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Criminal Solicitation Of A Minor Chapter 15 Ap World History Homework Help


Burglary of Vehicles history homework help: history homework help

Burglary of Vehicles

Name of the Crime

The crime committed is called an offense against property. The crime is found in chapter thirty of the Texas Penal code under the statue of burglary and criminal trespass.

Specific Definitions and explanations of the Crime

Burglary of a vehicle is basically when an unknown individual breaks into your private property, which is your car. The main objective is to commit theft or felony to you, which is entirely illegal, according to the Texas state laws and provisions. The offense that is intended to be undertaken falls under a class misdemeanor. The  crime has minimum term confinement in a state prison setting for six months (Moh, & Raju, 2019).

The offense can also turn out to be a state felony if the defiant has previously been convicted two more times of an offense under this section. Moreover, the battery is a third felony degree if the vehicle broken into is owned by a wholesale distributor of prescription of drugs and the actor breaks into or enters that vehicle with the intent to commit theft of a controlled substance (Gill, 2017).

The Acts Reus

The Acts Reus, in this case, is the act of breaking into someone’s vehicle against the owner’s permission. The action is high condemned as it is against the state’s rule of laws. A person that is found to be committing the act is attracting the long arm of the law to act on him. Not only the owner of the car is supposed to call the authorizes in such situations, but also the general public is advised to blow the whistle if they see such an act in progress (Hruška & Hrušková, 2015).


The Men’s Rea

The Men’s Rea, for this case, is quite evident that the person is breaking into another person’s vehicle intended to do so. The statue the has documented about this law vividly states the person will be charged guilty as the person committing the crime is violating another person’s private space. The statue also was given examples of cases that have been decided upon at different settings previously before the official documentation of the Texas penal code, and the defendant, in those instances, was eventually found guilty.

A Case of Strict Liability

The crime being committed to burglary of vehicles is a case of strict liability. This is because the defendant has minimal grounds to support his claim that he was not violating another person’s private space and privacy, also not respecting their property. The only thing that the offending party needs to do is to prove that his rights were indeed violated (Duque & McKnight, 2019).

Punishment and Possible Legal Defenses

The punishment for burglary of a vehicle is a class an offense that is punishable for a one-year jail term and a four thousand dollar fine or both depending on the judgment. The possible legal defenses that can be applied is for the defendant to look for a competent counsel and convince the court that the act he committed was not intentional and maybe driven due to a health condition or being under the influence of something. That could be a valid reason that could salvage him (Senekal, 2016).


Duque, M., & McKnight, A. (2019). Understanding the relationship between inequalities and poverty: mechanisms associated with crime, the legal system, and punitive sanctions. LIP Paper, 6.

Gill, M. Demand Management Incentive Scheme(2017)

Hruška, L., & Hrušková, A. (2015, September). An innovative integrated approach to tackling social and safety risks in regions and municipalities. In Forum Scientiae Oeconomia (Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 63-75).

Moh, M., & Raju, R. (2019). Using machine learning for protecting the security and privacy of the Internet of Things (IoT) systems. Fog and Edge Computing: Principles and Paradigms, 223-257.

Senekal, W. A. (2016). The value of vehicle tracking technology in the recovery of stolen motor vehicles (Doctoral dissertation).


Crisis reflection Essay Paper. help with history assignment

Crisis reflection.

My reflection on “The Taco Bell E. coli outbreak-calming public fears during food-borne illness scares” is that the company must have lost a significant number in sales during the crisis. Taco Bell is among the biggest fast-food company.  An E. coli outbreak in their restaurants sets their business back due to the closure of many branches. E. coli outbreak can cause much harm and, in some cases, death, as is evident in the Taco Bell crisis. Fast foods have to maintain a high level of cleanliness and ensure effective storage measures are well adhered to. Breakouts incidents in restaurants and fast foods are frequent. For instance, reading this article reminded me of the E. coli outbreak in chipotle, a Mexican grill back in 2016 where people more than five hundred people were harmed, and chipotle sales were significantly affected by more than eighty percent.

Like any other crisis, the E.coli crisis at The Taco Bell was sudden, and that comes with a lot of harm and needs urgency to control the damage. Those affected, in this case, the customer’s need to be addressed. The public needs to know what the cause of people getting sick is and what is being done to control the crisis. Living the age of social media crisis now revolve around reputation. As Grabowski says, a crisis is met by a mass hysteria to widespread alarm instilling fear from the consumers who t the moment lack open-mindedness and understanding. Social media offers all kinds of entertainment that facts are more likely to be outweighed by other news; most of it irrelevant and false. Other platforms, like the jokes in this particular article, make the crisis worse.


When the outbreak was fast detected, the taco bell restaurant incorrectly blamed it on green onions. The outbreak was then confirmed that it was caused by lettuce from central California farms.  The fact that they were quick to try and avoid what they thought was the cause was a great response, but being wrong must have also negatively affected the restaurant. However, their public relations director defends the company termination of oil onion, claiming that it could have been worse if the investigations would have been done and their speculation came true. Such an outcome would deem them ignorant of valuable information and tarnished their reputation.

Nonetheless, their communication was timely and honest and consistent throughout the crisis. The company launched an immediate campaign through print and television with response messages assuring its customers and the overall public that they were putting the best measures they could to correct the crisis. Having an expert communicate with the public is an excellent measure. Taco Bell public relations director Rob Poetsch told the media that their priority was to respond as fast as possible and provide transparency to the media about the development of the crisis, which they did. During a crisis, it is advisable to keep the public informed control of the informed consumed.

Taco Bell took the initiative to close their restaurant to sanitize and restock, showing that they were concerned and wanted to keep high levels of sanitation. During a crisis, consumers and the public want to know what the involved company, organization, or party intends to do to avoid such incidents in the future.



For instance, in the E. coli outbreak, the public wants to know what food safety measures the company will take to avoid such incidences in the future. Gene Grabowski, an experienced public relations professional in food crisis, on food safety, says that more kinds of food safety can now be detected, making food safer presently than ever before.  Such assurance can give consumers hope that although food outbreaks may not be eliminated, finding the causes will be faster hence more reliable. As Morrissey says, a communication professor says Taco bell demonstrated how a crisis should be handled. Credibility. Trust and strong leadership are needed in the wake of a crisis.

We live in a world where crisis happens day in day out, and everyone is uncertain of what will happen. The world, too, has become a small place because of how information can travel fast, causing fear. Company’s need to anticipate crises by putting a create plan and strong communication crisis strategy to respond to such incidences. Taco Bell tried the best they could to address the crisis. Although they had losses because of closing restaurants, they remained transparent and honest about the measures and information regarding the crisis. According to Morrissey, “regardless of the consequences, you have to show decisiveness and leadership.” Taco Bell closed their restaurant despite knowing they would reduce their sales. The company also cut the green onions, although they were not confident that it was the cause. They risked being wrong and protected their consumers the best way they knew how.



Chris Cobb. (2007) The Taco Bell E. coli outbreak — calming public fears during food-borne illness scares.


Ghanaian Cultural Funerals university history essay help: university history essay help

Cultural Funerals


Death is among the inevitabilities of life. On the contrary, however, traditional practices regarding it are not due to different factors, including cultural and religious rituals conducted during and after the death of a loved one. Despite the diversity and thus the difference in funerary practices around the world, many funerary practices surprisingly exhibit interesting similarities of honoring the dead upon their death. In this paper, I shall discuss how the Americans and the Australian Aboriginals cultural funerals compare with the Ghanaian cultural funerals. The discussion is based on both first-hand experiences and online research.


