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The Complexities of the Human Condition. apus history essay help: apus history essay help

The Complexities of the Human Condition: Shakespeare’s Hamlet

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The Complexities of the Human Condition: Shakespeare’s Hamlet

Humans are complex. The complexity of the human condition is multifaceted, and there are various ways to construe it. The human body comprises a complex network of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems. Their complex nature defines human interactions and their association with the surrounding world. Also, humans co-exist in a complex social structure. The human condition’s complexity allows humans to associate the human body, mind, and soul, hence have self-awareness and an abstract mindset. In Hamlet, Shakespeare explores the human condition’s complex nature through literary elements, including themes, characterization, and figurative language.

Shakespeare views the human condition as finding meaning in humanity and how people deal with humanity issues constitute the complex nature of the human condition. The best illustration of the complex nature of the human condition is the characterization of Hamlet. Hamlet is a young prince who was betrayed by his uncle – who killed his father and married Hamlet’s mother (Samons 2018). Hamlet plots to punish his uncle but also knows he has a massive responsibility to the kingdom. It underscores the complexity of the human condition where Hamlet’s character indicates a responsible prince, yet a vengeful prince who wants revenge.

William Shakespeare uses themes to show the complex nature of the human condition. The themes of justice and morality recur throughout the play (Langis 2010). Although Hamlet has strong moral values and a sense of justice, these qualities d by his human struggles. Hamlet has discovered intrinsic corruption in the kingdom and desires to change the situation, yet he finds himself powerless, admitting his human battle with weakness. While it is desirable to have a strong sense of morality, Hamlet’s case shows that sometimes it can result in conflicts. Accordingly, humans need to balance the need to improve social relations and make noble decisions that stress the situation’s complexity.

Shakespeare has used tone to construct a complex character within Hamlet. Hamlet’s first soliloquy has a sad and melancholy tone, which shows his contemplation of committing suicide. However, as the play progresses, Hamlet’s tone changes to angry and bitterness when Hamlet thinks of what his uncle and mother have done (Supiyo and Wagiyo 2018). It becomes clear that Hamlet disapproves of the relationship. Hamlet thought suicide is the way out, yet it would not be the ideal way out due to his religious values. It still points to the growing complexity of the character of Hamlet. There are long and drawn-out sentences that use a tone that indicates grief. The tone is significant throughout the play as it offers a dark and deep contemplation of the complex nature of Hamlet’s condition.

The human condition is involved. Humans live in complex systems and comprise of complex features. William Shakespeare revealed the complexity of human nature in his famous play, Hamlet. The revelation was through various literary elements, all of which manifest this form of human condition’s sophistication. Themes show the complex character within Hamlet. Hamlet has responsibilities to his kingdom, yet he feels the need to revenge. The themes of morality and justice conflict and underscore the human condition’s complexity. Hamlet’s characterization as responsible yet flawed with weak emotions is also an indicator of the human condition’s complexity. Additionally, Shakespeare adopts various tones, including the sad tone in the first soliloquy or the bitter tone in some sections to reveal the complex nature of Hamlet’s condition. All in all, William Shakespeare’s play, Hamlet, is an excellent illustration through Hamlet’s characterization of the complexity of the human condition.


Langis, U. (2010). Virtue, Justice, and Moral Action in Shakespeare’s Hamlet, in Literature and

Ethics: From the Green Knight to the Dark Knight, Steve Brie and William T. Rossiter, eds. (Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

Samons, L. (2018). Noble Minds and Nymphs: The Tragic Romance of Hamlet and Ophelia,

CLA Journal 6, pp. 12-21

Supiah, M., and Wagiyo, S. (2018). A Tragedy of “Hamlet”: intrinsic Analysis, Retrieved on

January 12, 2021, from

Understanding about “The Driven” Movie. history assignment example

“The Driven” movie contains meaningful information that can help someone who feels lost or unsure what direction they should take in life. The Strayer University alumni in this video give personal testimonies of how they succeeded in life. My take-home from this video is that once someone is focused, determined, and committed, nothing can stop them from achieving their dreams. Being driven means seeking advice and having a goal. It also means seeking opportunities extensively and focusing on what works for someone. Although there are challenges that might hinder someone’s progress, it is essential to focus on the positive things that keep us going.

