forced to be in the homestay for a specified period (Power,  2020, p. 70). Other social structural frameworks cost the stress to obtain the necessities in families, economic insecurity that yields to increases in products’ prices, health service provision became minimal, and the unrest within the families becomes rampant because of the idleness at its peak. The blockade measures that the close characters such as the unfaithful partners and introverted individuals are exposed. Communication plays a significant role in obtaining solutions to family problems. In this study, the objective is to explore how the Covid -19 blockade creates a surge in family conflicts.

Literature review

2.1 Aftermath of  Covid-19 blockade in Families

There is a need to theorize the impacts of the pandemic’s blockade on families. This issue is well addressed by the sociologists who view the family as a social structure that ought to be controlled against external impacts of the pandemic. Even though the exact results have not been theorized due to the new emergence of the covid-19 case, research has been conducted on the effects of families’ pandemics.  According to Zhang (2020, p. 10), sociologists are working around the clock to document how the pandemic is significantly affecting families’ and its possibility as the perpetrator of conflicts. The lockdown measures bring the vulnerable groups closure the perpetrators hence affecting them. There is an excellent relationship between the current work and the previous work that other authors initially put forward on family conflicts. The Covid-19 pandemic is an emerging issue that challenges sociologists to look deeper into finding better ways to demonstrate how it yields to family conflicts, as highlighted by Priyadharshini (2020, p. 11140). In a nutshell, family conflicts manifest most in the social structures where economic strains are the order of the day. Therefore, this context pinpoints the relevant research tools that the sociologists used to answer the research question. The aspects of public health concerns, economic constraints, and emotional drain come up due to the Covid-19 blockade, contributing to family conflicts.

Negative emotions as Source Family Conflicts during Covid-19 Blockade

The pandemic has contributed to pressure on the uncontrolled negative emotions because the situation is so overwhelming. The sociologists’ mention that the emergence of the pandemic was so unplanned for hence yielded to wastage of resources that would otherwise be used as health control measures. Emotions that emanate from pandemic fears, unemployment cases, poor health communications, and isolating social actions. The Covid-19 blockade is an impactful social structural aspect that affects most families across global networks.  The inability to address the family issues efficiently categorizes the effects of the social structure framework restrictions. From the studies conducted in Hong Kong,  the negative emotions affected almost 800 men and women  SARS survivors in families (Mak et al. 2010, p. 600). The family members who are isolated feel neglected hence becoming a nuisance in the family set-up. Paralysis of the public health concerns

Economic stress and Tension among families

The previous studies indicate that the surge in unemployment cases contributes to the escalation of family conflicts (Harvey, 2014). This study related to the current aspects of the pandemic’s Ihas led to business closures, and most of the people have lost their jobs. The most affected populations face a rebellion from their spouses and children when they fail to provide in this crisis. Hu et al. (2010, p. 720) posit that most marriages are affected by the surge in unemployment cases among women. Concerning this, Covid-19 and its associated blockade measures have given rise to the economic pressures that are felt by women. Women are seen as the epitome of hard work. Regardless of the situation, they have the responsibilities to cater to their family needs and be masters of discipline. In this regard, the social structural theory goes in tandem with this research on how it views teenagers’ social perception and the child-care system. Said and El-Shafei (2020) pinpoint that the families are most affected by the lockdown restrictions, especially if one is a frontline worker. This indicates that one member will be away from the family for a longer time and the other partner will feel overwhelmed by the responsibilities. It is an add-on if the frontline workers are not paid, and they get out of their homes on daily occasions. Family conflicts are the most devastating factors that ought to be regulated by adopting better social structural tools to deal with Covid-19 blockade.

Research Design

Research design is constructed to address imperative details concerning the entire research process. Notably, theory plays an essential role in understanding and explaining the concepts to extend and challenge existing knowledge. Rich information is therefore brought together in sets of coded themes to offer interpretive quality research. There are limits for assumptions when adopting the theoretical framework in the study. More markedly, the theory aids in providing a critical discussion of what pertains to the research’s elaborated concepts. The aspects of the social structure theory that emanates from the  Covid-19 blockade assumes that family conflicts automatically present when unemployment cases are on the rise. The theoretical frameworks are also empirical in bridging the researchers to the knowledge that already exists. For inst7ance, it is expected to have family conflicts upon imposition of lockdown measures when the crisis is at the peak, and the knowledge that was once used years back can be used to provide strength to this theory. Researchers will use both deductive and inductive research strategies in the project to accommodate both observation and scientific approaches (Mason 2018).

The units of analysis used in this project will consist of the family groups. The researcher will sample information randomly to get ideas of how the pandemic has taken a toll on family needs. Those faced with domestic violence are already used as controls in the project, while those that are likely to be affected or not affected ultimately become the test parameters. Random selection of the participants will, therefore, be highly considered. The data will be collected through qualitative interviewing of the selected participant and the distribution of open-ended questionnaires to be filled (Mason 2002). Accurate information is likely to be obtained through direct interaction with the affected populations. This makes sense because it is easier to get face-face with the affected people to obtain rich information.

The qualitative research strategy will be impactful in this study because it allows for better interaction with the participants. To be specific, interviews will be empirical because the thoughts are conglomerated to yield solid arguments (Silverman 2015). researchers can judge the personal interaction with the families affected by the conflicts from their answers. Interviewing the families affected by disputes as a result of the Covid-19 blockade helps to obtain a better relationship with the literature that already exists. The participants will never mention their fears, tension, economic constraints, and unemployment predisposition that the Covid-19 blockade puts them into. Notably, in-depth theoretical data will be obtained through qualitative research methodology. Therefore, qualitative research will offer the universality of ideas in tandem with the social research conducted to ascertain the causes of family conflicts during the pandemic period.