Ghanaian Cultural Funerals

Contrary to many cultures around the world, Ghanaians perceive death as an opportunity to celebrate the deceased’s life instead of expressing melancholy. Thus, “the more, the merrier” phrase causes their funerals to attract thousands of attendees who typically wear black or red clothes to the funeral as a sign of their grief. In order to attract many attendees to the funeral, Ghanaians create colorful advertisement boards to notify every person.

Ghanaians conduct their funerals during the weekend−in most cases on Saturdays. Goldade (2019) estimated the cost of holding a Ghanaian funeral to range from $15,000 to $20,000. Additionally, the deceased’s family and friends are expected to offer financial donations to assist in meeting the funeral costs as an expression of their respect and love for the dead (Goldade, 2019).

As aforementioned, Ghanaian funerals are meant to celebrate the life of the deceased. Thus, the event is marked with a range of Ghanaian music as well as pop music (Goldade, 2019). In addition, as Goldade (2019) observes, photographers are allowed to snap pictures of attendees as they dance. Drinks and food are usually served throughout the mourning period. However, these events are preceded by a religious ceremony to confer blessings upon the deceased as well as to pay tribute. Ghana is a Christian country (71.2%); thus most religious customs during funerals conform to Christian traditions (Goldade, 2019).

Ghanaian funerals are famous for their extravagant and uniquely carved coffins. The coffins are personalized to reflect the deceased’s interests while s/he was alive (Notopoulos, 2012). The Ghanaians believe that the dead carry their life into the afterlife. Thus, coffins may be shaped to resemble cars, animals, shoes, phones, etc. (Notopoulos, 2012). For more information about Ghanaian funerals, follow the following link


American Funerals

The US is among the most diversified nations in the world. The US comprises of various cultures including Africa, Europe, Asia, and Latin America. The cultures merge to create American culture. Thus, American culture regarding the conduction of funerals exhibits some elements of African and aboriginal funeral traditions.

American funerals are traditionally basic. Based on my observations, most American funerals conform to religious rituals, just like Ghanaian and Aboriginal funerals. Similar to Ghanaian funerals, the deceased’s family in American funerals puts out an obituary to inform everyone about the deceased’s death, and the day of his funeral. Additionally, similar to Ghanaian funerals, Americans eulogize and pay tribute to their dead during the church service. However, unlike Ghanaian funerals, most Americas do not celebrate their dead with music, dance, food, and drinks. They typically wear black clothing to symbolize their grief.

At the grave, similar to Ghanaian funerals (remember Ghana is a Christian nation−71.2%), Americans conduct a brief religious ritual where the clergy bestows blessings upon the deceased’s soul. Thereafter, family and friends are allowed to bid goodbye to the deceased by tossing the graveside earth on the coffin. The deceased is buried, and the funeral ends. Unlike Ghanaian funerals, the celebration goes on for 3 or 4 days, depending on the age and sex of the deceased. In Ghanaian funerals, if the deceased was female, the celebration after burial lasts for three days before the funeral is declared over.

Australian Aboriginal Funerals

Indigenous Australian people, commonly referred to as Aboriginals, represent 3 percent of the Australian population. Their funeral rituals are as old as thousands of years ago. There are several Aboriginal communities, thus implying that their cultural differences (including funeral cultures) may differ. However, a common theme among all Aboriginal communities is that their diverse death rituals serve to ensure a respectful transition into the afterlife as well as “…to prevent the spirit from returning and causing mischief” (Aboriginal Funerals, 2019).

As aforementioned, owing to their diversity, every Aboriginal community has its own way of conducting funerals. In modern-day Australia, however, most Aboriginals appoint a funeral director to ensure the registration of a death occurrence (Aboriginal Funerals, 2019). Similar to American and Ghanaian funerals, mourning in Aboriginal funerals is communally done as friends and neighbors, and the community converges to console and support the bereaved.

