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Read this before hiring a virtual homeschooling teacher history essay help: history essay help

Read this before hiring a virtual homeschooling teacher

Before hiring a virtual homeschooling teacher for your kid(s), you really need to do in-depth scrutiny about them. We all know the critical role that teachers play towards the success or failure of a child. Think about the fond memories with your best childhood teacher that are still stuck in your mind up to date, and also the worst teachers you never want to meet again. That’s the power of influence in a teacher!

So, what should you consider?

Level of expertise of the trainer


Honestly, getting a knowledgeable trainer for your child will be quite impactful and a worthwhile asset. Their exceptional competence about the subject keeps your child engaged with great content and real-world examples, which is essential in opening up the child’s mind. Since they are already equipped with the content, they are capable of responding to your child’s concerns quickly and comprehensively.


Technology competence


Regardless of your child’s subjects, hiring a homeschooling trainer who is well-versed in the relevant technology tools can be a great advantage. Think of a subject like accounting. A trainer who has a high proficiency in MS Excel will definitely assist your child in unveiling the hardest mysteries of bookkeeping. With such a trainer, your child will be guaranteed of excellent hands-on skills that are very key in the job market.


Flexibility of the teacher


Students do not learn at the same pace. So, you should consider a trainer who will be quick to evaluate and understand the progress of your child, then flex accordingly. At times, the usual method of training might not work. Therefore, being quick to adapt and deploy working training tips will go a long way in ensuring that your child achieves the best out of it. And of course, that’s what you want, right?


Great intrapersonal and interpersonal skills


Intrapersonal skills such as good time management and correct decision making are very crucial in a trainer. It helps them keep your child on toes to make sure they complete assignments in time and are able to respond to issues effectively. On the other hand, interpersonal skills such as being friendly and concerned will significantly impact how your child bonds with the trainer, and eventually change your child’s perspective towards learning.




From time to time, your child will need extra assistance apart from the regular training sessions that you schedule with the trainer. For instance, when working on an assignment or just any other task, you can be sure that your child will get stuck at some point. So, having a reliable trainer whose availability is guaranteed is something you don’t want to guess about. Such a trainer will always come through any time when needed, hence facilitate cultivating an active learning environment for your child.

In summary, the success or failure of your homeschooling child will greatly depend on the trainer you employ. Having unmatched skills, qualities, and being available anytime needed will make a significant impact on your child. So, be keen!



The Impact of COVID-19 to the Meaning of Family and Providers

Everyone across the globe can feel the deep anguish and disorder that the COVID-19 pandemic has caused. Families, especially in the United States, have been forced to come up with unique strategies that will see them pull through this unfortunate season. Most families have adopted digital technologies to help them in areas such as remote learning and virtual sitting. So let’s jump right in and discuss some of the impacts of COVID-19 from a family standpoint.

Adoption of virtual learning


According to the National Home Education Research Institute, in 2019, most parents preferred enrolling their children in public or private schools. Homeschooling grew drastically from 3% to 8%.

However, this trend has shifted radically over the last couple of months, since lockdown measures were initiated. Parents are now seeking to recruit reliable virtual homeschooling tutors to keep the kids engaged academically.


Adoption of virtual sitting for kids


Over time, most people have come to adopt the Work From Home (WFH) strategy fully. However, the home environment is still not very friendly, especially for mothers with kids. You can agree with me, managing work while being distracted by kids can be quite hectic.

As a result, many parents have switched to in-person care providers (virtual babysitting) to minimize these distractions and help them become more productive at work.


Scaling down budgets


With most workers sheltering at their homes unable to go to work or working partially due to the reduced number of working hours, most families have become financially constrained. Low-income families, in particular, are the most vulnerable during these times of high downside risks.

Therefore, even though the pandemic has affected people from all walks of life, low-income families have been the most hit group from an economic perspective; hence they have no option than to forego some needs.


Parents turning to freelancing


Marlon Litz-Rosenzweig, the CEO and co-founder of WorkGenius, a freelance hiring platform, recently noted that there has been an increased number of applications to join the firm. This can be associated with the current state of affairs where breadwinners are doing all they can to bring something to the table. In addition, remote working has given many people a great exposure to explore the large pool of opportunities available on the internet, hence allowing them to support their families.


