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Annotated Bibliography On The Iraq War A Level History Essay Help


Importance Of Cultural Competence In Counseling history assignment help writing services: history assignment help writing services

When selecting, administering, and interpreting assessments and test results cultural competence plays a key role. Cultural competence helps counselors understand the capacity for people to increase their knowledge and understanding of cultural differences, the ability to acknowledge cultural assumptions and biases, and the willingness to make changes in thought and behavior to address those biases. A culturally competent program demonstrates empathy and understanding of cultural differences in treatment design, implementation, and evaluation (Center for Substance Abuse Prevention 1994). According to Cultural Issues in Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT 1999), culturally competent treatment is characterized by staff knowledge of or sensitivity to the first language of clients, staff understanding of the cultural nuances of the client population, staff backgrounds like those of the client population, treatment methods that reflect the culture-specific values and treatment needs of clients and also the Inclusion of the client population in program policymaking and decision making.

It is very important for counselors to understand that moving their program toward cultural competence requires a personal commitment and significant involvement from the entire staff. Cultural competence is an ongoing process of examination and change, it’s, not a goal to be attained all at once (McLeod, S. 2008). To move toward cultural competence, counselors must contemplate on an ongoing basis of what life is like for people different from themselves. Counselors should encourage each other to adopt an open-minded attitude toward other cultures and not to throw their own belief system on others.

Strategies for Selecting and Administering  

When selecting the right assessment for a client, counselors should have already had a background of data about the client to know what type of client their working with. To determine what information is needed counselors should analyze strategies for obtaining information, search assessment resources, evaluate assessment strategies and then select an assessment instrument or strategy. There are many assessments to choose from such as, “standardized assessments which refers to a formal process in


Women ‘s Suffrage Movement Of The United States world history essay help

Before the 1700s, women in the United States didn’t receive any good education. When women did start to get good education, they started to get more into politics and started asking questions about why couldn’t they vote among other things. The year 1948, marked the birth of women suffrage movement when the first women’s right convention was held in Seneca Falls. The convention was organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Together with other women they declared that women should have rights in education, voting, property and more.  


The drive for women suffrage gained power after the 15th amendment, passed in 1869, which allow black men to vote. Which leads to the question about, how did the women’s suffrage succeeded in the…show more content…

The unity of women, who were completely different from each other, shows that they were serious in succeeding and they will try their hardest to succeed. Margaret Crocco said, “Women of all ages, classes, ethnicities, and races- often separated but sometimes together-developed a suffragist infrastructure rooted in local and state politics and coordinated effectively at the national level,’’(Crocco). This shows that even though the women had their differences, they were willing to work together to accomplish something they all wanted which is suffrage. This fact created a link between the women of America.


Women also helped each other gain even more benefits to help the movement succeed. (Explain more)In the Suffrage Movement, “Wage-earning women helped builds the ranks of the suffrage movement, young professional women provided the organizers, publicists, and propagandists. Extremely wealthy women provided the money for full-fledged political campaigns to vote. These classes formed an uneasy alliance that gave the cause new power and possibility,” (Smith). This shows even with their different life styles, women was able to overcome it to help each other. By doing that they got work done which help progress the suffrage movement.


The power of women in the USA really bought the movement to a new level, showing the strength of women combined.


Racism and Ethnic Discrimination ap history essay help: ap history essay help







Myrna Cunningham Kain


With the collaboration of:


Ariel Jacobson, Sofía Manzanares, Eileen Mairena, Eilen Gómez, Jefferson Sinclair Bush


November 2006




Centro para la Autonomía y Desarrollo de los Pueblos Indígenas


Center for Indigenous Peoples’ Autonomy and Development




Racism and Ethnic Discrimination in Nicaragua




November 2006














Structure of the study


2.1 Scope and methodology
















Racism and individual and collective human rights


3.1 A note on cultural and ethnic identity














Racism: colonial inheritance


4.1 Nicaragua: multiethnic and pluricultural state


4.2 The historic roots of differences, discrimination,…show more content…



“Back in 1950s, my mother used to tell us that we couldn’t speak in Mayangna out loud, because people would call us ‘el sumito,’ ‘el indito.’ If we thought and spoke as Mayangnas, we could be locked up (that is what she told us). But now with the struggle of Indigenous Peoples, now with publications about Indigenous Peoples, we can speak in public in our language. We now confront, however, new threats: we can lose our identity, losing our land, our traditional medicines with the introduction of transformed seeds, and the imposition of another identity.”1


This comment by one of the subjects interviewed reveals the continuation of expressions of discrimination in the daily life of Indigenous communities in the Caribbean


Coast region of Nicaragua.


Racism is the


Public Health Measures That Can Mitigate Health ap history essay help



Health inequities are defined as “differences which are unnecessary and avoidable, but in addition are considered unfair and unjust” (Whitehead 1992, p.431). Numerous studies provide evidence of deep seated and continued health inequities between Maori and non-Maori in Aoteroa/ New Zealand (McCreanor 2008). The role of social, political, environmental and economic factors have in determining health outcomes for individuals and social groups is increasingly being recognised globally. These factors include determinants such as housing, education, employment status, income, deprivation and racism (Robson & Harris 2007). There is increasing body of evidence that show that racism and ethnic discrimination negatively impact the health and well-being of individuals and ethnic groups (Gee 2002). Based on these findings, many researchers have proposed that programmes targeted at reducing racism are a public health measures that could mitigate health inequities (McKenzie 2003).


Mass media is extremely powerful institution that massively influences all areas of social interactions (Rosenberg 2002, cited in McCreanor 2008). It shapes the ideological patterns and what is regarded as norm, ‘commonsense’ by its audience (McCreanor 1993). In Aoteroa New Zealand, racism in the media and the negative representations of Maori raises great concern, as it affects Maori/Pakeha relations, Maori self perception, and ultimately undermines Maori health and wellbeing (Barnes et al 2012).