Additionally, it is essential to help others. Based on the stories in this video, when you can, give aw a hand because you never know how much that help means to the people involved. I think this video is helpful. It has opened my mind and made me realize that there is always a better tomorrow despite the challenges I face.

My personal Educational Goals include achieving the highest score, being self-driven and self-motivated, and being strategic in everything I do. I also intend to be intentional with my classwork, finish my assignments and research on time, and make extra efforts to understand what is being taught.

THE COVID-10 RESESSION CONCEPT. history assignment help australia: history assignment help australia


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The Covid-19 Recession

An economic recession is a period of persistent economic decline. A recession is commonly characterized by, but not limited to, a spike in unemployment levels, a drop in GDP growth, and a reduction in the production and sale of goods and services. From the year 2020, countries around the world have been experiencing an economic recession. The recession has consequenced from the Covid-19 lockdown and movement restriction. As a result of these restrictions, economic activities have been hampered, leading to a decline in production and consumption (Mehta, n.d.). The Covid-19 pandemic has seen mass layoffs of employees and business closures. The majority of high-end business outlets across the globe have either liquidated, filed for bankruptcy, or requested a government bailout. The Covid-19 pandemic has necessitated businesses to put in place strategic measures to counter the downturn.

            The Covid-19 pandemic is projected to cause a dynamic impact on the demand for goods and services. The change in demand will be specific for various types of goods and services. The demand for normal goods, inferior goods and luxury goods shall each be impacted differently. Stressing on luxury goods, the Covid-19 recession will lead to a significant change in the demand curve. Luxury goods have a specifically high-income elasticity of demand. The demand for luxury goods increases proportionately to more than proportionate as income rises. When there is a decline in income levels, the need for luxury goods will drop. The drop in demand might even be higher than the drop in income. Without a doubt, the income level for a large proportion of consumers is expected to decline during this period. The overall demand for luxury goods will decrease as a result of low income and the lockdown. By carefully analyzing and understanding the expected income decline’s impact, luxury companies should take the necessary steps to ensure their survival and profitability.

Studies have estimated that consumer purchases of luxury goods will fall by between 35 and 50 percent towards the end of 2020. Understanding consumer behavior is an essential factor in ensuring that luxury companies are strategically positioned for more sales. Most luxury consumers make their decisions emotionally, as opposed to a rational basis. However, due to the Covid-19 crisis, most consumers have been awakened to rational consumption behavior. They have resorted to buying brands that they need and which represents their lifestyle. With this attitude, the consumption of luxury goods will sharply decline in the coming days. To some extent, there is an expected rise in revenge buying. Consumers may indulge in overconsumption of luxuries to counter the lockdown related stresses. Revenge buying, if it plays out well, will have a positive impact on luxury businesses. Luxury companies need to understand these changes in consumer behavior and apply them in strategizing.

As a result of movement restrictions, many consumers will resort to online buying. Online buying of luxury goods will become the trend since many retail outlets have been closed. Online shopping has been adopted as a precautionary measure to limit contact between people. The potential customers for luxury products have shifted to digital spaces, requiring luxury companies to boost their online presence and marketing. Since the demand for luxury goods is expected to correlate significantly to the reduced income, online selling will prove to be an important competitive strategy for luxury companies (“COVID-19 crisis pushes luxury to sharpest fall ever but catalyses industry’s ability to transform,” n.d.). E-commerce will grow substantially during this period, and any business that aims at thriving must integrate with e-commerce. Taking note that most luxury consumers are digitally exposed, e-commerce is a good catch for luxury outlets. Additionally, luxury companies can exploit their virtual presence to create an emotional connection with consumers through tools like video conferencing or online chatting.

Due to the unprecedented circumstances, luxury companies will thrive by revising their long-term strategies while adopting new short-term strategies. New strategies that are responsive to the emerging trends and behaviors need to be formulated and enacted. Management should chart an efficient and effective pathway to navigate the company through the pandemic and post-pandemic. Luxury companies should aim at attaining a balance between the initial long-term strategies with the new circumstantial strategies. The focus should be directed in the most promising areas to boost sales in the short-term. Supply chains should be diversified to create effective market penetration and also increase brand momentum. The response to customer needs should be quick and efficient even during the crisis. The measures should be reorganized towards customer-centricity.

Brand positioning is an effective strategy that will help luxury companies appeal to and attract more customers. Luxury companies must be astute in brand positioning so that they can always meet the changing consumer preferences. The brand should be positioned as clear, concise and unique. A great and unique brand positioning will enable the company to maintain a customer base while setting profit-generating price premiums. During this crisis, it is important for a luxury company to maintain a loyal customer base or risk closure. Regular assessment of a brands performance informs the need to restructure its positioning. Luxury companies should conduct performance and market research frequently in order to achieve an effective brand positioning.  

Luxury goods companies can boost sales by ensuring consumer safety in their retail outlets. Since most customers will avoid visiting these stores to avoid contracting Covid-19, measure should be put in place to control the spread of the virus. All of the WHO and CDC Covid-19 safety guidelines should be followed in the outlets. This includes making it mandatory that all shoppers are wearing a mask. The outlets should ensure that there are several hand washing and sanitizing points and that social distancing is observed at all times in the store. Covid-19 educative content should also be available in the outlets. The outlets should ensure that customers experience in the store is smooth, convenient and fruitful. Luxury goods outlets that position themselves as Covid-19 safe zones will attract more customers who are likely to return again. This will consequently lead to increased sales and high profitability. The actions explained above are some of the responses that a luxury goods company may take to survive the pandemic.

Considering a luxury goods company operating in an oligopolistic market, the nature of the market will influence how Covid-19 affects its profitability. Oligopolistic market structures are characterized by the dominance of a few farms in the market. Oligopolistic markets are highly concentrated since only a few firms control a huge proportion of the market. Concentration ratios are used to identify oligopolies (“Oligopoly,” 2020). When the concentration ratio is high, the industry is defined as an oligopoly. Firms in an oligopolistic market heavily depend on each other.  Oligopolistic market structures boast a wide range of unique characteristics, including barriers to entry and pricing strategies. The unique characteristics can be strategized by a luxury goods oligopoly to overcome the Ccovid-19 economic decline.  

As an oligopoly, a luxury goods company will be protected from competition due to the entry barriers. These barriers prevent other firms from entering the market since it would be too costly for them to attempt to. The barriers to entry include high initial cost, exclusive control of an essential resource and high costs for research and development. Other artificial barriers to entry are predatory pricing strategies, owning patents, and having superior expertise. A luxury goods oligopoly will exploit these advantages to ensure and maintain control of the market. Preventing other firms from joining the industry assures the company of a wide customer base and high sales. The demand of goods will be adequate enough to sustain the company in business. As an oligopoly, the company is able to set prices to a level that is profitable and sustainable.

A luxury goods oligopolistic company can opt to collude with other firms with the aim of operating like a monopoly. Monopolies accrue higher profits. The firm can get into an overt, covert, or tacit collusion. An overt collusion is when the collusion agreement is open, whereas a covert collusion is formed when the agreement is concealed to avoid discovery by the authorities.  On the contrary, a tacit collusion has no formal agreement. A tacit collusion occurs naturally when a firm start behaving in a certain collusive manner. Collusion gives oligopolistic firms a profiting opportunity. Luxury goods companies can collude to counter the shortcomings of the crisis. They can enter into agreements to set prices at profitable margins or to reach a certain fixed sales volume. When firms collude, they no longer operate as competitors therefore saving on competition-related costs.

Oligopolistic firms can exploit pricing strategies to ensure that they remain profitable. Predatory pricing is a strategy that can be used to force the competition out of the market.  In predatory pricing, the firm will set its price to levels that are low enough and at times lower than the production cost. This will attract consumers to its products, therefore essentially forcing the rivals, who cannot operate with such low prices, out of the market. Limit pricing is a strategy that is used to discourage fresh entrants. Luxury goods companies can also remain profitable by colluding with rivals and agreeing to set a higher profit margin. An oligopolistic firm can also exploit a cost-plus pricing strategy to remain profitable. In this case, price is determined by adding a fixed profit margin to the average production costs. Luxury goods companies that are operating as oligopolies should ensure that they employ effective pricing strategies in order to remain profitable during the pandemic.