Social isolation


As everyone seeks to remain safe from the outbreak, family meet-ups and visits remain a thing of the past. A typical example is a family that, in one way or another, had split before COVID-19 struck. That means the members have been isolated from each other since then. While this can really be traumatizing, many people have had to accept the reality and move on.

In conclusion, these uncertain times have awakened a different course for most families. Most families have embraced the reality and developed the necessary strategies to help them overcome the pandemic. Indeed, desperate measures are everything we need during these desperate times.



Effective virtual learning strategies for kids

To be honest, most people were not prepared for the current state of affairs caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Just a couple of months ago, everything was quite in order and parents were very less concerned about the affairs of their kids, since most of them would spend much of their time in school. But we must agree, seasons and times change! Now every parent is struggling with homeschooling, something most of them were not used to. So, in this piece, we labored to enlighten you on some simple, great tips to train their kid effectively. Let’s go!

Designate a learning space for them


Setting up a good learning environment for your kids is one of the most important things you should endeavor to do. This prepares them psychologically that anytime they are in that space, it is learning time. So they are able to concentrate a focus even more. Such a place should be away from anything that can distract them such as the TV or their gaming tools. Also, ensure the space is quiet and comfortable for them.


Create a learning routine for them


A good schedule is quite essential, regardless of what you are doing. It is a time management tool. Therefore, make them a good schedule and ensure that they follow it to the latter. Well, that may be tough for them, but do you know what you are after? Initiating a learning culture at your home, right?


Share experience with other parents


Keeping in touch with other parents during this season should be a priority! Seek to know the techniques other parents are using to enhance learning for their kids. What may be disturbing you could be the greatest strength of the other parent. So, endeavor to know the experiences of the other parents so that you can pull each other up.


Allow them to have constructive breaks


Remember, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. Actually, playing doesn’t mean just sitting in front of their gaming monitors. No. Teach them how to do physical exercises such as squatting, kickboxing, or even doing simple activities like running upstairs. Exercises develop our minds so that we can think better and helps us easily manage stress and anxiety. Also, they can use this time to communicate with their friends virtually to experience social satisfaction.


Monitoring them properly


When holding virtual classes, they might be tempted to switch to other distracting activities such as playing games on their tablets or laptops. To avoid this, keep a close watch from time to time to ensure that they are actively engaged in classwork. But again, don’t forget to advise them on the essence of learning. This is the surest tip you can use. It will limit how much you monitor them and helps them develop self-drive.

Generally, with all the limitations that perhaps you are experiencing, the situation is still manageable. All the tips we have discussed were all targeted to a common point: Keeping your child engaged with schoolwork. So, you can use these tips and also deploy other techniques that you feel might work for your kids.



Best tips to remain productive while working from home with kids

If you have been working from home since the strike of the COVID-29 pandemic, you can agree with me that developing a working discipline is not very easy. If you are not keen, you might end up wasting your whole day, especially if you have kids. But before it gets there, consider embracing the following tips, and hopefully, you’ll succeed in your remote work.

Define a working environment


To avoid distractions from kids and other household members, isolate yourself to a specific place so that you can concentrate better. Whether you’ve designated a specific room or it’s just a given section of your living room, be sure that there are minimal interruptions. Besides, it trains your mind that whenever you are in that room, it is time for serious business. As a result, you are able to concentrate even more.


Develop daily working schedules


Having a clear plan about your goals is very key, and it becomes your driving force towards reaching attaining them. At home, you really need something that keeps you focused so as to limit the time you spend with your kids and other family members, and maximize your work. The daily goals do not, however, have to be overwhelming, no! Endeavor to do only what you can achieve comfortably to avoid demotivation.


Allocate enough time to interact with your family


Your working schedules should also be considerate of your family. For example, if you are a mother, you need more breaks to do some household chores and feed your kids. Work will bring food to the table, but it cannot buy affection and genuine laughter in a family. So, having creating enough time to play around with your kids can significantly bond you together into a lovely family. Alternatively, you can consider hiring a part-time babysitter.


Begin your day early


Working from home calls for self-discipline because switching from your heavy duvet to the next room for work is not something everyone will find fun doing. But still, you can cultivate an early morning culture at your place, and trust me; it makes your day just so productive! Besides, you’ll experience minimal distraction from kids because they’ll most probably wake up late. So, take advantage of it!


