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Women in the Criminal Justice System history assignment help australia: history assignment help australia
Women in the Criminal Justice System The field of Criminal Justice, like so many of the employment fields within the United States, is a largely male-dominated field. In the minds of many individuals around the country, and around the world, the mention of the Criminal Justice field brings to mind the image of strong male law enforcement officials employed to both protect their respective communities and keep a sea of male criminals under the watchful eye of the law. It may, then, surprise many individuals with this belief to learn that women make up an estimated 11.9% of all sworn law enforcement positions within the United States, with increased interest in the field for females continually increasing (Bloom and Covington, 2003, p.1). Despite this presence within the field, nearly 70% of all Criminal Justice related departments throughout the country do not have any women in top positions. As one can see, women have been able to create a niche for themselves within the Criminal Justice field, but they still have a long way to go. In addition to women working within the Criminal Justice system, the United Sates has seen a dramatic increase of women being supervised under the system, with over one million women currently incarcerated in prisons or jails, on probation, or on parole in the country a number that rose from 600,000 in early 1990 (Bloom and Covington, 2003, p.2). In viewing these statistics, it becomes clear to see that while women may be in the majority when
Role Of Women In The Criminal Justice System history homework
How do we define crime? Crime is against the law and it is an anti-social behavior of a person due to the rejection of the society (Das, 2013). It can also be defined as an evil act of a person that is usually used to break the law. According to Oxford dictionary, law is the system of rules that a particular country or community recognizes as regulating the actions of its members and may enforce by the imposition of penalties. If a person is caught committing such crime, he or she will be sent to jail. As stated in the Oxford dictionary, jail is the place for the confinement of people accused or convicted of a crime. Yearly, there is an increase to the crime rate and it is the ratio of crimes in an area. As the time goes by, the rate of crime…show more content…
As the rate of crime increases from the previous decades, jail cells are now composing of both the male and the female. Male crime is the kind of crime committed by males while female crime is the kind of crime committed by females. Minority of the prisoners are women.
When it comes to educational attainment, most of the inmates in 2002 have or have not completed high school and the least are those who graduated in college or more (James, 2002). According to Women in Criminal Justice System (2007), half of women in prison participate in educational or vocational programming and only one of every five women takes high school or GED classes. Another is that only half of women’s correctional facilities offer post-secondary education
The criminal justice system given to women prisoners are more likely to be treated like men, meaning the system is lacking the needs of a woman especially in terms of physical and mental health problems since women are prone to have mental illnesses when imprisoned compared to men (Women in Criminal Justice System, 2007). There is a big difference between man and woman. Most men commit crimes which are more apt to be in accordance to violence while most women are caught in prison for fraud, robbery, theft and drug possession (Kaufman,
The Research Into Leisure Constraints advanced higher history essay help: advanced higher history essay help
As more models of analysis are being made around the research of leisure there has been a shift in terminology. There has been a movement away from the term “barrier” to the more inclusive term “constraint.” In addition, we do not mean to imply that the existence of barriers automatically leads to non participation in leisure activities. Individuals are not passive; instead, they often successfully or unsuccessfully negotiate through constraints (Jackson, 1995; Crawford et al, 1991).
There have been many models developed to analyze the literature on constraints/ barriers. Many of these models have been criticized for their lack of insight into an individual’s decision-making process and their static approach. What is evident is that there is no consensus on what is the best model or approach to take. The research into leisure constraints continues to grow. As far as leisure participation or nonparticipation are concerned…constraints are encountered hierarchically, first at the interpersonal level. Leisure preferences are formed when interpersonal constraints (eg. stress, socialization, perceived self–skill) are absent or their effects have been confronted through some combination of privilege and exercise of human will. Next, depending on the type of activity, the individual may encounter constraints at the interpersonal level (eg. interpersonal interactions); this could happen in activities requiring at least one partner or co-participant but would be less relevant in the
Essay on Mother’s Leisure Satisfaction do my history homework
A women’s leisure style changes abruptly upon the arrival of children because she is no longer only responsible for her personal needs, but the needs of other human beings. Her time is no longer her own; she coordinates eating, sleeping, school, and homework schedules. In addition to juggling these activities, she has a marriage to sustain, as well as her own personal matters. This can be a lot for one person to handle and leaves little time for personal leisure pursuits for any mother. Mothers tend to be hard-workers, as they spread themselves thin amongst all of the children who are dependent upon them for life. This sense of duty a mother feels towards her children is so strong, many mothers…show more content…
Constraint. Anything that hinders a mothers’ ability to participate in intrinsic leisure.
Satisfaction. “The fulfillment of drives, motives, needs, or expectations” (Siegenthaler & O’Dell, 2000, p.285).
Leisure. The freedom to perform activities in life, not done by obligation, but by free will.
The delimitations in our study are as follows:
1. By design, the study is delimited to stay-at-home mothers with children still living in the home. To minimize lurking variables we have chosen not to survey working mothers or mothers who are currently enrolled and attending school at a university.
2. Our group of study will include only women who belong to the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
3. All of the women we are studying are married.
4. All women participating in the study must have the adapted IQ of 80 or above, due to specifications stated on the Leisure Satisfaction Measure.
The limitations of our study are as follows:
1. A weakness in our study is location. Perhaps a mother’s leisure satisfaction is dependant on the town in which she lives or the recreational opportunities and services around her. Leisure is viewed differently by someone living on a farm in Nebraska than it is by someone who lives in New York City. The person who lives in the city has countless options of things to go and do which are close by, while the person living in a rural setting might need more time