An oligopoly can also boost its profitability by employing non-price strategies. Non-price strategies that can be employed include offering after-sale services, refining quality, advertisement and securing sponsorship (Corporate Finance Institute, 2019).  A luxury goods oligopoly that employs non-price strategies is sure to remain profitable during the Covid-19 crisis. The non-price strategies are designed to be enticing to the customer and therefore attracting more repeat customers. The firms can also implement loyalty schemes that ensure customers will purchase from you again. Loyalty schemes will also prevent new entrants from gaining market share, therefore discouraging them. A luxury goods oligopoly that builds a strong brand also attracts loyal customers. Loyal customers are essential for profitability. Non-price strategies will also help to evade negative price wars.

Other strategies to remain profitable include patenting. A luxury goods oligopoly can patent its goods to secure its rights while preventing other firms from illegally exploiting its inventions. The oligopoly can also, over time, accumulate superior knowledge that gives it a competitive advantage over its rivals. The superior knowledge can entail an exclusive understanding of the market, consumers and production methods.  Voracious attainment encompasses the process through which an oligopoly can take over a potential rival by buying enough shares to gain regulatory ability or buy out the rival. Gaining exclusive contracts and licenses limits the entry of new firms. A contract between a trader and a vendor is an example of an exclusive contract that can hinder the entrance of new companies in the line.  Employing these strategies in a calculated manner will ensure that the company remains profitable throughout the Covid-19 pandemic.


In conclusion, it’s worth noting that the Covid-19 pandemic has led us into unprecedented times. The economy has been specifically negatively impacted with many businesses closing and unemployment rising. Companies dealing with luxury goods have experienced an unexpected economic downturn leading to collapse or closure. Many have resorted to cost reduction strategies by downsizing their employees and reducing their production activities. Governments have recognized the urgent necessity to support businesses sail through the crisis. Both fiscal and monetary policies have been used to mitigate the situation and ensure profitability for businesses. The most pronounced of these polices includes tax reduction and monetary stimulus boosts. Luxury goods companies can effectively exploit the government policies to remain profitable.


Corporate Finance Institute. (2019, December 4). Oligopoly – Understanding how oligopolies work in an economy.

Oligopoly. (2020, January 20). Economics Online.

Mehta, R. (n.d.). COVID-19’s impact: A new look for the luxury industry. BW Businessworld.

COVID-19 crisis pushes luxury to sharpest fall ever but catalyses the industry’s ability to transform. (n.d.). Bain.

The Factors Influencing the Iron Age history assignment help in uk

The Iron Age

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Between 1250 BC and 1100 BC, the Mediterranean region, and Greece were faced with a series of droughts and famine, which presented an existential crisis to the populations. Some Bronze Age kingdoms, such as the Hittite Empire of Turkey, could not withstand the challenges of this period and, as a result, collapsed, leading to a period of reinvention that led to the Iron Age. Coupled with these droughts was an increased disruption of trade routes running through the Mediterranean, which supplied copper and tin to make bronze artifacts in these kingdoms. With such pressure, iron was deemed the most viable alternative for metalsmiths. Moreover, Bronze Age kingdoms were attacked and terminated by powerful enemies from the East, which subsequently led to the Bronze Age civilization’s collapse. The Mycenaean civilization of the Greeks and cities like Gaza were strategic Bronze Age civilizations defeated in these conquests.

Improved iron-smelting techniques and alternative smithing methods also accelerated the advent of the Iron Age. Kingdoms that used iron for weapons became more powerful and won more battles. Iron was preferred as superior to bronze in terms of strength and quality of workmanship, spurring greater interest in mining and smithing. Moreover, the discovery of steel, which was deemed much harder and effective, increased the Iron Age’s growth. Iron was combined with carbon to produce steel, which became a major part of the Iron Age. Moreover, agricultural practices had matured in the Mediterranean, and iron was needed to manufacture more effective and durable tools. These factors, starting with the destruction of Bronze Age kingdoms and the superiority of iron and steel, spurred the Iron Age’s advent and growth.