Put on noise-canceling headphones


Kids will always be kids. No matter how much you yell at them that you need silence, it won’t take long before you hear their shouts. So, what do you do? You got it. Wear noise-canceling headphones. They will create a virtual environment for you and help you minimize distractions as you work. In case you are worried that they might call you, tell them to tap you on your shoulder of you don’t respond when they call.

In summary, working from home with kids can be a little bit tricky. However, the tips that we just shared are among the top tricks most parents out there are using to remain productive in their remote work. So, why not try them?




Reference Article: “Scenes enable a sense of reliving: Implications for autobiographical memory.”


Neurological sciences play a massive role in the foundation or explanatory references of how the cognitive functioning of the brain affects the ability of humans to discern, locomote or move, and memorize aspects of their lives. The strength of the human mind to have objectified or personal memories related to specific events that they were a part of have been explained by several research points, such as the correlation of memory to phenomenological characteristics. In neurological terms, memory is mainly defined along the lines of autobiographical construction, which is the ability of a human mind to explicitly construct specific scenes, including the audio imagery and the distance of objects from each other. The most important question that comes up on autobiographical memory is whether visual memory is, in fact, central to it. Autobiographical memory has been found to depend significantly on visual memory according to (Butler, Andrew et al. 237) and (Rubin, Deffler, and Umanath 45 ). (Butler, Andrew et al. 238) also, go on to define the notion that visual memory is realized either from a personal perspective or sometimes the perspective of other people, that is, in the third person. The second instance is uniquely concurrent with events that have taken quite some time before the individual is questioned on the same. Autobiographical memories have, however, been confused many times with event memory. Although there are close relations between the two, which causes the overlapping of definitions, event memories, and autobiographical memories differ in that the latter conforms to the reconstruction of actual events. At the same time, the former could include imagined events (Rubin, Deffler, and Umanath 45) are two significant foundations that support and qualify the ideology that visual memory is crucial for autobiographical memories. First, Conclusive evidence of patients with amnesia, who are unable to recall the visual layout of events, suffer from the damage of the media temporal lobe, which is also critical for visual memory. This is a pointer to the correlation that lies between visual stimuli and the ability to reconstruct scenes, since such patients suffering from neurological damage, are unable to do the same.  Additionally, studies on the autobiographical memory retrieval network support the association between the necessities of visual support, which is the visual stream connection to the hippocampus, to the final ability of the brain to have autobiographical memories (Iriye and Jacques). The antithesis claims that autobiographical memory is centered on more social skills such as the belief that the event occurred and the sense of reliving that event, rather than direct visual memory. This would mean that false memories and expectations of events affect autobiographical memories to a great extent, which is very different from what the above reference article aims to achieve (Johnson 5254-5259). This paper explores the opinion that visual memory is central to autobiographical construction, as supported by neurological evidence from the functions of the brain, and studies conducted on amnesia patients. It also integrates the critical acclaim that false memories and expected events structure autobiographical memory to a significant extent.

Evidence from Amnesia Patients

Looking at studies carried out in the past on Amnesia patients, there is a supportive foundation to conclude that visual memory is the most significant factor that supports autobiographical construction. Visual memory deficit amnesia is particularly vital in reliving the fact that amnesia patients are not able to recall a lot of their past due to the inability to construct visual memory. This is based on the fact that neuropsychological impairment that results from amnesia and other associated brain detrimental diseases affects the ability to build narratives and emotions out of past situations, which are critical for the reconstruction of past events. The reference article cites the fact that neurological damage resulting from diseases such as amnesia interfere with the brain’s ability to recall the layout of specific activities by massive proportions, in comparison to people that do not suffer from similar diseases (Rubin, Deffler, and Umanath 44). In as much as many processes are necessary for the construction of autobiographical memories, the reference article privileges visual memory to be the significant foundation upon which memory reconstruction happens. Investigations on amnesia patients show that they might be able to recall specific components of the day, yet, they might not be able to give a full recollection of events due to their inability to picture the facts as they happened. This is because neurological damage resulting from disease faults parts of the brain that are directly related to visual memory, such as the effects of bilateral hippocampal damage. While this majorly centers on the support of various brain organs stimulating visual memory and finally autobiographical construction, the second type of amnesia gives a more strategically direct support.

