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An Evolving Relationship in The Circling Hand

An Evolving Relationship in The Circling Hand

An evolving mother-daughter relationship is the focus of Jamaica Kincaid s autobiographical The Circling Hand. Like the narrator, Kincaid grew up in Antigua as the only child her mother and carpenter father. Also like the narrator, Kincaid admits her mother kept everything she ever wore. This narrative is a coming of age story, in which this dynamic and unusual mother-daughter relationship plays an important role. Through the beginning bliss of childhood to the frustrating stage of adolescence, this unique relationship, in which the daughter is infatuated with her mother, seems to control the narrator s development as a free­thinking person.

It is easily inferred that the narrator sees her mother as extremely beautiful. She even sits and thinks about it in class. She describes her mother s head as if it should be on a sixpence, (Kincaid 807). She stares at her mother s long neck and hair and glorifies virtually every feature. The narrator even makes reference to the fact that many women had loved her father, but he chose her regal mother. This heightens her mother s stature in the narrator s eyes. Through her thorough description of her mother s beauty, the narrator conveys her obsession with every detail of her mother. Although the narrator s adoration for her mother s physical appearance is vast, the longing to be like her and be with her is even greater.

The narrator spends her young childhood drunk with love for her mother. She happily sleeps late on school holidays, follows her mother ar…

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…tionship has completely evolved and the narrator somewhat comes into her own ­ a natural and inevitable process.

As a result of the freshly severed apron strings, while at her new school, the narrator starts to love a new friend named Gwen. When she shares her day with her mother and does not mention her new – found love, this is her young mind s way of saying You have your life and I have mine and I don t have to tell you about it. While the mother ­ daughter relationship still exist, the narrator forms another relationship, making her less dependant on the first. The evolution of adolescence is the theme of the story, but the transformation of the mother daughter relationship proves to be the most drastic change the narrator goes through at an age revolved around change.

The Doctrines of Kurt Vonnegut

The Doctrines of Kurt Vonnegut

The writing of Kurt Vonnegut exhibits perception without

restriction and imagination without limitation. It surpasses mountains of

ignorance and rivers of innocence to extend emotions for society to

sympathize with reality. He incorporates his knowledge and view-points

into a variety of literary genres for everyone to learn of his inquiries

and philosophies. To draw readers into his sphere of influence, Kurt

Vonnegut administers an inflection on the present to state other tenses

(Schatt 148). From government to technology, he applies his ideas to all

subject matters, allowing all readers to comprehend his beliefs (Nichol

602). The literature of Kurt Vonnegut coincides with his sentiments

appertaining to human substantiality, altruistic love, and


A primary interrogation Vonnegut predominately accentuates is the

meaning of human existence; “What is the purpose of life?” (Holland 54)

Man must feel that he is “serving some purpose,” that his life has

substance and significance (55). To find an answer to this question,

Vonnegut unwinds into the pages of his works, man’s search for

substantiality, and his attempt at changing his destiny to obtain answers

through power.

Human nature possesses man to hunger for control, and without

dominance, man feels purposeless. By making him “powerless to alter his

destiny in any way,” Vonnegut stresses an exploration for usefulness, and

the question of life’s poignancy is seen w…

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…sp; all he could to make our marriage a happy one. EPICAC

gave me anniversary poems for Pat- enough for the next

500 years (Vonnegut, Welcome to the Monkey House 284).

EPICAC knew that fate did not allow him and Pat to be together. His

happiness came from the happiness he gave to her and sacrificed for his

best friend.

Feelings and beliefs do not necessarily need to come from

emotions, and in many of Vonnegut’s work, it comes f

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