Analyzing the collected data will need quality methodologies to earn significance. To do so, the collected data will be organized and prepared so that the documents and the answers obtained from the interviews are printed out. The data is then explored and reviewed to ascertain any information biases present in the research process. The initial codes are put to distinguish data obtained from different samples within the given populations. Consequently, the codes are revised and reviewed to produce important themes and theories (Silverman 2015). The themes are conglomerated to yield significant meaning for interpretation. In this project, data analysis will be vital as it will maximize the entire research process’s speed and efficiency. This will catalyze data grouping so that the categories’ retrieval and coded themes can be easily obtained. It acts as the preamble of interpreting the findings found in the research. Data analysis is also meant to enhance the credibility of the data attained during the sampling processes. It supports the data with vital references and offers a theoretical base through which the research stands on. From the data analysis, the success of the obtained data obtained from respective families is ascertained.

Interpretation of data will constitute an assemblage of information needed to answer the study’s objective. The findings are obtained from the set of ideas that are put cohesively. The recommendations and conclusions are finally drawn from the results to aid in completing the research process in the project. Interpretation of data will be pivotal for this research. It will help attain usable ideas that will help make an informed decision concerning the research topic (Mason 2002). A stance will consequently be taken when the interpreted data shows significance after data analysis. It identifies, compares, and contrasts the data obtained during the entire research to offer conclusive remarks and recommendations for future research. For a whole research process, it is worthy of considering the employment of imperative data analysis and interpretation to obtain a virtual image of the study area.

Potential Practical Problems

Accessing the study area could be a hard nut to crack with the lockdown measures imposed on various research destinations. Additionally, the participants could be hostile; hence there could be difficulty accessing enriched information for data analysis and interpretations. In some areas, the rugged terrain could hinder the execution of interviewing processes since the sampling technique will be random (Bryman 2016). In some instances, the difficulties that form a canopy of restricted access to the family with suspected conflicts prevalence could include language barrier. These will hinder the communication capability of the researchers and targeted audiences. To deal with this problem, there is a need for employment of financial resources to employ a resident to take the lead in sampling processes.

Management of the fieldwork processes during research implementation could be problematic. This is because the researchers’ safety is not guaranteed even as they purpose to visit various neighborhoods to identify how the Covid-19 blockade has taken a toll on the family relations in diverse geographies. More importantly, managing fieldwork processes could be so costly because many logistics are involved (Gilbert and Stoneman 2015). The limitation on skills and experiences could make research work to be a challenging venture for the partakers. The absence of culture to follow during the random selection and sampling could be problematic to the researchers. To manage this, there is a need for the employment of necessary skills and expertise and a persevering attitude to aid in collecting, analyzing, and interpreting data.

It is challenging to offer informed consent to the participants because of the varying personality grades. Failure to convince the participants to give their trustworthy and confidential information creates a gap in research hence presenting relevant biases. Additionally, the introverted personnel can find it hard to conduct in-depth interviews for the participants who fail to receive informed consent positively. The information and data that is to be collected are so private because it involves families. Hence careful interrogatory processes should be followed (Bryman 2016).  To control this problem, there is a need to set aside time to do reconnaissance to adapt to the place and interact more with the people. As a result, they will find it easy to share information with the person they already know.

Ethical and Reflexive issues

The relationship between the researcher and the participants is empirical in the research process. This aids in the attainment of authentic and accurate information concerning the area of study. The ethical grounds concerning the privacy of information that is obtained is highly considered in research. The fundamental ethical consideration that nurtures a better and quality participant-researcher relationship is respect. Regardless of the condition and background that the researcher finds the participant in, respectful communication yields reproducible outcomes. The clarity in the research design eases its demands during data collection, analysis, and interpretation (Goel 2014). The positive relations are impactful in eliminating research biases that could alter the validity of the information. It is worthy of nurturing positive relationships during the data collection process, where family conflicts are the most prevalent. The aspects of Covid-19 lockdown have created enough fears and tension that ought to be minimized through propagating better relationships in the field.

Social research is faced with a couple of ethical concerns that target the researcher’s identity and location, and the participants involved in the study. The researcher who is a victim of domestic violence who looks to obtain data from conflicting families might be biased to think that the conflicts are always standard. This is disregarding the concept of the crisis’s temporal presence that would soon come to a halt over time. In some cases, the location could hinder the attainment of correct data because of its inaccessibility. Areas with rugged terrain or extreme climatic conditions might make it challenging to collect rightful information. Therefore, it is ethically right to consider the identity parity levels together with the suitability of the area of study to ease the research process. The research design should focus on addressing the relevant identity-related ethics to aid in attaining credible themes.

In coming up with a research design, there is a need to consider the research topic’s controversial and sensitive nature. Dealing with family conflicts proves to be a more sensitive issue that ought to be treated with respect. The added problems on the lockdown measures should never overlook to allow for the ethical predisposition of the research. The participants and the reaches should, therefore, employ confidentiality when addressing the research topic.

Reference List

Bryman, A., 2016. Social research methods. Oxford university press.

Gilbert, N., and Stoneman, P. eds., 2015. Researching social life. Sage.

Goel, V., 2014.New York Times:As Data Overflows Online, Researchers Grapple With Ethics. Retrieved from: