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dear writer, i need from this requirement: 15 references Pree reviewed, and the attached file critical mark point to

dear writer,
i need from this requirement:

15 references
Pree reviewed,

and the attached file critical mark point to do it also i your brief requirement in the word attached also will update you with my professor topic point to help you with requirement structure.
also, i will provide you references to help you, but you must write about the word document. the critical mark and the brief in the word.

PwC (PricewaterhouseCoopers) LLP Brief Description PwC is the world’s most progressive and

PwC (PricewaterhouseCoopers) LLP

Brief Description

PwC is the world’s most progressive and prestigious accountancy firm. Opportunities for professional development are plentiful, including formal and informal mentoring and coaching, top-notch educational programs, and clearly defined paths to advancement. Also at the forefront of this effort are CSR initiatives and enhancements to DE&I. A carbon-neutral company by 2030, it offers a wide range of educational and training opportunities for its employees to learn more about diversity, inclusion, and anti-bias concerns (Firsthand, 2022). PwC is headquartered in London, United Kingdom. It is a network of several firms operating in 157 nations that employ more than 29000 people and offer services to 84% of the Fortune Global companies and also serves more than 100,000 private and entrepreneurial (Firsthand, 2022).

The ethical problem that PwC solves

The primary objective of PwC is to build trust and solve crucial problems in society. One of the ethical problems that PwC solves is unethical accounting (PwC 2022). PwC helps track the books of accounts of the firms of interest by interacting with accountants of the firms and auditing them. Helping communities and society benefit from the long-term benefits of capital markets and tax systems, as well as the economic systems in which business and society operate are some of PwC’s primary responsibilities.

Moral and ethical principles unite us despite PwC’s different backgrounds and upbringings. They outline what companies’ clients can expect from it, guide interactions with each other, and hold the company to its highest standards. As a result, they serve as an excellent source of direction and motivation. The firms in the cities The company can achieve its goal of restoring public confidence and resolving pressing social problems by following these five fundamental principles. Customers, communities, and employees alike put their faith in PwC because of the organization’s unwavering commitment to ethical behavior (Jallai 2020). PwC values form the basis of its Code of Conduct, which acts as a road map for its day-to-day activities. The corporate business model is based on it.

PwC’s role within a relevant complex system

In terms of professional services, PwC is the world’s largest provider. More than 160 countries are served by their offices in 787 cities around the world (Firsthand, 2022). There is a wide range of options available, from management and consulting to outsourced business services to financial solutions advice to tax consultancy.

The role of a tax advisor is to assist businesses in their long-term planning, as well as their adherence to state and local tax regulations and customs. Services ranging from strategy management to the valuation of business assets such as land, buildings, and other real estate are also offered (Firsthand 2022). In addition to these, businesses in need of assistance can turn to corporate financing and transaction services for additional support options. Customers in the entertainment and communication industries, the banking and insurance sector, and public sector infrastructure can all benefit from their services (Jallai 2020). Each and every day, clients and customers of PricewaterhouseCoopers face new challenges that they must overcome in order to succeed in business. Their ultimate goal is to become better at predicting how well they can build value and improve in the face of risk over time.

A new category was created for them because of their global reach, which allowed them to provide services in Europe and other countries worldwide. Because of the merger, they gained access to a wide range of consulting services that generated fees and ensured their long-term viability. The company’s growth was attributed to its ability to provide and implement a wide range of complex services to multinational corporations. Due to the increasing difficulty and cost of auditing services, they decided to move into consulting instead. They took this action to avoid paying hefty fines for the failure of companies they were accused of auditing.

PwC’s to distributive justice practices

Distributive justice focuses on fair burdens and benefits distribution in a society. PwC develops fairness principles among firms to ensure transparency and accountability. Based on the firms’ business, workforce, and culture, boards must determine which principles of fairness are most relevant to them and how to implement them in their own business model The dimensions should be weighted according to the goals, culture, and strategy of each company. To measure and monitor firms’ progress, PwC creates metrics that can be used to track progress toward equity (Pepper 2018). For example, pay ratios, social mobility in the company, or market position can be used to measure this. In order to improve reporting and accountability, a ‘fairness dashboard’ can be created.

PwC translates the fairness principles into tangible policies. Just a few examples of policies that can help to make the workplace more equitable include living wages, pay for performance, worker safety, and equal pay. Directors’ policies on fairness must be based on specifics that the companies themselves determine. One of the four fairness ideologies is the one most commonly held by people. Which fairness principles are appropriate will depend on the company’s culture and employee attitudes (Pepper2018). Assess your employees’ perceptions of what constitutes “fairness” in order to make adjustments to the fairness policy.


PwC, 2022, accessed 25 April

Pepper, A. (2018). What do business executives think about distributive justice?. LSE Business Review.

Jallai, A. G. (2020). Ethical standards for tax planning by corporations. In Ethics and Taxation (pp. 207-231). Springer, Singapore.

Firsthand 2020, PwC (PricewaterhouseCoopers) LLP, accessed 25 April 2022,

Title Page How does the Confucius Institute develop and implement the concept

dear writer, i need from this requirement: 15 references Pree reviewed, and the attached file critical mark point to Writing Assignment Help Title Page

How does the Confucius Institute develop and implement the concept of International Understanding Education with the effects of the Coronavirus epidemic?

Table of Contents



As a long-term and stable practical activity of “education for international understanding” in contemporary times, the Confucius Institute has rapidly developed considerable and various programs for several decades (Hartig, 2015). International understanding entails sensitivity to social interactions, ability to adhere to cultural contacts and interstate relations, recognition of the distinction between the perfect and the genuine, a feeling of continuity in time and space, a profound feeling of loyalty to one’s own country, and the anticipation of similar loyalties in citizens of other countries (Wilson & Collings, 1957). However, the outbreak of COVID-19 has had a major impact on the development of Confucius Institute (Gil, 2020). On one hand, the pandemic makes it more challenging to hold face-to-face sessions and meeting. China’s success in pandemic control triggers varied response from the media and westerners. But the fact is that China has relatively controlled the epidemic far more successfully than some other western countries, despite not without huge financial and medical costs. On the other hand, the unfavorable rhetoric of China and the Confucius Institute by some western media should be dealt with. Otherwise, the Confucius Institute might be misunderstood as a political organization.

Statement of Research Problem

In this research, education for international understanding under the background of Corona-virus pandemic concerns educating people about the significance of peace and co-existence to address various global challenges faced by human beings. There is a growing number of people influenced negatively by the widespread pandemic and considerable violence and bloodshed events in some countries. According to Jaworsky and Qiaoan (2021), the “narrative battle” over COVID-19, which has escalated between two rival major powers – China and the United States has been a subject in their research. China is being held responsible for the global pandemic, reinforcing its reputation as a potentially dangerous actor on the international stage. The relationship between America and China has become quite tense, which triggers far-reaching influence on global politics, economy, culture and diplomacy. As a result, most Confucius Institutes within American institutions have remained closed due to the negative influence on media about the Chinese. Western media has repeatedly questioned the CI’s “secret objective,” accusing the organization of interfering with the liberal democratic political system of the West and with academic freedom in universities, among other things (Chen, 2016). Through this research study, the strengths of Confucius Institute when offering education for international understanding and the new challenges it faces in the COVID-19 era will be identified. It will also explore CI’s supporting mechanism, program variety, reputation, accomplishments and network of participants. The political factor and the pandemic will also be studied.

Organizational context

There is no denying that the Confucius Institute is the subject of inquiry for this topic. Based on Ministry of Education of PRC (2006), it is a non-profit educational institute which aims to promote Chinese, deepen global understanding of Chinese people and enhance educational and cultural exchange between China and other countries. It mainly comprises the council, the Confucius Institute Headquarters and foreign cooperation partners. In general, the institute handles Chinese teaching and research, teaching and research of different disciplines by using Chinese as the major instruction language, training Chinese teachers, develop Chinese teaching resources, hosting language and cultural exchange activities, holding relevant examinations and accreditation, providing research and consulting service regarding China’s education, culture and economy and other relevant activities. In a nutshell, Confucius Institute intends to boost global understanding of China’s language and culture through a number of detailed approaches. CI is hailed as a tremendous success by the Chinese government for its role in reshaping and advancing China’s image as a peaceful and harmonious country to the rest of the globe; it also coincides with and supports the country’s expanding power (Chen, 2016).

The research opportunity

Since the research issue concerns the post-pandemic strengths and strategies of the Confucius Institute, it matters a lot to the Confucius Institute. On one hand, the Confucius Institute has certain strengths in promoting education for international understanding including its supporting mechanism, program variety, relatively sound reputation, certain accomplishments and a network of cooperation organizations, meaning that it is equipped with the competence and potential. On the other hand, more effective teaching and research methods are necessary to ensure and promote Chinese language study and cultural exchange because of political and pandemic influence. The epidemic makes it more challenging to hold face-to-face sessions and offline events, which can be shown by the fact that only 30 out of 120 Confucius Institutes are still in operation in America now (China Institute of USC, 2021). Another noticeable challenge is the influence of political policies and media coverage. Lum and Fischer (2021) noted that some Americans argued that it may affect public opinion abroad, employ “influence agents” on U.S. universities, and be involved in cyber espionage and intellectual property theft. China Institute of USC (2021) pointed out that from 2018, pervasive American disappoint with China’s policies prompted longtime critics of the Confucius Institutes to pass measures blocking American universities with Confucius Institutes from receiving U.S. governmental funding. Vance (2009) noted that though criticism of the CIs mainly focused on the cultural diplomacy of other countries, the CIs succeeded in increasing the resonance of Chinese culture. By better bringing the role of Confucius Institute into full play, the world will know Chinese and its culture more objectively to enhance understanding. With these two goals achieved, the Confucius can achieve its objective more fully and profoundly.

Significance of the opportunity

The stakeholders and readers can be various, which cover Confucius Institute Headquarters, Confucius Institute Council, Confucius Institute teachers, Chinese teacher volunteers, Confucius Institute students, investors, relevant foreign media, local governments and so on. For the first two, the opportunity can better promote Chinese and its culture. For teachers and students, they can gain convenience and effectiveness from such new strategies in their language or culture studying and teaching. They will also embrace the significance of CI’s in promoting peace globally. For investors, they might better promote their brand and gain certain reward. They will also develop more confidence with the Chinese land and government for the establishment and flourishing of their investments. For foreign media, they can have a different angle in perceiving Chinese and Chinese culture. For local governments, the relationship between the governments can be more constructive and further cooperation can be expected. This will lead to better international relations between the Chinese and westerners including the Americans. However, if this opportunity is ignored, chances are that Chinese language and culture promotion can be negatively influenced by the pandemic and political effect. If the situation worsens, more confrontation might rise while cooperation can be halted.

Review of the Literature 

The literature review will major on information from secondary online sources. They include journals, periodicals, and articles among other sources.

2.1 Topics

2.11 Confucius Institutes

China was secluded for over two millennia, due primarily to the nation’s reliable agricultural society and geographic isolation. It was only in the 19th century that the country was compelled to make it more accessible by the imperialist West that the country was exposed to other cultures and ideologies. For years prior, Chinese culture and traditional values had remained stable. As a result, they are firmly ingrained in all parts of Chinese life.

2.12 International Understanding Education

2.2 Sub topics

2.11 International understanding education in Confucius Institutes

2.22 Coronavirus epidemic effect on international understanding education

2.3 A rationale for the inclusion of my topics and sub-topics

3.0 Research Methodology 

4.0 Implications

5.0 Conclusion 



1 Business Research Methods Name Course Professor University City and State Date


Business Research Methods





City and State



Aim and Research Questions

The study was conducted to explore the implementation of self-checkout technologies by consumers in Singapore. This was a point of interest for the researchers, given that Asian countries had been slower in enhancing self-checkout counters than other countries. Additionally, the study aimed to establish the relationship between the use of self-service counters with various demographics, the evolution of these technologies, and the factors that enhance their adoption. The study was based on three research questions:

Are there particular demographic or psychographic sections more likely to accept self-service technologies?

Can users’ valuation of self-service technologies be used to predict adoption behaviour?

What are the situational factors that encourage or limit self-service technologies?

Survey Instrument

The study had a survey instrument containing three parts, targeting certain information from the respondents. The device itself was in the form of a questionnaire, and the sections were as follows:

First Section: This part aims at establishing whether a respondent prefers self-service counters by requiring them to rate how frequently they use these technologies. Additionally, this part also collected demographic information from respondents.

Second Section: This part investigates the respondents’ perception regarding self-service counters in terms of comparative advantage, reliability, apparent complexity and excitement.

Third Section: This part evaluates respondents’ probability of using self-service counters in various circumstances.

The second section of the survey instrument measured customers’ perception of the self-service counters using five-point Likert scale queries. This concept of customers’ perception was subdivided into five factors: relative advantage over staffed counters, Reliability, Perceived Complexity and Entertainment value. In addition, the section also investigated how self-checkout counters were compatible with the respondents’ lifestyles.

The Cronbach alpha coefficients represent the core reliability between a set of factors. According to Tavakol and Dennick (2011), these coefficients determine how closely related items are as a group. In research studies, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients are primarily used when data is collected by using multiple Likert questions through questionnaires and provide information on the reliability of the scale). For this research paper, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were used to determine the internal steadiness of the Likert scale questions in measuring the Relative Advantage, Perceived Complexity, Reliability, and Fun of self-checkout counters about respondents’ perceptions.

Data Collection

The convenience sampling method was used to obtain data from various shoppers and residents within the target population. This sampling method involves selecting individuals that are most accessible to the researcher. Since the research topic centre’s on self-checkout counters, the researcher had easy access to shoppers in the identified research location. However, it is worth pointing out that this sampling method may not accurately represent the entire population. However, the data collected from respondents was random and independent since each respondent was issued with a questionnaire, and the respondents were randomly selected (Leng and Wee, 2017).


The researchers conducted chi-square tests for independence to determine whether self-checkout counters have any association with various demographic variables such as gender, age, and education. Results revealed that none of these demographic variables had a significant connection with self-checkout counters. Each test had a p-value that was less than the alpha significance level.

The 4 in this report represents the degrees of freedom with which the test was performed. That is the maximum number of independent values in the statistical test that have the freedom to vary. For a Chi-square test, the Degrees of Freedom (DF) are calculated by using the formula:

Effect size represents the extent of the experimental effect obtained after performing a statistical test. This means that the greater the effect size, the greater the association between two or more variables. However, the effect size is usually affected by the sample size. Hence the large sample size in the research led to statistical significance observed in each test despite the test having moderate statistical power (Fritz, Morris, and Richler, 2012).

Conclusion and Further Research

A research conducted by Patsiotis, Hughes, and Webber (2013) suggest that there may be varied degrees of resistance or reluctance to adopting technology as the potential reasons why some people do not prefer using self-checkout technologies. Therefore, future research could investigate significant differences between various non-users of self-service counters to establish why they do not choose this technology.


Case Study 1: Amazon Fresh

Frequency table

A total of 87 participants were recruited for the study to investigate the level of participation for shopping Till-less. Out of the total participants, 32 responded by indicating that they were against the idea of shopping at AMAZON Fresh (36.8%). In contrast, the remaining 55 suggested that they consider shopping at AMAZON Fresh (63.2%).

Research Question One

Null Hypothesis: The percentage of people who contemplate shopping at Amazon Fresh is less than or equal to 50%.

Alternative Hypothesis: The percentage of people who would like to do shopping at Amazon Fresh is greater than 50%.

The test is conducted at the 0.05 level of significance. The results reveal that 0.632 participants would consider shopping at Amazon Fresh (n=55).



The obtained p-value, 0.018, is below the significance level of 0.05. Therefore, we fail to reject the null hypothesis.