The second type of amnesia, that is, visual-deficit amnesia, is a more constructive basis supporting the centrality of visual memory in the reconstruction of scenes. All of the eleven patients of visual deficit memory studied to confirm this link had reported bouts of amnesia. In the case that visual input of past scenes was presented to them, they were unable to construct the scenes that happened prior to the neurological damage. With time, however, some patients were able to remake these scenes by experiencing similar exposure to these events, and this already showed a shortcoming with this evidence. This is because there are additional significant influences that results to the inability of scene construction, hence, defaulted autobiographical memories. One such influence is emotional dysfunctions, which would translate into the loss of particular emotions related to a particular memory, therefore, causing a brain to alter vital emotional attachments that would help it to construct scenes. The fact that emotional influences also play a critical role in autobiographical memories hinders the reference article’s design that looks into visual memory playing a central role to support autobiographical memory. However, the article also explores another significant support for this link, as shown by evidence from the functioning of the brain.

Neurological evidence from brain functions.

Phenomenological studies based on fMRI research enlighten the necessity of the visual stream to support autobiographical memory (Rubin, Deffler, and Umanath 46). Accordingly, these studies are mainly based on vision and its correlation to memory, and they have until now played a critical role in ascertaining this link. This references the fact that the visual ventral stream explored from the visual cortex to the hippocampal play a crucial rule in the construction of scenes, which finally contributes to autobiographical memories. Neurological evidence also further shows that the parahippocampal part of the brain reacts more noticeably to scenes, compared to memory of objects. This would explain why amnesia patients are able to recall objects from a scene, yet are unable to construct scenes, when this part of the brain undergoes damage due to disease. Further research supports this evidence as it shows specific parts of the brain such as the hippocampus and the retrospenial cortex, being very active just a few seconds before the precuneus and the visual cotex. This is an essential translation of the temporal discourse between scene constructive parts of the brain and the parts responsible for visual memory, respectively, to eventually found the basis for autobiographical construction. Additionally, the parahippocampal cortex displays activity for components that correlate strongly to evoke a sense of the environments of a scene than objects that do not. The laboratory research also showed that memory was stimulated more in the case that objects such as pictures related to the scene were taken by the study participants, rather than by different people. This would mean that the visual memory might be a vital part for memory construction, but other senses had to be invoked for more active memory to be enabled. In this case, pictures that involved active participation from the study population were more likely to evoke a scene construction compared to those that were not.

However, there are various elements that make this evidence particularly inconclusive and undermine its credibility. This is because phenomenological studies upon which this research is founded fail to provide all the diversified structures of empirical observations about human memory processes. First, there are no written credible theories that support this link, hence, such studies are majorly structured from historical evidence, which might be limited in relevance as time goes by. The fact that time relevance continually discredits this research is especially true because of the continuous evolution of brain development, due to effects of environmental exposure such as technology, which were more limited in the past compared to the present time. Additionally, these studies do not incorporate the existing variations between individuals, such as genetics, that have an understated role in how brain processes differ from one participant to the next. Most critically is the fact that young children, subjects with cognitive or language deficits and non-human animals are excluded from this research. This naturally biases the study and fails to give a wider basis for results.

The input of false memories and expected events

The reference article shows that autobiographical memories are not structured by false memories, and goes ahead to rift event memories and autobiographical memories (Rubin, Deffler, and Umanath 45). The truth is that autobiographical memories are affected to a significant proportion by false memories and the expectation of events (Johnson 5254-5259). Various examples of this could be remembering a vacation to having been more pleasant than it was. Perhaps, this could be as a result of erasure or unattached emotional feelings that are related to this cause. The distortion of these events and other narratives are influenced by exposures such as interaction with other people, which also play a huge role in imposition of false memories. While such instances might be relatively inconsequential for people, there are more serious situations that have been wrongfully analyzed by false memories, such as legal proceedings ascertaining victims from purely circumstantial evidence. Social and personal perspectives also hugely compromise the general credibility of autobiographical memories, since the human brain is more adapted to constructing memories around its own beliefs of how an event should have been. This would mean that expectations prior to and after events happen might create false memories. The creation of memories from expected events give a false sense of reliving, commonly referred to as déjà vu.

The reason why it is wrong to say that false memories do not affect autobiographical memories is majorly due to the fact that false memories can be easily mistaken by the prefrontal cortex to be actual representation of the past, which they are not. This is particularly because this part of the brain gives temporary storage and retrieval of information, hence, can be easily distorted. The source monitoring framework used in this study to distinguish false and real memories explains that mental experiences such as motives, personal goals, objectives, knowledge and perceptual details affect memory. This would mean that vivid or otherwise false recollections can be thought to be real. A supporting proposition of this shows that participants in this study exposed to repeated questioning of a fictitious event stimulated them to give elaborate and detailed recollections, which were false (Johnson 5254). This then throws off the basis of this study that claims the centrality of visual memory in autobiographical memories. It is impossible to attach the diversity of autobiographical memories to a central topic, that is, visual memory. The whole arena of constructing scenes to facilitate autobiographical memories encompasses more than just a single facet of sense. Imperatively, there cannot be a specific attachment on which autobiographical memory is based, since it requires the use of many senses to fully acclimatize scene construction. The reference article also invests heavily in discrediting the huge impact of false memories on autobiographical memories. In reality, false memories are a huge proportion of the autobiographical memory, particularly distortions and erasure of memories, which are then filled in by false instances. Evidence from certain critical brain conditions evolve false memories even more significantly, contributing to delusions or hallucinations.


While the research claims that visual memory is central for autobiographical memory, evidence from the antithesis claims that scenes can also be constructed from false memories as a result of knowledge confounded on other senses. This translates to the fact that it is quite impractical to simply link visual memory to autobiographical memory. The research shows that there are various structures such as emotional attachment that contribute to the construction of scenes. Further analysis of studies on laboratory experiments especially using photographs for scene construction further solidifies this point. If in reality autobiographical memory was only construed on the basis of visual memory, a photograph taken by another person would not compromise the memory of the participants, as it did. There has to be an additional input of other senses such as taste, touch, hearing and emotional connection to construct a proper autobiographical memory. Various studies have invested heavily in trying to identify the central foundation for autobiographical memories. While a lot of research studies support the link between visual memory and construction of memory, most evidence is based on open to doubt platforms such as a restricted population subset. The major basis for this inconclusiveness is the fact that autobiographical memories are akin to all senses, such that without one sense, a memory cannot be reliable. This translates to the fact that although studies play a huge role in trying to assimilate this information and find out the sense that plays the greatest role in scene construction and autobiographical memories, these studies have until now remained inconclusive in their ability to establish an irrefutable relationship.

Works Cited

Butler, Andrew C., et al. “Visual imagery in autobiographical memory: The role of repeated retrieval in shifting perspective.” Consciousness and cognition 42 (2016): 237-253.


Iriye, Heather, and Peggy L. St Jacques. “Construction and Elaboration of Autobiographical Memories from Multiple Visual Perspectives.” BioRxiv (2018): 317594.


Johnson, Marcia K. “False memories, Psychology of.” (2001): 5254-5259.


Rubin, David C., Samantha A. Deffler, and Sharda Umanath. “Scenes enable a sense of reliving: Implications for autobiographical memory.” Cognition 183 (2019): 44-56.


Wal-Mart Supply Chain online history assignment help: online history assignment help

Wal-Mart Supply Chain


Wal-Mart has a unique information system that has allowed it to realize logistical and operational success. The retailer identifies weakness in its information management by sending workers to visit competitors such as Target. The comparison provides Wal-Mart with a foundation for making improvements. The in-store managers of the retiling entity brief employees on how to identify fast-moving products and how to ensure the stock levels of the product are high. The rapid communication between the employees and managers is vital to the retailer’s success. Wal-Mart has a central data center that runs all the systems for all its stores globally. The computer system is the second largest in the US behind that of the Pentagon. It enables the retailing brand to track every item it sells each day. In this regard, Wal-Mart can track which products sell the most in the different stores. The technology and data are accessible to suppliers and as a result, they can monitor the sale of their items in Wal-Mart stores in real-time. The distribution centers are large in size to accommodate the many products sold by the brand. Conclusively, its effective supply chain management has allowed the retailer to dominate the retail space.

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The summary depicts how the information system of the retailing company operates. It supports the concepts stipulated regarding how IT promotes business processes.



Question 1

The supply chain of the retailer begins at its central data center since without it no distribution can occur. The central data system allows the brand to track each item it sells daily. In this regard, Wal-Mart can know the location of the store and the type of product it distributes in its various stores. The sale of a product triggers the ordering system and, in this regard, restocking can be performed in the various physical locations. As a consequence, the supply chain of the American retailer begins in its central data center.

The sale of a product at the cash register activates the retailer’s Retail Link system to distribute products to local stores. When a product is sold, the information regarding the product is recorded by the cash register and it is fed to the retailer’s data center. In turn, this information is fed to the ordering system which prompts the supplier to ship the required products to the entity’s stores.

Question 2

Wal-Mart encourages suppliers to learn how to utilize Retail Link since it contains useful data that enables the suppliers track their products in real time at any of the entity’s stores. Vendors who use the Retail Link can see how many units of their products and in which locations the units were sold. In this regard, the supplier can know which are the fast-moving products and slow-moving items. Such information is useful since the supplier can know when to ramp up production or when to slow it down. Consequently, the supplier is able to make savings by producing the right number of items. Moreover, when the suppliers are encouraged to use the system mutual trust is fostered between them and the retailer. The relationship between Wal-Mart and its vendors is strengthened resulting in additional benefits for both parties. For instance, Wal-Mart can make bulk purchases from the suppliers resulting in the increase in the revenue of the latter. In turn, Wal-Mart can benefit from huge discounts.


Nightingales Environmental Theory history assignment help in canada

Nightingales Environmental Theory

Florence Nightingale is the founder of environmental theory. The theory stresses how the external conditions and influences (nature) can cause, prevent, or suppress infections and diseases. The theoretical perspective aims at helping patients maintain vitality using life necessities using environmental control. According to Nightingale, the three types of environments that influence a patient’s outcome are; physical, social, and psychological. Sickness is regarded as a hypothesis, and to adjust to the environment requires nurses to re-design the health process with the desired outcome.  This helps in sparing patient life’s vitality and recover from the illness and organize an environment that will enhance the patient’s healing process. The objective of this paper is to assess Mrs. Adam’s situation using Environmental theory, the appropriate care plan, and discuss how to prioritize her care and how the Environmental theory will be beneficial to the patient population.

First Assessment and the Five Essential Components

The natural environment will be assessed based on components that have initial contact with Mrs. Adams. Based on Nightingale’s environmental theory, the environmental components that must be assessed include ventilation and warming, the healthiness of the house/home, personal hygiene, bed and beddings, intake of food and sustenance, and light and noise.  The first component of the theory is ventilation and warmth. Nightingale has explained how the environment of a sick person is supposed to be for nature to act upon him/her (AliSher et al., 2019).  Having suitable ventilation and warmth translates to an effective recovery process. Based on the study, Mrs. Adams’s house air conditioner had malfunctioned; thus, there was inadequate air in the house. The situation is exacerbated by increased crime rates in the neighborhood of Mrs. Adam; thus, opening windows presents security risks.  Her nearness to the pets without aeration in the house could lead to bacterial infections. Mrs. Adams requires effective lighting, ventilation, and controlled air to help her recover from the post-surgical wound.

Mrs. Adams’s risk factors are unclean clothes and disarray of residence which are worsened by lack of food items.  The appearance of the home shows that she lives alone without anybody to assist in arranging cleaning, and sourcing of food. Mrs. Adams lacks daily hygiene assistance to change her bed linens, clean herself, and the house. Bed and beddings are among component of environmental theory and should be changed at least once a week and is related to patient wellbeing (AliSher et al., 2019).  Florence Nightingale relates patient’s dirty skin to a gradual poison and stresses on the need of daily sponge baths. After assessing Mrs. Adams, the initial step that the nurse should take is to enlighten her on the significance of living in a clean house with adequate flow of air and light.  The nurse should ensure that windows in the room are opened during the day for aeration.  The nurse would also refer Mrs. Adam to non-government organization for financial assistance and special deserving cases in the hospital so she can receive free medical services.

Mrs. Adam need an immediate help because she is in the recuperation phase. The nurse would consider using home health services if family members are not available. If all sought assistance backfires, nurse can take step further and recommend for an in-house nursing recuperation until when she will be able to manage the tasks.  Nightingale Environment Theory focuses all superficial conditions and effects that facilitate growth of organisms and have capacity to cease, suppress, contribute or suppress growth of diseases and illness (Nordin & Elf, 2018).  Based on the theory, disease derail restoration of health process and work of the nurse is to ensure there is environmental balance to help patient recover from diseases. The theory stresses on the nurses need to provide stimulating environment that boost patient health. Florence Nightingale key component plays crucial roles in upholding health condition and encourage recovery of diseases and illness.

