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A Doll’s House and Antigone

Discuss the Concept of the sins of the father in relation to A Doll’s House and Antigone

The concept of inherited sin is in the most read book in human history appearing in the first chapter of the Holy Bible where Adam and Eve; original man and woman eat fruit from the Tree of Knowledge and are expulsed from Paradise. This is the original sin all humans have inherited thus being born into a state of sin. This theme of inheriting evil from your parents is central in Sophocles’ 442 Bce Greek Tragedy Antigone as it caused the problems that befall Antigone and her sister Ismene as well as influencing Haemon’s actions. It is an important theme in the Norwegian realist play A Doll’s House (1879) by Henrik Ibsen pertaining mainly to the characters of Dr. Rank, Krogstad and the protagonist Nora.

It seems unfair that anyone should be doomed for their forefather’s misdeeds but this view is widely accepted in both works. Helmer when justifying dismisisng Krogstad sums up his feelings on the topic, at one point the past Krogstad committed forgery and Helmer believes this has negatively affected his children “an atmosphere like that infects and poisons the whole life of a home. In a house like that, every breath that the children take is filled with the germs of evil” . His trite speech possesses a pseudoscientific justification for his views but he says a moment later “nearly all young men who go to the bad have had lying mothers” claiming as a lawyer to be an authority on the subject. It seems however more likely he is simply reflecting conservative bourgeois values of the time in attempting to pin the social problems of the poor back onto them but there is a dire irony in what he says about “going home and poisoning his own childre…

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…and son” , and has caused the death of her mother, father and two brothers. Despite all she remains proud of it and would die to honour her brother who possesses it. Before her death she refers to herself as the “Last daughter of your royal house” as she doesn’t consider Ismene who shied away from duty to Polynices to have the royal blood. Antigone dies easily for only in death can she rejoin her family and escape her cursed life. Similarly in A Doll’s House Nora’s children truly love her, It is mentioned many times them wanting to see her and how they enjoy playing with her “children want to come in to Mamma – they’re asking so prettily.” . The children are doomed to have their mother walk out on them at the end but they still love for her, Krogstad’s children are never seen, but what he does he does for them and can it be hoped they reciprocate the feelings.

confant Conflict of Passion and Reason in Sophocles’ Antigone

Conflict of Passion and Reason in Sophocles’ Antigone

“Ah Creon! Is there no man left in the world” (Sophocles page #). Greek theatre played a large role in Greece. The citizens were supposed to learn from the mistakes made in tragedies. The citizens should have learned what not to be like as a citizen or person. In Antigone, written by Sophocles, there are two main characters, Antigone and Creon. They are both strong willed and stubborn people. Both being unwilling to change, they both seal each other’s fate with their stubbornness, shortsightedness, extreme beliefs and their hubris.

Creon is passionate. Antigone is full of rage. They are so similar they cannot see eye to eye. Although they may seem quite different, Creon and Antigone share many similarities throughout the story. They are both very independent people. Antigone is extremely independent. She doesn’t mind doing anything on her own. For example, in the beginning of the story when Antigone is talking with Ismene, she asks for her help. When Ismene refuses she is furious with her. Then Ismene decides to act independently. Creon is also very independent. He refuses to accept anyone’s opinions except his own. When his son Haimon comes to talk with him he refuses to listen, claiming that Haimon is “girl struck” (Sophocles page #) and corrupted. Teirsesais comes and tells him a morbid prophecy. Creon will not listen to this either. He claims that Teirsesais has been corrupted by money, like many prophets at that time. He finally listens to the Charagous when reminded that Teiresias has never been wrong.

Antigone has no problem working by herself either. She demonstrates this when she slipped by all the guards that were protecting the dead body of Polyneices. …

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… rather in a balance between the two.

1. Underline titles of plays.

2. When quoting always cite the quote by putting into parentheses the name of the author and the page on which the quote can be found.

3. Your thesis statement should state exactly what you are discussing in your paper. If you spend a paragraph on stubbornness, a paragraph on shortsightedness, etc, the each of those points should be listed in the thesis statement. Both being unwilling to change, they both seal each other’s fate with their stubbornness, shortsightedness, extreme beliefs and their hubris.

4. A lot of your paper appears to be plot summary. You do not have to tell the whole story when writing your paper. Quotes are enough to explain what is going on in the play. Concentrate only on proving your point and why your point is important to the play.

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