Since the null hypothesis is not rejected, we do not have sufficient evidence to support the claim that the percentage of people who would like to shop at Amazon Fresh is more than 50%.

Research Question Two

Null Hypothesis: There is no difference between the percentage of customers who consider shopping at Amazon Fresh and are contented with mobile technology and those who view shopping at Amazon Fresh but are not satisfied with mobile technology.

Alternative Hypothesis: There is a difference between the percentage of people who consider to shop at Amazon Fresh and are happy with mobile technology and those who believe shopping at Amazon Fresh but are not comfortable with mobile technology.

P value


The alpha level of 0.05 is greater than the obtained p-value of 0.024. Therefore, we do not reject the null hypothesis.


There is no statistically significant difference between the percentage of people who consider shopping at Amazon Fresh and are happy with mobile technology and those who believe in shopping at Amazon Fresh but are not satisfied with mobile technology.

General question

The main reason for conducting hypothesis testing is to conclude whether there is adequate statistical evidence to confirm or disprove a belief or a claim regarding a particular parameter. In Research Question Two above, the hypothesis was whether the percentage of people who consider shopping at Amazon Fresh is different amongst those who are satisfied with mobile technology and those who are not satisfied. In this case, a visual comparison of the sample statistics would not be enough to accept or reject the hypothesis. Therefore, the hypothesis test is conducted to determine whether there is any statistical significance between the two proportions.

Case Study Two: Entrepreneurship Intention

Descriptive Statistics

A total of 134 students took part in the survey to determine whether studying for an entrepreneurship module would affect the average scores in entrepreneurship intention. 60 students did not learn for the module and had an average score of 20.917 (SD=2.625), while 74 looked for the module and got an average score of 22.230 (SD3.041). The median scores for the two groups of students were 21.00 and 22.00, respectively.

Hypothesis testing one

Null Hypothesis: There is no significant variance in the normal scores for entrepreneurship intent between the students who chose the entrepreneurship module and those who did not choose it.

Alternative Hypothesis: There is a significant difference in the average scores for entrepreneurship intention between the students who studied for an entrepreneurship module and those who did not.



The p-value, 0.009 is below the significance level of 0.05; hence, the null hypothesis is not rejected.


There is no statistically significant difference in the average scores for entrepreneurship intention between the students who studied for an entrepreneurship module and those who did not study for the module.

Hypothesis Testing Two

Null Hypothesis: The University department that one studies at does not affect the average score for entrepreneurship intention.

Alternative Hypothesis: The University department that one studied affects the average score for entrepreneurship intention.



The obtained p-value of 0.001 is below the significance level of 0.05. Therefore, the null hypothesis is not rejected.


Since the null hypothesis is not rejected, we do not have sufficient evidence to support the claim that university departments affect entrepreneurship intention’s average score. Therefore, there is no significant difference in the average score of entrepreneurship intention regardless of the University Department one studied at.

General Question

The p-value in hypothesis testing is used as a decision rule for accepting or rejecting the null hypothesis. The value represents the likelihood of observing the obtained outcomes if the null hypothesis was true. The null hypothesis is allowed to stand, given that the p-value falls below the significance level. Contrastingly, the null hypothesis is rejected if the p-value surpasses the significance level (Greenland et al., 2016). The main drawback of using the p-value in hypothesis testing is that it does not indicate the likelihood of the null hypothesis being true nor the possibility that the figures was obtained by random chance alone.


Fritz, C.O., Morris, P.E. and Richler, J.J., 2012. Effect size estimates: current use, calculations, and interpretation. Journal of experimental psychology: General, 141(1), p.2.

Greenland, S., Senn, S.J., Rothman, K.J., Carlin, J.B., Poole, C., Goodman, S.N. and Altman, D.G., 2016. Statistical tests, P values, confidence intervals, and power: a guide to misinterpretations. European journal of epidemiology, 31(4), pp.337-350.

Leng, H.K. and Wee, K.N.L., 2017. An examination of users and non-users of self-checkout counters. The International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, 27(1), pp.94-108.

Patsiotis, A.G., Hughes, T. and Webber, D.J., 2013. An examination of consumers’ resistance to computer-based technologies. Journal of Services Marketing.