However, unlike in American funerals, some Aboriginals object to mentioning the deceased’s name or showing their images e.g., in photographs (Aboriginal Guide, 2016) for doing so “disturbs the spirit” of the dead. Thus, a substitute name like ‘Kunmanara,’ ‘Kumanjayi,’ or ‘Kwementyaye’ are used (Aboriginal Guide, 2016). Aboriginal funerals and ceremonies, unlike American films, can last for as long as months.

Additionally, unlike American funerals, theirs does not involve the church. Instead, funerals are characterized by songs and dance that can last for even a month, depending on the beliefs of the Aboriginal group and the deceased’s social status (Korff, 2019). Click on the following link to watch how Aboriginals mourn their dead with song and dance.

Similar to American culture, modern-day Aboriginals may cremate or bury their dead. Thus, most of them combine these methods of laying their dead to rest with traditional Aboriginal culture (Aboriginal Funerals, 2019).


The similarity that exists across the cultures, as mentioned earlier with regard to how they conduct their funerals, suggests that this cultural event is not only meant for providing consolation to the bereaved but also to ensure that cultural practices, are ethnically and respectfully conferred upon the deceased. Thus, as a proponent of cultural diversity, none of those mentioned above cultural practices is superior to the other.


Aboriginal Funerals. (2019). Aboriginal Funerals, Traditions & Death Rituals – Funeral Guide Australia. Retrieved 10 June 2020, from

Aboriginal Guide. (2016). Aboriginal Funerals: Beliefs & Death Rituals Of Aboriginal People. Funeral Guide. Retrieved 10 June 2020, from

Goldade, J. (2019). Cultural Spotlight: Ghanaian Funeral Traditions. Frazer Consultants. Retrieved 10 June 2020, from

Korff, J. (2019). Mourning an Aboriginal death. Creative Spirits. Retrieved 10 June 2020, from

Notopoulos, K. (2012). 29 Insanely Elaborate Custom Coffins From Ghana. BuzzFeed. Retrieved 10 June 2020, from


The social norms and behaviours present in our societies:customs women’s rights history essay help


Culture is a general term that explains the social norms and behaviours present in our societies and the customs, laws, knowledge, habits, and capabilities of people in the community. People acquire culture via the learning processes of socialization and enculturation, as seen from the diverse cultures across societies. Cultural norms are acceptable conducts in the society which guide the behaviour, language, and dressing in an event and serves as guides for expectations in social groups (Galbraith, 2017).

A macro-culture can be explained nationally or regionally; it is the dominant culture of a particular society. In the United States, the dominant macro-culture consists of people of European origins with Christianity as their preferred religion and English as their language of choice. A micro-culture refers to a sub-division of the macro-culture. For instance, if residents of a particular area within a state use the Latin language, the area would be considered a micro-culture to the dominant culture of the nation or state.

A micro-culture can be divided into smaller subsets based on factors such as occupation, religion, and sports teams followed. In a much-diversified country such as America, people find themselves in different varieties of micro-cultures. Just like regions, organizations have a macro-culture, which is distinctive to that company and sets guidelines and boundaries that shape the behaviour of its members.  They also have various micro-cultures, which comprise of co-values of macro-culture and extra-values that are distinctive to the micro-culture. Micro-cultures form when a group of people in a company share an experience, problem, or situation that is distinctive to them (Thompson, 2018).

I came to this definition since both regions and organizations have dominant cultures and sub-cultures based on cultural norms. Organizations have differentiation areas such as functional speciality, departmental designations, and geographical separation that can lead to the formation of micro-cultures in an organization. I included elements such as religion, language, and organizational co-values because these characteristics mainly represent citizens of a country or corporate members. I involved enculturation in my definition of culture since most peer-reviewed articles indicate that most people learn the standards of their culture from parents, peers, and other adults. The current surrounding culture teaches people on the accepted cultural values and norms in the regions where they live.


Galbraith, J. K. (2017). The culture of contentment. Princeton University Press.

Thompson, M. (2018). Cultural theory. Routledge.