The five environmental components that are fundamental to one’s health are termed as the “health of house” includes pure water, cleanliness, pure water, efficient drainage and light (Medeiros et al., 2015).   Upholding health condition of the house imply putting patient in condition that nature will best act on them. Patients in enhanced environment focuses on attainment of individual healing process.  Pure fresh air is the need of to have clean breathing air inside and outside.  Pure water component advocate for the need of having pure drinking water both inside and outside. Avoiding contaminated water, promote healthy healing process, and ensuring there is proper drainages to reduce disease that are caused by use of contaminated water. Cleanliness call for nurses to maintain high level of hygiene through washing hands (Nordin & Elf, 2018). The last component is light, light plays crucial role in healing process especially direct sunlight.

Moreover, the other multidimensional components described by Nightingale are spiritual, social, biological, and psychological.  Florence Nightingale emphasize on the need of providing efficient and effective nursing care (Pfeiffer, 2018).  The affirmation of Nightingale Environmental theory is that repairing the wellbeing and re-designing homeostasis requires alteration of patient environment.

Care Plan

Nursing diagnosis will include deliberating weekend physical mobility that is connected to nerve, lymphedema, and muscle impairment, and severe pain because it’s shown in patient’s inability to ambulate without assistance. Severe pain is attributed to surgical processes done previously. The condition was shown by patient complained about the vocal pain and use of pain medication. Likelihood of infection which is connected to current condition of patient’s wound, health history and the current health status of her home where there is uncleanliness, she has o ventilation, and lacks proper nutrition.

The subjective data in the case are: Mrs. Adam complains of pain and damaged air conditioner. Moreover, the report shows that she is a window thus she does not receive any social or financial assistance from family members.

Nursing outcome; Patient goals include improving aeration and cleaning the house.  Also bed linens also need to be changed and encouraged bathing every day.  Mrs. Adam will portray more positive improvement if she is moved from bed and try to sit outside in a chair for about 30 minutes a day.  Mrs. Adams need to articulate ways of stopping occurrence of physical injury ambulation in a week time and manage to comply with daily cleanliness process that will reduce risk of infections. Increasing nutritional status will help Mrs. Adams to have all the nutritional requirements needed by the body that will help in recovery process. Also, Mrs. Adams should consider involving a dietician to assist her in planning to nutritional needs.

Nursing interventions will include: nurse should make daily interventions regarding patient’s readiness to attain health goals which include improved ambulation, body hygiene, and maintaining health hygiene. If the suggested improvements are not enough, nurse should consider implementing an in-house rehabilitation.   The nurse will help Mrs. Adam to find one of her family member or neighboring family that will help her throughout the healing process. The recovery of patient is critical when designing plan of care because need of infections need to be managed continually.  Patients usually experiences quality health when receiving care from home and need an in-house recovery in continuous care (Medeiros et al., 2015).


Application of Nightingale’s Environmental Theory in Nursing Practice

The application of Nightingale’s Environmental Theory in my practice will help to ensure high level of hygiene is maintained and ensure that the health of patients handled is restored. Most important, I would ensure this theory to encourage patients to ensure they maintain healthy environment and maintain personal health to facilitate attainment of optimum health.  In providing care, concepts envisaged by Florence Nightingale will help in guiding in provision of care and providing continuous follow-up. The theoretical perspectives of Nightingale theory can be applied in almost all population in healthcare. Elderly population will largely benefit from Nightingale’s approach because they require continuous monitoring and review (Pfeiffer, 2018). Secondly, most of the elderly population suffers from issues such poor house health and lack of pure water thus approach will be used to educate them on how to maintain appropriate environment that promote healthier life and recovery process.


Nightingale Environmental Theory approach focuses on patients’ way of managing medical care and containing various component of the environment. Florence theoretical perspective fight that all the ecological framework should be concealed for patients’ wellbeing to be adjusted. If one component of Environmental theory fail to be integrated, a disease or infection have a chance of occurring at that point.  Nurses should hold all the components of the theory together to help parent recover from a disease by tightly holding all the framework and translating into patient’s environment. Environmental Theory affirmed that to re-establish the homeostasis and repairing wellbeing requires alteration of patient’s environment.


AliSher, A. N., Atta, S., Yasin, I., & Sohail, M. A. (2019). Clinical application of Nightingale’s theory. International Journal of Nursing Care, 7(1), 13.

Medeiros, A. B., Enders, B. C., & Lira, A. L. (2015). The Florence Nightingale’s environmental theory: A critical analysis. Escola Anna Nery, 19(3).

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