Tavakol, M. and Dennick, R., 2011. Making sense of Cronbach’s alpha. International journal of medical education, 2, p.53.

2 Questions Name Institution affiliation Course Tutor Date Question 1 One lexical




Institution affiliation




Question 1

One lexical error you might expect a child learning English as an L1 to make in the sentence “That’s a big SUV” is confusing the words “big” and “small.” This is a common error among young children learning English because the words are similar in meaning and sound. Another lexical error you might expect is using the word “car” instead of “SUV.” This is because “car” is a more general term and children might not be familiar with the word “SUV.” A phonological error you might expect is pronouncing “SUV” as “soov.” This is because the child might have difficulty pronouncing the letter “V.” A morphological error you might expect is using the plural form of “car,” such as “cars.” This is because the child might not yet be aware of the fact that “SUV” is a singular noun.

Question 2

The critical period is a sensitive period in development during which certain skills or attributes must be acquired. If these skills or attributes are not acquired during the critical period, they may be difficult or impossible to acquire later. The best evidence we have for the critical period is from research on language acquisition. Studies have shown that children who are not exposed to language during the critical period (between birth and age 5 or 6) may never learn to speak fluently.

Question 3

One piece of evidence that children pick up language rules from their environment without receiving any direct instructions is that they are able to use words correctly in context even if they have never heard the word before.

Question 4

One example is that children learn language primarily through imitation, but they also learn it through other means such as exposure to language and through their own innate language ability. Another example is that children learn primary colors primarily through imitation, but they also learn them through other means such as exposure to different colors and through their own innate color ability.

Question 5

This is an example of an incorrect pronoun. It may lead to this type of error because the speaker is not using the correct pronoun for themselves.

Question 6

The main difference between Norwegian and Danish is that Norwegian is a Germanic language while Danish is a Nordic language. Norwegian is written using the Latin alphabet while Danish is written using the Latin alphabet and the Runic alphabet. Norwegian has two official written standards, Bokmål and Nynorsk, while Danish only has one, Bokmål. Norwegian and Danish are also different in their phonology, grammar, and vocabulary.

Question 7
Color terms are words that refer to specific colors, such as “blue” or “green”. Tag questions are questions that are added on to the end of a statement, often in order to confirm something or to seek agreement, such as “You’re coming with us, right?”

Question 8

1. Lexical differences: words that are used in one dialect that are not used in another, or that have different meanings. For example, in the dialect of American English spoken in the southern United States, the word “soda” is used to refer to all carbonated beverages, while in most other dialects of English “soda” refers only to soda water.

2. Pronunciation differences: differences in the way words are pronounced. For example, in the dialect of English spoken in the southern United States, the word “car” is pronounced with a drawl, while in most other dialects of English it is pronounced with a clipped vowel sound.

3. Grammatical differences: differences in the way words are used in sentences. For example, in the dialect of English spoken in the southern United States, the word “isn’t” is used as a negative form of “to be,” while in most other dialects of English it is considered non-standard.

4. Semantic differences: differences in the meanings of words. For example, in the dialect of English spoken in the southern United States, the word “bless your heart” is used as a way to express sympathy, while in most other dialects

Question 9

Genie’s story provides evidence that age is an important factor for second language learners in a number of ways. First, Genie was not exposed to language during her critical period, and as a result, she was unable to develop normal language skills. Second, Genie’s story demonstrates that even if a second language learner does not have access to native speakers of the language, it is still possible to learn the language if the learner is motivated and has a good teacher. Finally, Genie’s story shows that age is not necessarily a barrier to learning a second language; even adults can learn a second language if they are willing to put in the effort.

Question 10



1. Consonants systems may have voiced and voiceless pairs of sounds that are not in complementary distribution.

2. Consonants systems may have pairs of sounds that are in complementary distribution but are not in a simple one-to-one correspondence.

3. Consonants systems may have sounds that are in complementary distribution with other sounds in the system but are not in complementary distribution with all sounds in the system.

Question 11

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